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2002年博士英语试题.doc

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2002年博士英语试题.doc

中科院2002年博士英语入学试题huazi发表于2007418185500PARTSTRUCTUREVOCABULARY25minutes,15pointssectionA0.5pointeathdirectionchoosethewordorexpressionbeloweachsentencethatbestcompletesthestatement,andmarkthecorrespondingletterofyourchoicewithasinglebaracrossthesquarebracketsonyourmachinescoringanswersheet.16.Knowingthatthecruelcriminalhasdonealotofunlawfulthings,IfeelsurethatIhaveno__________buttoreporthimtothelocalpolice.A.timeB.chanceC.authorityD.alternative17.Behindhislargesmilesandlargecigars,hiseyesoftenseemedto__________regret.A.teemB.brimwithC.comewithD.lookwith18.Thereisonlyonedifferencebetweenanoldmanandayoungonetheyoungonehasagloriousfuturebeforehimandtheoldonehasa_______futurebehindhim.A.splendidB.conspicuousC.uproariousD.imminent19.ThattragedydistressedmesomuchthatIusedtokeepindoorsandgooutonly_________necessity.A.withinreachofB.forfearofC.bymeansofD.incaseof20.Ayoungmanseesasunsetandunabletounderstandofexpresstheemotionthatit_________inhim,concludesthatitmustbethegatewaytoaworldthatliesbeyond.A.reflectsB.retainsC.rousesD.radiates21.______________theheattoasimmerandcontinuetocookforanother810minutesoruntilmostofthewaterhasevaporated.A.TurnoffB.TurnoverC.TurndownD.Turnup22.Banksshallbeunableto___________,orclaimreliefagainstthefirst15ofanyloanorbankrupteddebtleftwiththem.A.writeoffB.putasideC.shrinkfromD.comeover23.Iamtoinformyou,thatyoumay,ifyouwish,attendtheinquiry,andattheinspectorsdiscretionstateyourcase_________orthroughanentrustedrepresentative.A.inpersonB.indepthC.insecretD.inexcess24.Inhisview,thoughHongKonghasnodirectculturalidentity,localartisthrivingbybeing___________,beingopentoallkindsofart.A.gratifyingB.predominatingC.excellingD.accommodating25.Insomecountriespreschooleducationinnurseryschoolsorkindergartens_________the1stgrade.A.leadsB.precedesC.forwardsD.advances26.Desertplants________twocategoriesaccordingtothewaytheydealwiththeproblemofsurvivingdrought.A.breakdownB.fallintoC.differinD.referto27.Intheairport,Icouldhearnothingexcepttheroarofaircraftengineswhich_________allothersounds.A.dwarfedB.diminishedC.drownedD.relative28.Criticismwithoutsuggestingareasofimprovementisnot_________andshouldbeavoidedifpossible.A.constructiveB.productiveC.descriptiveD.relative29.TheCommitteepronouncedfourmembersexpelledforfailuretoprovideinformationinthe____________ofinvestigations.A.caseB.chaseC.causeD.course30.Sinceneithersidewasreadyto__________whatwasnecessaryforpeace,hostilitywereresumedin1980.A.precedeB.recedeC.concedeD.intercede31.Suchan_________actofhostilitycanonlyleadtowar.A.overtB.episodicC.ampleD.ultimate32._________bothinworkinglifeandeverydaylivingtodifferentsetsofvalues,andexpectationsplacesaseverestrainontheindividual.A.RecreationB.TransactionC.DisclosureD.Exposure33.Itwouldthenbereplacedbyinterimgovernment,whichwould_________bereplacedbyapermanentgovernmentafterfourmonths.A.instepB.inturnB.inpracticeD.inhaste34.HaventItoldyouIdontwantyoukeeping____________withthoseawfulridingaboutbicycleboysA.companyB.acquaintanceC.friendsD.place35.Consumersdeprivedoftheinformationandadvicetheyneededwerequitesimply_________everycheatinthemarketplace.A.atthemercyofB.inlieuofC.bycourtesyofD.forthepriceofSectionB0.5pointeachDirectionsineachofthefollowingsentencestherearefourpartsunderlinedandmarkedA,B,C,andD.Indicatewhichofthefourpartsisincorrectlyused.MarkthecorrespondingletterofyourchoicebydrawingasinglebaracrossthesquarebracketsonyourMachinescoringAnswerSheet.36.TheauctioneermustknowfairaccuratelythecurrentmarketvaluesofthegoodsheisABCDselling.37.Childrenareamongthemostfrequentvictimsofviolent,drugrelatedcrimesthathavenothingABCdoingwiththecostofacquiringthedrugs.D38.Alargecollectionofcontemporaryphotographs,includingsometakenbyMaryareondisplayABCatthemuseum.D39.Thereismuchinourlifewhichwedonotcontrolandwearenotevenresponsiblefor.ABCD40.Capitalinflowswillalsotendtoincreasetheinternationalvalueofthedollar,makeitmoreABCdifficulttosellU.S.exports.D41.Itcanbearguedthattheproblems,evensomethingasfundamentalastheeverincreasedworldABCpopulation,havebeencausedbytechnologicaladcance.D42.IttakesthemostcoolheadedandgoodtemperedofdriverstoresistthetemptationtorevengeABCassubfectedtouncivilizedbehavior.D43.Whileexpertsinbasicscienceareimportant,skilledtalentsshouldbetheoverridingmajorityABCsincetheyareatheavydemandinthemarket.D44.Retailersoffereddeepdiscountsandextrahoursthisweekendinthebidtolureshoppers.ABCD45.Theamendmentsofthelawsonpatent,trademarkandcopyrighthaveenhancedprotectionofABintellectualpropertyrightsandmadethemconformtoWTOrules.CDPART3CLOZETEST15minutes,15pointsDirectionsThereare15questionsinthispartofthetest.Readthepassagethrough.Then,gobackandchooseonesuitablewordorphrasemarkedA,B,C,orDforeachblankinthepassage.MarkthecorrespondingletterofthewordorphraseyouhavechosenwithasinglebaracrossthesquarebracketsonyourMachinescoringAnswerSheet.AtleastsincetheIndustrialRevolution,genderroleshavebeeninastateoftransition.Asaresult,culturalscriptsaboutmarriagehaveundergonechange,Oneofthemoreobvious___46____hasoccurredintherolesthatwomen47.Womenhavemovedintotheworldofworkandhavebecomeadeptatmeetingexpectationsinthatarena,48maintainingtheirfamilyrolesofnurturingandcreatingan49thatisahavenforallfamilymembers.50manywomenexperiencestrainfromtryingtodoitall,theyoftenendoytheincreased51thatcanresultfromplayingmultipleroles.Aswomensroleshavechanged,changingexpectationsaboutmensroleshavebecomemore52.Manymenarerelinquishingtheirmajorresponsibility53thefamilyprovider.Probablythemostsignificantchangeinmensroles,however,isintheemotional54offamilylife.Menareincreasingly55tomeettheemotionalneedsoftheirfamilies,56theirwives.Infact,expectationsaboutheemotionaldomainofmarriagehavebecomemoresignificantformarriageingeneral.Researchon57marriagehaschangedoverrecentdecadespointstotheincreasingimportanceoftheemotionalsideoftherelationship,andtheimportanceofsharingintheemotionwork58tonourishmarriagesandotherfamilyrelationships.Menandwomenwanttoexperiencemarriagesthatareinterdependent,59bothpartnersnurtureeachother,attendandrespondtoeachother,andencourageandpromoteeachother.Wearethusseeingmarriagesinwhichmensandwomensrolesarebecomingincreasinglymore60.46.A.incidentsB.changesC.resultsD.effects47.A.takeB.doC.playD.show48.A.byB.whileC.henceD.thus49.A.homeB.gardenC.arenaD.paradise50.A.WhenB.EventhoughC.SinceD.Nevertheless51.A.rewardsB.profitsC.privilegesD.incomes52.A.generalB.acceptableC.popularD.apparent53.A.asB.ofC.fromD.for54.A.sectionB.constituentC.domainD.point55.A.encouragedB.expectedC.advisedD.predicted56.A.nottomentionB.aswellasC.includingD.especially57.A.howB.whatC.whyD.if58.A.butB.onlyC.enoughD.necessary59.A.unlessB.althoughC.whereD.because60.A.pleasantB.importantC.similarD.manageablePART4READINGCOMPREHENSION60minutes,30pointsDirectionsBeloweachofthefollowingpassagesyouwillfindsomequestionsorincompletestatements.EachquestionorstatementisfollowedbyfourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandD.Readeachpassagecarefully,andthenselectthechoicethatbestanswersthequestionorcompletesthestatement.MarktheletterofyourchoicewithasinglebaracrossthesquarebracketsonyourMachinescoringAnswerSheet.Passage1ThemanwhoinventedCocacolawasnotanativeAtlantan,butonthedayofhisfuneraleverydrugstoreintowntestimoniallyshutupshop.HewasJohnStythPemberton,bornin1833inKnoxville,Georgia,eightymilesaway.SometimesknownasDoctor,Pembertonwasapharmacistwho,duringtheCivilWar,ledacavalrytroopunderGeneralJoeWheelrer.HesettledinAtlantain1869,andsoonbeganbrewingsuchpatentmedicinesasTriplexLiverPillsandGlobeofFlowerCoughSyrup.In1885,heregisteredatrademarkforsomethingcalledFrenchWineCocaIdealNerveandTonicStimulant,afewmonthslaterheformedthePembertonChemicalCompany,andrecruitedtheservicesofabookkeepernamedFrankM.Robinson,whonotonlyhadagoodheadforfiguresbut,attachedtoit,soexceptionalanosethathecouldauditthecompositionofabatchofsyrupmerelybysnifflingit.In1886ayearinwhich,ascontemporaryCocaCocaofficialsliketopointour,ConanDoyleunveiledSherlockHolmesandFranceunveiledtheStatueofLibertyPembertonunveiledasyrupthathecalledCocaCoca.ItwasamodificationofhisFrenchWineCoca.Hehadtakenourthewineandaddedapinchofcaffeine,and,whentheendproducttastedawful,hadthrowninsomeextractofcolanutandafewotheroils,blendingthemixtureinathreeleggedironpotinhisbackyardandswishingitaroundwithanoar.Hedistributedittosodafountainsinusedbeerbottles,andRobinson,withhisglowingbookkeepersscript,presentlydevisedalabel,onwhichCocaColawaswritteninthefashionthatisstillemployed.Pembertonlookeduponhismixturelessasarefreshmentthanasaheadachecure,especiallyforpeoplewhoseheadachecouldbetracedtooverindulgence.Onamorninglatein1886,onesuchvictimofthenightbeforedraggedhimselfintoanAtlantadrugstoreandaskedforadoolopofColaCola.Druggistscustomarilystirredateaspoonfulofsyrupintoaglassofwater,butinthisinstancethemanondutywastoolazytowalktothefreshwatertap,acoupleoffeetoff.Instead,hemixedthesyrupwithsomesodawater,whichwascloserathand.Thesufferingcustomerperkedupalmostatonce,andwordquicklyspreadthatthebestCocaColawasafizzyone.64.WhatdosethepassagetellusaboutJohnStythPembertonA.HewashighlyrespectedbyAtlantansB.Heranadrugstorethatalsosellswine.C.HehadbeenadoctoruntiltheCivilWar.D.Hemadealotofmoneywithhispharmacy.62.WhichofthefollowingwasuniquetoFrankM.Robinson,workingwiththePembertonsCompanyA.SkillstomakeFrenchwineB.TalentfordrawingpicturesC.Anacutesenseofsmell.D.Abilitytoworkwithnumbers.63.Whywastheyear1886sospecialtoPembertonA.HetooktodoingajoblikeSherlockHolmessB.Hebroughtaquiteprofitableproductintobeing.C.HeobservedthefoundingceremonyofStatueofLiberty.D.HewasawardedbyCocaColaforhiscontribution64.OnemodificationmadeofFrenchWineCocaformulawas__________A.usedbeerbottleswerechosenascontainersB.theamountofcaffeineinitwasincreasedC.itwasblendedwithoilsinsteadofwaterD.Colanutextractwasaddedtotaste65.Accordingtothepassage,CocaColawasinthefirstplacepreparedespeciallyfor________A.theyoungasasoftdrinkB.areplacementofFrenchWineCocaC.thereliefofahangoverD.acureforthecommonheadache66.Thelastparagraphmainlytells___________A.thecomplaintagainstthelazyshopassistantB.arealtestofCocacolaasaheadachecureC.themediocreserviceofthedrugstoreD.ahappyaccidentthatgavebirthtoCocaColaPassage2Between1833and1837,thepublishersofapennypressprovedthatalowpricedpaper,editedtointerestordinarypeople,couldwinwhatamountedtoamasscirculationforthetimesandtherebyattractanadvertisingvolumethatwouldmakeitindependent.Thesewerepapersforthecommoncitizenandwerenottiedtotheinterestsofthebusinesscommunity,likethemercantilepress,ordependentforfinancialsupportuponpoliticalpartyallegiance.Itdidnotnecessarilyfollowthatallthepennypaperswouldbesuperiorintheirhandingofthenewsandopinionfunctions.Butthedoorwasopenforsometomakeimportantjournalisticadvances.Thefirstofferingsofapennypapertendedtobehighlysensationalhumanintereststoriesovershadowedimportantnews,andcrimeandsexstorieswerewritteninfulldetail.Butasthepennypaperattractedreadersfromvarioussocialandeconomicbrackets,itssensationalismwasmodified.Theordinaryreadercametowantabetterproduct,too.Apopularizedstyleofwritingandpresentationofnewsremained,butthepennypaperbecamearespectablepublicationthatofferedsignificantinformationandeditorialleadership.Oncethefirstofthesuccessfulpennypapershadshowntheway,laterventurescouldenterthecompetitionatthehigherlevelofjournalisticresponsibilitythepioneeringpapershadreached.ThiswasthepatternofAmericannewspapersintheyearsfollowingthefoundingoftheNewYorkSunin1833.Thesun,publishedbyBenjaminDay,enteredthelistsagainst11otherdailies.Itwastinyincomparisonb

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