会员注册 | 登录 | 微信快捷登录 支付宝快捷登录 QQ登录 微博登录 | 帮助中心 人人文库renrendoc.com美如初恋!
站内搜索 百度文库

热门搜索: 直缝焊接机 矿井提升机 循环球式转向器图纸 机器人手爪发展史 管道机器人dwg 动平衡试验台设计

   首页 人人文库网 > 资源分类 > DOC文档下载

2005年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题及答案.doc

  • 资源星级:
  • 资源大小:141.50KB   全文页数:19页
  • 资源格式: DOC        下载权限:注册会员/VIP会员
您还没有登陆,请先登录。登陆后即可下载此文档。
  合作网站登录: 微信快捷登录 支付宝快捷登录   QQ登录   微博登录
友情提示
2:本站资源不支持迅雷下载,请使用浏览器直接下载(不支持QQ浏览器)
3:本站资源下载后的文档和图纸-无水印,预览文档经过压缩,下载后原文更清晰   

2005年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题及答案.doc

2005年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题12005年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题SectionIUseofEnglishDirectionsReadthefollowingtext.ChoosethebestwordsforeachnumberedblankandmarkA,B,CorDonANSWERSHEET110pointsThehumannoseisanunderratedtool.Humansareoftenthoughttobeinsensitivesmellerscomparedwithanimals,大1家thisislargelybecause,大2家animals,westandupright.Thismeansthatournosesare大3家toperceivingthosesmellswhichfloatthroughtheair,大4家themajorityofsmellswhichsticktosurfaces.Infact,大5家,weareextremelysensitivetosmells,大6家wedonotgenerallyrealizeit.Ournosesarecapableof大7家humansmellsevenwhentheseare大8家tofarbelowonepartinonemillion.Strangely,somepeoplefindthattheycansmellonetypeofflowerbutnotanother,大9家othersaresensitivetothesmellsofbothflowers.Thismaybebecausesomepeopledonothavethegenesnecessarytogenerate大10家smellreceptorsinthenose.Thesereceptorsarethecellswhichsensesmellsandsend大11家tothebrain.However,ithasbeenfoundthatevenpeopleinsensitivetoacertainsmell大12家cansuddenlybecomesensitivetoitwhen大13家toitoftenenough.Theexplanationforinsensitivitytosmellseemstobethatthebrainfindsit大14家tokeepallsmellreceptorsworkingallthetimebutcan大15家newreceptorsifnecessary.Thismay大16家explainwhywearenotusuallysensitivetoourownsmellswesimplydonotneedtobe.Wearenot大17家oftheusualsmellofourownhouse,butwe大18家newsmellswhenwevisitsomeoneelses.Thebrainfindsitbesttokeepsmellreceptors大19家forunfamiliarandemergencysignals大20家thesmellofsmoke,whichmightindicatethedangeroffire.1.AalthoughBasCbutDwhile2.AaboveBunlike2005年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题2CexcludingDbesides3.AlimitedBcommittedCdedicatedDconfined4.AcatchingBignoringCmissingDtracking5.AanywayBthoughCinsteadDtherefore6.AevenifBifonlyConlyifDasif7.AdistinguishingBdiscoveringCdeterminingDdetecting8.AdilutedBdissolvedCdispersedDdiffused2005年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题39.AwhenBsinceCforDwhereas10.AunusualBparticularCuniqueDtypical11.AsignsBstimuliCmessagesDimpulses12.AatfirstBatallCatlargeDattimes13.AsubjectedBleftCdrawnDexposed14.AineffectiveBincompetentCinefficientDinsufficient15.AintroduceBsummon2005年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题4CtriggerDcreate16.AstillBalsoCotherwiseDnevertheless17.AsureBsickCawareDtired18.AtolerateBrepelCneglectDnotice19.AavailableBreliableCidentifiableDsuitable20.AsimilartoBsuchasCalongwithDasidefromSectionIIReadingComprehensionPartADirections2005年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题5Readthefollowingfourtexts.AnswerthequestionsbeloweachtextbychoosingA,B,CorD.