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2003年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题及答案.doc

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2003年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题及答案.doc

2003年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题12003年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题SectionIListeningComprehensionDirectionsThissectionisdesignedtotestyourabilitytounderstandspokenEnglish.Youwillhearaselectionofrecordedmaterialsandyoumustanswerthequestionsthataccompanythem.Therearethreepartsinthissection,PartA,PartB,andPartC.Remember,whileyoushouldfirstputdownyouranswersinyourtestbooklet.Attheendofthelisteningcomprehensionsection,youwillhavefiveminutestotransferallyouranswersfromyourtestbooklettoANSWERSHEET1.NowlookatPartAinyourtestbooklet.PartADirectionsForQuestion15,youwillhearatalkaboutBostonMuseumofFineArt.Whileyoulisten,filloutthetablewiththeinformationyouhaveheard.Someoftheinformationhasbeengiventoyouinthetable.Writeonly1wordornumberineachnumberedbox.Youwillheartherecordingtwice.Younowhave25secondstoreadthetablebelow.5pointsBostonMuseumofFineArtsFoundedyear1870OpenedtothepublicyearQuestion1Movedtothecurrentlocationyear1909ThewestwingcompletedyearQuestion2Numberofdepartments9ThemostremarkabledepartmentQuestion3ExhibitionSpacem2Question4Approximatenumberofvisitors/year800,000ProgramsprovidedclasseslecturesQuestion52003年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题2PartBDirectionsForQuestions610,youwillhearaninterviewwithanexpertonmarriageproblems.Whileyoulisten,completethesentencesoranswerthequestions.Usenotmorethan3wordsforeachanswer.Youwillheartherecordingtwice.Younowhave25secondstoreadthesentencesandquestionsbelow.5pointsWhatshouldbetheprimarysourceofhelpforatroubledcouple________.Question6Writingdownalistofproblemsinthemarriagemayhelpatroubledcouplediscussthem________.Question7Whoshouldacoupleconsiderseriouslyturningtoiftheycanttalkwitheachother________.Question8Priestsareusuallyunsuccessfulincounselingtroubledcouplesdespitetheir________.Question9Accordingtotheoldnotion,whatwillmakeheartsgrowfonder________.Question10PartCDirectionsYouwillhearthreepiecesofrecordedmaterial.Beforelisteningtoeachone,youwillhavetimetoreadthequestionsrelatedtoit.Whilelistening,answereachquestionbychoosingA,B,CorD.Afterlistening,youwillhavetimetocheckyouranswersyouwillheareachpieceonceonly.10pointsQuestions1113arebasedonthefollowingtalkaboutnapping,younowhave15secondstoreadquestions1113.11.Childrenunderfivehaveabundantenergypartlybecausethey________.AsleepinthreedistinctpartsBhavemanyfiveminutenapsCsleepinonelongblockDtakeoneortwonapsdaily2003年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题312.Accordingtothespeaker,thesleeppatternofababyisdeterminedby________.AitsgenesBitshabitCitsmentalstateDitsphysicalcondition13.Thetalksuggeststhat,ifyoufeelsleepythroughtheday,youshould________.AtakesomerefreshmentBgotobedearlyChavealongrestDgiveintosleepQuestions1416arebasedonthefollowinginterviewwithShermanAlexie,anAmericanIndianpoet.Younowhave15secondstoreadQuestions1416.14.WhydidShermanAlexieonlytakedayjobsAHecouldbringunfinishedworkhome.BHemighthavetimetopursuehisinterests.CHemightdosomeeveningteaching.DHecouldinvestmoreemotioninhisfamily.15.WhatwashisoriginalgoalatcollegeAtoteachinhighschoolBtowritehisownbooksCtobeamedicaldoctorDtobeamathematician16.WhydidhetakethepoetrywritingclassATofollowhisfather.BForaneasygrade.CTochangehisspecialty.DForknowledgeofpoetry.2003年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题4Questions1720arebasedonthefollowingtalkaboutpublicspeaking.Younowhave20secondstoreadQuestions1720.17.WhatisthemostimportantthinginpublicspeakingAConfidence.BPreparation.CInformativeness.DOrganization.18.WhatdoesthespeakeradviseustodotocapturetheaudiencesattentionAGatherabundantdata.BOrganizetheidealogically.CDevelopagreatopening.DSelectappropriatematerials.19.Ifyoudontstartworkingforthepresentationuntilthedaybefore,youwillfeel________.AuneasyBuncertainCfrustratedDdepressed20.WhoisthisspeechmostprobablymeantforAThoseinterestedinthepowerofpersuasion.BThosetryingtoimprovetheirpublicimages.CThoseplanningtotakeupsomepublicwork.DThoseeagertobecomeeffectivespeakers.Younowhave5minutestotransferallyouranswersfromyourtestbooklettoANSWERSHEET1.SectionIIUseofEnglishDirections2003年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题5Readthefollowingtext.ChoosethebestwordsforeachnumberedblankandmarkA,B,CorDonANSWERSHEET1.10pointsTeachersneedtobeawareoftheemotional,intellectual,andphysicalchangesthatyoungadultsexperience.Andtheyalsoneedtogiveserious大21家tohowtheycanbest大22家suchchanges.Growingbodiesneedmovementand大23家,butnotjustinwaysthatemphasizecompetition.