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模拟自动生产线设计论文.pdf

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模拟自动生产线设计论文.pdf

1目录第一章绪论.31.1模拟自动生产线的结构与组成....................................31.2模拟自动生产线的意义..........................................3第二章供料单元............................................................................................................42.1供料单元的结构与构成.................................................................................42.2供料单元的机械安装.....................................................................................42.21机械安装................................................................................................42.22电气接线................................................................................................62.23气路的连接............................................................................................82.3供料单元的编程调试.....................................................................................92.31供料单元主程序....................................................................................92.32供料控制子程序..................................................................................102.33指示灯子程序......................................................................................11第三章加工单元..........................................................................................................123.1加工单元的结构与组成...............................................................................123.2加工单元的机械安装...................................................................................123.3加工单元的接线............................................................................................143.31气路的连接及调试............................................................................143.32PLC的I/O分配及系统安装接线....................................................153.33PLC的接线及端子排的连线方式.....................................................163.4加工单元的机械安装...................................................................................173,41传感器调试..........................................................................................173.42位置调试..............................................................................................173.5加工单元的编程调试...................................................................................183.51加工单元主程序..................................................................................183.52加工单元子程序..................................................................................19第四章装配单元..........................................................................................................214.1装配单元的机械安装...................................................................................214.2装配单元的接线...........................................................................................244.21气路的连接及调试............................................................................244.22PLC的I/O分配及系统安装接线....................................................254.3装配单元的机械调试...................................................................................264.31传感器调试..........................................................................................274.32位置调试..............................................................................................274.4装配单元的编程调试...................................................................................274.41装配单元主程序..................................................................................274.42装配单元供料子程序..........................................................................284.43抓取控制子程序..................................................................................294.44状态指示子程序..................................................................................30第五章分拣单元..........................................................................................................3225.1分拣单元的机械安装...................................................................................325.2分拣单元的接线...........................................................................................345.21分拣单元的气路连接........................................................................345.22PLC的I/O分配及系统安装接线....................................................355.23PLC的接线及端子排的连线方式.....................................................365.3机械调试.......................................................................................................385.31传感器调试..........................................................................................385.32位置调试..............................................................................................395.33变频器的参数设置..............................................................................395.4分拣站的编程调试........................................................................................41第六章输送单元..........................................................................................................446.1输送单元的机械安装...................................................................................446.2输送单元的接线...........................................................................................476.21气路的连接........................................................................................476.22PLC的I/O分配及系统安装接线....................................................476.23PLC的接线及端子排的连线方式.....................................................496.3输送单元机械调试.......................................................................................496.31传感器调试..........................................................................................496.32位置调试..............................................................................................496.33伺服电机驱动器参数设置..................................................................496.4输送站编程调试...........................................................................................536.41输送站主程序......................................................................................536.42输送站回原点子程序..........................................................................546.43初态检查子程序..................................................................................556.44急停子程序..........................................................................................566.45运行控制子程序..................................................................................566.46抓料子程序..........................................................................................596.47放料子程序..........................................................................................606.48通信子程序..........................................................................................60第七章整体调试..........................................................................................................627.1全线运行的过程............................................................................................617.2全线运行的联机信号...................................................................................62结论...............................................................64致谢.64参考文献.643摘要随着社会工业的发展,自动生产线已经显得越来越重要,自动生产线不仅节约了劳动力和材料,而且提高了产品的质量和生产效率。作为新一代的大学生,我们也要与时俱进,加强自动生产线有关方面内容的学习和实践。模拟自动生产线设备为我们在校生提供了一个很好的学习试验平台,它很好的培养了我们动手、动脑能力,为我们今后的发展奠定了坚实的基a础。模拟自动生产线是机电一体化专业的典型代表,充分体现了机电一体化专业的综合应用特色。关键词供料单元加工单元装配单元分拣单元输送单元伺服电机PLC光电传感器电磁阀行程开关气缸AbstractAlongwiththesocialindustrialdevelopment,automaticproductionlinehasbecomemoreandmoreimportant,notonlysavetheautomaticproductionline,andimprovelaborandmaterialproductqualityandproductionefficiency.Asanewgenerationofcollegestudents,wealsowanttokeeppacewithTheTimes,strengthentheautomaticproductionlineofconcernedcontentlearnandpractice.Simulationautomaticproductionlineequipmentforourschoolprovidesaverygoodlearningexperimentalplatform,itsverygoodcultivateourdiy,abilityofpracticeforthedevelopmentofourfuture,andlaidasolidfoundation.Simulationautomaticproductionlineisthetypicalrepresentativeofmechatronicsprofessional,fullyembodiestheelectromechanicalintegrationprofessionalcomprehensiveapplicationcharacteristics.KeywordsMaterialfeedingunitProcessingunitAssemblyunitSortingunitConveyingunitServomotorPLCPhotoelectricsensorElectromagneticvalvecylinder4第一章绪论1.1模拟自动生产线的结构与组成自动生产线由供料、加工、装配、分拣和输送等5个工作站组成,各工作站均设置一台PLC承担其控制任务,各PLC之间通过RS485串行通信的方式实现互连,构成分布式的控制系统。其实现功能为将供料单元料仓内的工件送往加工单元的物料台,加工完成后,把加工好的工件送往装配单元的装配台,然后把装配单元料仓内的白色和黑色两种不同颜色的小园柱零件嵌入到装配台上的工件中,完成装配后的成品送往分拣单元分拣输出。1.2模拟自动生产线的意义模拟自动生产线的安装与调试,是机电一体化专业的很好的实践,它体现了机电一体化的专业特色(PLC控制生产)。通过模拟自动生产线使我们对PLC、各类传感器、伺服电机、气缸等器件有了更深的认识,在自动生产线安装与调试的过程中不仅锻炼了我们的动手能力,而且开拓了我们的思维能力,使我们对真实的工厂生产线有了初步的认识。

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