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英语论文 杰伊·盖茨比的悲惨命运的必然性.doc

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英语论文 杰伊·盖茨比的悲惨命运的必然性.doc

论文写作指导、各类文案代写QQ625880526杰伊盖茨比的悲惨命运的必然性摘要了不起的盖茨比是20世纪美国著名作家菲茨杰拉德的一部反映美国梦破灭的浪漫主义悲剧小说。追寻浪漫爱情的盖茨比与初恋情人黛西分别多年后终于得以重逢,梦想着再续前缘。然而,冰冷的现实容不下缥缈的梦,盖茨比心中的女神已蜕变成庸俗的物质女郎。浪漫的爱情掺杂了拜金主义的气息,追梦的灵魂就逃脱不了注定的悲剧情缘。最终,一厢情愿的浪漫归为幻灭,富于想象的爱情也化为尘埃。盖茨比爱情梦的破灭标志着美国梦的破灭。盖茨比一方面如此天真,相信过去的日子能够复返另一方面却已屈服于金钱脚下,走向堕落的深渊。希望落空,失望和厄运相继开始。盖茨比悲剧的必然性主要是由其性格中的不足因素,他对黛西的错误想象以及社会历史原因等多方面因素造成的。本文通过对这些因素的分析揭示盖茨比悲惨命运的必然性。关键词盖茨比美国梦悲剧论文写作指导、各类文案代写QQ625880526TheInevitabilityofJayGatsbysTragicFateAbstractTheGreatGatsbywasaromantictragedynovelwrittenbythefamousAmericanwriterF.ScottFitzgeraldinthe20thcentury,whichisaboutthedisillusionoftheAmericanDream.GatsbywhopursueromanticlovehasfinallybeenreunitedwhithisfirstloveDaisyaftermanyyears,dreamingagainlater.However,thecoldrealitycannottolerateamistydream,thegoddessinGatsbyshearthasbeentransformedintoavulgarmaterialgirl.Romanticlovewasmixedwiththeauraofmammonism,thesoulwhichquestfordreamhasntescapedfromthedestinedtragedyaffinity.Intheend,thewishfulromanticclassifiedintodisillusionment,theimaginativeloveclassifiedintodust.TheburstofGatsbysloveDreammarksthedisillusionoftheAmericandream.Ontheonehand,Gatsbywascharminglyinnocentenoughtobelievethatthepastcouldberecoveredandresurrected.Ontheotherhand,hewasbothcorruptedandcorrupting,tragicallyconvincedofthepowerofmoney.Thehopeisgonedespairanddoomhavesetin.TheinevitabilityofGatsbystragedywascausedbythedestructivepotentialsinGatsbyscharacter,hisfalseimageofDaisy,thesocialhistoricalbackgroundsandsoon.TheanalysisofthesefactorsrevealstheinevitabilityoftheofGatsbystragicfate.KeyWordsTheGreatGatsbytheAmericanDreamtragedy论文写作指导、各类文案代写QQ625880526TABLEOFCONTENTSⅠ.Introduction.........1Ⅱ.ThenatureofGatsbysdream.....................2A.TheoriginofGatsbysdream.....................................................2B.ThenatureofGatsbysdream.....................................................3Ш.FactorscontributingtoGatsbystragedy....................................4A.GatsbysfalseimageofDaisy....................................................4B.ThetragicfactorsinGatsbyscharacter.....................................6C.Thedarkandcoldreality.............................................................9IV.Conclusion........111Ⅰ.IntroductionF.ScottFitzgeraldwasoneofthemostenduringAmericannovelistsofthe20thcentury.Andhewasthemostfamouschroniclerof1920sAmerica,anareathathecalledtheJazzAge.TheGreatGatsbywasFitzgeraldsmasterpiece,notonlyfromitsconcept,butalsofromitscreativefeature.Whenitwaspublishedin1925,itreceivedmuchapprovalandpraiseofcritics.ItwassaidthatTheGreatGatsbywasoneofthemostexcellentAmericanliteraryworksofthe20thcentury.T.SEliotreadTheGreatGatsbythreetimesandconcludedthatitwasthefirststepthatAmericanfictionhastakensinceHenryJamesChang2003225.Fitzgeraldsgreatnesslayinthefactthathefoundintuitively,inhispersonalexperience,theembodimentofthatofthenationandcreatedamythoutofAmericanlife.ThestoryofTheGreatGatsbywasagoodillustration.GatsbywasapooryouthfromtheMidwest.HefellinlovewithDaisy,awealthygirl,buthewastoopoortomarryher.