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FS400高速涡流粉碎机的设计说明书[带图纸].doc

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FS400高速涡流粉碎机的设计说明书[带图纸].doc

编号无锡太湖学院毕业设计(论文)题目FS400高速涡流粉碎机的设计信机系机械工程及自动化专业学号0923212学生姓名龚家柱指导教师唐正宁(职称副教授)(职称)2013年5月25日无锡太湖学院本科毕业设计(论文)诚信承诺书本人郑重声明所呈交的毕业设计(论文)FS400高速涡流粉碎机的设计是本人在导师的指导下独立进行研究所取得的成果,其内容除了在毕业设计(论文)中特别加以标注引用,表示致谢的内容外,本毕业设计(论文)不包含任何其他个人、集体已发表或撰写的成果作品。班级机械95学号0923212作者姓名2013年5月25日III摘要本文介绍了一种新型高效粉碎机,它可以粉碎非金属、脆性、粘性、韧性大或热敏感物料。由底座、电机、主轴、箱体、转子、叶轮、进料口、出料口组成,其特性是由沿主轴设置的三级涡流室组成。第一级涡流室由进料涡流风机叶轮组成,第二级涡流室有三组刀盘转子,每组刀盘由14个径向安装轴向带角度的撞击刀片组成,在每组转子之间由间隔板分隔开各个刀盘,形成多个小涡流室,涡流室内壁衬板与刀片保持较小的间隙,第三级涡流室由排料涡流风机叶轮组成,整个系统由主轴联接,箱体夹层通过冷却水有效降温。优点是能耗低,效率高,损耗小,结构紧凑,运行稳定,安全可靠,操作简单。其工作原理是运用高速转动的叶轮产生超强涡流和高频振动空气对物料进行瞬间粉碎,从而使产品粒度分布合理,不易产生过热,生产力大幅度提高、能耗下降。且机构简单,易于检查、维修,该产品结构新颖,采用宽腔体带水夹套结构,有四组冷却通道,冷却效果理想,能有效地防止粉末粘腔、粘力现象。关键词粉碎机涡流高频振动IVAbstractThispaperpresentsanewandefficientmicronizer.Itcanbecrushedtothenonmetallic,brittle,viscosity,toughnessorheatsensitivematerials.Bythebase,themotor,thespindlecasing,arotor,impeller,feedport,spoutcomposition,itscharacteristictertiaryvortexchamberissetbythespindle.Thefirststageoftheswirlchamberfromthefeededdycurrentfanimpeller,thesecondleveloftheswirlchamberthethreegroupscutterrotor,eachsetofcutterinstalledby14radialaxialangledimpactbladebetweeneachsetofrotorspacerplatesseparatedfromeachcutter,formingapluralityofswirlchamber,thethevortexinteriorwalllinerwiththebladetomaintainasmallgap,thethirdleveloftheswirlchambervortexfanimpellerdischarge,theentiresystembythespindleconnection,Casesandwicheffectivecoolingbythecoolingwater.Theadvantagesoflowenergyconsumption,highefficiency,lowloss,compact,stable,safeandreliable,simpleoperation.Itsworkingprincipleistousethehighspeedrotationoftheimpellersupereddycurrentandhighfrequencyvibrationairofthematerialforinstantsmash,sothattheparticlesizedistributionisreasonable,easytoproduceoverheating,significantproductivityincrease,energyconsumptiondecreased.Andthemechanismissimple,readilyaccessibleforinspection,maintenance,theproductstructure,theuseofawidecavitywithwaterjacketstructure,therearefoursetsofcoolingchannels,thecoolingeffectisideal,caneffectivelypreventthepowderstickcavity,adhesionphenomena.KeywordsMicronizerEddyHighfrequencyvibrationV目录摘要..............................................................................................................错误未定义书签。ABSTRACT.....................................................................................................错误未定义书签。目录..............................................................................................................错误未定义书签。1绪论.............................................................................................................................................11.1概况和发展趋势..................................................................................................................11.1.1粉碎机的定义及应用...................................................................................................11.1.2超微粉碎机概况...........................................................................................................21.2课题的提出与意义..............................................................................................................41.3课题的主要内容..................................................................................................................52总体方案的确定.........................................................................................................................72.1设计依据..............................................................................................................................72.2粉碎机总体方案的确定......................................................................................................72.2.1传动装置的设计...........................................................................................................72.2.2粉碎室的设计...............................................................................................................72.2.3水冷装置的设计...........................................................................................................73FS400高速涡流粉碎机总体设计..............................................................................................83.1粉碎机工作参数的选择......................................................................................................83.1.1回转轴的转速...............................................................................................................83.1.2粉碎室刀片与牙板的间隙...........................................................................................83.1.3风量的选择...................................................................................................................83.2传动装置的设计..................................................................................................................93.2.1电动机的选择...............................................................................................................93.2.2V带的设计..................................................................................................................113.3粉碎室的设计....................................................................................................................133.3.1粉碎机机壳的设计.....................................................................................................133.3.2粉碎机内腔衬板的设计.............................................................................................143.3.3粉碎机刀片和刀架的设计.........................................................................................153.3.4进料风轮和出料风轮的设计.....................................................................................173.3.5主轴的设计及校核.....................................................................................................193.3.6进料口和出料挡板的设计.........................................................................................223.3.7水冷装置的设计.........................................................................................................233.3.8粉碎机的整体安装.....................................................................................................243.3.9粉碎机的注意事项.....................................................................................................253.4FS400高速涡流粉碎机特性.............................................................................................254结论与展望...............................................................................................................................274.1结论....................................................................................................................................274.2不足之处及未来展望........................................................................................................27

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