欢迎来到人人文库网! | 帮助中心 人人文库renrendoc.com美如初恋!
人人文库网
首页 人人文库网 > 资源分类 > DOC文档下载

2009年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题及答案.doc

  • 资源大小:153.00KB        全文页数:15页
  • 资源格式: DOC        下载权限:游客/注册会员/VIP会员    下载费用:3
游客快捷下载 游客一键下载
会员登录下载
下载资源需要3

邮箱/手机号:
您支付成功后,系统会自动为您创建此邮箱/手机号的账号,密码跟您输入的邮箱/手机号一致,以方便您下次登录下载和查看订单。注:支付完成后需要自己下载文件,并不会自动发送文件哦!

支付方式: 微信支付    支付宝   
验证码:   换一换

友情提示
2、本站资源不支持迅雷下载,请使用浏览器直接下载(不支持QQ浏览器)
3、本站资源下载后的文档和图纸-无水印,预览文档经过压缩,下载后原文更清晰   

2009年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题及答案.doc

更多资料仅在秀文网WWWSHOWDOCCN专业的学习资料文档分享交易平台2009年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题SECTIONIUSEOFENGLISHDIRECTIONSREADTHEFOLLOWINGTEXTCHOOSETHEBESTWORDSFOREACHNUMBEREDBLANKANDMARKA,B,CORDONANSWERSHEET110POINTSRESEARCHONANIMALINTELLIGENCEALWAYSMAKESMEWONDERJUSTHOWSMARTHUMANSARE大1家THEFRUITFLYEXPERIMENTSDESCRIBEDINCARLZIMMERSPIECEINTHESCIENCETIMESONTUESDAYFRUITFLIESWHOWERETAUGHTTOBESMARTERTHANTHEAVERAGEFRUITFLY大2家TOLIVESHORTERLIVESTHISSUGGESTSTHAT大3家BULBSBURNLONGER,THATTHEREISAN大4家INNOTBEINGTOOTERRIFICALLYBRIGHTINTELLIGENCE,IT大5家OUT,ISAHIGHPRICEDOPTIONITTAKESMOREUPKEEP,BURNSMOREFUELANDISSLOW大6家THESTARTINGLINEBECAUSEITDEPENDSONLEARNINGAGRADUAL大7家INSTEADOFINSTINCTPLENTYOFOTHERSPECIESAREABLETOLEARN,ANDONEOFTHETHINGSTHEYVEAPPARENTLYLEARNEDISWHENTO大8家ISTHEREANADAPTIVEVALUETO大9家INTELLIGENCETHATSTHEQUESTIONBEHINDTHISNEWRESEARCHILIKEITINSTEADOFCASTINGAWISTFULGLANCE大10家ATALLTHESPECIESWEVELEFTINTHEDUSTIQWISE,ITIMPLICITLYASKSWHATTHEREAL大11家OFOUROWNINTELLIGENCEMIGHTBETHISIS大12家THEMINDOFEVERYANIMALIVEEVERMETRESEARCHONANIMALINTELLIGENCEALSOMAKESMEWONDERWHATEXPERIMENTSANIMALSWOULD大13家ONHUMANSIFTHEYHADTHECHANCEEVERYCATWITHANOWNER,大14家,ISRUNNINGASMALLSCALESTUDYINOPERANTCONDITIONINGWEBELIEVETHAT大15家ANIMALSRANTHELABS,THEYWOULDTESTUSTO大16家THELIMITSOFOURPATIENCE,OURFAITHFULNESS,OURMEMORYFORTERRAINTHEYWOULDTRYTODECIDEWHATINTELLIGENCEINHUMANSISREALLY大1家7,NOTMERELYHOWMUCHOFITTHEREIS大18家,THEYWOULDHOPETOSTUDYA大19家QUESTIONAREHUMANSACTUALLYAWAREOFTHEWORLDTHEYLIVEIN大20家THERESULTSAREINCONCLUSIVE1ASUPPOSEBCONSIDERCOBSERVEDIMAGINE2ATENDEDBFEAREDCHAPPENEDDTHREATENED3ATHINNERBSTABLERCLIGHTERDDIMMER4ATENDENCYBADVANTAGECINCLINATIONDPRIORITY更多资料仅在秀文网WWWSHOWDOCCN专业的学习资料