MarkyouranswersonANSWERSHEET140pointsText1Everybodylovesafatpayrise.Yetpleasureatyourowncanvanishifyoulearnthatacolleaguehasbeengivenabiggerone.Indeed,ifhehasareputationforslacking,youmightevenbeoutraged.Suchbehaviourisregardedasalltoohuman,withtheunderlyingassumptionthatotheranimalswouldnotbecapableofthisfinelydevelopedsenseofgrievance.ButastudybySarahBrosnanandFransdeWaalofEmoryUniversityinAtlanta,Georgia,whichhasjustbeenpublishedinNature,suggeststhatitisalltoomonkey,aswell.Theresearchersstudiedthebehaviouroffemalebrowncapuchinmonkeys.Theylookcute.Theyaregoodnatured,cooperativecreatures,andtheysharetheirfoodreadily.Aboveall,liketheirfemalehumancounterparts,theytendtopaymuchcloserattentiontothevalueofgoodsandservicesthanmales.SuchcharacteristicsmakethemperfectcandidatesforDr.BrosnansandDr.deWaalsstudy.Theresearchersspenttwoyearsteachingtheirmonkeystoexchangetokensforfood.Normally,themonkeyswerehappyenoughtoexchangepiecesofrockforslicesofcucumber.However,whentwomonkeyswereplacedinseparatebutadjoiningchambers,sothateachcouldobservewhattheotherwasgettinginreturnforitsrock,theirbehaviourbecamemarkedlydifferent.Intheworldofcapuchins,grapesareluxurygoodsandmuchpreferabletocucumbers.Sowhenonemonkeywashandedagrapeinexchangeforhertoken,thesecondwasreluctanttohandhersoverforamerepieceofcucumber.Andifonereceivedagrapewithouthavingtoprovidehertokeninexchangeatall,theothereithertossedherowntokenattheresearcheroroutofthechamber,orrefusedtoacceptthesliceofcucumber.Indeed,themerepresenceofagrapeintheotherchamberwithoutanactualmonkeytoeatitwasenoughtoinduceresentmentinafemalecapuchin.Theresearcherssuggestthatcapuchinmonkeys,likehumans,areguidedbysocialemotions.Inthewild,theyareacooperative,grouplivingspecies.Suchcooperationislikelytobestableonlywheneachanimalfeelsitisnotbeingcheated.Feelingsofrighteousindignation,itseems,arenotthepreserveofpeoplealone.Refusingalesserrewardcompletelymakesthesefeelingsabundantlycleartoothermembersofthegroup.However,whethersuchasenseoffairnessevolvedindependentlyincapuchinsandhumans,orwhetheritstemsfromthecommonancestorthatthespecieshad35millionyearsago,is,asyet,anunansweredquestion.2005年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题621.Intheopeningparagraph,theauthorintroduceshistopicby________.AposingacontrastBjustifyinganassumptionCmakingacomparisonDexplainingaphenomenon22.ThestatementitisalltoomonkeyLastline,Paragraphlimpliesthat________.AmonkeysarealsooutragedbyslackrivalsBresentingunfairnessisalsomonkeysnatureCmonkeys,likehumans,tendtobejealousofeachotherDnoanimalsotherthanmonkeyscandevelopsuchemotions23.Femalecapuchinmonkeyswerechosenfortheresearchmostprobablybecausetheyare________.AmoreinclinedtoweighwhattheygetBattentivetoresearchersinstructionsCniceinbothappearanceandtemperamentDmoregenerousthantheirmalecompanions24.Dr.BrosnanandDr.deWaalhaveeventuallyfoundintheirstudythatthemonkeys________.AprefergrapestocucumbersBcanbetaughttoexchangethingsCwillnotbecooperativeiffeelingcheatedDareunhappywhenseparatedfromothers25.WhatcanweinferfromthelastparagraphAMonkeyscanbetrainedtodevelopsocialemotions.