会员注册 | 登录 | 微信快捷登录 支付宝快捷登录 QQ登录 微博登录 | 帮助中心 人人文库renrendoc.com美如初恋!
站内搜索 百度文库

热门搜索: 直缝焊接机 矿井提升机 循环球式转向器图纸 机器人手爪发展史 管道机器人dwg 动平衡试验台设计

   首页 人人文库网 > 资源分类 > DOC文档下载

英语论文 浅谈中西饮食文化的差异.doc

  • 资源星级:
  • 资源大小:71.00KB   全文页数:16页
  • 资源格式: DOC        下载权限:注册会员/VIP会员
您还没有登陆,请先登录。登陆后即可下载此文档。
  合作网站登录: 微信快捷登录 支付宝快捷登录   QQ登录   微博登录
友情提示
2:本站资源不支持迅雷下载,请使用浏览器直接下载(不支持QQ浏览器)
3:本站资源下载后的文档和图纸-无水印,预览文档经过压缩,下载后原文更清晰   

英语论文 浅谈中西饮食文化的差异.doc

论文写作指导、各类文案代写QQ625880526ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSHereandnow,Iwouldliketoextendmysincerethankstoallthosewhohavehelpedmemakethisthesispossibleandbetter.Firstly,Iamdeeplygratefultomyhonorablesupervisor,Gexiaoxia,whohascheckedthroughmythesiswithpatienceandgivenmeinstructivesuggestions.Withoutherenlighteninginstruction,impressivekindnessandpatience,Icouldnothavecompletedmythesis.Thenthanksgoestotheteachersandprofessorswhohavetaughtmeoverthepastyearofstudyandhavehelpedmetodevelopthefundamentalandessentialacademiccompetence.Finally,Iamverygratefultomylovelyfriendsandclassmateswhogivemevaluableadviceonmythesisanddiscussedwithmeaboutmythesis,especiallymyfivelovelyroommates.作者刘洋第ii页共iv页ABSTRACTDietisabsolutelynecessaryinthelifeofmankind,andevenintheexistenceordevelopment.BecauseofthedifferencesbetweenChineseandwesternculturaltraditions,theChineseandwesterndietaryculturesaredifferentinconcept,target,pattern,attributionandnature.Westudythesedifferencesandthenfindoutthepointsthatcanbedigested,inordertofacilitatethecommunicationaboutculturesbetweenChinaandthewest.TaiwanProfessorZhangQijunsaid,Theoldsaying,Eat,drink,man,womanwhowishesgreatly.Forsuchastandardfair,westerncultureinparticular,modernAmericanculturecanbesaidtobemaleandfemaleculture.ButtheChineseculturecanbesaidtobeadietaryculture.Asthereasonoftheculturaltraditions,thewesternlivestendtomenandwomen,butbecauseofthenarrowgenderrelations,Chinesepeoplearedumpingguidanceonlifeintherestaurants.Thusthedietisrichinculture.Foodcultureinthewestisnotdevelopedenough,butthisunderdevelopmentitselfistheresultofthedevelopmentofaculture,soitisstillsignificanttostudythedietaryculturesofChineseandWesterndiet.BytheanalysisofthedifferencesbetweenChineseandwesterndietarycultures,wecancomprehendtherespectiveculturaltraditionsofChinaandthewest.AndwecanalsoimproveandcreatethecultureofChina.Keywordsinterculturalcommunicationfooddieteticcultureculturedifferences作者第iii页共iv页摘要饮食是人类生活、生存与发展的必需,可是由于中西方文化传统的差异,导致了中西方饮食文化在观念、对象、方式、归属与性质方面产生了差异,研究这些差异,找出可以融会贯通的地方,促进中西文化交流。台湾张起钧教授说过古语说饮食男女人之大欲存焉。就这样的标准而论,西方文化(特别是近代美国式的文化)可说是男女文化,而中国可说是一种饮食文化。由于文化传统的缘故,西方人的人生倾向男女关系,而中国人由于对男女关系的褊狭,把人生精力倾泄导向于饮食。由此赋予饮食以丰富的文化内涵,虽然饮食文化在西方不够发达,但这种不发达本身也是一种文化发展的结果,所以对中西饮食文化的比较仍有意义。通过对中西饮食文化差异的分析,我们可以了解中西方各自的文化传统同时能对中国文化进行改善与创新。关键词饮食文化文化传统差异作者刘洋第iv页共iv页CONTENTSACKNOWLEDGEMENTS.............................................................................................................iABSTRACT....................................................................................................................................iiCONTENTS...................................................................................................................................ivIntroduction.....................................................................................................................................1ChapterOneChineseandWesternFoodDieteticCulture..............................................................21.1CharacteristicsofChinesefooddieteticculture..............................................................21.2CharacteristicsoftheWesternfooddieteticculture.