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自动化立体停车设备设计说明书.doc

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自动化立体停车设备设计说明书.doc

1目录第1章绪论...................................................................................51.1课题的来源、目的及意义................................................................51.2机械式立体停车库的概述.........................................................61.2.1几种机械停车设备的特点及比较......................................71.3自动化立体车库的控制系统......................................................81.3.1自动收费管理系统..........................................................81.3.2自动存取车系统.............................................................91.3.3远程诊断系统.................................................................91.3.4自动道闸.......................................................................91.3.5监控安保系统...............................................................101.4国内外研究现状....................................................................101.5研究的主要内容....................................................................121.6课题的主要技术指标..............................................................12第2章立体车库总体结构的研究及设计............................................132.1机械立体车库的总体方案确定................................................132.2传动机构的主要参数..............................................................152.3升降驱动系统........................................................................152.4车辆存取方式........................................................................162.5巷道堆垛式立体停车系统的控制系统.......................................19第3章机械系统传动设计...............................................................213.1传动链和链轮的选择..............................................................213.2链的设计计算........................................................................223.3链轮的设计计算....................................................................253.3.1设计链论尺寸..............................................................253.3.2确定链论结构..............................................................323.4滚子链的静强度计算..............................................................333.5链条的使用寿命计算..............................................................343.6链条的耐磨工作能力计算.......................................................363.7存取机构电机与减速机..........................................................393.7.1横移机构电机...............................................................393.7.2微横移机构电机...........................................................393.7.3选用减速机..................................................................4023.7.4存取机构中联轴器的选择..............................................403.8轴承的选择............................................................................413.9轴的选择...............................................................................413.9.1选择材料....................................................................413.9.2初步估算轴径..............................................................423.9.3轴的结构设计...............................................................423.9.4轴上的受力分析...........................................................433.9.5轴的强度校核...............................................................443.10板式输送机.........................................................................463.10.1板式输送机主要部件的结构形式..................................463.10.2主要参数的选择与计算................................................47第4章立体车库提升系统的设计.....................................................514.1立体车库提升系统的整体布置................................................514.2曳引系统研究分析.................................................................524.2.1提升系统曳引力的分析计算...........................................524.2.2与曳引力有关的因素及其分析.......................................524.3系统曳引能力的验算..............................................................544.4安全机构的设计....................................................................554.4.1超速保护系统..............................................................564.4.2撞底缓冲装置...............................................................58第5章经济性分析...........................................................................591.机会研究......................................................................................59(2)是否需要作详细可行性分析.........................................................60(3)有待解决的关键性问题...............................................................61(4)初步经济效益预测......................................................................61结论................................................................................................62专题部分...........................................................................................63链轮数控程序加工编制........................................................................63致谢...............................................................................................74参考文献...........................................................................................753摘要近年来,随着经济的发展,我国的城市化水平加快和人民生活水平的提高,汽车的数量不断增加。但与此同时,汽车停车场地的增长却不能与之同步,汽车泊位与汽车数量严重比例失调,由此带来停车难,违章停车,停车管理困难等一系列问题。由此,自动化立体车库便应运而生了。本篇论文论述了我在做大学本科工学学士毕业设计期间所从事的设计课题自动化立体停车设备的设计过程。目前社会上有很多成熟技术的停车设备比如升降横移类垂直循环类水平循环类平面移动类巷道堆垛类垂直升降类简易升降类。通过对这些车库类型特点的比较与分析,我最终选择了巷道堆垛类作为设计的车库类型。论文以研究工作的进展顺序为序,分章、节逐一论述了课题的来源,目的及意义,设计过程,在设计中遇到的问题与难点及其解决方法与措施。在设计过程部分,详细论述了设备总体结构设计、横移传动系统设计、运输传动系统设计、存取车结构设计、控制系统设计和安全防护设计。关键词立体停车设备结构设计控制系统PLC安全性ABSTRACTInrecentyears,alongwiththeeconomicaldevelopment,our4countryurbanizedlevelspedupwiththelivesofthepeoplelevelenhancement,theautomobilequantityunceasinglyincreases.Butatthesametime,theautomobileparkinglocationgrowthactuallycannotwithitsynchronization,theautomobileberthandautomobilequantityseriousimbalance,fromthisbringsstopsdifficultly,violatesregulationstostop,stopcontroldifficultyandsoonaseriesofquestions.Fromthis,theautomatedthreedimensionalgaragehasthenarisenatthehistoricmoment.Thedesigntopicautomationthreedimensionalparkingfacilitydesignprocesswhichthispaperelaboratedmetohavebeenmakinguniversityundergraduatecoursetechnologybachelorgraduationprojectperiodisengagedin.AtpresentinthesocietyhasverymanymaturetechnicaltheparkingfacilityforinstanceRisesandfallshorizontallymovesthekindVerticalcirculationclassLevelcirculationclassPlanemigrationclassThetunnelpilesupthekindVerticalfluctuationclassSimplefluctuationclass.Throughtothesegaragetypecharacteristicscomparisonsandtheanalysis,Ihasfinallychosentheverticalfluctuationclassachievementdesigngaragetype.Thepapertakeresearchworkprogressorderasaforeword,dividedchapter,thefestivalelaboratedthetopicoriginonebyone,thegoalandthesignificance,thedesignprocess,metthequestionandthedifficultyanditsthesolutionandthemeasureinthedesign.Arepartialinthedesignprocess,indetailelaboratedtheequipmentoverallstructuraldesign,horizontallymovedthetransmissionsystemdesign,thepromotiontransmissionsystemdesign,thedepositandwithdrawal

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