大24家theyareadjustingtotheirnewbodiesandawholehostofnewintellectualandemotionalchallenges,teenagersareespeciallyselfconsciousandneedthe大25家thatcomesfromachievingsuccessandknowingthattheiraccomplishmentsare大26家byothers.However,thetypicalteenagelifestyleisalreadyfilledwithsomuchcompetitionthatitwouldbe大27家toplanactivitiesinwhichtherearemorewinnersthanlosers,大28家,publishingnewsletterswithmanystudentwrittenbookreviews,大29家studentartwork,andsponsoringbookdiscussionclubs.Avarietyofsmallclubscanprovide大30家opportunitiesforleadership,aswellasforpracticeinsuccessful大31家dynamics.Makingfriendsisextremelyimportanttoteenagers,andmanyshystudentsneedthe大32家ofsomekindoforganizationwithasupportiveadult大33家visibleinthebackground.Intheseactivities,itisimportanttorememberthattheyoungteenshave大34家attentionspans.Avarietyofactivitiesshouldbeorganized大35家participantscanremainactiveaslongastheywantandthengoonto大36家elsewithoutfeelingguiltyandwithoutlettingtheotherparticipants大37家.Thisdoesnotmeanthatadultsmustacceptirresponsibility.大38家,theycanhelpstudentsacquireasenseofcommitmentby大39家forrolesthatarewithintheir大40家andtheirattentionspansandbyhavingclearlystatedrules.21.AthoughtBideaCopinionDadvice22.AstrengthenBaccommodateCstimulateDenhance2003年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题623.AcareBnutritionCexerciseDleisure24.AIfBAlthoughCWhereasDBecause25.AassistanceBguidanceCconfidenceDtolerance26.AclaimedBadmiredCignoredDsurpassed27.AimproperBriskyCfairDwise28.AineffectBasaresultCforexampleDinasense29.AdisplayingBdescribing2003年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题7CcreatingDexchanging30.AdurableBexcessiveCsurplusDmultiple31.AgroupBindividualCpersonnelDcorporation32.AconsentBinsuranceCadmissionDsecurity33.AparticularlyBbarelyCdefinitelyDrarely34.AsimilarBlongCdifferentDshort35.AifonlyBnowthatCsothatDevenif2003年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题836.AeverythingBanythingCnothingDsomething37.AoffBdownCoutDalone38.AOnthecontraryBOntheaverageCOnthewholeDOntheotherhand39.AmakingBstandingCplanningDtaking40.AcapabilitiesBresponsibilitiesCproficiencyDefficiencySectionIIIReadingComprehensionPartADirectionsReadthefollowingfourtexts.AnswerthequestionsbeloweachtextbychoosingA,B,CorD.MarkyouranswersonANSWERSHEET140points2003年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题9Text1WildBillDonovanwouldhavelovedtheInternet.TheAmericanspymasterwhobuilttheOfficeofStrategicServicesintheWorldWarIIandlaterlaidtherootsfortheCIAwasfascinatedwithinformation.Donovanbelievedinusingwhatevertoolscametohandinthegreatgameofespionagespyingasaprofession.ThesedaystheNet,whichhasalreadyremadesucheverydaypastimesasbuyingbooksandsendingmail,isreshapingDonovansvocationaswell.Thelatestrevolutionisntsimplyamatterofgentlemenreadingothergentlemensemail.Thatkindofelectronicspyinghasbeengoingonfordecades.Inthepastthreeorfouryears,theWorldWideWebhasgivenbirthtoawholeindustryofpointandclickspying.Thespookscallitopensourceintelligence,andastheNetgrows,itisbecomingincreasinglyinfluential.In1995theCIAheldacontesttoseewhocouldcompilethemostdataaboutBurundi.Thewinner,byalargemargin,wasatinyVirginiacompanycalledOpenSourceSolutions,whoseclearadvantagewasitsmasteryoftheelectronicworld.AmongthefirmsmakingthebiggestsplashinthisnewworldisStraitford,Inc.,aprivateintelligenceanalysisfirmbasedinAustin,Texas.StraitfordmakesmoneybysellingtheresultsofspyingcoveringnationsfromChiletoRussiatocorporationslikeenergyservicesfirmMcDermottInternational.Manyofitspredictionsareavailableonlineatwww.straitford.com.StraitfordpresidentGeorgeFriedmansaysheseestheonlineworldasakindofmutuallyreinforcingtoolforbothinformationcollectionanddistribution,aspymastersdream.LastweekhisfirmwasbusyvacuumingupdatabitsfromthefarcornersoftheworldandpredictingacrisisinUkraine.Assoonasthatreportruns,wellsuddenlyget500newInternetsignupsfromUkraine,saysFriedman,aformerpoliticalscienceprofessor.Andwellhearbackfromsomeofthem.Opensourcespyingdoeshaveitsrisks,ofcourse,sinceitcanbedifficulttotellgoodinformationfrombad.ThatswhereStraitfordearnsitskeep.Friedmanreliesonaleanstaffof20inAustin.Severalofhisstaffmembershavemilitaryintelligencebackgrounds.Heseesthefirmsoutsiderstatusasthekeytoitssuccess.StraitfordsbriefsdontsoundliketheusualWashingtonbackandforthing,wherebyagenciesavoiddramaticdeclarationsonthechancetheymightbewrong.Straitford,saysFriedman,takesprideinitsindependentvoice.41.TheemergenceoftheNethas________.AreceivedsupportfromfanslikeDonovan

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