会员注册 | 登录 | 微信快捷登录 支付宝快捷登录 QQ登录 微博登录 | 帮助中心 人人文库renrendoc.com美如初恋!
站内搜索 百度文库

热门搜索: 直缝焊接机 矿井提升机 循环球式转向器图纸 机器人手爪发展史 管道机器人dwg 动平衡试验台设计

   首页 人人文库网 > 资源分类 > DOC文档下载

2007年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题及答案.doc

  • 资源星级:
  • 资源大小:158.50KB   全文页数:18页
  • 资源格式: DOC        下载权限:注册会员/VIP会员
您还没有登陆,请先登录。登陆后即可下载此文档。
  合作网站登录: 微信快捷登录 支付宝快捷登录   QQ登录   微博登录
友情提示
2:本站资源不支持迅雷下载,请使用浏览器直接下载(不支持QQ浏览器)
3:本站资源下载后的文档和图纸-无水印,预览文档经过压缩,下载后原文更清晰   

2007年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题及答案.doc

2007年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题12007年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题SectionIUseofEnglishDirectionsReadthefollowingtext.ChoosethebestwordsforeachnumberedblankandmarkA,B,CorDonANSWERSHEET1.10pointsBy1830theformerSpanishandPortuguesecolonieshadbecomeindependentnations.Theroughly20million大1家ofthesenationslooked大2家tothefuture.BorninthecrisisoftheoldregimeandIberianColonialism,manyoftheleadersofindependence大3家theidealsofrepresentativegovernment,careers大4家totalent,freedomofcommerceandtrade,the大5家toprivateproperty,andabeliefintheindividualasthebasisofsociety.大6家therewasabeliefthatthenewnationsshouldbesovereignandindependentstates,largeenoughtobeeconomicallyviableandintegratedbya大7家setoflaws.Ontheissueof大8家ofreligionandthepositionofthechurch,大9家,therewaslessagreement大10家theleadership.RomanCatholicismhadbeenthestatereligionandtheonlyone大11家bytheSpanishcrown.大12家mostleaderssoughttomaintainCatholicism大13家theofficialreligionofthenewstates,somesoughttoendthe大14家ofotherfaiths.ThedefenseoftheChurchbecamearallying大15家fortheconservativeforces.Theidealsoftheearlyleadersofindependencewereoftenegalitarian,valuingequalityofeverything.BolivarhadreceivedaidfromHaitiandhad大16家inreturntoabolishslaveryintheareasheliberated.By1854slaveryhadbeenabolishedeverywhereexceptSpains大17家colonies.EarlypromisestoendIndiantributeandtaxesonpeopleofmixedorigincamemuch大18家becausethenewnationsstillneededtherevenuesuchpolicies大19家.Egalitariansentimentswereoftentemperedbyfearsthatthemassofthepopulationwas大20家selfruleanddemocracy.1.AnativesBinhabitantsCpeoplesDindividuals2.AconfusedlyBcheerfully2007年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题2CworriedlyDhopefully3.AsharedBforgotCattainedDrejected4.ArelatedBcloseCopenDdevoted5.AaccessBsuccessionCrightDreturn6.APresumablyBIncidentallyCObviouslyDGenerally7.AuniqueBcommonCparticularDtypical8.AfreedomBoriginCimpactDreform2007年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题39.AthereforeBhoweverCindeedDmoreover10.AwithBaboutCamongDby11.AallowedBpreachedCgrantedDfunded12.ASinceBIfCUnlessDWhile13.AasBforCunderDagainst14.AspreadBinterferenceCexclusionDinfluence15.AsupportBcry2007年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题4CpleaDwish16.AurgedBintendedCexpectedDpromised17.AcontrollingBformerCremainingDoriginal18.AslowerBfasterCeasierDtougher19.AcreatedBproducedCcontributedDpreferred20.ApuzzledbyBhostiletoCpessimisticaboutDunpreparedforSectionIIReadingComprehensionPartADirections2007年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题5Readthefollowingfourtexts.AnswerthequestionsbeloweachtextbychoosingA,B,C,orD.MarkyouranswersonANSWERSHEET1.40pointsText1Ifyouweretoexaminethebirthcertificatesofeverysoccerplayerin2006sWorldCuptournament,youwouldmostlikelyfindanoteworthyquirkelitesoccerplayersaremorelikelytohavebeenbornintheearliermonthsoftheyearthaninthelatermonths.IfyouthenexaminedtheEuropeannationalyouthteamsthatfeedtheWorldCupandprofessionalranks,youwouldfindthisstrangephenomenontobeevenmorepronounced.WhatmightaccountforthisstrangephenomenonHereareafewguessesacertainastrologicalsignsconfersuperiorsoccerskillsbwinterbornbabiestendtohavehigheroxygencapacity,whichincreasessoccerstaminacsoccermadparentsaremorelikelytoconceivechildreninspringtime,attheannualpeakofsoccermaniadnoneoftheabove.AndersEricsson,a58yearoldpsychologyprofessoratFloridaStateUniversity,sayshebelievesstronglyinnoneoftheabove.EricssongrewupinSweden,andstudiednuclearengineeringuntilherealizedhewouldhavemoreopportunitytoconducthisownresearchifheswitchedtopsychology.Hisfirstexperiment,nearly30yearsago,involvedmemorytrainingapersontohearandthenrepeatarandomseriesofnumbers.Withthefirstsubject,afterabout20hoursoftraining,hisdigitspanhadrisenfrom7to20,Ericssonrecalls.Hekeptimproving,andafterabout200hoursoftraininghehadrisentoover80numbers.Thissuccess,coupledwithlaterresearchshowingthatmemoryitselfisnotgeneticallydetermined,ledEricssontoconcludethattheactofmemorizingismoreofacognitiveexercisethananintuitiveone.Inotherwords,whateverinborndifferencestwopeoplemayexhibitintheirabilitiestomemorize,thosedifferencesareswampedbyhowwelleachpersonencodestheinformation.Andthebestwaytolearnhowtoencodeinformationmeaningfully,Ericssondetermined,wasaprocessknownasdeliberatepractice.Deliberatepracticeentailsmorethansimplyrepeatingatask.Rather,itinvolvessettingspecificgoals,obtainingimmediatefeedbackandconcentratingasmuchontechniqueasonoutcome.Ericssonandhiscolleagueshavethustakentostudyingexpertperformersinawiderangeofpursuits,includingsoccer.Theygatherallthedatatheycan,notjustperformancestatisticsandbiographicaldetailsbutalsotheresultsoftheirownlaboratoryexperimentswithhighachievers.Theirworkmakesaratherstartlingassertionthetraitwecommonlycalltalentishighlyoverrated.Or,putanotherway,expertperformers–whetherinmemoryorsurgery,balletor2007年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题6computerprogramming–arenearlyalwaysmade,notborn.21.ThebirthdayphenomenonfoundamongsoccerplayersismentionedtoAstresstheimportanceofprofessionaltraining.BspotlightthesoccersuperstarsintheWorldCup.Cintroducethetopicofwhatmakesexpertperformance.Dexplainwhysomesoccerteamsplaybetterthanothers.22.ThewordmaniaLine4,Paragraph2mostprobablymeansAfun.Bcraze.Chysteria.Dexcitement.23.AccordingtoEricsson,goodmemoryAdependsonmeaningfulprocessingofinformation.Bresultsfromintuitiveratherthancognitiveexercises.Cisdeterminedbygeneticratherthanpsychologicalfactors.Drequiresimmediatefeedbackandahighdegreeofconcentration.24.EricssonandhiscolleaguesbelievethatAtalentisadominatingfactorforprofessionalsuccess.Bbiographicaldataprovidethekeytoexcellentperformance.Ctheroleoftalenttendstobeoverlooked.Dhighachieversowetheirsuccessmostlytonurture.25.WhichofthefollowingproverbsisclosesttothemessagethetexttriestoconveyAFaithwillmovemountains.BOnereapswhatonesows.CPracticemakesperfect.DLikefather,likeson.2007年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题7Text2Forthepastseveralyears,theSundaynewspapersupplementParadehasfeaturedacolumncalledAskMarilyn.PeopleareinvitedtoqueryMarilynvosSavant,whoatage10hadtestedatamentallevelofsomeoneabout23yearsoldthatgaveheranIQof228–thehighestscoreeverrecorded.IQtestsaskyoutocompleteverbalandvisualanalogies,toenvisionpaperafterithasbeenfoldedandcut,andtodeducenumericalsequences,amongothersimilartasks.SoitisabitconfusingwhenvosSavantfieldssuchqueriesfromtheaverageJoewhoseIQis100as,WhatsthedifferencebetweenloveandfondnessOrwhatisthenatureofluckandcoincidenceItsnotobvioushowthecapacitytovisualizeobjectsandtofigureoutnumericalpatternssuitsonetoanswerquestionsthathaveeludedsomeofthebestpoetsandphilosophers.Clearly,intelligenceencompassesmorethanascoreonatest.JustwhatdoesitmeantobesmartHowmuchofintelligencecanbespecified,andhowmuchcanwelearnaboutitfromneurology,genetics,computerscienceandotherfieldsThedefiningtermofintelligenceinhumansstillseemstobetheIQscore,eventhoughIQtestsarenotgivenasoftenastheyusedtobe.ThetestcomesprimarilyintwoformstheStanfordBinetIntelligenceScaleandtheWechslerIntelligenceScalesbothcomeinadultandchildrensversion.Generallycostingseveralhundreddollars,theyareusuallygivenonlybypsychologists,althoughvariationsofthempopulatebookstoresandtheWorldWideWeb.SuperhighscoreslikevosSavantsarenolongerpossible,becausescoringisnowbasedonastatisticalpopulationdistributionamongagepeers,ratherthansimplydividingthementalagebythechronologicalageandmultiplyingby100.Otherstandardizedtests,suchastheScholasticAssessmentTestSATandtheGraduateRecordExamGRE,capturethemainaspectsofIQtests.Suchstandardizedtestsmaynotassessalltheimportantelementsnecessarytosucceedinschoolandinlife,arguesRobertJ.Sternberg.InhisarticleHowIntelligentIsIntelligenceTesting,Sternbergnotesthattraditionaltestbestassessanalyticalandverbalskillsbutfailtomeasurecreativityandpracticalknowledge,componentsalsocriticaltoproblemsolvingandlifesuccess.Moreover,IQtestsdonotnecessarilypredictsowelloncepopulationsorsituationschange.ResearchhasfoundthatIQpredictedleadershipskillswhenthetestsweregivenunderlowstressconditions,butunderhighstressconditions,IQwasnegativelycorrelatedwithleadership–thatis,itpredictedtheopposite.AnyonewhohastoiledthroughSATwilltestifythattesttakingskillalsomatters,whetheritsknowingwhentoguessorwhatquestionstoskip.2007年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题826.WhichofthefollowingmayberequiredinanintelligencetestAAnsweringphilosophicalquestions.BFoldingorcuttingpaperintodifferentshapes.CTellingthedifferencesbetweencertainconcepts.DChoosingwordsorgraphssimilartothegivenones.27.WhatcanbeinferredaboutintelligencetestingfromParagraph3APeoplenolongeruseIQscoresasanindicatorofintelligence.BMoreversionsofIQtestsarenowavailableontheInternet.CThetestcontentsandformatsforadultsandchildrenmaybedifferent.DScientistshavedefinedtheimportantelementsofhumanintelligence.28.PeoplenowadayscannolongerachieveIQscoresashighasvosSavantsbecauseAthescoresareobtainedthroughdifferentcomputationalprocedures.Bcreativityratherthananalyticalskillsisemphasizednow.CvosSavantscaseisanextremeonethatwillnotrepeat.DthedefiningcharacteristicofIQtestshaschanged.29.WecanconcludefromthelastparagraphthatAtestscoresmaynotbereliableindicatorsofonesability.BIQscoresandSATresultsarehighlycorrelated.Ctestinginvolvesalotofguesswork.Dtraditionaltestareoutofdate.30.WhatistheauthorsattitudetowardsIQtestsASupportive.BSkeptical.CImpartial.DBiased.2007年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题9Text3Duringthepastgeneration,theAmericanmiddleclassfamilythatoncecouldcountonhardworkandfairplaytokeepitselffinanciallysecurehadbeentransformedbyeconomicriskandnewrealities.Nowapinkslip,abaddiagnosis,oradisappearingspousecanreduceafamilyfromsolidlymiddleclasstonewlypoorinafewmonths.Injustonegeneration,millionsofmothershavegonetowork,transformingbasicfamilyeconomics.Scholars,policymakers,andcriticsofallstripeshavedebatedthesocialimplicationsofthesechanges,butfewhavelookedatthesideeffectfamilyriskhasrisenaswell.Todaysfamilieshavebudgetedtothelimitsoftheirnewtwopaycheckstatus.Asaresult,theyhavelosttheparachutetheyoncehadintimesoffinancialsetback–abackupearnerusuallyMomwhocouldgointotheworkforceiftheprimaryearnergotlaidofforfellsick.Thisaddedworkereffectcouldsupportthesafetynetofferedbyunemploymentinsuranceordisabilityinsurancetohelpfamiliesweatherbadtimes.Buttoday,adisruptiontofamilyfortunescannolongerbemadeupwithextraincomefromanotherwisestayathomepartner.Duringthesameperiod,familieshavebeenaskedtoabsorbmuchmoreriskintheirretirementincome.Steelworkers,airlineemployees,andnowthoseintheautoindustryarejoiningmillionsoffamilieswhomustworryaboutinterestrates,stockmarketfluctuation,andtheharshrealitythattheymayoutlivetheirretirementmoney.Formuchofthepastyear,PresidentBushcampaignedtomoveSocialSecuritytoasavingaccountmodel,withretireestradingmuchoralloftheirguaranteedpaymentsforpaymentsdependingoninvestmentreturns.Foryoungerfamilies,thepictureisnotanybetter.Boththeabsolutecostofhealthcareandtheshareofitbornebyfamilieshaverisen–andnewlyfashionablehealthsavingsplansarespreadingfromlegislativehallstoWalMartworkers,withmuchhigherdeductiblesandalargenewdoseofinvestmentriskforfamiliesfuturehealthcare.Evendemographicsareworkingagainstthemiddleclassfamily,astheoddsofhavingaweakelderlyparent–andalltheattendantneedforphysicalandfinancialassistance–havejumpedeightfoldinjustonegeneration.Fromthemiddleclassfamilyperspective,muchofthis,understandably,looksfarlesslikeanopportunitytoexercisemorefinancialresponsibility,andagooddealmorelikeafrighteningaccelerationofthewholesaleshiftoffinancialriskontotheiralreadyoverburdenedshoulders.Thefinancialfallouthasbegun,andthepoliticalfalloutmaynotbefarbehind.31.Todaysdoubleincomefamiliesareatgreaterfinancialriskinthat

注意事项

本文(2007年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题及答案.doc)为本站会员(baixue100)主动上传,人人文库网仅提供信息存储空间,仅对用户上传内容的表现方式做保护处理,对上载内容本身不做任何修改或编辑。 若此文所含内容侵犯了您的版权或隐私,请立即通知人人文库网([email protected]),我们立即给予删除!

温馨提示:如果因为网速或其他原因下载失败请重新下载,重复下载不扣分。

copyright@ 2015-2017 人人文库网网站版权所有
苏ICP备12009002号-5