Thegirlwasthenmarriedtoarichyoungman,TomBuchanan.Determinedtowinhislostloveback,Gatsbyengagedhimselfinbootleggingandothershadyactivities,thusearningenoughmoneytobuyamagnificentimitationFrenchvilla.TherehespentdazzlingpartieseveryweekendinthehopeofalluringtheBuchananstocome.Finally,theycameandGatsbymetDaisyagain,onlytofindthatthewomanbeforewasnotquitetheidealloveofhisdreams.Asenseoflossanddisillusionmentcameoverhim.ThenDaisykilledawomaninanaccident,andplottedwithTomtoshifttheblameonGatsby.AtlastGatsbywasshotandtheBuchanansescaped.Inthisnovel,theauthordescribedatragedycausedbyAmericanDream,andsuccessfullyfiguredthevictimJayGatsby.GatsbywasFitzgeraldsfavoritecharacter,forinsomeaspectstheyhadthesimilarexperiencesandspirit.AlsosimilartoFitzgeraldwasJayGatsby,asensitiveyoungmanwhoworshipedwealthandluxuryandwhofellinlovewithabeautifulyoungwomanwhilestationedatamilitarycampinthesouth.AfterDaisymarriedTomBuchanan,Gatsbytriedallhisbesttowinherback.FitzgeraldindicatedthatatthattimeitwasuselessanddangeroustopursuetheAmericanDream.Becauseofthiskindofpursuit,itledGatsbytohistragedyradically.ThispaperisaimedatanalyzingthemajorreasonsthatcausedGatsbysinevitabletragedyinthefollowingaspectsthenatureofGatsbysdream,Gatsbyscharacter,hisfalseimageofDaisy,socialhistoryandsoon.2Ⅱ.ThenatureofGatsbysdreamA.TheoriginofGatsbysdreamTheAmericandreamisthefaithheldbymanyintheUnitedStatesthatthroughhardwork,courageanddeterminationonecanachieveabetterlifeforoneself,usuallythroughfinancialproperty.ThesewerevaluesheldbymanyearlyEuropeansettlersandhavebeenpassedontothesubsequentgenerationsZhao20065.GatsbysAmericandreamwasoriginatedinhischildhood.GatsbywasbornonaNorthDakotafarm,andhisrealnamewasJamesGatz.HespenthisimpoverishedchildhoodinruralNorthDakota,buthisloftygoalwasbecomingfabulouslywealth.Fromhisearlyyouth,Gatsbydespisedpovertyandlongedforwealthandsophistication.ThoughhestudiedatSt.OlafinMinnesota,hedisgustedthehumiliatingjanitorialworkbymeansofwhichhepaidhistuition,andhedroppedouttwoweekslater.ThenextsummerheworkedonLakeSuperiorfishingforsalmonanddiggingforclams.Oneday,hesawayachtownedbyDanCody,awealthycoppermogul,androwedouttowarnhimthatastormwascoming.CodyfeltverygratefultoGatz,sothathetookyoungGatzwithhimashispersonalassistant,andgavehimanewnameasJayGatsby.TravelingwithCodytoBarbaryCoastandtheWestIndies,Gatsbyfellinlovewithwealthandluxury.Codywasaheavydrinker,andoneofGatsbysjobswastolookafterhimwhenhewasdrunk.ThisgaveGatsbyahealthyrespectforthedangersofalcoholandconvincedhimnottobecomeadrinkerhimself.WhenCodydied,heleftGatsby25,000dollars,butCodysgirlfriendpreventedhimfromgettingthisinheritance.Therefore,Gatsbydedicatedhimselftobecomingawealthyandsuccessfulman.ThedescriptionofGatsbysearlyliferevealedthesensitivitytostatusthatspurredGatsbyon.Acutelyawaredofhispoverty,theyoungGatsbydevelopedapowerfulobsessionwithcollectingwealthandstatus.Gatsbysactofchangingnamesymbolizedhisdesiretoabandonhislowerclassidentityandrecasthimselfasthe3wealthymanheimagined.ItisnothardtoseehowamanwhohasgonetosuchgreatlengthstoachievewealthandluxurywouldfindDaisysoattractiveforher,theauraofwealthandluxurycameeffortlessly.Shewasabletotakeherpositionforgranted,andshebecame,forGatsby,theepitomeofeverythingthatheinventedJayGatsbytoachieve.Determinedtowinhislostloveback,Gatsbyengagedhimselfinbootleggingandothershadyactivities.JustastheAmericandreamthepursuitofhappinesshascorruptedintoaquestformerewealth,GatsbyspowerfuldreamofbeinghappywithDaisyhasbecomethemotivationforlavishexcessesandcriminalactivities.B.ThenatureofGatsbysdreamGatsbysAmericandreamhasexperiencedanevolutionaryprocessthataccompaniedhisgrowing.Whenhewasyoung,hewantedtoberichonedayastheprotagonistofFranklinsworkswhoachievedabetterlifethroughhardwork,courageanddetermination.WhenhewasayoungmilitaryofficerinLouisville,hemetDaisyandimmediatelyfellinlovewithher.Daisybecametheembodimentofhisideal.ToGatsby,Daisyrepresentedtheparagonofperfectionshehadtheauraofcharm,wealth,sophistication,grace,andaristocracythathelongedforasachildinNorthDakota.Itwasalsobecauseofthisthathefellinlovewithheratthefirsttime.However,thefactisthatGatsbyhadnomoneytomarryher.Thedifferencebetweentheirsocialstatusespreventedthemfrombeingtogether.Heknewthatheevenhadnorealrighttotouchherhand.Gatsbywasoverwhelminglyawareoftheyouthandmysterythatwealthimprisonsandpreserves,ofthefreshnessofmanyclothesandofDaisy,gleaminglikesilver,safeandproundabovethehotstrugglesofthepoorFitzgerald2007308.Therefore,whenhelostDaisy,hetriedhisbesttoearnmoneytowinDaisyback.Later,Gatsbyreallybecamerich.Hereallyhadalotofmoney,andheownedaluxuriousmansionwhichwasafactualimitationofsomeHoteldeVillein4Normandy,withatowerononeside,spankingnewunderathinbeardofrawivy,andamarbleswimmingpoolandmorethanfortyacresoflawnandgarden.TherehespentdazzlingpartieseveryweekendinthehopeofalluringDaisytocome.UnlikeotherpeopleintheJazzAgewhotriedtheirbesttopursuewealthanduppersocialstatus,Gatsbythoughtthatmoneywasnotthemostimportantthing,asitcanbeearnedafteritwasspent.WhatGatsbythoughtandwantedwasbeingtogetheragainwithDaisyandwinninghislostloveback.Hisacquisitionofmillionsofdollars,hispurchaseofthegaudymansiononWestEgg,andhislavishweeklypartieswereallmerelymeanttothat.HeneverstoppedmissingDaisyduringthosepastfiveyears.HeflungintothereveriesthatheweavedforDaisywithacreativeenthusiasmandkeptaddingtothepatternofhisfancies.Asaresult,thereverybecamemoreandmoreperfect,butatthesametimebecamefarawayfromthefact.Ш.FactorscontributingtoGatsbystragedyA.GatsbysfalseimageofDaisyHowever,inreality,DaisyfellfarshortofGatsbysideals.Shewasbeautifulandcharming,butalsofickle,shallow,boredandsardonic.Forher,theauraofwealthandluxurycameeffortlessly.Asayoungdebutante,Daisywasextremelypopularamongthemilitaryofficersstationednearherhome,includingJayGatsby.Inordertoconvinceherthathewasworthyofher,GatsbyliedabouthisbackgroundtoDaisythathewasfromawealthyfamily.Atlast,hewonDaisysheartandtheymadelovebeforeGatsbylefttofightinthewar.DaisypromisedtowaitforGatsby,butin1919shechangedandmarriedTomBuchanan,ayoungmanfromasolid,aristocraticfamilywhocouldpromiseherawealthylifestyleandwhohadthesupportofherparents.Atthattime,GatsbywasstudyingatOxfordafterthewarinanattempttogainaneducation.Fromthatmomenton,GatsbydedicatedhimselftowinningDaisyback.

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