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XK5040数控立式铣床主运动系统及进给系统及控制系统设计说明书[带图纸].doc

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XK5040数控立式铣床主运动系统及进给系统及控制系统设计说明书[带图纸].doc

本科生毕业设计(论文)XK5040数控立式铣床主运动系统、进给系统及控制系统设计学院、系机械工程系专业机械设计制造及其自动化学生姓名班级学号指导教师姓名职称2007年5月XK5040数控立式铣床及控制系统设计论文1摘要数控机床即数字程序控制机床,是一种自动化机床,数控技术是数控机床研究的核心,是制造业实现自动化、网络化、柔性化、集成化的基础。随着制造技术的发展,现代数控机床借助现代设计技术、工序集约化和新的功能部件使机床的加工范围、动态性能、加工精度和可靠性有了极大的提高。本文主要对XK5040数控立式铣床及控制系统进行设计,首先分析立式铣床的加工特点和加工要求确定其主参数,包括运动和动力参数根据主参数和设计要求进行主运动系统、进给系统和控制系统硬件电路设计。主要进行主运动系统和进给系统的机械结构设计及滚珠丝杠和步进电机的选型和校核对于控制系统由于这里主要针对经济型数控铣床的设计,这里采用步进电机开环控制,计算机系统采用高性能价格比的MCS51系列单片扩展系统,主要进行中央处理单元的选择、存储器扩展和接口电路设计。由于本文采用8031单片机控制系统,因此,设计出的立式铣床性能价格比高,满足经济性要求。可实用于加工精度较高的场合。关键词数控技术,立式铣床,设计XK5040数控立式铣床及控制系统设计论文2ABSTRACTThenumericalcontrolenginebedisthedigitalprocesscontrolenginebed,isonekindofautomatedenginebed,thenumericalcontroltechnologyisthecorewhichthenumericalcontrolenginebedstudies,isthemanufacturingindustryrealizationautomation,thenetwork,theflexibility,theintegratedfoundation.Alongwiththemanufacturetechnologydevelopment,themodernnumericalcontrolenginebedwiththeaidofthemoderndesigntechnology,theworkingprocedureintensificationandthenewfunctionpartcausedtheenginebedtheprocessingscope,thedynamicperformance,theprocessingprecisionandthereliabilityhadtheenormousenhancement.ThisarticlemainlycarriesonthedesigntotheXK5040numericalcontrolverticalmillingmachineandthecontrolsystem,firstanalyzestheverticalmillingmachinetheprocessingcharacteristicandtheprocessingrequestdeterminesitshostparameter,includingmovementanddynamicparameterCarryonthehostkinematicschemeaccordingtothehostparameterandthedesignrequest,entersforthesystemandthecontrolsystemhardwarecircuitdesign.MainlycarriesonthehostkinematicschemeandentersforthesystemmechanismdesignandtheballbearingguidescrewandelectricsteppingmotorshapingandtheexaminationRegardingcontrolsystembecauseheremainlyaimsattheeconomynumericalcontrolmillingmachinethedesign,hereuseselectricsteppingmotoropenloopcontrol,thecomputersystemusesthehighperformancepricecomparedtotheMCS51seriesmonolithicexpansionsystem,mainlycarriesonthecentralprocessingelementthechoice,thememoryexpansionandtheconnectioncircuitdesign.Becausethisarticleuses8,031monolithicintegratedcircuitscontrolsystem,therefore,designstheverticalmillingmachineperformancepriceishigherthan,satisfiestheefficientrequest.Butpracticaltoprocessingprecisionhighersituation.KeywordsNumericalcontroltechnology,Verticalmillingmachine,DesignXK5040数控立式铣床及控制系统设计论文3目录摘要.......................................................................................................................................11总体设计.............................................................................................................................51.1、铣床简介.........................................................................................................................51.2、XK5040型数控铣床的总体布局、主要技术参数及总传动系统图..........................51.2.1XK5040型数控铣床的总体布局................................................................................51.2.2XK5040型数控铣床的主要技术参数........................................................................61.2.3总传动系统图.............................................................................................................82主运动系统设计.................................................................................................................92.1传动系统设计...................................................................................................................92.1.1参数的拟定....................................................................................................................92.1.2传动结构或结构网的选择...........................................................................................92.1.3转速图拟定.................................................................................................................112.1.4齿轮齿数的确定及传动系统图的绘制......................................................................132.2传动件的估算与验算.............................................................................................162.2.1传动轴的估算和验算..................................................................................................162.2.2齿轮模数的估算.....................................................................................................192.3展开图设计.................................................................................................................242.3.1结构实际的内容及技术要求.................................................................................242.3.2齿轮块的设计.....................................................................................................252.3.3传动轴设计.........................................................................................................272.3.4主轴组件设计.....................................................................................................302.4制动器设计.................................................................................................................352.4.1按扭矩选择.........................................................................................................352.5截面图设计...............................................................................................................362.5.1轴的空间布置.......................................................................................................372.5.2操纵机构.............................................................................................................372.5.3润滑.....................................................................................................................372.5.4箱体设计的确有关问题.........................................................................................383进给系统设计...................................................................................................................403.1总体方案设计.............................................................................................................403.1.1对进给伺服系统的基本要求.................................................................................403.1.2进给伺服系统的设计要求.....................................................................................403.1.3总体方案.................................................................................................................403.2进给伺服系统机械部分设计.....................................................................................413.2.1确定脉冲当量,计算切削力.................................................................................413.2.2滚珠丝杆螺母副的计算和造型.............................................................................433.2.3齿轮传动比计算.....................................................................................................513.2.4步进电机的计算和选型.....................................................................................523.2.5进给伺服系统机械部分结构设计.....................................................................624控制系统设计...................................................................................................................664.1绘制控制系统结构框图..................................................................................................664.2.选择中央处理单元(CPU)的类型...............................................................................664.3存储器扩展电路设计......................................................................................................67XK5040数控立式铣床及控制系统设计论文44.3.1程序存储器的扩展.................................................................................................674.3.2数据存储器的扩展.............................................................................................684.4I/O接口电路及辅助电路设计................................................................................684.4.1I/O接口电路设计..........................................................................................684.4.2步进电机接口及驱动电路.................................................................................694.2.3其他辅助电路.....................................................................................................70参考文献.................................................................................................................................73致谢.........................................................................................................................................74

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