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英语专业毕业论文-中西方餐桌文化对比.doc

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英语专业毕业论文-中西方餐桌文化对比.doc

AContrastiveAnalysisofTableCultureBetweenChinaandWesternCountriesByHuangxiangA2012UndergraduateoftheSchoolofForeignLanguagesofTeachersCollegeSupervisorHanRongMay7th,20122AContrastiveAnalysisofTableCultureBetweenChinaandWesternCountriesThesisstatementTherearedifferencesoftableculturebetweenChinaandwesterncountries.OuttlliineI.IntroductionabriefaccountoftablecultureII.ThemajordifferencesoftableculturebetweenChinaandwesterncountriesA.SeatsarrangementB.Theuseoftableware1.TheuseoftablewareinChina2.TheuseoftablewareinwesterncountriesC.ThecontentofdietingD.DrinkingstyleE.TheconceptoftimeⅢ.ReasonsforthedifferencesoftableculturebetweenChinaandwesterncountriesA.CulturalbackgroundB.EconomicbackgroundIV.TheattitudesthatweshouldholdtothedifferencesoftableculturebetweenChinaandwesterncountriesV.Conclusion3AContrastiveAnalysisofTableCultureBetweenChinaandWesternCountriesAuthorXuHaiyanSupervisorHanRongI.IntroductionabriefaccountoftablecultureItiswellknownthatcultureplaysanimportantroleinourdailylifeandalsoinoursociety.Wecantimaginewhatourlifewouldbelikewithoutculture.Inallkindsofcultures,tablecultureisoneofthemostinfluentialparts.Chinahasalonghistoryoftableculture.Accordingtotherecordeddocument,ChinahasformeditswayoftablecultureinZhoudynasty.Theseritualshasmaturedandimproved,andtheyplayedanimportantroleinancientsociety,eveninmodernsociety.Theyarethefundamentalcultureofpersonalrelationships,whichpromotethedevelopmentofhumansociety.Inthe20thcentury,theItalianculturewastakenintoFrance,thustablemannersandmenutermshavebecomemorerefinedandelegant.Etiquetteguidelineshavealsoemerged.Today,tablemannersstillcontinuetobepassedoninEuropeancountries.AsthewesternculturesareintroducedintoChinainalargescale,traditionalChineseetiquetteisconstantlyimpactedbyWesternone.TheprotectionoftraditionalChineseetiquetteandeffectiveintegrationwithwesternetiquettearemoreconducivetocrossculturalcommunicationwith4Westerncountries.DuetothedifferencesofnaturalenvironmentandlifestyleinChinaandwesterncountries,peoplehavemanydifferentkindsoftableculture,whichsomehowreflectthecustomsandhabitsbetweenChinaandwesterncountries.Whatsmore,comparingthedifferentandsametableculturewillhelpustolearnmoreaboutthemannerandcultureinwesterncountries.Asthesayinggoes,foodisthemostimportantforpeople.Itnotonlydealswithhungeratpresent,butalsocontainsmoreculturalmeanings.Thediningtableisoneofthemostvitalplaceswheregoodculturesaredisplayed.Elegantmannersatthetablemaybringfriendshipandevensuccess.Obviously,itisclearthateatinghasinfiltratedintoeveryaspectofsociallifegradually.InEnglishspeakingcountries,wealsohavesuchaproverbasyouarewhatyoueat.Fromthissentence,wecantotallyunderstandwhateatingmeanstohumanbeings.Astheeconomydevelops,moreandmorebusinessesaresettledonthetable.Soitisquiteimportantforustogetagoodknowledgeofthetablecultures.Now,Chinaandwesterncountrieshavemoreandmoreexchanges.ComparingSinoWesterntableculturesandexploringthedifferencesbetweenSinoWesternculturesplayanimportantroleinimprovingourselfcultivation,aswellasenhancingfurthercooperationbetweenChinaandwesterncountries.II.ThemajordifferencesoftableculturebetweenChinaandwestern5countriesFromwhatwehavediscussedabove,wecanmovenaturallytothesecondpartofthethesis.Inthefollowinganalysis,emphasiswillbeputonthedetaileddifferencesoftableculturebetweenChinaandwesterncountries.Afteranalysis,wewouldgetadeeperunderstandingoftableculture.A.SeatsarrangementInChinesetableculture,theguestsareseatedingoodorder.Thearrangementofseatsembodiesrespectforguests.Whereaguestisseateddependsonhisage,socialstatusandsoon.TakingtheleftforupperisthetraditionalcustominChina.Itmeansthattheleftseatsarehigherthantherightones.Theguestofhonorshouldbearrangedontheleftofthehost.Inthepast,Chineseadvocatedsouth,eastandtheleft.Whenentering,theeldersandtheguestsarerequiredtositfromleftsideofthechair.Itisimportanttonotethatthemastershouldnotletguestssitinaseatneartheserving,whichisataboo.Astimepassedon,theviewofpositionhaschanged.Itnotonlyinheritsthetradition,butalsotakessomeviewsofWesterncountriesforreference.Theguestshouldbearrangedontherightofthehost.Atpresent,whenpeopleholdmeetingortakeagroupphoto,theyareaffectedbythisrule.Intradition,ChinesepeopleentertainguestsusingtheEightImmortaltable.Theseatfacingtothedooristheseatofhonor,whileotherguests6areseatedaside.Theolder,theguestofhonor,orthehigherlevelisseatedattheupperseat,andthehostsitsatthelowerseat.Whentherearemorethanonetable,thehostandthehostesssittogetheratthemaintable.Thedistancefromthemaintabledeterminesthepositionofpeople.Theshorterthedistanceis,themoreimportanttheguestis.Themaintableisastandard.Therighttableishigherthantheleftone.However,inwesterncountries,afterthehostessannouncesthatdinnerisready,thehostshouldleadgueststositinturn.Theprincipleofgeneralseatingarrangementistositaccordingtothesegregationofthesexes.Themainmaleguestssitdownfirstlyattherightsideofthehostess.However,themainfemaleguestsareseatedontherightofthemainmaleguests.Theothercouplesareinthediagonalseats.B.TheuseoftablewareChopsticks,forkandknifearethebasicdifferencesbetweenChinaandwesterntablecultures.1.TheuseoftablewareinChinaFirstly,letstalkabouttheuseoftablewareinChina.a.Chopsticks.Chopsticksareconsideredasanextensionofonesfingers.Theyaretraditionallyheldintherighthand,evenbylefthandedpeople.Althoughchopsticksmaynowbedeployedbyeitherhand,lefthandedchopstickuseisconsideredimproper.Thispracticepreventsalefthanded7chopstickuserfromaccidentallyelbowingarighthandeduserseatednearby.Attentionshouldbepaidtotheuseofchopsticks.Firstly,ifthereareremnantsonthechopsticks,dontlick.Usingthelickedchopstickstotakefoodupsetsotherpeoplesappetite.Secondly,weshouldputasidethechopstickswhiletalkingtoothers.Thirdly,donotinsertchopsticksverticallyonthefood,becauseitisonlyusedwhenweareinmemoryofsomeonedead.Atlast,chopsticksareonlyusedforpickingupfood.Itisrudetousechopstickstopickyourteeth.Chopsticks,whennotinuse,areplacedeithertotherightorbelowonesplateinaChinesetablesetting.b.SpoonsSpoonsareusedprimarilyforeatingliquidorsemiliquidfoods,suchassoup,steworicecream,andverysmallorpowderysoliditemswhichcannotbeeasilyliftedwithchopsticks,suchassugar,cerealsandgreenpeas.c.ToothpickFollowthesestepstouseatoothpickinChinesetableculture.aGraspthetoothpickfirmlynearoneendandbetweenyourthumbandindexfinger.Placethepointedendofthetoothpicknearthegumbetweentheteethwhichcontainsthebitoffoodyouwishtoremove.

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