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英语论文 浅析《远大前程》主要人物性格变化的内外因素.doc

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英语论文 浅析《远大前程》主要人物性格变化的内外因素.doc

论文写作指导、各类文案代写QQ625880526摘要英国是一个历史文化悠久的古老国家,从伊比利亚等早期居民时代到凯撒大帝统治的罗马时代,再到诺曼征服,文艺复兴,工业革命,大英帝国一路收获的不仅是经济的强大,更有无与伦比的绚烂文化。这其中,莎士比亚独占鳌头,唯独十九世纪批判现实主义杰出代表,小说家狄更斯可与之媲美。此文正是关于狄更斯代表作远大前程的分析。狄更斯是十九世纪英国最伟大的小说家,狄更斯这不仅是因为他非凡的观察力和想象力,文章能牢牢抓住人物的性格特征,在人物塑造当中赋予角色独特的个性与生命,更在于他的小说不仅真实地反映了整整一代人的生活经历,而且生动地揭示了19世纪中叶整个英国的社会现实,其深度与广度远远超过了同时代的其它大部分作品。远大前程是狄更斯晚期一部重要的作品,可以说是集批判现实主义小说之大成。小说围绕主人公匹普成长历程展开描写,叙述了匹普远大前程的幻灭过程,事实证明其在纸醉金迷的上流社会里所追逐浮华都毫无价值。为了使人们更好的理解这部作品,并更清楚的看到狄更斯作品中批判现实主义的强大力量,本文旨在对他的远大前程中各主要人物的性格发展的影响因素进行分析。关键词远大前程狄更斯主要人物性格变化内外因素AbstractBritainisanancientcountrywithalonghistoryandculture,fromearlyageresidentsofIberia,toRomantimesruledbyJuliusCaesar,andthentotheNormanconquest,theRenaissance,theindustrialrevolution,theBritishempirenotonlyharvestsalltheeconomyboom,butalsohasaseaofincomparablegorgeousculture.Amongthem,Shakespearepullsahead,onlythenineteenthcenturyoutstandingrepresentativeofcriticalrealism,novelist,Dickensisthecomparable.GenerallyregardedasthegreatestliterarygeniusesofhistimeinVictorianEngland,CharlesDickens18121870enjoyedawiderpopularitythananypreviousauthorhaddoneduringhislifetimebecauseofthemagnitudeofhisartisticachievementandbecauseofthecomprehensivenessofthepictureitgivesofhisage.ThisarticleisabouttoanalysisDickensmasterpiecegreatexpectations.DickenswasnamedthenineteenthcenturyBritaingreatestnovelist,notonlybecausehisspecialpowersofobservationandimagination,buthisarticlecanholdcharacteristicsintouniqueindividualcharacterandlife.Hisnovelsnotonlyreflectthewholegenerationoflifeexperience,butalsovividlyrevealthepictureofmiddleageofthenineteenthcentury,andthewholeoftheUKsocialreality.Theirdepthandbreadtharefarmorethanthecontemporaryotherworks.GreatexpectationsisanimportantworkwrittenbyDickensinhisoldage,wecansaythisisthegreatestachievementofcriticalrealism.ThisnoveldescribesaroundtheheroPip,andhisgreatexpectationsofdisillusionprocess,throughthefactshefinallyrealizedhistargetfortheflashylifeinaluxuryanddissipationinpolitesocietywasofnovalue.Inordertomakepeoplebetterunderstandthisworks,andmoreclearlyseeDickensworksgreatpowerofcriticalrealism,thisarticlefocusontheinfluencefactorsofthedevelopmentofthemaincharacters.KeywordsgreatexpectationsDickensmainfiguresdevelopmentofcharacterinnerandouterfactorsTableofContentsOutline1Introduction3ChapterIDickensCulturalPositionandtheContentoftheGreatExpectation41.1TheImportantStatusofDickens41.2TheMainContentoftheGreatExpectation4ChapterIISeveralMainCharactersPersonalityDevelopmentProcess72.1TheOriginalCharacteristicsoftheMainFigures72.1.1TheOriginalCharacteristicofPip72.1.2TheOriginalCharacteristicofJoeGargery72.1.3TheOriginalCharacteristicofMissHavisham82.2TheDevelopmentofCharacteristicsoftheMainFigures102.2.1TheDevelopmentofCharacteristicsofPip102.2.2TheDevelopmentofCharacteristicsofJoeGargery112.2.3TheDevelopmentofCharacteristicsofMissHavisham12ChapterIIIAnalysisoftheInnerandOuterFactorsfortheAboveDevelopment143.1TheInnerFactors143.2TheOuterFactors15ChapterIVConclusion17Bibliography18Acknowledgements201OutlineThesisstatementThroughtheanalysisofseveralmaincharacterspersonalitydevelopmentprocess,wegettheinspirationthatweshouldhavestrongheartanduseexternalfactorspositively.I.DickensisthemostimportantfigureintheEnglishliterature,knowinghisculturalpositionisthefirststeptoanalysistheGreatExpectation.A.TheimportantstatueofDickenswillneverbeoverestimated,forthatstudyinghimcanshowusapanoramaofhistimes.B.AsthemostdistinctivemasterworkofDickens,theGreatExpectationcannotonlyindicatehowDickensis,butalsoitselfisaappreciatingbook.II.Characteristhesoulofabook,andinordertoknowaworkbetter,wehavetostudyitscharactersandinthisbook,thedevelopmentofthemaincharactersisthemostsparkingpoint.A.Weneedtoknowhowtheoriginalcharacteristicsofthemainfiguresaresothatwecansetthebasisofthecooperation.1.Pipisakindheartedboyandfullofsympathy.2.JoeGargeryisanhonest,industrious,mild,goodnaturedandeasygoingdearfellow.3.MissHavishamisaneccentricandmostimpressivewoman.B.Thedevelopmentofthemaincharactersisthemoreweightingpart,inthisonewecanfindthathowthesefiguresgrowupandchange.1.Pipchangeslittlebylittleandalmostbecomesabadman.22.Joebecomesunselfishandwarmhearted.3.MissHavishambecomesaninvalidinheart.III.Foranydevelopment,therearesomereasonsnomattertheyareaboutoutsideforcesorinsideeager,sointhispartIamgoingtoanalysestheinnerandouterfactorfortheabovecharacters.A.Innerfactorsincludefamily,familycondition,faithandknowledgeetc.B.Outerfactorsincludeenvironment,friends,othershelpetc.IV.ConclusionWeshouldactivelyuseexternalfactorstopursuethegreatexpectations.3IntroductionMyfirstnamewasPhilip,butwhenIwasasmallchildIcouldonlymanagetosayPip.SoPipwaswhateverybodycalledme.IlivedinasmallvillageinEssexwithmysister,whowasovertwentyyearsolderthanme...Withthewords,weareintoastoryThisarticleisabouttoanalysisDickensmasterpiecegreatexpectations.DickenswasnamedthenineteenthcenturyBritaingreatestnovelist,notonlybecausehisspecialpowersofobservationandimagination,buthisarticlecanholdcharacteristicsintouniqueindividualcharacterandlife.Hisnovelsnotonlyreflectthewholegenerationoflifeexperience,butalsovividlyrevealthepictureofmiddleageofthenineteenthcentury,andthewholeoftheUKsocialreality.Theirdepthandbreadtharefarmorethanthecontemporaryotherworks.GreatexpectationsisanimportantworkwrittenbyDickensinhisoldage,wecansaythisisthegreatestachievementofcriticalrealism.ThisnoveldescribesaroundtheheroPip,andhisgreatexpectationsofdisillusionprocess,throughthefactshefinallyrealizedhistargetfortheflashylifeinaluxuryanddissipationinpolitesocietywasofnovalue.

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