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《呼啸山庄》的爱与憎(英文) - Love and hatred in Wuthering Heights.doc

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《呼啸山庄》的爱与憎(英文) - Love and hatred in Wuthering Heights.doc

LoveandHatredinWutheringHeightsABSTRACTThenovelWutheringHeightswasnotacceptedbythepeoplewhenitwaspublished,butlateritwashonoredastheoddestnovelinthehistoryofEnglishliteraturebecauseofitswildandimpressivebeauty.WewillbegreatlymovedbythewildpassionbetweenCatherineandHeathcliff,aswellasbeshockedbyHeathcliffscruelrevenge.Thenovelnotonlyexpressedthetenseconflictbetweenloveandhatred,butalsoimpliedthecombinationandtransformationbetweenthem.Loveisfollowedbyhatredhatrediscausedbyloveandfinallylovedefeatshatredandgetsitsrebirth.ThefamousEnglishnovelistMaughamevaluatedthenovelinthefollowingwords,Ineverknowthereseveranothernovelthathassurprisinglydescribedsuchanguish,infatuated,cruel,andeverlastinglove.KeywordslovepassionhatredrevengeLoveandHatredinWutheringHeights摘要呼啸山庄这部小说在出版之初并未得到人们的认可,后来以其野性的、感人肺腑的美被誉为英国文学史上最奇异的小说。我们不仅为希刺克厉夫和凯瑟琳暴风骤雨般强烈的爱情所感动,也为希刺克厉夫残酷的报复行为所震惊。小说既鲜明的表现了爱和恨的紧张对立,又暗示了爱和恨的暧昧转化和统一。先爱后恨,恨由爱生,最终爱战胜恨而复出。英国著名小说家毛姆对小说做出如此评价,我不知道还有哪一部小说其中爱情的痛苦、迷恋、残酷、执着,曾经如此令人吃惊地描述出来。关键词爱激情恨复仇LoveandHatredinWutheringHeights1CONTENTS1.Introduction......................................................................................22.Superhumanloveandconventionallove........................................32.1.SuperhumanlovebetweenCatherineandHeathcliff...................42.2Conventionallovetobenoticed...................................................63.Hatredcausedbytwistedlove.........................................................74.Therebirthoflovedefeatshatred..................................................105.Conclusion.....................................................................................10Bibliography......................................................................................12Acknowledgements............................................................................13LoveandHatredinWutheringHeights2LoveandHatredinWutheringHeights1.IntroductionThenovelistofWutheringHeights,EmilyBronte,livedinthethirtiesofthenineteenthcenturywhenthestrugglebetweentheworkersandcapitalistsbecamethefundamentalcontradictioninEnglishsociallife.Thegreatmiseryoftheworkersledtoanupsurgeoflabormovementsandtheorganizationoftheworkersintounions.Thecryingsocialcontradictionswerereflectedinliteraryworksofthetimeandanewliterarytrendcriticalrealismappeared.Thecriticalrealistsnotonlygaveasatiricalportrayalofthebourgeoisieandalltherulingclasses,butalsoshowedprofoundsympathyforthecommonpeople.Emilywasthefifthchildofapoorclergyman,andthewholefamilylivedonthewildmoorsoftheNorthofEngland.TheBrontechildrenkeptverymuchtothemselvesandhadtodependentirelyontheirownresources.Theylovedwalkingonthemoors,andEmilyinparticulardevelopedapassionateloveoftheroughmoorlandsceneryathome,theyreadwhatevertheycouldlaytheirhandsonandlivedmoreandmoreintheworldofimagination.Emilyhadapoeticimaginationwhichwasaspiritmoresomberthansunny,morepowerfulthansportive.AccordingtohersisterCharlotteBronte,Emilywasclever,benevolent,butverystubborn.Strongerthanaman,simplerthanachild,hernaturestoodalone.WutheringHeightswastheonlynovelofEmilyBronte,butithadanunchangeableplaceintheliteraryworld.TheverystorybeganwhenHethcliff,ahomelessorphan,wasbroughtupbyMr.Earnshaw,theownerofWutheringHeights.Soontheboyandtheownersdaughter,Catherine,becameinseparablefiendsandhadwildpassionwitheachother.Butaftertheoldownersdeath,hisson,HindleyabusedHethcliffandtreatedhimasaservant.Catherinecontinuedhercloserelationshipwithhim,whichreleasedhimfromhissufferalittle.However,aftermeetingEdgarLinton,ayounggentlemanfromThrushcrossGrange,Catherinefeltitwouldbeadegrading

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