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试析英语委婉语的语用感悟(毕业论文) .doc

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试析英语委婉语的语用感悟(毕业论文) .doc

密级NANCHANGUNIVERSITY学士学位论文THESISOFBACHELOR(20082012年)题目试析英语委婉语的语用感悟英文题目PragmaticInsightsintoEnglishEuphemism系别英汉语言文学系专业英语班级学号姓名指导老师起讫日期二零一二年五月学士学位论文原创性声明本人郑重声明所呈交的论文是本人在导师的指导下独立进行研究所取得的研究成果.除了文中特别加以标注引用的内容外,本论文不包含任何其他个人或集体已经发表或撰写的成果作品.对本文的研究做出重要贡献的个人和集体,均已在文中以明确方式标明.本人完全意识到本声明的法律后果又本人承担.本人签名日期ABSTRACTEuphemismsareusedinverbalcommunications,andtheyareanimportantandindispensablepartincommunication.Itislikelubricantthatnotonlypolishestherelationshipbetweenpeople,butalsominimizeslistenerspressureandexcitementduetoverbalstraightforwardexpression,sosomeunpleasantthingsbecomeeasilyacceptedbyothers,thenthecommunicationpartieswouldachievecommunicativepurposesinharmoniousandfriendlyatmosphere.Pragmaticsisabranchoflinguisticsinthesenseoflanguage,inmanydifferentdefinitionofpragmatics,therearetwoconceptsareverybasic.Andoneismeaning,theotheriscontext.Contextputsemphasisonlanguageunderstanding,knowledgeusingandsearchingforspecialinformationfromparticulardiscoursethathappensinaparticularscenario.Euphemismisakindofimportantrhetoricaldeviceinlanguage,itsgenerationhasacloserelationshipwithPragmatics.Intheusingofeuphemisms,speakersachievetheeffectthathewantstoattainthroughgoingagainstthecooperationprinciplesofpragmaticsorfollowingthepolitenessprincipleofpragmatics.Thisthesistriestohelpreaderstogetadeeperunderstandingabouteuphemism,pragmaticsandtheirrelationshipthroughtheintroductionofsomebasicknowledgeofthem.KeyWordsEuphemismPragmaticsCooperationPrinciplesPolitenessPrinciple南昌大学毕业设计(论文)ContentsIntroduction...........................................Chapter1TheOriginandDefinitionofEuphemism..........................1.1TheOriginofEuphemism........................................1.2TheDefinitionofEuphemism....................................Chapter2FunctionsofEuphemism..2.1SocialFunction...............................................2.2MentalRemediationFunction2.3CoverFunction.................................................2.4CommunicativeFunction2.5AestheticFunction2.6CourtesyFunctionChapter3PragmaticPrinciplesAnalysisofEuphemism3.1OriginandDefinitionofPragmatics............................3.2RelationshipbetweenConversationCooperativePrincipleandEuphemism3.2.1DeparturefromtheQuantityGuideline3.2.2DeparturefromtheQualityGuideline3.2.3DeparturefromtheMethodGuideline3.2.4DeparturefromtheRelevanceGuideline3.3RelationshipbetweenConversationPolitenessPrincipleandEuphemism3.3.1ReflectionofTactMaximonEuphemism3.3.2ReflectionofGenerosityMaximonEuphemism南昌大学共青学院毕业设计(论文)3.3.3ReflectionofApprobationMaximonEuphemism3.3.4ReflectionofModestyMaximonEuphemism3.3.5ReflectionofAgreementMaximonEuphemism3.3.6ReflectionofSympathyMaximonEuphemism3.4EuphemismandFaceProtectionPrinciple3.5EuphemismandSelfProtectionPrinciple3.6ViewonExpressionMethodsofEuphemismfromthePerspectiveofPragmaticsConclusion.............................................References.............................................Acknowledgements........................................南昌大学共青学院毕业设计(论文)IntroductionThispaperisintendedtoexploretheorigin,definition,functionofeuphemisms,andsomeprinciplearerelatedtopragmatics.Euphemismisiconicvariantofconventionallanguagevariant,peopleuseitforgoodomen.Ithassocialfunction,mentalremediationfunction,coverfunction,communicativefunctionandaestheticfunction.Pragmaticshasseveralprinciples,suchascooperationprinciples,politenessprinciplesandFaceview.Gricescooperativeprincipleistomakethecommunicationsessionsmooth,itisakindofconductofpragmaticstrategies,tomakesmoothcommunication,speakersandwritersshouldfollowsomeguidelinessuchasquantityguideline,qualityguideline,andrelevanceguidelineandsoon.However,manyeuphemismsachievegood,effectiveeffectthroughgoingagainsttheseguidelines.Leechthoughtthatamorereasonableexplanationofwhyeuphemismiscontrarytothecooperationprinciplesistoconsiderpoliteness.Thus,basedonthecooperationprinciples,heproposedthepolitenessprinciples.Anditincludesoftactmaxim,generositymaxim,approbationmaxim,modestymaxim,agreementmaxim,sympathymaxim.Manyeuphemismscoincideswiththepolitenessprinciple,andfollowoneorseveralmaximofpolitenessprinciple.Sowecanconcludethateuphemismsachievetheeffectthroughgoingagainstthecooperationprinciplesofpragmaticsorfollowingthepolitenessprincipleofpragmatics.南昌大学共青学院毕业设计(论文)Chapter1TheOriginandDefinitionofEuphemism1.1TheOriginofEuphemismPeoplefromeverycountryalwaysavoiddirectreferencetosomethingorusetabooedwords,andusesomesubtlemelodywordstoreplacetaboowordstoavoidembarrassingawkwardsituations,butstillexpressthesamefeelings.EnglishEuphemismwordsgeneratedfromavoidingorconcealingtheuseofmanytabooedwords.Forexample,inEnglish,peopleusepassaway,bewithGod,gotoabetterworld,gotoheaven,departfromtheworldforeverandotherwordstopolitelyexpresstheconceptofdeath.WordeuphemismcomesfromtheGreek,theprefixeumeansgood,Phemismmeansspeech,togetherliteralmeaningiswordofgoodomentoputitnicely,then,iflucky,thatis,temperature,ambiguousexpressionisinsteadofvulgarexplicit,bluntharshexpression.Euphemismcanbedividedintothetraditionaleuphemismandstylisticeuphemism.EuphemismisinvolvedinallaspectsofWesternsociallife,itreflectsacodeofconduct,socialcustoms,aestheticsandvaluesfromdifferentperspectives.1.2TheDefinitionofEuphemismFowlerHWFowlerintheDictionaryofModernEnglishUsagedefinedeuphemismasEuphemismmeansusingmildorvagueorperiphrasticexpressionasasubstituteforbluntprecisionordisagreeabletruth..Nearlyineverykindoflanguage,therearesomedisgustingwords,whichwouldmakepeoplefeelembarrassed.Intheprocess

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