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英语教育专业毕业论文-A COMPARISON OF THE WOMAN IMAGE BETWEEN PRIDE AND PREJUDICE AND JANE EYRE.doc

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英语教育专业毕业论文-A COMPARISON OF THE WOMAN IMAGE BETWEEN PRIDE AND PREJUDICE AND JANE EYRE.doc

ACOMPARISONOFTHEWOMANIMAGEBETWEENPRIDEANDPREJUDICEANDJANEEYRENameZhangXiaoangMajorEnglishEducation英语教育Grade2007Class8CollegeCollegeofForeignLanguagesDateMay15th,2011TutorCuiChunhuaiiAbstractThefocusofthisthesisisthetwowellknownfemaleroles,JaneandElizabeth,JanecomesfromCharlotteBrontesJaneEyre,andElizabethfromJaneAustensPrideandPrejudice.Theyhavenotonlymanysimilarqualitiesbutalsohavedifferentpersonalities,oneofwhichisthatthetwowomenhavedifferentexperienceofstrugglingtogainthefemaleeconomicandspritualindependenceinpatriarchalsociety.Bycomparingtheirdifferentsocialstatus,familybackgrounds,attitudestowardsmarriageandlove,thisthesisaimstoexplorethereasonsofcausingthetwodifferentexperiencebetweenthetwofemalerolesandhowdidthebackgroundsofthatperiodwhichthenovelsininfluncedwomenandtheirstrugglespirits.Inaddition,thetwonovelsnotonlydescribethedifferencesbetweenthetwowomen,butalsocomparethetwoautorsdifferences,topresenttheirwomanism,andtheirdifferentviewofmarriageandlove.Forexmaple,JaneAustenemphasizesofthefemaleslovesandmarriagesarelimitedbytheeconomicconditionsbutCarlotteBrontedeemesthatmarriageshouldbebasedontheequalityofthespiritandthesoul.KeyWordsJaneEyre,Elizabeth,attitudeoflove,attitudeofmarriage,differentpointsiii摘要本文关注的是文学史上两个杰出的女性角色简爱和伊莉莎白。其中简爱出自夏洛蒂勃朗特的简爱,伊莉莎白出自简奥斯汀的傲慢与偏见,简爱和伊莉莎白有许多相似的优秀品质也有很多不同点,主要表现为两位女主角在男权社会中争取女性经济和精神独立过程中有着不同的奋斗经历。本文欲通过比较简爱和伊莉莎白不同的社会地位,家庭背景和她们对于婚姻及爱情的态度,来探讨造成两段经历不同的原因,及当时小说所处的时代背景对女性地位及女性奋斗抗争精神的影响。此外,本文不仅阐述了小说中两位女性的不同之处,而且还通过比较两部作品的作者夏洛蒂勃朗特与简奥斯汀对待爱情婚姻及女性的态度不同之处,来展现作家的女权主义思想,以及对待婚姻爱情不同的观点,比如,简奥斯汀强调经济状况对女性爱情和婚姻的限制而夏洛蒂勃朗特则认为婚姻必须建立在精神灵魂平等的条件下。关键词简爱伊莉莎白爱情观婚姻观不同点ivContentsChapterOneIntroduction................................................................11.1GeneralCommentonJaneAustenandCharlotteBronte......................11.2TheBackgroundofPrideandPrejudiceandJaneEyre.......................21.2.1TheBackgroundofPrideandPrejudice.....................................21.2.2TheBackgroundofJaneEyre......................................................3ChapterTwoElizabethBennetandJaneEyreBasedonFeminism....42.1ElizabethBennet...................................................................................42.2JaneEyre...............................................................................................5ChapterThreeComparisonbetweenElizabethBennetandJaneEyre.73.1AComparisonbetweenElizabethBennetandJaneEyrefromtheirCharacters....................................................................................................73.2AComparisonbetweenElizabethBennetandJaneEyrefromtheirAttitudestowardsLoveandMarriage.........................................................8ChapterFourTheReasonsforElizabethBennetandJaneEyresDifferentAttitudestowardsLoveandMarriage...................................104.1DifferentSocialBackgrounds.............................................................104.2DifferentFamilyBackgrounds............................................................124.3DifferentPersonalities.........................................................................13ChapterFiveAComparisonbetweentheTwoAuthors....................145.1DifferentAttitudestowardsLoveandMarriage.................................145.2DifferentAttitudestowardsWoman....................................................18vChapterSixConclusion................................................................20Notes..................................................................................................23Bibliography......................................................................................241AComparisonoftheWomanImagebetweenPrideandPrejudiceandJaneEyreChapterOneIntroduction1.1GeneralCommentonJaneAustenandCharlotteBronteCharlotteBronte18161855wasoneofthemostfamousfemalewritersinEnglishliterature.Inthisperiodoftenseclassstruggleappearedanewliterarytrendcriticalrealism.Englishcriticalrealismofthe19thcenturyflourishedinthefortiesandintheearlyfifties.ThecriticalrealistsdescribedwithmuchvividnessandgreatartisticskillthechieftraitsoftheEnglandsocietyandcriticizedthecapitalistsystemfromademocraticviewpoint.Shecreatedseveralworks,suchasShirley1849,Villette1853,TheProfessor1857.Herworksareallaboutthestruggleofanindividualconsciousnesstowardselfrealization,aboutsomelonelyandneglectedyoungwomenwithalongingforlove.JaneEyreishertypicalworks.Itisanautobiography.Itwaswrittenintheyearof1846.JaneAusten17751817wasanEnglishnovelistwhoserealism,bitingsocialcommentaryandmasterfuluseoffreeindirectspeech,burlesqueandironyhaveearnedheraplaceasoneofthemostwidelyreadandbestlovedwritersinEnglishliterature.AlthoughAustensworkswerewidelyreadinherlifetime,shepublishedherworksanonymously.VirginiaWoolfcalledAustenthemostperfectartistofwomen.JaneAustensnovelswerewitty,warmandironicportraiting,andshecriticizedthe2privilegedclassesof18thand19thcenturyEngland.HerbestknownworkswereEmma1815,PrideandPrejudice1813andSenseandSensibility1811,Duringherlifetime,Austensworksbroughtherlittlefameandonlyafewpositivereviews.Throughthemidnineteenthcentury,hernovelswereadmiredonlybyaliteraryelite.However,thepublicationofhernephewsAMemoirofJaneAustenin1869introducedherlifeandworkstoawiderpublic.Bythe1940s,AustenwasfirmlyensconcedinacademiaasagreatEnglishwriter,andthesecondhalfofthetwentiethcenturysawaproliferationofAustenscholarshipthatexploredmanyaspectsofhernovelsartistic,ideological,andhistorical.Inpopularculture,aJaneitefanculturehasdeveloped,centredonAustenslife,herworks,andthevariousfilmandtelevisionadaptationsofthem.1.2TheBackgroundofPrideandPrejudiceandJaneEyre1.2.1TheBackgroundofPrideandPrejudiceThestoryofPrideandPrejudicetookplaceinthetimeoftheRegencyinBritain.Atthattime,BritainwasattheperiodoftransitionfromtheearlierstageofCapitalismtoCapitalistIndustrialization.Atthattime,accordingtothesocialconditionsinBritain,agoodmarriageforayoungwomanwasveryimportant.ThisphenomenonwascloselyassociatedwiththeBritishsocietyandthestatusofwomeninthesociety.Andmanymiddleclassyoungwomenhadthreesolutionsgettingmarried,stayingathomeasoldmaidsorworkingasthefamilyfemaleteachers.Theincomeof

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