错误未定义书签。ChapterTwoDifferencesintheperformanceofChineseandWesternFood......错误未定义书签。2.1DifferencesbetweenChineseandWesterndietconcept................................................42.2DifferencesbetweenChineseandWesterndietobjects...................错误未定义书签。2.3DifferencesbetweenChineseandWesterndietmanner,tablewareandetiquette............62.4DifferencesbetweenChineseandWesterndietnature.....................................................6ChapterThreeReasonsforthedifferencesbetweenChineseandWesternfooddieteticculture.93.1Theimpactofthegeographicalenvironment....................................................................93.2Theimpactoftheeconomicsystem.................................................................................9ChapterFourConclusion..............................................................................................................11REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................12浅谈中西饮食文化差异作者刘洋第1页共12页IntroductionWiththedeepeningoftheinternationalcommunication,indifferentcountriesorculturalbackground,thecommunicationofpeopleareincreasingallthetime,andthecommunicationbetweenthemiscalledinterculturalcommunication.Interculturalcommunicationsgraduallybecomesanindispensablecontentofpeopleslife.Duetothedifferencesofregional,differentnationsandcountriesformdifferentcultures.Peoplewithdifferentculturalbackgroundsbehaviororhabitsisendlessandsame,theyhavetheirsocialstatuteorhabits,reflectedinthepoliticaleconomy,educationreligion,culture,artandsoon.AmericafamousnewlychemicalrepresentativefigureWhiteiscalledfatherofculturology,heputthecultureasakindofspecialandobjectivesocialphenomenon,andasacompletesystemWhite,1949.Sospecially,whatiscultureChenHuawenoncelistscasestoillustratetheconnotationandimportanceofculturehesaidcultureislikeairandwaterthatpermeateseverycornerofourlives,peopleareenjoyingthecultureachievementsthatwerecreatedbypredecessorsineverytime,also,peopleareinventingnewcultureineverymoment.Ourprogressistheresultoftheculturecreationanddeveloping.ChenHuawen,20012Whenpeoplearecommunicatingunderthedifferentculturebackground,thelanguageandnonlanguagefactorswhichinfluenceofmessageeffectaremakecommunicationhenculture.Ifforeignlanguagelearnersarelackofknowledgeforitsbehaviorandfunction,itwillappearinappropriatebehavior,resultinginthecommunicationbarriers,anditisdifficultforeffectivecrossculturalcommunication,asaresultcausesofcommunicationerror.Thedietisthefirstneedforhumanssurvivalanddevelopmentalsoitistheoneofthebasicformofsociallife.Howeverunderthedifferentculturalbackground,havingdifferentdietideaanddietcustom,thenfinallyformthedifferentdietculture.languagelearners,notonlyincreasetheunderstandingofthetargetlanguageculture,butalsoimprovethesuccessrateofinterculturalcommunication,avoidthemisunderstandingsandcommunicationbarriersjustbecauseoftheinappropriatewayorbehavior.InSunWeixuesbook,heoncepointedoutanycountryintheworldshouldcarryoutculturalexchangesandpublicityactively,thisisnotonlybenefittotheirnativeculture,butalsospreadthecultureinworldwide.SunWeixue,2004ThispaperexpoundedfromvariousofthedifferencesbetweenChineseandwesternfooddieteticculture,enhancemutualunderstandingandfacilitatecommunication.