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avaya交换机组网【强烈推荐,非常经典】.pdf

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avaya交换机组网【强烈推荐,非常经典】.pdf

AdministrationforNetworkConnectivityforAvayaCommunicationManager555233504Issue11February2006Copyright2006,AvayaInc.AllRightsReservedThisdocumentcontainsinformationrelatedtoAvayaCommunicationManagersoftwareasdefinedbelowandDocumentationProduct.DocumentationmeansthisdocumentandAvayasinformationmanualsinprintedorelectronicformcontainingoperatinginstructionsandperformancespecificationsthatAvayaoritssuppliersgenerallymakeavailabletousersofitsproducts,andwhichAvayadeliverstoEndUserwiththeProducts.EndUsermeansanycustomerofAvayaoritsauthorizedresellers,oranyenduseroftheProduct.SeetheSoftwareandDocumentationDVD/CDinsertsforadditionallegalandlicensinginformation.NoticeChangesandcorrectionstotheinformationinthisdocumentmaybeincorporatedinfuturereleases.DisclaimerAvaya,itsaffiliatesorsubsidiariesAvayaarenotresponsibleforanymodifications,additionsordeletionstotheoriginalpublishedversionoftheDocumentationunlesssuchmodifications,additionsordeletionswereperformedbyAvaya.EndUseragreestoindemnifyandholdharmlessAvaya,Avayasagents,servants,directors,officers,andemployeesagainstallclaims,lawsuits,demandsandjudgmentsarisingoutof,orinconnectionwith,subsequentmodifications,additionsordeletionstotheDocumentationtotheextentmadebytheEndUser.WarrantyAvayaprovidesalimitedwarrantyontheProduct.Refertoyourcustomersalesagreementtoestablishthetermsofthelimitedwarranty.Inaddition,AvayasstandardwarrantylanguageaswellasinformationregardingsupportfortheProduct,whileunderwarranty,isavailablethroughthefollowingwebsitehttp//www.avaya.com/support.LicenseUSEORINSTALLATIONOFTHEPRODUCTINDICATESTHEENDUSERSACCEPTANCEOFTHEGENERALLICENSETERMSAVAILABLEONTHEAVAYAWEBSITEAThttp//www.avaya.com/supportGENERALLICENSETERMS.DONOTUSETHEPRODUCTIFYOUDONOTWISHTOBEBOUNDBYTHEGENERALLICENSETERMS.INADDITIONTOTHEGENERALLICENSETERMS,THEFOLLOWINGLICENSETERMSANDRESTRICTIONSWILLAPPLYTOTHEPRODUCT.AvayagrantsEndUseralicensewithinthescopeofthelicensetypesdescribedbelow.Theapplicablenumberoflicensesandunitsofcapacityforwhichthelicenseisgrantedwillbeone1,unlessadifferentnumberoflicensesorunitsofcapacityisspecifiedintheDocumentationorothermaterialsavailabletoEndUser.DesignatedProcessormeansasinglestandalonecomputingdevice.ServermeansaDesignatedProcessorthathostsasoftwareapplicationtobeaccessedbymultipleusers.Softwaremeansthecomputerprogramsinobjectcode,originallylicensedbyAvayaandultimatelyutilizedbyEndUser,whetherasstandaloneproductsorpreinstalledonHardware.Hardwaremeansthestandardhardwareproducts,originallysoldbyAvayaandultimatelyutilizedbyEndUser.IfyoursystemisrunninginaTDMenvironment,thefollowinglicenserestrictionappliesDesignatedSystemsLicenseDS.EndUsermayinstallanduseeachcopyoftheSoftwareononlyoneDesignatedProcessor,unlessadifferentnumberofDesignatedProcessorsisindicatedintheDocumentationorothermaterialsavailabletoEndUser.AvayamayrequiretheDesignatedProcessorstobeidentifiedbytype,serialnumber,featurekey,locationorotherspecificdesignation,ortobeprovidedbyEndUsertoAvayathroughelectronicmeansestablishedbyAvayaspecificallyforthispurpose.IfyoursystemisrunninginanIPenvironment,thefollowinglicenserestrictionappliesConcurrentUserLicenseCU.EndUsermayinstallandusetheSoftwareonmultipleDesignatedProcessorsoroneormoreServers,solongasonlythelicensednumberofUnitsareaccessingandusingtheSoftwareatanygiventime.AUnitmeanstheunitonwhichAvaya,atitssolediscretion,basesthepricingofitslicensesandcanbe,withoutlimitation,anagent,portoruser,anemailorvoicemailaccountinthenameofapersonorcorporatefunctione.g.,webmasterorhelpdesk,oradirectoryentryintheadministrativedatabaseutilizedbytheProductthatpermitsoneusertointerfacewiththeSoftware.Unitsmaybelinkedtoaspecific,identifiedServer.Forallsystems,thefollowinglicenserestrictionappliesShrinkwrapLicenseSR.WithrespecttoSoftwarethatcontainselementsprovidedbythirdpartysuppliers,EndUsermayinstallandusetheSoftwareinaccordancewiththetermsandconditionsoftheshrinkwraporclickwraplicenseaccompanyingtheSoftwareShrinkwrapLicense.ThetextoftheShrinkwrapLicensewillbeavailablefromAvayauponEndUsersrequestseeCopyrightbelowformoreinformation.CopyrightExceptwhereexpresslystatedotherwise,theProductisprotectedbycopyrightandotherlawsrespectingproprietaryrights.Unauthorizedreproduction,transfer,andorusecanbeacriminal,aswellasacivil,offenseundertheapplicablelaw.CertainSoftwareprogramsorportionsthereofincludedintheProductmaycontainsoftwaredistributedunderthirdpartyagreementsThirdPartyComponents,whichmaycontaintermsthatexpandorlimitrightstousecertainportionsoftheProductThirdPartyTerms.InformationidentifyingThirdPartyComponentsandtheThirdPartyTermsthatapplytothemisavailableonAvayaswebsiteathttp//support.avaya.com/ThirdPartyLicense/.ThedisclaimersofwarrantiesandlimitationsofliabilitysetforthintheThirdPartyTermsdonotaffectanyexpresswarrantyorlimitationofliabilitythatmaybeprovidedtoyoubyAvayapursuanttothelicensetermscoveringtheProductcontainedinaseparatewrittenagreementbetweenyouandAvaya.TotheextentthereisaconflictbetweentheGeneralLicenseTermsoryourcustomersalesagreementandanyThirdPartyTerms,theThirdPartyTermsshallprevailsolelyforsuchThirdPartyComponents.SecurityandvirusdisclaimerEndUsersdecisiontoacquireproductsfromthirdpartiesisEndUserssoleresponsibility,evenifAvayahelpsEndUseridentify,evaluateorselectthem.Avayaisnotresponsiblefor,andwillnotbeliablefor,thequalityorperformanceofsuchthirdpartyproductsortheirsuppliers.ALLINFORMATIONISBELIEVEDTOBECORRECTATTHETIMEOFPUBLICATIONANDISPROVIDEDASIS.AVAYADISCLAIMSALLWARRANTIES,EITHEREXPRESSORIMPLIED,INCLUDINGTHEWARRANTIESOFMERCHANTABILITYANDFITNESSFORAPARTICULARPURPOSEANDFURTHERMORE,AVAYAMAKESNOREPRESENTATIONSORWARRANTIESTHATTHESTEPSRECOMMENDEDWILLELIMINATESECURITYORVIRUSTHREATSTOENDUSERSYSTEMS.INNOEVENTSHALLAVAYABELIABLEFORANYDAMAGESWHATSOEVERARISINGOUTOFORINCONNECTIONWITHTHEINFORMATIONORRECOMMENDEDACTIONSPROVIDEDHEREIN,INCLUDINGDIRECT,INDIRECT,CONSEQUENTIALDAMAGES,LOSSOFBUSINESSPROFITSORSPECIALDAMAGES,EVENIFAVAYAHASBEENADVISEDOFTHEPOSSIBILITYOFSUCHDAMAGES.AvayadoesnotwarrantthatthisProductisimmunefromorwillpreventunauthorizeduseoftelecommunicationservicesorfacilitiesaccessedthroughorconnectedtoit.Avayaisnotresponsibleforanydamagesorchargesthatresultfromeitherunauthorizedusesorfromincorrectinstallationsofthesecuritypatchesthataremadeavailablefromtimetotime.SuspectedsecurityvulnerabilitieswithAvayaproductsshouldbereportedtoAvayabysendingmailtosecurityalertsavaya.com.TrademarksAlltrademarksidentifiedby®andTMareregisteredtrademarksortrademarksofAvayaInc.Allothertrademarksarethepropertyoftheirrespectiveowners.Issue11February20063ContentsAboutthisdocument............................13Purpose.........................................13Content.........................................13Conventions......................................14Admonishments....................................15Systems,circuitpacks,andmediamodules.....................16Trademarks.......................................17Physicaldimensions.................................17Howtogetthisbook..................................17OntheWeb.....................................17NonWeb......................................18Tollfreenumbers...............................18Non800numbers...............................18Howtogettechnicalassistance...........................18Security.........................................19Antistaticprotection..................................19Remove/Installcircuitpacks.............................20Standardscompliance.................................20Environmentalrequirementsandsafetystandards...............20Networkstandards.................................21EMCstandards...................................22Telluswhatyouthink.................................22Chapter1Networkingoverview......................23Whatisanetwork...................................23Aboutnetworkterminology.............................23Whatsinadigitalphonecall.............................24Aboutnetworkregions................................25Establishinginterswitchtrunkconnections....................26Interconnectingportnetworks..........................26Networkingbranchoffices............................27ControlNetworks.................................27EnablingspanningtreeprotocolSTP.....................28InterGatewayAlternateRoutingIGAR.....................28Networkqualitymanagement.............................29SendingandreceivingIPpackets........................29Contents4AdministrationforNetworkConnectivityforAvayaCommunicationManagerAboutVoIPtransmissionhardware.......................