文档分享交易平台5AINSISTSONBSUMSUPCTURNSOUTDPUTSFORWARD6AOFFBBEHINDCOVERDALONG7AINCREDIBLEBSPONTANEOUSCINEVITABLEDGRADUAL8AFIGHTBDOUBTCSTOPDTHINK9AINVISIBLEBLIMITEDCINDEFINITEDDIFFERENT10AUPWARDBFORWARDCAFTERWARDDBACKWARD11AFEATURESBINFLUENCESCRESULTSDCOSTS12AOUTSIDEBONCBYDACROSS13ADELIVERBCARRYCPERFORMDAPPLY14ABYCHANCEBINCONTRASTCASUSUALDFORINSTANCE15AIFBUNLESSCASDLEST16AMODERATEBOVERCOMECDETERMINEDREACH17AATBFORCAFTERDWITH18AABOVEALLBAFTERALLCHOWEVERDOTHERWISE19AFUNDAMENTALBCOMPREHENSIVECEQUIVALENTDHOSTILE20ABYACCIDENTBINTIMECSOFARDBETTERSTILLSECTIONIIREADINGCOMPREHENSIONPARTADIRECTIONSREADTHEFOLLOWINGFOURTEXTSANSWERTHEQUESTIONSBELOWEACHTEXTBYCHOOSINGA,B,CORD更多资料仅在秀文网WWWSHOWDOCCN专业的学习资料文档分享交易平台MARKYOURANSWERSONANSWERSHEET140POINTSTEXT1HABITSAREAFUNNYTHINGWEREACHFORTHEMMINDLESSLY,SETTINGOURBRAINSONAUTOPILOTANDRELAXINGINTOTHEUNCONSCIOUSCOMFORTOFFAMILIARROUTINENOTCHOICE,BUTHABITRULESTHEUNREFLECTINGHERD,WILLIAMWORDSWORTHSAIDINTHE19THCENTURYINTHEEVERCHANGING21STCENTURY,EVENTHEWORDHABITCARRIESANEGATIVECONNOTATIONSOITSEEMSANTITHETICALTOTALKABOUTHABITSINTHESAMECONTEXTASCREATIVITYANDINNOVATIONBUTBRAINRESEARCHERSHAVEDISCOVEREDTHATWHENWECONSCIOUSLYDEVELOPNEWHABITS,WECREATEPARALLELSYNAPTICPATHS,ANDEVENENTIRELYNEWBRAINCELLS,THATCANJUMPOURTRAINSOFTHOUGHTONTONEW,INNOVATIVETRACKSBUTDONTBOTHERTRYINGTOKILLOFFOLDHABITS;ONCETHOSERUTSOFPROCEDUREAREWORNINTOTHEHIPPOCAMPUS,THEYRETHERETOSTAYINSTEAD,THENEWHABITSWEDELIBERATELYINGRAININTOOURSELVESCREATEPARALLELPATHWAYSTHATCANBYPASSTHOSEOLDROADSTHEFIRSTTHINGNEEDEDFORINNOVATIONISAFASCINATIONWITHWONDER,SAYSDAWNAMARKOVA,AUTHOROFTHEOPENMINDANDANEXECUTIVECHANGECONSULTANTFORPROFESSIONALTHINKINGPARTNERSBUTWEARETAUGHTINSTEADTODECIDE,JUSTASOURPRESIDENTCALLSHIMSELFTHEDECIDERSHEADDS,HOWEVER,THATTODECIDEISTOKILLOFFALLPOSSIBILITIESBUTONEAGOODINNOVATIONALTHINKERISALWAYSEXPLORINGTHEMANYOTHERPOSSIBILITIESALLOFUSWORKTHROUGHPROBLEMSINWAYSOFWHICHWEREUNAWARE,SHESAYSRESEARCHERSINTHELATE1960COVEREDTHATHUMANSAREBORNWITHTHECAPACITYTOAPPROACHCHALLENGESINFOURPRIMARYWAYSANALYTICALLY,PROCEDURALLY,RELATIONALLYORCOLLABORATIVELYANDINNOVATIVELYATPUBERTY,HOWEVER,THEBRAINSHUTSDOWNHALFOFTHATCAPACITY,PRESERVINGONLYTHOSEMODESOFTHOUGHTTHATHAVESEEMEDMOSTVALUABLEDURINGTHEFIRSTDECADEORSOOFLIFETHECURRENTEMPHASISONSTANDARDIZEDTESTINGHIGHLIGHTSANALYSISANDPROCEDURE,MEANINGTHATFEWOFUSINHERENTLYUSEOURINNOVATIVEANDCOLLABORATIVEMODESOFTHOUGHTTHISBREAKSTHEMAJORRULEINTHEAMERICANBELIEFSYSTEMTHATANYONECANDOANYTHING,EXPLAINSMJRYAN,AUTHOROFTHE2006BOOKTHISYEARIWILLANDMSMARKOVASBUSINESSPARTNERTHATSALIETHATWEHAVEPERPETUATED,ANDITFOSTERSCOMMONNESSKNOWINGWHATYOUREGOODATANDDOINGEVENMOREOFITCREATESEXCELLENCETHISISWHEREDEVELOPINGNEWHABITSCOMESIN21THEVIEWOFWORDSWORTHHABITISCLAIMEDBYBEING________ACASUALBFAMILIARCMECHANICALDCHANGEABLE更多资料仅在秀文网WWWSHOWDOCCN专业的学习资料文档分享交易平台22THERESEARCHERSHAVEDISCOVEREDTHATTHEFORMATIONOFHABITCANBE________APREDICTEDBREGULATEDCTRACEDDGUIDED23RUTSINLINEONE,PARAGRAPH3HASCLOSESTMEANINGTO________ATRACKSBSERIESCCHARACTERISTICSDCONNECTIONS24MSMARKOVASCOMMENTSSUGGESTTHATTHEPRACTICEOFSTANDARDTESTING________A,PREVENTSNEWHABITSFORMBEINGFORMEDB,NOLONGEREMPHASIZESCOMMONNESSC,MAINTAINSTHEINHERENTAMERICANTHINKINGMODELD,COMPLIESWITHTHEAMERICANBELIEFSYSTEM25RYANMOSTPROBABLYAGREETHATAIDEASAREBORNOFARELAXINGMINDBINNOVATIVENESSCOULDBETAUGHTCDECISIVENESSDERIVESFROMFANTASTICIDEASDCURIOSITYACTIVATESCREATIVEMINDSTEXT2ITISAWISEFATHERTHATKNOWSHISOWNCHILD,BUTTODAYAMANCANBOOSTHISPATERNALFATHERLYWISDOM–ORATLEASTCONFIRMTHATHESTHEKIDSDADALLHENEEDSTODOISSHELLOUR30FORPATERNITYTESTINGKITPTKATHISLOCALDRUGSTORE–ANDANOTHER120TOGETTHERESULTSMORETHAN60,000PEOPLEHAVEPURCHASEDTHEPTKSSINCETHEYFIRSTBECOMEAVAILABLEWITHOUTPRESCRIPTIONSLASTYEARS,ACCORDINGTODOUGFOG,CHIEFOPERATINGOFFICEROFIDENTIGENE,WHICHMAKESTHEOVERTHECOUNTERKITSMORETHANTWODOZENCOMPANIESSELLDNATESTSDIRECTLYTOTHEPUBLIC,RANGINGINPRICEFROMAFEWHUNDREDDOLLARSTOMORETHAN2500AMONGTHEMOSTPOPULARPATERNITYANDKINSHIPTESTING,WHICHADOPTEDCHILDRENCANUSETOFINDTHEIRBIOLOGICALRELATIVESANDLATESTRAGEAMANYPASSIONATEGENEALOGISTSANDSUPPORTSBUSINESSESTHATOFFERTOSEARCHFORAFAMILYSGEOGRAPHICROOTSMOSTTESTSREQUIRECOLLECTINGCELLSBYWEBBINGSALIVAINTHEMOUTHANDSENDINGITTOTHECOMPANYFORTESTINGALLTESTSREQUIREAPOTENTIALCANDIDATEWITHWHOMTOCOMPAREDNABUTSOMEOBSERVERSARESKEPTICAL,THEREISAKINDOFFALSEPRECISIONBEINGHAWKEDBYPEOPLE更多资料仅在秀文网WWWSHOWDOCCN专业的学习资料文档分享交易平台CLAIMINGTHEYAREDOINGANCESTRYTESTING,SAYSTREYDUSTER,ANEWYORKUNIVERSITYSOCIOLOGISTHENOTESTHATEACHINDIVIDUALHASMANYANCESTORSNUMBERINGINTHEHUNDREDSJUSTAFEWCENTURIESBACKYETMOSTANCESTRYTESTINGONLYCONSIDERSASINGLELINEAGE,EITHERTHEYCHROMOSOMEINHERITEDTHROUGHMENINAFATHERSLINEORMITOCHONDRIALDNA,WHICHAPASSEDDOWNONLYFROMMOTHERSTHISDNACANREVEALGENETICINFORMATIONABOUTONLYONEORTWOANCESTORS,EVENTHOUGH,FOREXAMPLE,JUSTTHREEGENERATIONSBACKPEOPLEALSOHAVESIXOTHERGREATGRANDPARENTSOR,FOURGENERATIONSBACK,14OTHERGREATGREATGRANDPARENTSCRITICSALSOARGUETHATCOMMERCIALGENETICTESTINGISONLYASGOODASTHEREFERENCECOLLECTIONSTOWHICHASAMPLEISCOMPAREDDATABASESUSEDBYSOMECOMPANIESDONTRELYONDATACOLLECTEDSYSTEMATICALLYBUTRATHERLUMPTOGETHERINFORMATIONFROMDIFFERENTRESEARCHPROJECTSTHISMEANSTHATADNADATABASEMAYDIFFERDEPENDINGONTHECOMPANYTHATPROCESSESTHERESULTSINADDITION,THECOMPUTERPROGRAMSACOMPANYUSESTOESTIMATERELATIONSHIPSMAYBEPATENTEDANDNOTSUBJECTTOPEERREVIEWOROUTSIDEEVALUATION26INPARAGRAPHS1AND2,THETEXTSHOWSPTKS___________AEASYAVAILABILITYBFLEXIBILITYINPRICINGCSUCCESSFULPROMOTIONDPOPULARITYWITHHOUSEHOLDS27PTKISUSEDTO__________ALOCATEONESBIRTHPLACEBPROMOTEGENETICRESEARCHCIDENTIFYPARENTCHILDKINSHIPDCHOOSECHILDRENFORADOPTION28SKEPTICALOBSERVERSBELIEVETHATANCESTRYTESTINGFAILSTO__________ATRACEDISTANTANCESTORSBREBUILDRELIABLEBLOODLINESCFULLYUSEGENETICINFORMATIONDACHIEVETHECLAIMEDACCURACY29INTHELASTPARAGRAPH,APROBLEMCOMMERCIALGENETICTESTINGFACESIS__________更多资料仅在秀文网WWWSHOWDOCCN专业的学习资料文档分享交易平台ADISORGANIZEDDATACOLLECTIONBOVERLAPPINGDATABASEBUILDINGCEXCESSIVESAMPLECOMPARISONDLACKOFPATENTEVALUATION30ANAPPROPRIATETITLEFORTHETEXTISMOSTLIKELYTOBE__________AFORSANDAGAINSTSOFDNATESTINGBDNATESTINGANDITSPROBLEMSCDNATESTINGOUTSIDETHELABDLIESBEHINDDNATESTINGTEXT3THERELATIONSHIPBETWEENFORMALEDUCATIONANDECONOMICGROWTHINPOORCOUNTRIESISWIDELYMISUNDERSTOODBYECONOMISTSANDPOLITICIANSALIKEPROGRESSINBOTHAREAISUNDOUBTEDLYNECESSARYFORTHESOCIAL,POLITICALANDINTELLECTUALDEVELOPMENTOFTHESEANDALLOTHERSOCIETIES;HOWEVER,THECONVENTIONALVIEWTHATEDUCATIONSHOULDBEONEOFTHEVERYHIGHESTPRIORITIESFORPROMOTINGRAPIDECONOMICDEVELOPMENTINPOORCOUNTRIESISWRONGWEAREFORTUNATETHATISIT,BECAUSENEWEDUCATIONALSYSTEMSTHEREANDPUTTINGENOUGHPEOPLETHROUGHTHEMTOIMPROVEECONOMICPERFORMANCEWOULDREQUIRETWOORTHREEGENERATIONSTHEFINDINGSOFARESEARCHINSTITUTIONHAVECONSISTENTLYSHOWNTHATWORKERSINALLCOUNTRIESCANBETRAINEDONTHEJOBTOACHIEVERADICALHIGHERPRODUCTIVITYAND,ASARESULT,RADICALLYHIGHERSTANDARDSOFLIVINGIRONICALLY,THEFIRSTEVIDENCEFORTHISIDEAAPPEAREDINTHEUNITEDSTATESNOTLONGAGO,WITHTHECOUNTRYENTERINGARECESSINGANDJAPANATITSPREBUBBLEPEAKTHEUSWORKFORCEWASDERIDEDASPOORLYEDUCATEDANDONEOFPRIMARYCAUSEOFTHEPOORUSECONOMICPERFORMANCEJAPANWAS,ANDREMAINS,THEGLOBALLEADERINAUTOMOTIVEASSEMBLYPRODUCTIVITYYETTHERESEARCHREVEALEDTHATTHEUSFACTORIESOFHONDANISSAN,ANDTOYOTAACHIEVEDABOUT95PERCENTOFTHEPRODUCTIVITYOFTHEIRJAPANESECOUNTERPARTSARESULTOFTHETRAININGTHATUSWORKERSRECEIVEDONTHEJOBMORERECENTLY,WHILEEXAMININGHOUSINGCONSTRUCTION,THERESEARCHERSDISCOVEREDTHATILLITERATE,NONENGLISHSPEAKINGMEXICANWORKERSINHOUSTON,TEXAS,CONSISTENTLYMETBESTPRACTICELABORPRODUCTIVITYSTANDARDSDESPITETHECOMPLEXITYOFTHEBUILDINGINDUSTRYSWORKWHATISTHEREALRELATIONSHIPBETWEENEDUCATIONANDECONOMICDEVELOPMENTWEHAVETOSUSPECTTHATCONTINUINGECONOMICGROWTHPROMOTESTHEDEVELOPMENTOFEDUCATIONEVENWHENGOVERNMENTSDONTFORCEITAFTERALL,THATSHOWEDUCATIONGOTSTARTEDWHENOURANCESTORSWERE更多资料仅在秀文网WWWSHOWDOCCN专业的学习资料文档分享交易平台HUNTERSANDGATHERERS10,000YEARSAGO,THEYDIDNTHAVETIMETOWONDERMUCHABOUTANYTHINGBESIDESFINDINGFOODONLYWHENHUMANITYBEGANTOGETITSFOODINAMOREPRODUCTIVEWAYWASTHERETIMEFOROTHERTHINGSASEDUCATIONIMPROVED,HUMANITYSPRODUCTIVITYPOTENTIAL,THEYCOULDINTURNAFFORDMOREEDUCATIONTHISINCREASINGLYHIGHLEVELOFEDUCATIONISPROBABLYANECESSARY,BUTNOTASUFFICIENT,CONDITIONFORTHECOMPLEXPOLITICALSYSTEMSREQUIREDBYADVANCEDECONOMICPERFORMANCETHUSPOORCOUNTRIESMIGHTNOTBEABLETOESCAPETHEIRPOVERTYTRAPSWITHOUTPOLITICALCHANGESTHATMAYBEPOSSIBLEONLYWITHBROADERFORMALEDUCATIONALACKOFFORMALEDUCATION,HOWEVER,DOESNTCONSTRAINTHEABILITYOFTHEDEVELOPINGWORLDSWORKFORCETOSUBSTANTIALLYIMPROVEPRODUCTIVITYFORTHEFORESTEDFUTUREONTH

注意事项

本文(2009年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题及答案.doc)为本站会员(baixue100)主动上传,人人文库网仅提供信息存储空间,仅对用户上传内容的表现方式做保护处理,对上载内容本身不做任何修改或编辑。 若此文所含内容侵犯了您的版权或隐私,请立即通知人人文库网(发送邮件至[email protected]或直接QQ联系客服),我们立即给予删除!

温馨提示:如果因为网速或其他原因下载失败请重新下载,重复下载不扣分。

关于我们 - 网站声明 - 网站地图 - 资源地图 - 友情链接 - 网站客服客服 - 联系我们

网站客服QQ:2846424093    人人文库上传用户QQ群:460291265   

[email protected] 2016-2018  renrendoc.com 网站版权所有   南天在线技术支持

经营许可证编号:苏ICP备12009002号-5