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土木工程毕业论文(旅馆设计).doc

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土木工程毕业论文(旅馆设计).doc

目录第一章建筑设计..................................................11.1设计概况.........................................................................................................11.2工程构造.........................................................................................................11.2.1基础..........................................................................................................11.2.2墙体..........................................................................................................11.2.3楼梯..........................................................................................................21.2.4门窗..........................................................................................................51.2.5女儿墙......................................................................................................61.2.6屋面排水..................................................................................................61.2.7楼面构造地面构造...............................................................................61.2.8屋面构造..................................................................................................61.2.9踢脚..........................................................................................................6第二章结构设计..................................................82.1构件尺寸和自重的计算.................................................................................82.1.1构件尺寸..................................................................................................82.1.2材料自重单位kN/m.............................................................................92.1.3屋面及楼面活荷载................................................................................102.2荷载汇集计算................................................................................................102.3重力荷载代表值的计算...............................................................................162.3.111层上半层的计算...............................................................................162.3.211层的下半层和10层的上半层G10的计算....................................182.3.3G9G4的计算.......................................................................................212.3.44层的下半层和3层的上半层G3的计算..........................................212.3.43层的下半层和2层的上半层G2的计算..........................................232.3.52层的下半层和1层的上半层G1的计算..........................................242.4水平地震作用分析........................................................................................262.5水平地震作用的计算...................................................................................302.6水平地震作用下内力分析...........................................................................342.6.1计算各柱所分配的剪力Vij.................................................................342.6.2侧移验算................................................................................................362.6.3确定反弯点高度y.................................................................................372.6.4地震作用下的内力计算........................................................................382.7竖向荷载作用下框架内力分析...................................................................442.7.1恒载作用下框架内力分析....................................................................442.7.2框架弯矩计算........................................................................................532.7.3活载内力计算........................................................................................652.8内力组合.......................................................................................................782.8.1跨中弯矩计算........................................................................................792.8.2恒载弯矩调幅........................................................................................802.8.3梁端柱边各控制截面的弯矩计算........................................................822.8.4内力组合计算........................................................................................872.8.4框架柱的截面计算..............................................................................1032.8.5板的配筋计算......................................................................................108第三章外文翻译................................................122第四章专题....................................................133结束语........................................................141参考文献........................................................142摘要本设计是根据毕业设计任务书的要求,依据现行国家规范和参考资料设计完成的。本设计酒店名为丽都宾馆,总高39米,共有11层。总建筑面积为27064.125平方米。采用集中式平面布局,房间主要有客房、办公室、会议室、多功能厅等。宾馆外设机动车停车场与非机动车停车场,绿化带等设施。该建筑位于和平大街和八纬路的交接处。建筑设计力求处理好与饭店有关的人、物、环境三者之间的关系。本设计属于高层建筑,采用现浇混凝土框架结构,基础采用桩基础。墙体采用空心砖,外加保温设置,使建筑保温性能良好,抵御北方严寒的天气。本设计主体为建筑设计部分与结构设计部分。结构设计中采用D值法计算水平地震作用下框架的顶点位移和内力。采用弯矩分配法计算竖向荷载作用下的框架内力,并考虑地震的影响进行内力组合,在此基础上,进行框架的配筋设计。本设计的图纸大部分采用计算机辅助设计(AutoCAD),保证了图纸的准确和精密。关键词建筑结构D值法桩基础地震荷载AbstractThedesigniscompletedaccordingtotaskandallkindsofconstructioncode,andreferencebooks.ThedesignisnamedLiDuHotel,whichheightisthirtyninemetersofelevenstories.Thebuildingtakesup27353.52squaremeters.itisarrangedcentralized.Thehotelassighsallkindsofrooms.Therearegusetrooms,meetingrooms,officeroomsandsoon,soitcanoffersallkindsofservices.ThehotelstandsatthecrossoftheHepingstreetandtheBaweiRoad.Itrymybesttomakearchitectureshapedesignbeautiful,simple,theconditionoflivingfineandgraceful..AndIdothearchitecturedesigncoordinatingwithsurrounding.ThisbuildingssupportingstructureisCaseinplacereinforcedconcreteframe.Thefoundationisstakefoundation.StructuredesignadoptsDmethodtocalculatehorizontalearthquakeload,selectmomentdistributingmethodtocalculateframesinnerforceswhicharisefromverticalload.Whencompositetheseinnerforces.Iconsidertheinfluenceoftheearthquakeload.Finallydesigntheneededsteelbarofframeaccordingtotheaboveresultofcalculation.DesigndrawingisdrewbycomputeraidedDesignAutoCAD.KeyWordArchitectureConstructionDmethodStakefoundationEarthquakeload

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