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电动车无线防盗报警器设计毕业论文.doc

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电动车无线防盗报警器设计毕业论文.doc

徐州工程学院毕业设计论文I摘要本论文课题是开发设计一款基于单片机的电动自行车无线防盗报警器。通过市场调研和查阅相关资料,论证了本设计的必要性和可行性。文中主要论述了该无线防盗报警器各个模块的详细设计过程。设计从总体方案的设计入手,对无线收发模块、信号触发模块、报警电路模块等进行了相关的分析、选择及最终方案的确定使用Protel软件绘制出该设计的最终方案的电路图,通过Protel电路图清晰地表达出该设计各个工作模块电器元件的连接情况,并通过protel电路图生成PCB图,为PCB电路板的焊接奠定基础,根据Protel电路图连接电路并进行硬件调试使用Pro|E软件对产品的外观进行了设计。本设计用单片机作为控制单元,弹簧开关作信号触发,远距离无线收发模块作信号传输,扬声器(或蜂鸣器)作报警装置。当单片机收到无线收发模块发出的预警信号后,进入预警状态,并当弹簧开关在收到外界振动影响后,接通电路,以使报警器报警,以此来威慑犯罪分子,达到保护电动自行车的目的。本课题开发设计的电动车无线防盗报警器体积小、结构紧凑、技术先进、成本低、生产率高、实用性强,适用于千千万万电动车使用者。关键词单片机无线收发模块弹簧开关防盗报警器扬声器徐州工程学院毕业设计论文IIAbstractThisthesisfocusesonthedevelopmentanddesignoftheelectricbicycleSCMofwirelessantitheftalarmbasedonMonolithicintegratedcircuit.Throughmarketresearchandaccesstorelevantinformation,demonstratedthenecessityandfeasibilityofthedesign.Inthemajorexpositionsofthewirelessantitheftalarmforthedetaileddesignofeachmoduleprocess.Designfromstartingwiththedesignoftheoverallplan,carryingouttherelevantanalysisabouttheradiotransceivermodules,signaltriggermodule,alarmcircuitmodule,selectionandexterminatingthefinalpackageProtelsoftwareisusedtomapoutthefinaldesignofthecircuit,ThroughtheProtelclearlyshowtheworkofvariouselectricalcomponentsconnectingmodule,andgeneratePCBbyProtelcircuitplans,laythefoundationforweldingthePCBcircuitboards,accordingtotheProtelcircuit,connectingcircuitsandhardwaredebugproductsAppearancewasdesignedbyusingthePro|Esoftware.ThedesignisusedasacontrolunitSCM,springswitchtotriggersignal,wirelesstransceivermodulesforlongdistancesignaltransmission,speakersorbuzzerforthealarmdevice.WhenthewirelesstransceivermoduleSCMreceivedawarningsignal,gointotheearlywarningstatus,andwhenthespringswitchvibrationimpactofthereceiptoftheoutsideworld,connectedtocircuit,toenablethealarmwarning,inordertodetercrimeElements,torealizethepurposeofprotectingelectricbicycles.Thetopicofelectricvehicledevelopmentanddesignwirelessantitheftalarmsystemaresmall,compact,technologicallyadvanced,lowcost,highproductivity,practical,appliedtomillionsofusersofelectricvehicles.KeywordsSCMWirelessTransceiverModuleSpringswitchAntitheftAlarmSystemLoudspeakers徐州工程学院毕业设计论文III目录1绪论.............................................................................................................................................31.1电动车无线防盗报警器研究背景.........................................................................................31.2电动车无线防盗报警器的研究现状.....................................................................................31.3电动车无线防盗报警器的研究要求.....................................................................................41.4电动车无线防盗报警器的研究意义.....................................................................................42总体方案设计.............................................................................................................................52.1框架结构体系设计.................................................................................................................52.2各功能模块方案设计.............................................................................................................52.2.1无线收发模块...............................................................................................................52.2.2信号触发模块...............................................................................................................72.2.3报警电路模块...............................................................................................................82.3本章小结...............................................................................................................................103无线收发模块设计...................................................................................................................113.1LRT15CTM4S红外接收远程控制系统模块介绍..............................................................113.1.1主要特性.....................................................................................................................113.1.2工作原理方框图.........................................................................................................123.1.3外部应用电路.............................................................................................................133.1.4光电特性.....................................................................................................................143.1.5外部特征.....................................................................................................................153.2无线收发模块设计...............................................................................................................163.3本章小结...............................................................................................................................174音乐集成电路模块设计...........................................................................................................184.1音乐集成电路.......................................................................................................................184.1.1音乐集成电路内部结构及其工作原理.....................................................................184.1.2音乐集成电路使用过程中应注意的问题.................................................................194.2音乐集成电路报警模块设计................................................................................................194.2.1整流二极管的选用.....................................................................................................194.2.2晶体三极管的选用.....................................................................................................204.2.3电磁继电器的选用.....................................................................................................224.2.4音乐集成电路报警模块的设计.................................................................................22徐州工程学院毕业设计论文24.3本章小结...............................................................................................................................235安装与调试...............................................................................................................................245.1硬件安装...............................................................................................................................245.1.1AT89C51单片机相关特性及参数介绍......................................................................245.1.2硬件安装.....................................................................................................................275.2硬件调试...............................................................................................................................285.2.1无线收发模块调试.....................................................................................................285.2.2音乐集成电路模块调试.............................................................................................285.2.3复位电路及晶振电路调试.........................................................................................285.3C语言编程............................................................................................................................295.3.1AT89C51单片机软件编程的注意事项......................................................................295.3.2C语言编程..................................................................................................................315.4软件调试...............................................................................................................................355.5本章小结...............................................................................................................................366产品外观设计...........................................................................................................................376.1控制电路外观设计...............................................................................................................376.2执行电路外观设计...............................................................................................................396.3本章小结...............................................................................................................................40结论...............................................................................................................................................41致谢...............................................................................................................................................42参考文献.......................................................................................................................................43附录...............................................................................................................错误未定义书签。附录1..........................................................................................................错误未定义书签。

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