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饲料上料机的设计论文[带图纸].doc

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饲料上料机的设计论文[带图纸].doc

编号无锡太湖学院毕业设计(论文)题目饲料上料机的设计信机系机械工程及自动化专业学号学生姓名指导教师(职称副教授)(职称)2013年5月25日无锡太湖学院本科毕业设计(论文)诚信承诺书本人郑重声明所呈交的毕业设计(论文)饲料上料机的设计是本人在导师的指导下独立进行研究所取得的成果,其内容除了在毕业设计(论文)中特别加以标注引用,表示致谢的内容外,本毕业设计(论文)不包含任何其他个人、集体已发表或撰写的成果作品。班级机械92学号0923054作者姓名2013年5月25日II摘要上料机是生产流水线里必备的产品。主要用于生产加工企业,上料机还分为单体式全自动真空上料机与分体式大功率全自动真空上料机。当前社会发展迅速,人们生活水平不断提高,饲养宠物越来越成为家庭的一种习惯,因此宠物饲料的发展得到较大的发展.目前我国的宠物饲料的加工生产,包装等都还很低端化,企业都是劳动密集型的加工企业,依靠劳动力去发展的企业效率低下,企业利润空间有限,因此宠物饲料的自动化加工生产势在必行。上料机种类众多,用途各异。宠物饲料的上料设备是一种机械化,自动化设备,把饲料送至输送带,进行包装,目前国内发展还很缓慢,而且宠物饲料以颗粒状和长条状居多,其中长条形宠物饲料的加工多以手工为主。如制造、计数、包装成袋等。生产效率极其底下,很难完成客户的供货需求,同时,工人的劳动强度也很大。而对于宠物饲料,进行生产自动化的关键难题是难以对饲料进行有序排列,从而利用光电技术和包装技术完成自动化计数包装。因为对于宠物饲料,如长条型宠物饲料尺寸形状不规则,直径和长度尺寸变化大,这些都给自动化上料设备的研制带来很大的困难。本设备就是设计针对不规则长条形宠物饲料设计上料排序装置,完成宠物饲料排序、计数和自动化包装,提高企业的生产效率,降低工人的劳动强度。同时,绘图过程中也借助于CAD进行了辅助设计,提高了设计效率。关键词上料机不规则长条形宠物饲料自动化上料CADIIIABSTRACTFeedingmachineisnecessaryintheproductionlineofproducts.Mainlyfortheproductionandprocessingenterprises,feedingmachineisdividedintomonomertypeautomaticvacuumfeederandhighpowerfissionautomaticvacuumfeeder.Thecurrentsocialdevelopmentisrapid,peoplelifelevelincreases,keepingpetshasbecomemoreandmorefamilyahabit,sothedevelopmentofpetfoodtogetbiggerdevelopment.Atpresentourcountryspetfoodprocessingproduction,packingandsoonarethelowend,enterprisearelaborintensiveprocessingenterprise,relyonlabortothedevelopmentoftheenterprisetheefficiencyislow,theenterpriseprofitspaceislimited,sotheautomationofpetfoodprocessingproductionisimperative.Feederarenumerous,USESeachdifferent.Petfoodfeedingequipmentisamechanical,automationequipment,thefeedsenttotheconveyorbelt,forpackaging,thecurrentdomesticdevelopmentisslow,andpetfoodwithgranularandstripshapeisinthemajority,whichstripformpetfoodprocessingbyhandtogivepriorityto.Suchasmanufacturing,counting,packingintoabag,etc.Theproductionefficiencyunderextremely,itisdifficulttocompletecustomerdeliveryrequirements,atthesametime,laborintensityoftheworkersarealsogreat.Andforpetfeedforproductionofthekeyproblemisdifficulttoautomationtofeedtheorderlyarrangement,thususingphotoelectrictechnologyandpackagingtechnologycompleteautomationcountpackaging.Becauseforpetfood,suchasstriptypepetfeedsizeirregularshape,sizeandlengthsizechangebig,thesetoautomaticfeedingdevicealotofdifficulties.Thisequipmentisdesignedforirregularelongatedpetfoodmaterialsortingdevicedesign,andcompletethepetfood,sortandcountandautomaticpackaging,enhancestheenterprisetheproductionefficiency,reducethelaborintensityoftheworkers.AndthemeansofCADaideddesignisappliedindrawingprocesstoimproveefficiency.KeywordsFeederIrregularelongatedpetfoodAutomationFeedingCADIV摘要..............................................................................................................................................IIABSTRACT..................................................................................................................................III目录...........................................................................................................................................IV1绪论.............................................................................................................................................11.1宠物饲料上料设备概述......................................................................................................11.2宠物饲料上料设备发展现状及问题..................................................................................21.3课题研究内容......................................................................................................................31.4课题研究的目的和意义......................................................................................................42设备整体方案设计.....................................................................................................................52.1产品介绍..............................................................................................................................52.2设备系统分析......................................................................................................................52.2设备零部件分析..................................................................................................................72.2.1减速电机.......................................................................................................................72.2.2电机座...........................................................................................................................82.2.3前底板...........................................................................................................................92.2.4连杆...............................................................................................................................92.2.5上料架.........................................................................................................................102.2.6横杆.............................................................................................................................112.2.7动上料层.....................................................................................................................122.2.8定上料层.....................................................................................................................122.2.9侧箱体.........................................................................................................................132.2.10后底板.......................................................................................................................142.2.11支柱...........................................................................................................................152.2.12滚动轴承座...............................................................................................................162.2.13滚动轴承...................................................................................................................172.2.14杆...............................................................................................................................172.2.15轴承盖.......................................................................................................................182.2.16从动轴.......................................................................................................................182.2.17主动轴.......................................................................................................................192.2.18带轮...........................................................................................................................192.2.19下料槽.......................................................................................................................212.2.20输送带.......................................................................................................................223重要零部件强度验算...............................................................................................................253.1电机的动力提供................................................................................................................253.2连杆强度校核....................................................................................................................253.3横杆强度校核....................................................................................................................273.4带传动和主动轴的强度验算............................................................................................27目录

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