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三层三列式升降横移式立体车库设计说明书.doc

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三层三列式升降横移式立体车库设计说明书.doc

I摘要在对国内外车库现状及发展趋势做了充分调研的基础上,以较为典型的升降横移式立体车库为研究对象,选择三层三列式车库结构作为研究模型。综合考虑立体车库制造成本和运行安全的双重因素。简单介绍了车库的主体结构和特点,对车库的控制系统也作了简单的说明,依据升降横移式立体车库的运行原理,运用机械设计相关知识进行了一系列传动方案的设计,包括提升系统的传动设计,横移系统的传动设计,还运用力学理论对升降横移式立体车库的结构进行了力学分析,包括升降横移式立体车库的框架结构的强度、横移传动系统中轴的强度和升降传动系统中轴的强度等。为了使停车设备满足使用要求,根据国家关于机械式停车设备通用安全要求的标准、升降横移式立体车库的实际,在升降横移式立体车库中使用了一些必要的安全技术,这样保证了车辆的绝对安全,使得整个车库可以安全平稳的运行。关键词立体停车库升降横移式立体车库钢结构安全措施IIAbstractInthedomesticandinternationalcurrentsituationandtrendofdevelopmentforgarage.Basedonsufficientinvestigation,tochooseamoretypicalofupdownandtranslationstereogarageastheresearchobject,tochoosethethreelayerthreerowtypegaragestructureasresearchmodel.Consideringthethreedimensionalgaragemanufacturingcostandoperationsafetyofthedoublefactors.Brieflyintroducesthemainstructureandcharacteristicsofthegarage,thegaragecontrolsystemarebrieflydescribed,basedontheupdownandtranslationstereogarageoperationprinciple,useofmechanicaldesignknowledgeareaseriesoftransmissionschemedesign,includingtheupgradingofthetransmissionsystemdesign,shiftingthetransmissionsystemdesign,alsoaccordingtothetheoryofmechanicsupdownandtranslationstereogaragestructuremechanicalanalysisiscarriedout,includingupdownandtranslationstereogarageframestructurestrength,shiftingtransmissionsystemaxialstrengthandaxialstrengthofliftingtransmissionsystem.Inordertomakeparkingequipmenttomeettheuserequirements,accordingtothecountryaboutmechanicalparkingequipmentGeneralrequirementsforsafetystandards,updownandtranslationstereogarageisactual,intheupdownandtranslationstereogaragetousesomesafetytechnique,soastoensuretheabsolutesafetyofthevehicle,thegaragecanbesafeandsteadyoperation.KeywordsstereoparkinggarageupdownandtranslationstereogaragesteelstructuresafetymeasuresIII目录摘要..........................................................................................................................IAbstract.....................................................................................................................II第1章绪论...........................................................................................................11.1课题来源与背景.........................................................................................11.2机械式立体停车库发展概况.....................................................................11.3立体停车库分类及优点.............................................................................31.4研究升降横移式立体停车库的意义.........................................................61.5升降横移式车库的工作原理.....................................................................71.6升降横移式库机械部分部件结构和功能.................................................8第2章方案总体设计...........................................................................................102.1方案总体设计...........................................................................................102.2传动方案的设计.......................................................................................102.3传动方案的选择.......................................................................................12第3章主框架部分...............................................................................................143.1钢结构形式的选择...................................................................................143.2钢结构部分材料的选择...........................................................................14第4章升降传动系统设计...................................................................................164.1升降电动机的选择...................................................................................164.2升降链传动的设计...................................................................................184.3升降轴的设计...........................................................................................204.4联轴器及键的选择...................................................................................224.5轴承的选择...............................................................................................234.6钢丝绳和滑轮的选用...............................................................................244.7卷筒的设计...............................................................................................244.8升降轴的强度校核...................................................................................25第5章横移传动系统设计...................................................................................285.1横移电动机的选择...................................................................................285.2横移链传动的设计...................................................................................295.3横移传动轴A的设计..............................................................................325.4联轴器及键的选择...................................................................................345.5轴承的选择与计算...................................................................................35IV5.6横移车轮与导轨的选择...........................................................................36第6章安全防护措施...........................................................................................386.1防坠落装置设计.......................................................................................386.2其他防护措施...........................................................................................39第7章车库的控制系统.......................................................................................40结论.......................................................................................................................42致谢.......................................................................................................................43参考文献...................................................................................................................44VCONTENTSAbstract.......................................................................................................................IChapter1Introduction..........................................................................................11.1Topicoriginandbackground......................................................................11.2Mechanicalparkingdevelopment...............................................................11.3Parkingclassificationandadvantages.......................................................31.4Studiesofupdownandtranslationstereogaragemeaning........................61.5Liftingcrossslidingtypegarageprincipleofwork....................................71.6Liftingcrossslidingtypegaragemechanicalpartsstructureandfunction.8Chapter2Thewholeschemedesign...................................................................102.1Thegeneraldesignoftheschemes............................................................102.2Transmissionschemedesign.....................................................................102.3Thechoiceoftransmission........................................................................12Chapter3Steelstructurematerialselection......................................................143.1Steelstructureformselection....................................................................143.2Steelstructurematerialselection..............................................................14Chapter4Liftingtransmissionsystemdesign...................................................164.1Liftingmotorselection..............................................................................164.2Liftingchaintransmissiondesign.............................................................184.3Liftshaftdesign.........................................................................................204.4Couplingandkeyselection.......................................................................224.5Bearingselection.......................................................................................234.6Wireropeandpulleyselection..................................................................244.7Reeldesign................................................................................................244.8Liftshaftstrengthanalysis........................................................................25Chapter5Transversetransmissionsystemdesign...........................................285.1Traversemotorselection...........................................................................285.2Traversechaintransmissiondesign..........................................................295.3TransverseshaftAdesign.........................................................................325.4Couplingandkeyselection.......................................................................345.5Bearingselectionandcalculation..............................................................35

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