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北京地区2009年成人本科学士学位英语统一考试.doc

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北京地区2009年成人本科学士学位英语统一考试.doc

北京地区成人本科学士学位英语统一考试A2009.11.21PartIReadingComprehension30DirectionsTherearethreepassagesinthispart.Eachpassageisfollowedbysomequestionsorunfinishedstatements.ForeachofthemtherearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandD.YoushoulddecideonthebestchoiceandblackenthecorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheet.Passage1Questions1to5arebasedonthefollowingpassageAccordingtoarecentsurv,ey,employeesinmanycompaniestodayworklongerhoursthanemployeesdidin1979.Theyalsotakeshortervacationsthanemployeesin1979.ItseemsthatAmericansareworkinghardertodaythaneverbefore.OraretheyAmanagementconsultant,BillMeyer,decidedtofindout.Forthreedays,heobservedaninvestmentbankerhardatwork.Meyerwrotedowneverythingthebankerdidduringhislongworkday.Attheendofthethreedayperiod,Meyerreviewedthebankersactivitieswithhim.WhatdidtheyfindoutTheydiscoveredthatthemanspent80percentofhistimedoingunnecessarywork.Forexample,heattendedunnecessarymeetings,maderedundant多余的telephonecalls,andspenttimepackingandunpackinghistwobigbriefcases.76Apparentlymanypeoplebelievethatthemoretimeapersonspendsatwork,themoreheorsheaccomplishes.Whenemployersevaluateemployees,theyoftenconsidertheamountoftimeonthejobinadditiontojobperformance.Employeesknowthis.Althoughmanyworkingpeoplecandotheirjobeffectivelyduringaregular40hourworkweek,theyfeeltheyhavetospendmoretimeonthejobafternormalworkinghourssothatthepeoplewhocanpromotethemseethem.Agroupofheadhunters猎头wereaskedtheiropinionaboutasituation.Theyhadachoiceoftwocandidatesforanexecutivepositionwithanimportantcompany.Thecandidateshadsimilarqualificationsforthejob.Forexample,theywerebothreliable.Onecoulddothejobwellina40hourworkweek.Theotherwoulddothesamejobinan80hourworkweekjustaswell.Accordingtoaheadhuntingexpert,the80houraweekcandidatewouldgetthejob.Thetimethiscandidatespendsonthejobmayencourageotheremployeestospendmoretimeatwork,too.Employersbelievethatiftheemployeesstayatworklater,theymayactuallydomorework.However,theconnectionbetweentimeandproductivity生产率isnotalwayspositive.77Infact.manystudiesindicatethatafteracertainpoint,anyonesproductivityandcreativitybegintodecrease.Someemployeesarenotwillingtospendsomuchextra,unproductivetimeattheoffice.Oncetheyfinishtheirworksatisfactorily,theywanttorelaxandenjoythemselves.Forthesepeople,thesolutionistofindacompanythatencouragespeopletodoboth.1.WhatisthemainideaofthispassageA.Manypeopleworklonghoursbutdonotalwaysdoalotofwork.B.Mostpeoplecangetmoreworkdonebyworkinglongerhours.C.MostAmericanswork80hoursaweek,andsomeworkevenlonger.D.Peoplecanmakemoremoneybyworkinglongerhours.2.ThemanagementconsultantwantedtofmdoutA.howhardtheinvestmentbankerworkedduringhisworkhoursB.whenpeoplespenttimedoingunnecessaryworkintheirofficeC.ifpeopleneededvacationafterworkinghardforacertainperiodoftimeD.whetherAmericanswerereallyworkingharderthantheyhaddonebefore3.WhichofthefollowingstatementsisTRUEA.Themoretimeapersonspendsatwork,themoreheorsheaccomplishes.B.Employersdonotjudgetheiremployeesjobperformanceaccordingtotheamountofworkingtime.C.Somepeopleworkmorethan40hoursaweekinthehopeofgettingpromotion.D.Allemployeesarewillingtospendextratimeatwork.4.The80houraweekcandidatewouldgetthejobbecauseemployersbelieve_____.A.thatheismorereliableB.hisexamplewouldleadotheremployeestoworklongerhoursC.hehasbetterqualificationsD.hecouldencourageotheremployeestodoabetterjob5.Theexpressiontodobothinthelastparagraphis_____.A.tofinishtheirworksatisfactorilyandrelaxandenjoythemselvesB.topayattentiontobothperformanceandproductivityC.toworklonghoursandhaveshortvacationsD.torelaxandenjoythemselvesquitefrequentlyNextPagePassage2Questions6to10arebasedonthefollowingpassageManyprivateinstitutionsofhighereducationaroundthecountryareindanger.Notailwillbesaved,andperhapsnotalldeservetobesaved.Therearelowquaiityschoolsjustastherearelowqualitybusinesses.Wehavenoobligationtosavethemsimplybecause.theyexist.Butmanythrivinginstitutionsthatdeservetocontinuearethreatened.Theyaredoingafinejobeducationally,buttheyarecaughtinafinancialdifficulty,withnowaytoreducerisingcostsorincreaserevenues收入significantly.Raisingfeesdoesntbringinmorerevenue,foreachtimefeesgoup,the,enrollment注册人数goesdown,orthemountthatmustbegivenawayinstudentaidgoesup.78Schoolsarebadbusinesses,whetherrmblicororivate,notusuallybecauseofbadmanagementbutbecauseofthenatureofthebusiness.Theylosemoneyoneverycustomer,andtheycangobankrupteitherfromtoofewstudentsortoomanystudents.Evenaverygoodcollegeisaverybadbusiness.Itissuchcolleges,thrivingbutthreatened,thatIworryabout.Lowenrollmentisnottheirchiefproblem.Evenwithfullenrollments,theymaygounder.Effortstosavethem,andpreferablytokeepthemprivate,areanationalnecessity.79Thereisnobasis.forarguingthatprivateschoolsareboundtobebetterthanpublicschools.Thereareplentifulexamplestothecontrary.Anyonecannamestateuniversitiesandcollegesthatrankasthefinestinthenationandtheworld.Itisnowinevitablethatpublicinstitutionswillbedominant,andthereforediversity多样性isanationalnecessity.Diversityinthewaywesupportschoolstendstogiveusahealthydiversityintheformsofeducation.Inahimperfectsocietysuchasours,uniformityofeducationthroughoutthenationcouldbedangerous,haanimperfectsociety,diversityisapositivegood.Eagersupportersofpublichighereducationknowtheimportanceofkeepingprivatehighereducationhealthy.6.Inthepassage,theauthorasksthepublictosupport_____.A.privatehighereducationingeneralB.publichighereducationingeneralC.highqualityprivateuniversitiesandcollegesD.highqualitystateuniversitiesandcolleges7.Accordingtothepassage,schoolsarebadbusinessesbecauseof_____.A.thenatureofschoolB.poorteachersCbadmanagementD.toofewstudents.8.Thephrasegounderinthesecondparagraphisclosestinmeaningto_____.A.havelowfeesB.getintodifficultiesC.doabadobeducationallyD.havelowteachingstandards9.WhichofthefollowingstatementsisTRUEA.Therearemanycasesindicatingthatprivateschoolsaresuperiortopublicschools.B.Theauthorthinksdiversityofeducationispreferabletouniformityofeducation.C.Ahighqualityuniversityisalwaysagoodbusiness.D.Eachtimefeesareraised,theenrollmentgoesup.10.Intheauthorsopinion,thewaythatcansaveprivateschoolsliesin_____.A.fullenrollmentB.raisingfeesC.reducingstudentaidD.nationalsupportPassage3Questions11to15arebasedonthefollowingpassageThefourthgradersatChicagosMcCormickElementarySchooldontknowChineseissupposedtobehardtolearn.Formost,whospeakSpanishathome,itsbecomingtheirthirdlanguage.TheyvebeenheatingandusingChinesewordssincenursery,anditsnaturaltogiveanihaowhenstrangersentertheclassroom.ItsreallyfunsaysMirandaLucas,takingabreakfromalessonthatincludesaChineseinterviewwithJackieChan.ImteachingmymomtospeakChinese.TheclassroomsceneatMcCormickisunusual,butitmaysoonbeacommonphenomenoninAmericanschools,whereChineseisrapidlybecomingthehotnewlanguage.GovernmentofficialshavelongwantedmorefocusonusefullanguageslikeChinese,andpressurefromthemaswellasfrombusinessleaders,politicians,andparentshasproducedaquickgrowthinthenumberofprograms.ChicagocityofficialsmaketheirbestefforttoincludeChineseintheirpublicschools.Theirprogramhasgrowntoinclude3,000studentsin20schools,withmoreschoolsonawaitinglist.ProgramshavealsospreadtoplaceslikeLosAngeles,NewYorkCity,andNorthCarolina.Supporterssee

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