浅谈中西饮食文化差异作者刘洋第2页共12页ChapteroneChineseandWesternFoodDieteticCulture1.1CharacteristicsofChinesefooddieteticcultureChinaisoneofthemostancientcountriesontheworld,ithasthelonghistoryof5000years,andcreatedinnumerablesplendidcivilization.Inthisculture,itmakesChinacontainmoreexpansiveandprofounddiet.Ithasexperiencedseveralthousandyearsofhistorydevelopment,andhasbecomeoneofthemostimportantChinesetraditionalculturesofdepartment.Becauseofthedistrictdifferenceinourland,itgraduallyformedfourmajorcuisinesthatisSichuancuisine,Guangdongcuisine,ShandongcuisineandChaozhoucuisine.Thisfourmajorcuisinehavedifferentfeatures,butincommoniswithmakingcomplexfastidious,theproductmethodsareverycomplex,andhaveagreatdiversityoftasteanddishes,thisisamazing.Becauseofourvastland,therearedifferencesinclimate,productsandcustomineveryplace.Foralongtime,onfoodwasformedmanyflavor.Ourcountryhasbeenhavethesayingofsouthricenorthnoodles,inthetaste,ithasthedifferencesthatsourineast,hotinwest,sweetinsouthandsaltyinnorth,itmainlyhavefourflavoraboutBashu,Qilu,HaiyangnandYuemin.ZouGuangwen,1998Ontheotherhand,alltheyearround,accordingtoseasonforeatisafeatureinChinascooking.Sinceancienttimes,ourcountryhasbeenaccordingtoseasonchangestotaste,anddishes.Wintertastestrong,summerflavorcleanerinthewintermorebraisedstews,summermorecold.Inthelongtermdevelopment,evolutionandaccumulationprocess,Chinesepeoplegraduallyformeditsownuniquefoodfolkfrommanyaspects,suchasdietstructure,foodproduction,foodutensils,nutritionhealthyanddietaesthetic,thiscreatedadietwithuniqueflavoroftheChinesefoodculture,becomeapearloftheworldfoodculture.1.2CharacteristicsoftheWesternfooddieteticcultureRationalwesternerspaymoreattentiontothenutritionandsurvival.DuetothedifferentphilosophicalthoughtsofChineseandwestern,westernersindiettakesthescience,takesthescienceaboutnutrition,sothenutritionisthesupremeprincipleinthewesterndiet.浅谈中西饮食文化差异作者刘洋第3页共12页Eatinglikeabiologicalmachineaddfuel,especiallyaboutthefoodsnutritioncomposition,protein,fat,carbohydrates,vitaminsandallkindsofinorganicelementcontent,DangBinghua,2010whethercaloriesupplyproperly,andwhetherthesenutrientscanbefullyabsorbed,andpresenceofothersideeffects,anddishescolor,fragranceandtasteisthesecondrequirement.Eveninthewestsleadingpower–France,eventhoughinmanyaspectsthedietcultureissimilarwithourdiet,butacontacttonutrition,bothsideswillthegap.WhileFrenchcookalsopursueddelicious,butalsoadheretothenutritionthisonemajorpremise,theydontagreewithpiecesofnutritionandbegdelicious.Inthecultureofdiet,westernershavetheculturedescentofnomadsandsailingnationality,theyhunting,breeding,aidedbyacquisitionandplanting,theyeatmoremeet,theeating,wearingandusingaretookofanimals,eventhewesternmedicinearemadefromanimalstotake.Paymoreattentiontoanimalproteinandfatintake,inthestructureofdiet,alsowithanimalfigurinesinthemajority,itismainlydishes,beef,chicken,pork,muttonandfish.Sothemeatdiethasbeenveryhighinproportion.Inmoderntimes,plantingproportionisincreasing,buttheproportioninmeatstillhigherthanChinese.

注意事项

本文(英语论文 浅谈中西饮食文化的差异.doc)为本站会员(liyun)主动上传,人人文库网仅提供信息存储空间,仅对用户上传内容的表现方式做保护处理,对上载内容本身不做任何修改或编辑。 若此文所含内容侵犯了您的版权或隐私,请立即通知人人文库网([email protected]),我们立即给予删除!

温馨提示:如果因为网速或其他原因下载失败请重新下载,重复下载不扣分。

copyright@ 2015-2017 人人文库网网站版权所有
苏ICP备12009002号-5