BHumanindignationevolvedfromanuncertainsource.CAnimalsusuallyshowtheirfeelingsopenlyashumansdo.DCooperationamongmonkeysremainsstableonlyinthewild.2005年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题7Text2DoyourememberallthoseyearswhenscientistsarguedthatsmokingwouldkillusbutthedoubtersinsistedthatwedidntknowforsureThattheevidencewasinconclusive,thescienceuncertainThattheantismokinglobbywasouttodestroyourwayoflifeandthegovernmentshouldstayoutofthewayLotsofAmericansboughtthatnonsense,andoverthreedecades,some10millionsmokerswenttoearlygraves.Thereareupsettingparallelstoday,asscientistsinonewaveafteranothertrytoawakenustothegrowingthreatofglobalwarming.ThelatestwasapanelfromtheNationalAcademyofSciences,enlistedbytheWhiteHouse,totellusthattheEarthsatmosphereisdefinitelywarmingandthattheproblemislargelymanmade.Theclearmessageisthatweshouldgetmovingtoprotectourselves.ThepresidentoftheNationalAcademy,BruceAlberts,addedthiskeypointintheprefacetothepanelsreportScienceneverhasalltheanswers.Butsciencedoesprovideuswiththebestavailableguidetothefuture,anditiscriticalthatournationandtheworldbaseimportantpoliciesonthebestjudgmentsthatsciencecanprovideconcerningthefutureconsequencesofpresentactions.Justasonsmoking,voicesnowcomefrommanyquartersinsistingthatthescienceaboutglobalwarmingisincomplete,thatitsOKtokeeppouringfumesintotheairuntilweknowforsure.Thisisadangerousgamebythetime100percentoftheevidenceisin,itmaybetoolate.Withtherisksobviousandgrowing,aprudentpeoplewouldtakeoutaninsurancepolicynow.Fortunately,theWhiteHouseisstartingtopayattention.Butitsobviousthatamajorityofthepresidentsadvisersstilldonttakeglobalwarmingseriously.Insteadofaplanofaction,theycontinuetopressformoreresearchaclassiccaseofparalysisbyanalysis.Toserveasresponsiblestewardsoftheplanet,wemustpressforwardondeeperatmosphericandoceanicresearch.Butresearchaloneisinadequate.IftheAdministrationwonttakethelegislativeinitiative,Congressshouldhelptobeginfashioningconservationmeasures.AbillbyDemocraticSenatorRobertByrdofWestVirginia,whichwouldofferfinancialincentivesforprivateindustry,isapromisingstart.Manyseethatthecountryisgettingreadytobuildlotsofnewpowerplantstomeetourenergyneeds.Ifweareevergoingtoprotecttheatmosphere,itiscrucialthatthosenewplantsbeenvironmentallysound.26.Anargumentmadebysupportersofsmokingwasthat________.AtherewasnoscientificevidenceofthecorrelationbetweensmokinganddeathBthenumberofearlydeathsofsmokersinthepastdecadeswasinsignificant2005年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题8CpeoplehadthefreedomtochoosetheirownwayoflifeDantismokingpeoplewereusuallytalkingnonsense27.AccordingtoBruceAlberts,sciencecanserveas________.AaprotectorBajudgeCacriticDaguide28.WhatdoestheauthormeanbyparalysisbyanalysisLastline,Paragraph4AEndlessstudieskillaction.BCarefulinvestigationrevealstruth.CPrudentplanninghindersprogress.DExtensiveresearchhelpsdecisionmaking.29.Accordingtotheauthor,whatshouldtheAdministrationdoaboutglobalwarmingAOfferaidtobuildcleanerpowerplants.BRaisepublicawarenessofconservation.CPressforfurtherscientificresearch.DTakesomelegislativemeasures.30.Theauthorassociatestheissueofglobalwarmingwiththatofsmokingbecause________.AtheybothsufferedfromthegovernmentsnegligenceBalessonfromthelatterisapplicabletotheformerCtheoutcomeofthelatteraggravatestheformerDbothofthemhaveturnedfrombadtoworseText3Ofallthecomponentsofagoodnightssleep,dreamsseemtobeleastwithinourcontrol.Indreams,awindowopensintoaworldwherelogicissuspendedanddeadpeoplespeak.Acenturyago,Freudformulatedhisrevolutionarytheorythatdreamswerethedisguisedshadowsofourunconsciousdesiresandfearsbythelate1970s,neurologistshadswitchedtothinkingofthem2005年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题9asjustmentalnoisetherandombyproductsoftheneuralrepairworkthatgoesonduringsleep.Nowresearcherssuspectthatdreamsarepartofthemindsemotionalthermostat,regulatingmoodswhilethebrainisoffline.Andoneleadingauthoritysaysthattheseintenselypowerfulmentaleventscanbenotonlyharnessedbutactuallybroughtunderconsciouscontrol,tohelpussleepandfeelbetter,Itsyourdream,saysRosalindCartwright,chairofpsychologyatChicagosMedicalCenter.Ifyoudontlikeit,changeit.Evidencefrombrainimagingsupportsthisview.ThebrainisasactiveduringREMrapideyemovementsleepwhenmostvividdreamsoccurasitiswhenfullyawake,saysDr,EricNofzingerattheUniversityofPittsburgh.Butnotallpartsofthebrainareequallyinvolvedthelimbicsystemtheemotionalbrainisespeciallyactive,whiletheprefrontalcortexthecenterofintellectandreasoningisrelativelyquiet.Wewakeupfromdreamshappyordepressed,andthosefeelingscanstaywithusallday.saysStanfordsleepresearcherDr.WilliamDement.ThelinkbetweendreamsandemotionsshowsupamongthepatientsinCartwrightsclinic.Mostpeopleseemtohavemorebaddreamsearlyinthenight,progressingtowardhappieronesbeforeawakening,suggestingthattheyareworkingthroughnegativefeelingsgeneratedduringtheday.Becauseourconsciousmindisoccupiedwithdailylifewedontalwaysthinkabouttheemotionalsignificanceofthedayseventsuntil,itappears,webegintodream.Andthisprocessneednotbelefttotheunconscious.Cartwrightbelievesonecanexerciseconsciouscontroloverrecurringbaddreams.Assoonasyouawaken,identifywhatisupsettingaboutthedream.Visualizehowyouwouldlikeittoendinsteadthenexttimeitoccurs,trytowakeupjustenoughtocontrolitscourse.Withmuchpracticepeoplecanlearnto,literally,doitintheirsleep.Attheendoftheday,theresprobablylittlereasontopayattentiontoourdreamsatallunlesstheykeepusfromsleepingorwewakeupinapanic,Cartwrightsays.Terrorism,economicuncertaintiesandgeneralfeelingsofinsecurityhaveincreasedpeoplesanxiety.Thosesufferingfrompersistentnightmaresshouldseekhelpfromatherapist.Fortherestofus,thebrainhasitswaysofworkingthroughbadfeelings.Sleeporratherdreamonitandyoullfeelbetterinthemorning.31.Researchershavecometobelievethatdreams________.AcanbemodifiedintheircoursesBaresusceptibletoemotionalchangesCreflectourinnermostdesiresandfears

注意事项

本文(2005年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题及答案.doc)为本站会员(baixue100)主动上传,人人文库网仅提供信息存储空间,仅对用户上传内容的表现方式做保护处理,对上载内容本身不做任何修改或编辑。 若此文所含内容侵犯了您的版权或隐私,请立即通知人人文库网([email protected]),我们立即给予删除!

温馨提示:如果因为网速或其他原因下载失败请重新下载,重复下载不扣分。

copyright@ 2015-2017 人人文库网网站版权所有
苏ICP备12009002号-5