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英语本科毕业论文-浅析李小龙对中美文化的影响.doc

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英语本科毕业论文-浅析李小龙对中美文化的影响.doc

长春工业大学毕业论文INFLUENCESOFBRUCELEEONCHINESEANDAMERICANCULTURES浅析李小龙对中美文化的影响学生姓名学位层次学士院系外语专业英语指导教师完成日期2012年6月论文题目CONTENTSABSTRACT1ABSTRACTCHINESE2IINTRODUCTION3IIMAJORCONTRIBUTIONSOFBRUCELEE4IIIINFLUENCEOFBRUCELEEONCHINESEANDAMERICANCULTURES531INFLUENCEONMOVIE5311INFLUENCEONKONGFUMOVIE5312INFLUENCEONMOVIEINDUSTRY632INFLUENCEONFITNESS7321INFLUENCEONNUTRITION7322INFLUENCEONBODYBUILDING933INFLUENCEONMIXEDMARTIALARTS934INFLUENCEONPHILOSOPHY10IVEVALUATIONOFBRUCELEE’SINFLUENCES1141SETTINGICONICIMAGE1142ESTABLISHINGPATRIOTISM1243ENCOURAGINGTHEDESCENDANTSOFTHEDRAGONINTHEWORLD12VCONCLUSION13REFERENCE141ABSTRACTBRUCELEE,MARTIALARTSINSTRUCTOR,PROPELLEDTHEREVOLUTIONOFMARTIALARTSANDDEVELOPEDTHEKONGFUMOVIETHROUGHBRUCELEE’SGREATCONTRIBUTION,THISPAPERDEMONSTRATESTHEINFLUENCESOFBRUCELEEONAMERICANANDCHINESECULTURETHEINFLUENCESAREINTRODUCEDINMANYASPECTS,INCLUDINGMOVIE,MOVIEINDUSTRY,NUTRITION,BODYBUILDING,MARTIALARTSANDPHILOSOPHYBRUCELEEHASMADEGREATCONTRIBUTIONTOTHEIMPROVEMENTOFCHINESEIMAGEINTHEWORLD,EVENTOTHEWHOLEWORLDOFYELLOWRACEWITHOUTDOUBT,THEIMAGEOFASIANPEOPLEISIMPROVEDBECAUSEOFTHESUCCESSOFBRUCELEETODAY,MILLIONSOFPEOPLEAROUNDTHEWORLDARESTILLENCOURAGEDBYHIMBRUCELEEWASONEOFTHEMOSTINFLUENTIALPERSONSTOTHEPOPCULTUREINAMERICAANDCHINAINTHE20THCENTURYKEYWORDSBRUCELEE;INFLUENCE;CULTURE;MOVIE;MARTIALARTS2摘要一代武术宗师李小龙,革命性地推动了世界武术和功夫电影的发展。本文通过李小龙的不朽贡献,揭示了李小龙对中美两国文化的影响。这种影响力是通过他对电影、电影工业、营养学、健身、武术、哲学等方面的深刻改变所展示出来的。李小龙通过个人的成功提升了中国人在世界上的良好形象,同时也让所有华人和黄种人形象得到提升,今天,世界上仍然有成百上千万的人被他不断激励着,他是当之无愧的二十世纪对中美流行文化最具影响力的中国人之一。关键词李小龙;影响;文化;电影;武术3INFLUENCESOFBRUCELEEONCHINESEANDAMERICANCULTURESIINTRODUCTIONMORETHAN100YEARSAGO,AMERICAINVADEDCHINABYFORCESTOGETHERWITHOTHERCOUNTRIES,WHICHISTHEFIRSTCONTACTOFCHINAWITHTHEFOREIGNERSFORMALLYANDDEEPLYAFTERTHAT,THEQINGDYNASTYSINGEDMANYTREATIESWITHAMERICACHINASUFFEREDALOTFROMTHESEUNFAIRTREATIESSTUPIDANDCONSERVATIVE,CHINESEPEOPLEWERELOOKEDDOWNBYAMERICATHENATTHATTIME,CHINESEPEOPLEONLYKNOWFEUDALISMTHEYDIDNOTKNOWMODERNTECHNOLOGYANDPOPULARCULTUREINMOSTAMERICAN’SEYES,CHINESEPEOPLEARETHEIMAGESOFLONGBRAID,BLACKGLASSESANDYELLOWTEETHBEFOREBRUCELEESETHISICONICIMAGEINTOTHEHEARTSANDMINDSOFTHEAMERICANPEOPLE,THEGENERALPUBLICHADADIFFERENTVIEWOFWHATANASIANPERSONLOOKEDLIKEDANDACTEDLIKETHEMOSTCLASSICEXAMPLEOFTHISWOULDHAVETOBETHEPORTRAYALOFMRYUNIOSHIINBREAKFASTATTIFFANY’SMICKEYROONEYWASTHEWHITEACTORWHODRESSEDUPASTHE“TYPICAL”ASIANWITHPROTRUDINGBUCKTEETH,SQUINTYEYES,ANDLARGEFRAMEDGLASSESHEACTEDASAMERICANSBELIEVEDMOSTASIANSACTEDINTHATTHEYWEREDUMBANDCARELESSBREAKFASTATTIFFANY’SBRUCELEEBROUGHTABOUTANEWPERSPECTIVETHROUGHHISPORTRAYALOFAWARRIORTHATSHOWEDNOFEARINTHEFACEOFTREMENDOUSODDSINALLHISMOVIES,LEEACTEDASACOCKYANDCOMPASSIONATEFIGHTERWHOFOUGHTFORJUSTICETHEHANDSOMEFEATURESTHATLEEPOSSESSEDCHANGEDTHECONVENTIONALAPPEARANCETHATAMERICANSUSEDTOPORTRAYASIANSTHEFACTTHATLEE’SIMAGELIVEDONFORDECADESONWARDSSHOWEDTHATASIANSHADBECOMEMOREINTEGRATEDINTOAMERICANSOCIETYLEEPAVEDTHEWAYFORFUTUREASIANMARTIALARTISTSSUCHASJACKIECHANANDJETLIWHOWANTEDTOTAKEPARTINTHEAMERICANMOVIEINDUSTRY4IIMAJORCONTRIBUTIONSOFBRUCELEEBRUCELEEBORNLEEJUNFAN;NOVEMBER27,1940–JULY20,1973WASACHINESEAMERICANHONGKONGACTOR,MARTIALARTSINSTRUCTOR,PHILOSOPHER,FILMDIRECTOR,FILMPRODUCER,SCREENWRITER,ANDFOUNDEROFTHEJEETKUNEDOMARTIALARTSMOVEMENTHEISWIDELYCONSIDEREDBYMANYCOMMENTATORS,CRITICS,MEDIAANDOTHERMARTIALARTISTSTOBETHEMOSTINFLUENTIALMARTIALARTISTOFTHE20THCENTURY,ANDONEOFTHEBIGGESTPOPCULTUREICONSHEISOFTENCREDITEDWITHCHANGINGTHEWAYASIANSWEREPRESENTEDINAMERICANFILMSLEEWASBORNINSANFRANCISCOTOPARENTSOFHONGKONGHERITAGEBUTWASRAISEDINHONGKONGUNTILHISLATETEENSLEERETURNEDTOTHEUNITEDSTATESATTHEAGEOF18TOCLAIMHISUSCITIZENSHIPANDRECEIVEHISHIGHEREDUCATIONITWASDURINGTHISTIMETHATHEBEGANTEACHINGMARTIALARTS,WHICHSOONLEDTOFILMANDTELEVISIONROLESHISHONGKONGANDHOLLYWOODPRODUCEDFILMSELEVATEDTHETRADITIONALHONGKONGMARTIALARTSFILMTOANEWLEVELOFPOPULARITYANDACCLAIM,ANDSPARKEDAMAJORSURGEOFINTERESTINCHINESEMARTIALARTSINTHEWESTINTHE1970STHEDIRECTIONANDTONEOFHISFILMSCHANGEDANDINFLUENCEDMARTIALARTSANDMARTIALARTSFILMSINHONGKONGANDTHERESTOFTHEWORLD,ASWELLHEISNOTEDFORHISROLESINFIVEFEATURELENGTHFILMSLOWEI’STHEBIGBOSS1971ANDFISTOFFURY1972;WAYOFTHEDRAGON1972,DIRECTEDANDWRITTENBYLEE;WARNERBROTHERS’ENTERTHEDRAGON1973ANDTHEGAMEOFDEATH1978,BOTHDIRECTEDBYROBERTCLOUSELEEBECAMEANICONICFIGUREKNOWNTHROUGHOUTTHEWORLD,PARTICULARLYAMONGTHECHINESE,ASHEPORTRAYEDCHINESENATIONALISMINHISFILMSHEINITIALLYTRAINEDINWINGCHUN,BUTHELATERREJECTEDWELLDEFINEDMARTIALARTSTYLES,FAVORINGINSTEADTHEUSEOFTECHNIQUESFROMVARIOUSSOURCES,INTHESPIRITOFHISPERSONALMARTIALARTSPHILOSOPHY,WHICHHEDUBBEDJEETKUNEDOTHEWAYOFTHEINTERCEPTINGFIST5IIIINFLUENCEOFBRUCELEEONCHINESEANDAMERICANCULTURESITISBRUCELEEWHOCREATEDJEETKUNEDOANDINTRODUCEDTHEWORDKONGFUINTOENGLISHVOCABULARYHOWEVER,THESEARENOTTHEWHOLEOFHISCONTRIBUTIONSTOCHINESEANDAMERICANCULTURESHEHASINFLUENCEDCHINESEANDAMERICANCULTURESINMANYOTHERASPECTS,SUCHASMOVIE,FITNESS,MARTIALARTSANDPHILOSOPHY31INFLUENCEONMOVIETHEREISONDENYINGTHEFACTTHATBRUCELEEHASGREATLYINFLUENCEDAMERICANANDCHINESEMOVIECULTURETHROUGHKONGFUMOVIES,HEBECAMETHEFIRSTSPREADEROFCHINESEKONGFUANDPROPELLEDAREVOLUTIONINCHINESEANDAMERICANMOVIES311INFLUENCEONKONGFUMOVIEMARTIALARTSWASAGENREOFMOVIESTHATMADEITSAPPEARANCEINAMERICAONLYWHENBRUCELEETOOKTHESTAGEBEFOREHISTIME,THEREWEREN’TMANYASIANAMERICANSINFLUENCINGTHEFILMINDUSTRYTOMAKEMARTIALARTSAMAJORGENREMARTIALARTISTANDMOVIESTARBRUCELEETHISWASPRIMARILYDUETOTHEFACTTHATNOTMANYHADHISTYPEOFSTATUREANDPOPULARITYINSOCIETYTHISPOPULARITYEXISTEDONLYDUETOLEE’SATTEMPTTOSHOWAMERICANSWHATHEWASCAPABLEOFTHROUGHTHECREATIONOFTHREEFILMSINCHINA,THEBIGBOSS,FISTSOFFURY,ANDWAYOFTHEDRAGONALLTHREEOFTHESEWEREABIGHITNOTONLYINCHINABUTLATERINEUROPEANDAMERICAITWASWITHTHECREATIONOFWAYOFTHEDRAGONTHATWARNERBEGANTOREALIZETHATTHEONLYWAYTOPROFITFROMTHEGROWINGMARTIALARTSGENREWASWITHTHESTARRINGOFBRUCELEEBRUCELEETHECELEBRATEDLIFEOFTHEGOLDENDRAGONNOTLONGAFTER,LEEBEGANFILMINGENTERTHEDRAGONWITHWARNERANDGOLDENHARVESTTHISWASLEE’SFIRSTBIGBUDGETMARTIALARTSFILMINHOLLYWOODWHICHSWEPTTHENATIONINAPANDEMONIUMOFWANNABEMARTIALARTISTS

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