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钻削精密深孔扭振发生装置的设计论文[带图纸].doc

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钻削精密深孔扭振发生装置的设计论文[带图纸].doc

编号无锡太湖学院毕业设计(论文)题目钻削精密深孔扭振发生装置的设计机电系机械工程及自动化专业学号学生姓名指导教师(职称副教授)2013年5月25日无锡太湖学院本科毕业设计(论文)诚信承诺书本人郑重声明所呈交的毕业设计(论文)钻削精密深孔扭振发生装置的设计是本人在导师的指导下独立进行研究所取得的成果,其内容除了在毕业设计(论文)中特别加以标注引用,表示致谢的内容外,本毕业设计(论文)不包含任何其他个人、集体已发表或撰写的成果作品。班级机械91学号0923024作者姓名2013年5月25日II摘要孔加工是金属切削加工中最常用的加工工艺。据统计,孔加工的金属切除量约占切削加工总金属切除量的1/3,钻头的产量约占刀具总产量的60。目前用于加工微小孔的工艺方法虽然较多,但应用最广泛、生产实用性最强的仍是采用麻花钻钻削加工。随着对孔加工质量和效率的要求不断提高,传统的钻削工艺已显示出极大的局限性,而近年来迅速发展的振动钻削工艺则日益显示出其独特的优势及广阔的应用前景。本文主要介绍了振动钻削,振动钻削是振动切削的一个分支,它与普通钻削的区别在于钻孔过程中通过振动装置使钻头与工件之间产生可控的相对运动。振动方式主要有三种,即轴向振动、扭转振动和复合振动。本文讲述了如何匹配加工参数来实现精密深孔的加工,并设计了扭振发生装置,综合分析了振动钻削的工艺效果。低频振动切削技术目前已应用于孔加工包括钻、扩、铰、锁、攻丝等和外圆车削加工等领域,解决实际生产中诸如切屑处理、改善切削加工性、提高加工质量、延长刀具寿命等问题,理论上也获得了许多发展。关键词麻花钻振动钻削振动装置低频振动IIIAbstractHoleprocessingisthemostcommonlyusedmetalcuttingmachiningprocessingtechnology.Accordingtostatistics,holemachiningofmetalremovalaccountedforaboutonethirdofthetotalmachiningmetalremovalofthe,drillproductionaccountedforabout60ofthetotaltoolproduction.Processmethodsnowusedformachiningsmallholeswhilemore,butthestrongestisstillthemostwidelyused,theproductionpracticalityisusesthetwistdrilldrillingprocessing.Astheholeoftherequirementofincreasingthequalityandefficiency,thetraditionaldrillingtechnologyhasshowngreatlimitations,inrecentyearstherapiddevelopmentofthevibrationdrillingtechnologyisincreasinglyshowsitsuniqueadvantagesandbroadapplicationprospects.Vibrationdrillingismainlyintroducedinthispaper,thevibrationdrillingisabranchofvibrationcutting,thedifferencebetweenitandcommondrillingthroughvibrationdeviceintheprocessofdrillingbitandgeneratecontrollablerelativemovementbetweenparts.Vibrationmodemainlyhasthreekinds,namelyaxialvibration,torsionalvibration,andvibrationcompound.Thisarticletellsthestoryofhowthematchingprocessingparameterstoachieveprecisiondeepholemachining,andtorsionalvibrationgeneratorisdesigned,thecomprehensiveanalysisofthevibrationdrillingtechnologyeffect.Lowfrequencyvibrationcuttingtechnologyhasbeenappliedtothemachiningincludingdrilling,expanding,hinge,lock,tapping,etc.andcylindricalturningprocessing,etc,tosolvepracticalproductionincuttingmachining,suchaschipremoval,improveprocessingquality,prolongtoollifeandotherissues,theoryalsoreceivedmanydevelopment.KeywordsTwistdrillVibrationdrillingVibrationdeviceLowfrequencyvibrationV目录摘要......................................................................IIAbstract.........................................................................................................................................III目录...........................................................................................................................................VI1绪论.............................................................................................................................................11.1振动钻削技术的发展历史...............................................................................................11.2振动钻削的工艺效果.......................................................................................................21.3振动钻削的应用前景及前沿课题...................................................................................42振动钻削的原理.........................................................................................................................72.1振动钻削的机理...............................................................................................................72.2振动钻削系统的稳定性与振幅损失...............................................................................82.2.1振动钻削时的切削力.........................................................................................92.2.2振动钻削系统的稳定性.......................................................................................102.2.3产生横向摆振与钻杆弯曲振动的原因...........................................................122.2.4振幅损失.........................................................................................................133深孔加工的高效解决方案.......................................................................................................143.1深孔加工.........................................................................................................................144装置设计...................................................................................................................................164.1装置总体方案.................................................................................................................164.2电机的选择...................................................................................................................184.3带传动设计...................................................................................................................204.3.1确定计算功率Pca................................................................................................204.3.2选择带型...............................................................................................................204.3.3确定带轮的基准直径...........................................................................................204.3.4确定中心距a和带的基准长度Ld.....................................................................214.3.5验算主动轮上的包角α1......................................................................................214.3.6确定带的根数Z...................................................................................................214.3.7确定带的预紧力F0..............................................................................................224.3.8计算带传动作用在轴上的力(简称压轴力)Fp...............................................224.3.9V带轮设计.........................................................................................................224.3.10V带传动的张紧装置.......................................................................................234.4偏心轴及其附件设计....................................................................................................244.4.1轴承的选用...........................................................................................................264.4.2轴承底座...............................................................................................................274.4.3端盖和透盖...........................................................................................................284.4.4偏心销钉...............................................................................................................294.5主轴及其附件设计.........................................................................................................294.5.1主轴.......................................................................................................................29

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