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英语专业本科毕业论文-论《献给艾米丽的玫瑰花》中的哥特式情结.doc

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英语专业本科毕业论文-论《献给艾米丽的玫瑰花》中的哥特式情结.doc

毕业论文论献给艾米丽的玫瑰花中的哥特式情结学校专业姓名学号班级指导教师院系二○一一年二月论献给艾米丽的一支玫瑰花中的哥特式情结摘要美国作家威廉.福克纳的作品献给艾米丽的玫瑰花被视为美国南方哥特式小说的杰作。这部小说讲述了爱米丽小姐悲惨的一生,充满悬疑,耐人寻味。这篇论文主要从几个角度讨论了献给艾米丽的玫瑰花的哥特式风格。这篇论文分为四部分,第一部分,对威廉.福克纳和他的短篇小说献给艾米莉的玫瑰花作了简要的介绍,并且指出了这篇论文的目的和意义。第二部分主要介绍了哥特式文学的来源和哥特式特点在文学上的体现。第三部分,也是这篇论文最重要部分,通过分析环境描写,主题,叙述方式还有人物描写来体现献给艾米丽的玫瑰花中的哥特式特点或风格。最后部分对这篇论文作了总结,它所得出的结论是献给艾米丽的玫瑰花很多方面体现了哥特式特点,并且因为它的哥特式特点作者才成功地表达了他所想表达的主题。关键词哥特情结环境描写主题叙述方式人物StudyontheGothicComplexinARoseforEmilyAbstractARoseforEmilywrittenbyAmericanwriterWilliamFaulknerisregardedastherepresentativeworkofsoutherngothicfictionofAmerica.ThestorywritesMissEmilystragiclifeanditsfullofsuspenseandintenselyinteresting.ThispaperdiscussestheGothiccharacteristicsofARoseforEmilyonseveralangles,anditisdividedintofourparts.Inthefirstpart,itintroducestheWilliamFaulknerandhisARoseforEmilybrieflyandpointsouttheaimandthesignificanceofthestudy.Inthesecondpartitintroducesthegothiccharacteristicsinliterature.Inthethirdpartwhichisthemostimportantpart,itpointsoutthattheauthorusesgothiccharacteristicsfromfouraspectsofthedescriptionofenvironment,thetheme,thenarrativeway,andthecharacter.Inthelastpart,itconcludesthattheauthorcombinesgothiccharacteristicswiththerealisticcontentsuccessfullyandexpresseshiscomplicatedfeelingpreciselybecauseofusinggothiccharacteristics.KeywordsgothiccomplexenvironmentdescriptionthemenarrativewaycharacterContentsAbstract...............................................................................................................................i内容摘要.......................................................................................................................ii1.Introduction...................................................................................................................11.1AbriefintroductionofWilliamFaulknerandhisARoseforEmily.......................11.2IntroductionoftheGothicCharacteristicsinLiterature.........................................22.LiteratureReview...33.TheGothicCharacteristicsinARoseforEmily..43.1Thegothiccharacteristicsinthedescriptionofenvironment.................................43.2ThegothiccharacteristicsinthethemeofARoseforEmily..................................63.3ThegothiccharacteristicsinthenarrativewayofARoseforEmily......................73.4Thegothiccharacteristicsinthecharacter............................................................84.Conclusion.....................................................................................................................10Bibliography.....................................................................................................................13StudyontheGothicComplexinARoseforEmily1.Introduction1.1AbriefintroductionofWilliamFaulknerandhisARoseforEmilyWilliamFaulknerisoneofthemostdistinguishwriterinAmericanliterature.HewasbornandlivedintheSouth,whichinfluencedhimgreatly,therefore,mostofhisworksdescribedthepeopleandtheirlivesintheSouth.AstheappearanceofFaulkner,theSouthappearedtheliterarygloriesoftheSouthRenaissance,whicheverwascalledtheliterarydesert.YuJianhua,TheSecondProsperousofAmericanLiterature,460.Heinventedacountyandatowninhisimagination,andhewroteaboutthesocietyintheSouthbyinventingfamilieswhichrepresenteddifferentsocialforcestheold,decayingupperclasstherising,ambitious,unscrupulousclassofpoorwhitesandtheNegroeswholaboredforbothofthem.HismajorworksincludedSartoris,TheUnvanquished,TheSoundandtheFury,AsILayDying,TheTownandARoseforEmilyLaurenceB.Holland,TheNortonAnthologyofAmericanLiterary,534537.Publishedin1930,ARoseforEmilywasoneofthebestknownandthemostwidelyreadnovelamongWilliamFaulknersshortstories.ThestorytookplaceinamythicaltownthatWilliamFaulknercalledJefferson,Mississippi.ThestoryhappenedattheperiodofthelatenineteenthandearlytwentiethcenturieswhenthetownwaslearningtolivewithSouthslossintheCivilWarandtheconsequentdismantlingoftheslaverybasedsocietythathadprecededit.BecauseofthelossintheCivilWar,peopleinthesouthledapoorlife.Especiallythewhitepeople,theirlifesuddenlybecomepoorbecausemostoftheslaveswenttothenorthtoworkforthenorthernindustry,sothewhitepeoplecouldntgetaccustomedtothelifechangeinashorttime,buttheystillpretendedtobenobleandkepttheirfamilysdignityHowardClincotton,AmericanHistory,30.Thestorydescribedawhitewoman,EmilystragiclifeundertheSouthslossinthe2CivilWar.Emilyslifewasstronglydominatedbyherfather,andshehadnorighttodatewithmalesandchooseherlover.Afterherfathersdeath,shecouldonlydatewithanorthernworker.Buttoherdisappointment,theworkerrefusedtomarryher,andtherefusaldrovehertokillhimbyusingpoison,andshelethisbodycompanyher.AfterEmilysdeath,thetownpeoplediscoveredaskeletoninthehouse,andfoundoutthatthepoorEmilywasamurder,andpeoplewereshockedbythediscovery.Thematically,thisshortstoryisnotassimpleasitseems.Theconflictsinthestorycanbeinterpretedondifferentlevels.Onthesuperficiallevel,itwasamurderstorywithgothiccharacteristics.Itdescribedaneccentricwomanwholivedinherolddecayingmysterioushousethatotherpeoplehadnotvisitedfordecades,and,ofcourse,adeadbodyinthehousefinallywasdiscoveredaftersomanyyears.Onanotherlevel,thestorycanbereadasaconflictbetweentheSouthandtheNorthwithEmilyrepresentingthedecliningSouthandHomerBarronrepresentingtheNorth.Onadeeperlevel,thestoryexplorestheinnerworldofahumanbeing,ortheinnerstruggleinthehumanheart.1.2IntroductionoftheGothicCharacteristicsinLiteratureThewordGothcamefromthenameofaGermanictribe.Thegothicpeoplewerefamousfortheirbrutalanduncivilizedfeatures.TheyeverlivedinnorthEurope,theninvadedinRomeEmpirefromthethirdADcenturytothefifthADcentury,andsetmanykingdomsinItaly,Spain,southpartofFranceandNorthAfrica.Athousandyearslater,aftertheRomeEmpirediedout,ItalianVasari15111574usedtheGothforthefirsttimetorefertoanarchitecturalstyleinmiddleage,whichwastallsharppointed,vaultedroofortower,narrowwindows,colorfulglass,darknesshouses,gloomyladders.XiaoMinghan,CriticismofForeignLiterature,9ThegothicarchitecturewasoriginatedinFrancein11thcentury,anditwaspopularinEuropefrom13thcenturyto15thcentury.Thiskindofarchitecturestylemostlyisseeninthechurch,andalsoincommonarchitecture.Thegothicarchitecturehasahighstatusinthehistoryofarchitecturebecauseofitsexcellentskillanditsachievementinthefieldofart.Thegothiccharacteristicsnotonlyappearinarchitecture,butalsoappearinmanyfieldssuchasliterature,movie,musicandclothing.ThesocalledGothicRevivalappearedinaspectsofarchitectureandliteratureduringeighteenthcenturytonineteenthcentury,whichwasthegloomyanddepressed3toneinmiddleage.Meanwhile,someliteraryworksenjoyedthesametonewithGothicfictioninthetime.TakeHoraceWalpoleforexample,hisTheCastleofOtrantosetanexampleforearlyclassicgothicfiction.ThebirthofGothicfictionwasnotonlyrelatedwiththeGothicfeelingofthecemeterypoetryofEngland,butrelatedwiththeGothiccharacteristics,theaestheticstandardofEdmundBurke17291797aswell.Thegothiccharacteristicsinliteraturearethatthestorymostlytakesplaceinadistantagesanddesolateplaces,thecharactersarelockedorimprisonedinnarrowspacesorinamysteriousgothicbuildingandsuspenseoftenmingleswithlove.Therearesomeusualwaysofsuspense,suchasmysteriousinheritance,secretantecedents,lostwill,thesecretoffamily,ancestralcurseandsoon.Andattheendofthestory,themysteryorthesuspenseissolved,theevildoerisdiscoveredandtheimpedimentofthelovebetweentheheroandtheheroineisbrushedaside.Comparedwithromanticfiction,thegothicfictionmostlydescribesadventurousstoryandtheimpedimentoflovemostlyiscausedbytheevildoer,whiletheromanticfictionmostlydescribesthefamilystriviality,andtheimpedimentoftheloveintheromanticfictionbetweencharactersiscausedbythem.Thethemeofthegothicstorymostlyrevealsthroughdeath,murder,violenceandhorriblescene.Inashort,thenovelswiththegothiccharacteristicsrevealamysterious,horrible,depressedandgloomyatmosphere.Sincethe18thcentury,thegothiccharacteristicshadbeenusedintheliteraryworkspopularly,andtherearemanyfamousnovelswiththegothiccharacteristics,suchasJaneEyre,WutheringHeights,NotreDamedeParis,ARoseforEmilyandsoon.ARoseforEmilyisespeciallythemostrepresentativeworkofgothicfiction.2.LiteratureReviewAfterIlookupinCNKI,ChinaJournalNet,VIPinformationandotherjournalsIhavefoundtwoacademicjournalsthatareconsistentwithmythesis.Ifoundthreesimilarpapers,theyareZhangQi,Zhangxuezhu.ARoseforEmilyontheGothicFeatures【M】.LeshanTeachersCollege,2003,11,HuangFuYan,2011,roseashes,loveintoapoemontheGothicfeaturesofEmilyRose,weandYuhuanHuan,2009.8WilliamFaulknerdedicatedtoAmyGothicRoseLiinthecomplexJiannanLiterature,andtheirmainviewisthatARoseforEmilyisanoutstanding20thcenturyAmericannovelistWilliam

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