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四翼自动旋转门机电系统设计说明书.doc

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四翼自动旋转门机电系统设计说明书.doc

黑龙江工程学院本科生毕业设计目录摘要..ⅠABSTRACT..II第1章绪论...........................................................................................................11.1引言...................................................................................................................11.2旋转门的优缺点................................................................................................11.3自动旋转门的发展............................................................................................11.3.1国外旋转门发展的状况...............................................................................11.3.2我国旋转门技术的发展状况.......................................................................21.4旋转门的分类...................................................................................................21.4.1旋转门的基本类型......................................................................................21.4.2旋转门具体方案的确定...............................................................................3第2章门体设计....................................................................................................52.1确定门扇材料......................................................................................................62.1.1确定门扇玻璃...............................................................................................72.1.2确定门扇的尺寸...........................................................................................72.2曲壁部分设计.....................................................................................................72.2.1确定材料.......................................................................................................82.2.2确定材料尺寸...............................................................................................82.3华盖的总体设计..................................................................................................92.4金属盘与轴承支座的设计................................................................................112.4.1金属盘的设计............................................................................................112.4.2轴承座及防尘盖的设计............................................................................112.5本章小结........12第3章传动系统的设计..................................................................................133.1各扇门的质量计算............................................................................................133.2各部分转动惯量的计算...................................................................................133.3选择电机...........................................................................................................143.4齿轮的设计........................................................................................................163.4.1选定齿轮类型、精度等级、材料及齿数.................................................163.4.2按齿面接触强度设计.................................................................................163.4.3按齿根弯曲强度设计.................................................................................183.4.4几何尺寸计算.............................................................................................19黑龙江工程学院本科生毕业设计3.5轴与轴承的选择...............................................................................................193.5.1轴的尺寸确定............................................................................................193.5.2轴承的选择与验算.....................................................................................203.5.3轴校核.........................................................................................................203.6本章小结............22第4章控制部分总体设计...............................................................................234.1控制系统的控制功能........................................................................................234.2变频器的选择...................................................................................................244.2.1驱动一台电机.............................................................................................244.2.2指定变频器启动加速时间.........................................................................244.2.3指定变频器减速时间.................................................................................254.3检测装置的选择................................................................................................274.4控制系统硬件设计............................................................................................284.4.1PLC的机型选择.........................................................................................284.4.2分析控制系统的I/O接点数......................................................................294.4.3PLC外接电气元件的选择..........................................................................304.4.4输入输出口及端口的保护及分配............................................................324.5PLC的软件设计...............................................................................................344.5.1锁门程序设计与解释.................................................................................344.5.2直流制动程序设计与解释.........................................................................354.5.3报警程序设计与解释.................................................................................374.5.4变频器复位程序设计与解释.....................................................................384.5.5电动机起停程序设计与解释.....................................................................394.5.6速度控制程序与解释.................................................................................424.6本章小结............................................................................................................43结论.............................................................................................................................44参考文献..................................................................................................................45致谢.............................................................................................................................46附录A变频器参数............................................................................................48附录B传感器与接近开关的参数.................................................................50附录CPLC控制总体语句表...........................................................................54黑龙江工程学院本科生毕业设计摘要随着经济的发展和人民水平的提高,自动旋转门的应用也越来越来越广泛。它现在为许多宾馆、超市、百货大楼等现代建筑所必备,不仅可以美化出入口环境,而且具有节能、防尘、隔音等功能,同时也是建筑智能化的重要标志。本论文主要论述了四翼自动旋转门的设计过程,其主要对门体、传动系统、控制系统做了详细的分析和设计,提出了采用铝合金和玻璃等组成门体框架。传动部分由减速电机和齿轮箱减速机构组成,安装在门中心顶部的保护罩内.用PLC负责完成控制任务,由变频器来实现门体多种转速的调节功能。采用红外线传感器检测进出旋转门的人员流动,使用多个接触式和非接触式传感器及光电接近开关来确保通行安全。设计出了一种安全可靠实用的四翼旋转门。关键词四翼旋转门PLC控制设计机械传动自动化黑龙江工程学院本科生毕业设计ABSTRACTTheautomaticrevolvingdoorisbecomingmoreandmorewidespreadwiththedevelopmentofeconomic,itisusedinmodernbuildingsasmanyhotels、supermarketsanddepartmentstores.Notonlycanbeautytheentranceenvironment,butalsohasfunctionofeconomizing、dustpalliativeandsoundproof.Meanwhile,itisanimportantsymboloftheintelligentbuilding.Thispapermainlydiscussesthedesignaboutgatebody、transmissionsystemandcontrolsystemofthefourwingsautomaticrevolvingdoorItproposedthatthedoorframeiscomposedofglassandaluminumframework.Transmissionsystemisfixedonthetopofshaftthatincludeareduerandgearstransmition.PLCisresponsibleforthetaskofcontrollerandthefunctionofrotationalspeedisrelyontheVVF.Peoplepassinginandoutoftherevolutiondoorischeckedbytheinfraredraysensor,thesafetyofpeopleareensuredbyanumberofcontactandnoncontactsensorsandphotoelectricproximityswitches.Ontheend,havedesignedakindoffunctionpractical、safetydependablelyrevolvingdoor.KeywordsFourwingsrevolvingdoorPLCcontrolDesignMechanicaltransmissionautomation

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