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英语本科毕业论文-浅析李小龙对中美文化的影响.doc

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英语本科毕业论文-浅析李小龙对中美文化的影响.doc

长春工业大学毕业论文InfluencesofBruceLeeOnChineseandAmericanCultures浅析李小龙对中美文化的影响学生姓名学位层次学士院系外语专业英语指导教师完成日期2012年6月论文题目ContentsAbstract..1AbstractChinese...2I.Introduction...3II.MajorContributionsofBruceLee4III.InfluenceofBruceLeeonChineseandAmericanCultures..53.1InfluenceonMovie53.1.1InfluenceonKongFumovie....53.1.2Influenceonmovieindustry....63.2InfluenceonFitness..73.2.1Influenceonnutrition...73.2.2Influenceonbodybuilding..93.3InfluenceonMixedMartialArts....93.4InfluenceonPhilosophy.10IV.EvaluationofBruceLeesInfluences..114.1SettingIconicImage...114.2EstablishingPatriotism..124.3EncouragingtheDescendantsoftheDragonintheWorld..12V.Conclusion..13Reference.141AbstractBruceLee,MartialArtsinstructor,propelledtherevolutionofMartialArtsanddevelopedtheKongFumovie.ThroughBruceLeesgreatcontribution,thisPaperdemonstratestheinfluencesofBruceLeeonAmericanandChineseculture.Theinfluencesareintroducedinmanyaspects,includingmovie,movieindustry,nutrition,bodybuilding,martialartsandphilosophy.BruceLeehasmadegreatcontributiontotheimprovementofChineseimageintheworld,eventothewholeworldofyellowrace.Withoutdoubt,theimageofAsianpeopleisimprovedbecauseofthesuccessofBruceLee.Today,millionsofpeoplearoundtheworldarestillencouragedbyhim.BruceLeewasoneofthemostinfluentialpersonstothePopcultureinAmericaandChinainthe20thcentury.KeywordsBruceLeeinfluenceculturemoviemartialarts2摘要一代武术宗师李小龙,革命性地推动了世界武术和功夫电影的发展。本文通过李小龙的不朽贡献,揭示了李小龙对中美两国文化的影响。这种影响力是通过他对电影、电影工业、营养学、健身、武术、哲学等方面的深刻改变所展示出来的。李小龙通过个人的成功提升了中国人在世界上的良好形象,同时也让所有华人和黄种人形象得到提升,今天,世界上仍然有成百上千万的人被他不断激励着,他是当之无愧的二十世纪对中美流行文化最具影响力的中国人之一。关键词李小龙影响文化电影武术3InfluencesofBruceLeeOnChineseandAmericanCulturesI.IntroductionMorethan100yearsago,AmericainvadedChinabyforcestogetherwithothercountries,whichisthefirstcontactofChinawiththeforeignersformallyanddeeply.Afterthat,theQingDynastysingedmanytreatieswithAmerica.Chinasufferedalotfromtheseunfairtreaties.Stupidandconservative,ChinesepeoplewerelookeddownbyAmericathen.Atthattime,Chinesepeopleonlyknowfeudalism.Theydidnotknowmoderntechnologyandpopularculture.InmostAmericanseyes,Chinesepeoplearetheimagesoflongbraid,blackglassesandyellowteeth.BeforeBruceLeesethisiconicimageintotheheartsandmindsoftheAmericanpeople,thegeneralpublichadadifferentviewofwhatanAsianpersonlookedlikedandactedlike.ThemostclassicexampleofthiswouldhavetobetheportrayalofMr.YunioshiinBreakfastatTiffanys.MickeyRooneywasthewhiteactorwhodressedupasthetypicalAsianwithprotrudingbuckteeth,squintyeyes,andlargeframedglasses.HeactedasAmericansbelievedmostAsiansactedinthattheyweredumbandcarelessBreakfastatTiffanys.BruceLeebroughtaboutanewperspectivethroughhisportrayalofawarriorthatshowednofearinthefaceoftremendousodds.Inallhismovies,Leeactedasacockyandcompassionatefighterwhofoughtforjustice.ThehandsomefeaturesthatLeepossessedchangedtheconventionalappearancethatAmericansusedtoportrayAsians.ThefactthatLeesimagelivedonfordecadesonwardsshowedthatAsianshadbecomemoreintegratedintoAmericansociety.LeepavedthewayforfutureAsianmartialartistssuchasJackieChanandJetLiwhowantedtotakepartintheAmericanmovieindustry.4II.MajorContributionsofBruceLeeBruceLeebornLeeJunfanNovember27,1940–July20,1973wasaChineseAmericanHongKongactor,martialartsinstructor,philosopher,filmdirector,filmproducer,screenwriter,andfounderoftheJeetKuneDomartialartsmovement.Heiswidelyconsideredbymanycommentators,critics,mediaandothermartialartiststobethemostinfluentialmartialartistofthe20thcentury,andoneofthebiggestpopcultureicons.HeisoftencreditedwithchangingthewayAsianswerepresentedinAmericanfilms.LeewasborninSanFranciscotoparentsofHongKongheritagebutwasraisedinHongKonguntilhislateteens.LeereturnedtotheUnitedStatesattheageof18toclaimhisU.S.citizenshipandreceivehishighereducation.Itwasduringthistimethathebeganteachingmartialarts,whichsoonledtofilmandtelevisionroles.HisHongKongandHollywoodproducedfilmselevatedthetraditionalHongKongmartialartsfilmtoanewlevelofpopularityandacclaim,andsparkedamajorsurgeofinterestinChinesemartialartsintheWestinthe1970s.ThedirectionandtoneofhisfilmschangedandinfluencedmartialartsandmartialartsfilmsinHongKongandtherestoftheworld,aswell.HeisnotedforhisrolesinfivefeaturelengthfilmsLoWeisTheBigBoss1971andFistofFury1972WayoftheDragon1972,directedandwrittenbyLeeWarnerBrothersEntertheDragon1973andTheGameofDeath1978,bothdirectedbyRobertClouse.Leebecameaniconicfigureknownthroughouttheworld,particularlyamongtheChinese,asheportrayedChinesenationalisminhisfilms.HeinitiallytrainedinWingChun,buthelaterrejectedwelldefinedmartialartstyles,favoringinsteadtheuseoftechniquesfromvarioussources,inthespiritofhispersonalmartialartsphilosophy,whichhedubbedJeetKuneDoTheWayoftheInterceptingFist.5III.InfluenceofBruceLeeonChineseandAmericanCulturesItisBruceLeewhocreatedJeetKuneDoandintroducedthewordKongFuintoEnglishvocabulary.However,thesearenotthewholeofhiscontributionstoChineseandAmericancultures.HehasinfluencedChineseandAmericanculturesinmanyotheraspects,suchasmovie,fitness,MartialArtsandphilosophy.3.1InfluenceonMovieThereisondenyingthefactthatBruceLeehasgreatlyinfluencedAmericanandChinesemovieculture.ThroughKongFumovies,hebecamethefirstspreaderofChineseKongFuandpropelledarevolutioninChineseandAmericanmovies.3.1.1InfluenceonKongFumovieMartialArtswasagenreofmoviesthatmadeitsappearanceinAmericaonlywhenBruceLeetookthestage.Beforehistime,therewerentmanyAsianAmericansinfluencingthefilmindustrytomakemartialartsamajorgenreMartialArtistandMovieStarBruceLee.Thiswasprimarilyduetothefactthatnotmanyhadhistypeofstatureandpopularityinsociety.ThispopularityexistedonlyduetoLeesattempttoshowAmericanswhathewascapableofthroughthecreationofthreefilmsinChina,TheBigBoss,FistsofFury,andWayoftheDragon.AllthreeofthesewereabighitnotonlyinChinabutlaterinEuropeandAmerica.ItwaswiththecreationofWayoftheDragonthatWarnerbegantorealizethattheonlywaytoprofitfromthegrowingmartialartsgenrewaswiththestarringofBruceLeeBruceLeethecelebratedlifeofthegoldendragon.Notlongafter,LeebeganfilmingEntertheDragonwithWarnerandGoldenHarvest.ThiswasLeesfirstbigbudgetmartialartsfilminHollywoodwhichsweptthenationinapandemoniumofwannabemartialartists

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