30TN799DPcontrolLANCLANinterface..................30TN802BIPinterfaceassembly........................31TN2302APIPMediaProcessor.......................31TN2312IPServerInterface.........................32TN2602APIPMediaResource320......................32TN8400APMediaServercircuitpack.....................37TN8412APS8400serverIPInterface.....................38G700/G350/G250MediaGatewayVoIPprocessors.............39MM760VoIPMediaModule..........................39ProcessorEthernetPE............................39Connectiontypes...................................40ProvidingLANsecurity................................43ConnectionPreservation...............................44H.248andH.323LinkRecovery..........................44Autofallbacktoprimary..............................45LocalSurvivableProcessorLSP........................45EnterpriseSurvivableServerESS.......................45StandardLocalSurvivabilitySLS........................46Chapter2ControlNetworksforS8700SeriesandS8500MediaServers47ControlNetworkC...................................47CNCconfigurationMultisiteprivateCNA,CNB,withremotePNsonpublicLAN.........................48CombiningfiberconnectedandIPconnectedportnetworksinasingleconfiguration.........................49Sampleconfigurations..............................49NetworkconnectivitybetweenS8700seriesserversandportnetworks.49ControlnetworkoncustomerLANCNOCL................55Chapter3Administeringconvergednetworks..............59AboutVoiceoverIPconvergednetworks......................59Providinganetworkassessment.........................60SettingupVoIPhardware...............................61TN464HP/TN2464CPUniversalDS1circuitpacksandMM710T1/E1MediaModule...........................61Workingwithechocancellation.......................61AdministeringechocancellationontheDS1circuitpackorMM710mediamodule...........................62Administeringechocancellationontrunks.................64ContentsIssue11February20065TN799DPControlLAN..............................66PhysicaladdressingfortheCLANboard..................67IPaddressingtechniquesfortheCLANboard...............67InstallingtheTN799DPCLAN........................67AdministeringtheCLANbusbridgeAvayaDEFINITYServercsionly.67InstallingCLANcablestoahuborethernetswitch............68AssigningIPnodenames..........................69DefiningaLANdefaultgateway.......................70SettingupAlternateGatekeeperandCLANloadbalancing............................70TN802BMAPDIPinterfaceassembly......................72TN2302APIPMediaProcessor..........................73ImprovingtheTN2302APtransmissioninterface..............73SupportingTN2302APhairpinning......................73TestingTN2302APports............................73EnablingasurvivableremoteEPN......................74TN2602APIPMediaResource320........................74Loadbalancing.................................74Bearerduplication...............................75Combiningduplicationandloadbalancing.................76Features....................................76Firmwaredownload..............................77I/Oadapter...................................77TN2312BPIPServerInterfaceIPSI.......................78MM760VoIPMediaModule............................78WhatistheMM760Ethernetinterface....................78SupportingvoicecompressionontheMM760................79TN8400APMediaServercircuitpack.....................79TN8412APS8400serverIPInterface.....................80AdministrationofAvayagateways..........................81AdministrationofIPtrunks..............................81AdministeringSIPtrunks.............................81AdministeringH.323trunks............................82SettingupH.323trunksforadministration.................82AdministeringH.323trunks..........................95Dynamicgenerationofprivate/publiccallingpartynumbers........102AdministrationofAvayaphones...........................104AdministeringIPSoftphones...........................104AdministeringtheIPSoftphone.......................104InstallingandadministeringAvayaIPtelephones...............108Contents6AdministrationforNetworkConnectivityforAvayaCommunicationManagerAboutthe4600seriesIPtelephones.....................108AboutIPtelephonehardware/softwarerequirements............109AdministeringAvayaIPtelephones.....................110Abouthairpinningandshuffling.........................111Whathardwareandendpointsarerequired.................112Whatareshuffledaudioconnections....................112Whatareshufflingexamples.........................113Whatarehairpinnedaudioconnections...................115Whatisanexampleofahairpinnedcall...................116Hairpinningandshufflingadministrationinterdependencies.........118AboutNetworkAddressTranslationNAT...................119WhatarethetypesofNAT..........................120WhataretheissuesbetweenNATandH.323................121AvayaCommunicationManagerNATShufflingfeature...........121Administeringhairpinningandshuffling.....................123Choosinghowtoadministerhairpinningandshuffling...........123Administeringhairpinningandshufflingatthesystemlevel........123Administeringhairpinningandshufflinginnetworkregions........125AdministeringH.323trunksforhairpinningandshuffling.........128AdministeringIPendpointsforhairpinningandshuffling.........130Upgradeinteractionsforhairpinningandshuffling.............131AdministeringFAX,modem,TTY,andH.323clearchannelcallsoverIPTrunks.132Whatisrelaymode................................133Whatispassthroughmode............................133OverviewofstepstoadministerFAX,TTY,modem,andclearchannelcallsoverIPtrunks.....................135FAX,TTY,modem,andclearchanneltransmissionmodesandspeeds...136ConsiderationsforadministeringFAX,TTY,modem,andclearchanneltransmission.........................139BandwidthforFAX,modem,TTY,andclearchannelcallsoverIPnetworks.142AES/AEAMediaEncryption............................143Chapter4Networkqualityadministration................145Aboutfactorscausingvoicedegradation......................145Packetdelayandloss...............................147Echo........................................147Echocancellers................................148EchocancellationplansTN464HP/TN2464CPcircuitpacks.......148EchocancellationplansTN464GP/TN2464BPcircuitpacks.......149Transcoding....................................152Bandwidth.....................................152ContentsIssue11February20067AboutQualityofServiceQoSandvoicequalityadministration.............................153Layer3QoS....................................153DiffServ.....................................153RSVP......................................154Layer2QoS802.1p/Q...............................154UsingVLANs..................................154AdministeringIPCODECsets..........................157AdministeringIPnetworkregions........................164DefininganIPnetworkregion........................165CallAdmissionControl............................171SettingupInterGatewayAlternateRoutingIGAR.............173NetworkRegionWizardNRW........................175ExpandedMeetMeConferencing......................176Manuallyinterconnectingthenetworkregions...............177Administeringinternetworkregionconnections..............178PairwiseadministrationofIGARbetweennetworkregions........179PortnetworktonetworkregionmappingforboardsotherthanIPboards181Statusofinterregionusage.........................182Reviewingtheadministration.........................183Settingnetworkperformancethresholds....................183EnablingspanningtreeprotocolSTP....................185Adjustingjitterbuffers..............................187ConfiguringUDPports..............................187AboutMediaEncryption................................187WhatisMediaEncryption............................188WhatlimitationsdoesMediaEncryptionhave.................188WhataretherequirementsforMediaEncryption...............189Istherealicensefilerequirement........................190IsMediaEncryptioncurrentlyenabled...................190AdministeringMediaEncryption.........................191AdministeringMediaEncryptionforIPCodecSets.............191AdministeringMediaEncryptionforsignalinggroups...........193Viewingencryptionstatusforstationsandtrunks.............195Aboutlegalwiretapping..............................196Aboutpossiblefailureconditions........................196HowdoesMediaEncryptioninteractwithotherfeatures...........197Aboutnetworkmanagement.............................198AboutH.248linklossrecovery..........................198AutofallbacktoprimarycontrollerforH.248mediagateways..............................199

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