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2006年博士英语试题.doc

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2006年博士英语试题.doc

中国科学院研究生2006院博士研究生入学考试中国科学院研究生2006院博士研究生入学考试7lBAxqr2U/c\fUyypWmC8SAMPLETEST8WheW\THECHINESEACADEMYOFSCIENCES}t9hr5DENGLISHENTRANCEEXAMINATIONOPxuFORg8jK8KhDOCTORALCANDIDATES3MYpy7.Beneathitsmyriadrules,thefundamentalpurposeof___________istomaketheworldapleasanterplacetolivein,andyouamorepleasantpersontolivewith.G_AyA.elitismB.eloquence1Xyp/X2rIC.eminenceD.etiquettet_l8.TheNewTestamentwasnotonlywrittenintheGreeklanguage,butideasderivedfromGreekphilosophywere_____________inmanypartsofit.FAPtA.alteredB.criticizedyty2OC.incorporatedD.translatedhXX1\4IC.intensiveD.exhaustive{8im413.Inproportionasthe____________betweenclasseswithinthenationdisappearsthehostilityofonenationtoanotherwillcometoanend.KBLKIA.intoleranceB.pessimismL1C8.C.injusticeD.antagonism32s5.{c/f14.Everyonedoestheirownthing,tothepointwhereafifthgradeteachercant__________onafourthgradeteacherhavingtaughtcertainthings.NPe1A.countB.insistd}gv6v2SC.fallD.dwellGsxig615.Whenthefirebrokeoutinthebuilding,thepeoplelosttheir__________andranintotheelevator.dNCFxA.heartsB.tempers/_rWC.headsD.senses_o1R16.Consumersdeprivedoftheinformationandadvicetheyneededwerequitesimply___________everycheatinthemarketplace.BToXQQrA.atthemercyofB.inlieuofxP8iz6VC.bycourtesyofD.forthepriceofGg1h17.InfactthepurchasingpowerofasinglepersonspensioninHongKongwasonly70percentofthevalueofthe_________Singaporepension.w|oMlA.equivalentB.similarzqs5YC.consistentD.identicalr.zLXgK18.Hebecameawarethathehadlosthisaudiencesincehehadnotbeenabletotalk____________.pdGZ2IA.honestlyB.graciouslyu4G76{3C.complywithD.passoverYL9t30\FrGPARTIICLOZETEST15minutes,15pointsisYf9,3|83JnhDirectionsForeachblankinthefollowingpassage,choosethebestanswerfromthefourchoicesgivenintheoppositecolumn.MarkthecorrespondingletterofyourchoicewithasinglebaracrossthesquarebracketsonyourMachinescoringAnswerSheet.XJxs4a1tQnPWeareenteringaperiodinwhichrapidpopulationgrowth,thepresenceofdeadlyweapons,anddwindlingresourceswillbringinternationaltensionstodangerouslevelsforanextendedperiod.Indeed,21seemsnoreasonfortheselevelsofdangertosubsideunlesspopulationequilibriumis22andsomeroughmeasureoffairnessreachedinthedistributionofwealthamongnations.23ofadequatemagnitudeimplyawillingnesstoredistributeincomeinternationallyonamoregenerous24thantheadvancednationshaveevidencedwithintheirowndomains.Therequiredincreasesin25inthebackwardregionswouldnecessitategiganticapplicationsofenergymerelytoextractthe26resources.bFYoZItisuncertainwhethertherequisiteenergyproducingtechnologyexists,andmoreserious,27thatitsapplicationwouldbringustothethresholdofanirreversiblechangeinclimate28aconsequenceoftheenormousadditionofmanmadeheattotheatmosphere.Itisthis29problemthatposesthemostdemandinganddifficultofthechallenges.Theexisting30ofindustrialgrowth,withnoallowanceforincreasedindustrializationtorepairglobalpoverty,hold31theriskofenteringthedangerzoneofclimaticchangeinas32asthreeorfourgenerations.Ifthetrajectoryisinfactpursued,industrialgrowthwill33havetocometoanimmediatehalt,foranothergenerationortwoalongthat34wouldliterallyconsumehuman,perhapsalllife.Theterrifyingoutcomecanbepostponedonlytotheextentthatthewastageofheatcanbereduced,35thattechnologiesthatdonotaddtotheatmosphericheatburdenforexample,theuseofsolarenergycanbeutilized.1996_kYz,md7.zU21.A.oneB.itC.thisD.theremKFHT22.A.achievedB.succeededC.producedD.executedxhlL23.A.TransfersB.TransactionsC.TransportsD.Transcripts}Ka.bZS24.A.extentB.scaleC.measureD.range19yMO25.A.outgrowthB.outcropC.outputD.outcomebvunXmcuakoILXu36.Theauthorwouldmostlybeconcernedwith_____________.zA5p4BA.findingthemostimportantcauseforaparticularhistoricaleventg27f11B.determiningwhenhypothesesneedtobereinterpretedazSSAC.imposingapatternuponvaryinginterpretationsforthecausesofaparticularhistoricaleventzRS.eJ.A.toaccumulatesufficientreferencematerialtoexplainaneventU7Ps2x3B.analyzingthehistoricaleventtodetermineifasinglethemetheoryapplestotheeventorEoeB.PatrolCarDispatchingeK}AVz}kC.ThePowerfulComputersfvA.locateeverypatrolcaroXA3iB.guaranteecarsonregularpatrolsgVoMxC.keepintouchwitheachpolicecar/dSD.findoutwhichcarshouldrespondtotheincomingcall8.l4v_u943.Ifthepatrolsaretooregular,_____________.nctQTA.thedispatcherswillbeboredwithitwRdUIcB.theofficersmaybecomecarelessdrLmC.thecriminalsmaytakeadvantageofitEqfRT{9_PA.assigningcarstoregularpatrolslog{jFB.respondingtotheincomingcalls{40JfC.orderingofficerstoreporttheirlocationr/v4.WD.makingroutinepatrolsunpredictablex3K{Wfs6g45.Accordingtotheaccountinthelastparagraph,howcanapatrolcarbelocatedwithoutcomputersoX_VB{VA.Policeofficersreporttheirstatusconstantly.zknK2e,B.Theheadquarterspollthecarforitsstatus.Htl6Mr{C.Aradiotransmitterandreceiverisinstalledinacar.5GMBD.Adialinthecarindicatesitscurrentstatus.hJ.XGntqPassage3gglb{oGAchildwhohasoncebeenpleasedwithatalelikes,asarule,tohaveitretoldinidenticallythesamewords,butthisshouldnotleadparentstotreatprintedfairystoriesassacredtexts.Itisalwaysmuchbettertotellastory

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