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2003年博士英语试题.doc

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2003年博士英语试题.doc

中科院2003年博士英语入学试题huazi发表于2007418185700THECHINESEACADEMYOFSCIENCESENGLISHENTRANCEEXAMINATIONFORDOCTORALCANDIDATESPAPERONEPARTILISTENINGCOMPREHENSION20minutes,20pointsSectionA10points,1pointeachDirectionsInthissection,youwillheartenshortconversationsbetweentwospeakers.Attheendofeachconversation,aquestionwillbeasfeedaboutwhatwassaid.Thequestionwillbespokenonlyonce.ChoosethebestanswerfromthefourchoicesgivenbymarkingthecorrespondingletterwithasinglebaracrossthesquarebracketsonyourMachinescoringAnswerSheet.1.A,Sheissick.B.Sheishungry.C.Shewasbittenbyanant.D.Shehadalongbicycleride.2.A.Hesoutgoing.B.Hesconsiderate.CHessuccessful.D.Hesnicetoall,3.A.30minutesB.25minutesC.20minutesD.15minutes4.A.taketheairB.parkthecarC.fillintheformD.workonatext5.A.applyforacreditcardB.getadriverslicenseC.buyaninsuranceD.rentavehicle6.A,Crimeneedstobetreatedasadisease.B.Primitivepunishmentwilldonogood.C.Severepunishmentisnecessarytostopcrime.D.Primitivepeoplehadtroublewithcrimetreatment.7.A,thesaleoftheoldhousesB.thepullingdownofthegascompanyC.theproposalofthecouncilD.thebuildingoftheofficeblocks8.A.HewillnotbeabletomanyCindy.B.Hehasfinancialproblems.C.Hehasyettobuyfurniture.D.Hemaynotberecovereduntilthewedding.9.A.Botharehavingacold.B.Bothareonholidays.C.Thewomanfeelssorryfortheman.D.Thewomanhopestoseethemanintheschool.10.A.HefeltsympathyfortheVietnamese.B.HeusedtocometotheU.S.unlawfully.C.HeaidedillegalimmigrationtotheU.S.D.Hedealtwith7,000immigrationcases.SectionB10points,1pointeachDirectionsInihissection,youwillhearthreeshortpassages.Attheendofeachpassage,therewillbeafewquestions.Boththepassageandthequestionswillbereadtoyouonlyonce.Aftereachquestion,therewillbeapause.Duringthepause,youmustchoosethebestanswerfromthefourchoicesgivenbymarkingthecorrespondingletterwithasinglebaracrossthesquarebracketsonyourMachinescoringAnswerSheet.11.A.tomakechildrengrowtallandstrongB.tokeepthesoulinthebodyC.topreventsomeonefromsayingevilthingsD.toprotectsomeoneagainstcatchingacold12.A.Theythinkagoodspiritmayhelpthechildgrow,B.Theywanttodriveawaythedevilsneeze.C.Theysayitasacurseforthechildtostopsneezing.D.Theyconsiderasneezeanobstacletothechildsgrowth.13.A.theGermanB.theItalianC.theJapaneseD.theHindus14.A.Allpeoplesareafraidofsneezing.B.Somepeopleneversneezeintheirlives.C.Themomentofsneezingisverydangerous.D.Manypeoplesayprayerswhentheysneeze.15.A.alackofavailableflightsB.longdelaysattheairportC.boredomonlongflightsD.longtripstoandfromtheairport16.A.onshorttripsB.onlongtripsC.whenflyingovercitiesD.whenflyingathighaltitudes17.A.Itfuelswithnuclearenergy.B.Itrestsonacushionofpressurizedair.C.Itfliesabovemagneticallyactivatedtracks.D.Itusesadevicesimilartoajetengine18.A.Sheispoorinschoolgrade.B,Hermajoristhoughttobeuseless.C,Herjobexpectationistoohigh.D,Thereisnowaneconomicrecession.19.A,undergraduatesB.experiencedM.B.A.sC.laidoffworkersD.liberalartsmajors20.A.Unemploymentratewillgetstillhigher.B.Therewillbenomultiplejoboffers.C.2millionjobseekerswillcompeteforjobs.D.Firsttimejobrequirementswillbelowered.THISISTHEENDOFLISTENINGCOMPREHENSION.PARTIIVOCABULARY15minutes,10pointsSectionA0.5pointeachDirectionsChoosethewordorexpressionbeloweachsentenceshotbestcompletesthestatement,andmarkthecorrespondingletterofyourchoicewithasinglebaracrossthesquarebracketsonyourMachinescaringAnswerSheet,21.HistrickconvincednonebutthemostA.credulousB.plausibleC.trustworthyD.feasible22.Manypeopleproposedthatanationalcommitteebeformedtodiscusstoexistingmasstransitsystems.A.substitutesB.measuresC,duplicatesD.alternatives23.Heisahypocrite,aliar,athief,heisthegreatestdevilIeverknow.A.asaconsequenceB.asaruleC,asamatteroffactD.asamatterofroutine24.Sinceshewasalone,sheopenedthedoor.leavingthechainlockfastened.A.warilyB.consciouslyC.audaciouslyD.recklessly25.Inthelastfewminutestheconversationhasbecomeseeminglyasifthediscussionwereofsomeminordomesticmatterandnotsurvivalitself,A.crucialB.centralC.casualD.causal26.IdidntlistentoMomand1wasnotsurprisedatthelookofonherface.A.indifferenceB.complimentC,negligenceD.reproach27.ThevictimsofdrunkendrivinginAmericaoverthepastdecade_____anincredible250,000,withthreekilledeveryhourofeverydayonaverage.A.SakeupB.adduptoC,countforD.turnoutto28.Heisbelievedtohavebeenshotbyarivalganginfortheshootingslastweek.A.revengeB,reserveC.reverseD.remedial29.Thesepollutantscanbehundredsandeventhousandsofkilometersbylargeairmasses.A.containedB.conveyedC.contaminatedD.conserved30.ThereareafewsmallthingsthatIdontlikeaboutmyjob,but_itsveryenjoyable.A.allatonceB.onceandforallC.somuchasD.byandlarge31.Inadivorce,themotherusuallyisgranted___________ofherchildren.A.supportB.retentionC.perseveranceD.custody32.Whathehadinmindtonothinglessthanatotalreversalofthetraditionalroleoftheexecutive.A.contributedB.dedicatedC.amountedD.added33.SomeHeadsofGovernmentnowfearthatnegotiationswillbeforeasettlementisreached.A.wearoutB.comealongC.breakoffD.endup34.Aofsoapandtwobrightlycoloredtowelswereleftbesidethebath,thenthewomensmiledpolitelyatNicoleandwithdrewcarefullyfromtheroom.A.loafB,barC.stickD,block35.Ofthe1200millionpeoplewhocallthemselvesChinese,averysmallnumberspeakwhatisreferredtoasstandardChinese.A.nonebutB.butforC.allbutD.butthen36.___________recentbrainandbehavioralresearch.Dr.GolemanwroteafascinatingbookentitledEmotionalIntelligence.A.DrawingupB.DrawingonC.PuttingupD.Puttingon37.Manypeoplethinkofdesertsasregions,butnumerousspeciesofplantsandanimalshaveadaptedtolifethere,A.remoteB.irginC.alienD.barren38.Attemptstopersuadeherstayaftershefeltinsultedwere__,A,ofnoavailB.outoffocusC.atalossD,innoway39.Scientistsarecertainthatthereisacancerinhibitingagentinthebloodoftheshark.A.dubiouslyB.virtuallyC.queerlyD.randomly40.Theintegrationofstafffortraininghasledtoagoodexchangeofideas,greaterenthusiasm,andhigherstaff.________,A.moralB,mortalC.moraleD.moresPARTIIICLOZETESTISminutes,15pointsDirectionsThereare15questionsinthispartofthetest.ReadthepassagethroughThen,gobackandchooseonesuitablewordorphrasemarkedA,B,C,orDforeachblankinthepassage.MarkthecorrespondingtetterofthewordorphraseyouhavechosenwithasinglebaracrossshesquarebracketsonyourMachinescoringAnswerSheet.Itisappropriateonananniversaryofthefoundingofauniversitytoremindourselvesofitspurposes.Itisequallyappropriateatsuchtimeforstudentsto4jwhytheyhavebeenchosentoattendandtoconsiderhowtheycanbest42.__theprivilegeofattending.Attheleastyou95studentscanhopetobecome43insubjectmatterwhichmaybeusefultoyouinlaterlife.Thereis,44,muchmoretobegained.Itisnowthatyoumustlearntoexerciseyourmindsufficiently__45_learningbecomesajoyandyoutherebybecomeastudentforlife.46thismayrequireaneffortofwillandaperiodofselfdiscipline.Certainlyitisnot47withouthardwork.Teacherscanguideandencourageyou,butlearningisnotdonepassively.Tolearnisyour48.

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