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管理和领导力论文[英文版]Management and Leadership Paper.doc

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管理和领导力论文[英文版]Management and Leadership Paper.doc

更多精彩文章尽在秀文网(www.showdoc.cn)1ManagementandLeadershipPaperNowmorethanever,withtodayschallengebusinessworld,thenewworkplacedemandsfasterresultsfromfewerpeople.Inordertostaycompetitive,organizationsneedtobenimblerapidlytranslatingnewinformationintoknowledge.Theleadershipstyleofsupervisorsdirectlyinfluencesemployeejobsatisfaction,retention,andcommitmenttogettingthejobdone.Managementandleadershiparetwonotionsthatmaybeinterchangeably,butthereisahugedifferencebetweenamanagerandaleader.Inthispaper,Iwilldifferentiatebetweenmanagementandleadership.Iwillexaminetheroleandresponsibilitiesofleadersincreatingandmaintainingahealthyorganizationalculture.Iwillmaketworecommendationstocreateandmaintainahealthyorganizationalculturefollowedwithacoupleofexamplestosupportmyrecommendation.Managementisdefinedasthepeoplewhoadministeracompany,createpolicies,andprovidethesupportnecessarytoimplementtheownersbusinessobjectives.Amanagersetsgoalsandcontrolsbydirecting,reacting,anddemandingimprovement.Managersdemonstraterationalityandcontrol.Managersareoftenpersistent,toughminded,hardworking,intelligent,analytical,andtolerant.Manymanagersaretaskorientedandhavethebottomlineoftheorganizationinmind.Therearemanytypesofleaderswithdifferentpersonalitiesandstylesofleadership.Leadershiphasbeendefinedasdirection,conduction,andguidance.Leadershipistheartofcreatinganenvironmentandinfluencingpeopletowillinglyfollowachosendirection.Aleaderprovidesaclearvisionandguidesfollowersalongapaththatrealizesthatvision.Leadership更多精彩文章尽在秀文网(www.showdoc.cn)2directlyaffectstheopinionsandattitudesofpeople,leadingtochangesineachindividualsbehaviorthenthebehaviorofthegroupasawhole.Leadershiphelpsindividualsandgroupsacceptuncertainty,andchangebecausetheyhavetheconfidencetoknowthattheleaderwillprovidesolutionstoanyproblemsthatmayarise.Leaderstendtowanttochangetheprocessforthebettermentofthegroupratherthanthebottomlineofthecompany.Leaderscanseethebigpicture.AManagerisresponsibleforsettinggoalswhileLeadersareresponsibleforensuringthatthosegoalsareachieved.Theyaretwodifferentwaysoforganizingpeoplethemanagerusesaformalmethodandtheleaderusespassion.Managersdothingsright,andleadersdotherightthings.DeSpain,2004,p.80Managersefficientlymanageprocesses,timeline,andresourcestoobtaindesiredresultstheyexcelatgettingthingsdone.Goodleadersexcelatinspiringpeopletodotheirbestaleaderismoreemotionalthanamanageris.Managersdothingsbythebookandfollowcompanypolicy.Theytendtoacceptorganizationalstructureandprocessasitexistsalthoughleadersseektherevisionsofprocesstheyfollowtheirownintuition,whichmayinturnbeofmorebenefittothecompany.Leadersstandoutbybeingdifferent.Theyquestionassumptionandaresuspiciousoftradition.Theyseekoutthetruthandmakedecisionsbaseonfact,notprejudice.Theyhaveapreferenceforinnovation.Fenton,1990,p.113Inordertocreateandmaintainahealthyorganizationalculturetheremustbeabalanceofpowerwithinitsmanagementandleadership.Thisbalancemustincludeafairamountofplanningandcommunicationaswellastrainingandinclusion.Inorderforemployeestobecontentwithintheirorganizationthesethingsareveryimportant.Myrecommendationforahealthyorganizationalculturemuststartwith更多精彩文章尽在秀文网(www.showdoc.cn)3avastamountofstrategicplanningandcommunication.Ibelievethesearekeyelementsinmaintainingacivilworkenvironment.Ifthemanagementdevisesaplanforthecompanytosucceeditisvitalthattheyalsoconveythoseplansconciselytolowerlevelmanagementorleadershipsothatemployeeshaveaclearviewoftheorganizationsobjectivesandareawareofthepoliciesandproceduresnecessaryforsuccess.Ibelievethateveryorganizationshouldhaveasetinfrastructureoroutlinethatisthebasisforeachfunctionwithintheorganization.Theleadershipshouldcommunicateanychangesinthatinfrastructureasquicklyandaccuratelyashumanlypossible.Forexample,IhavenoticedinsomeorganizationthatIhavebeenemployedby,thatwhenthemanagementiswillingtoallowtheleadershiptoperformtheirfunctionwithintheorganizationtheshipoftenrunsmoresmoothly.ThelastorganizationthatIworkedfor,whichwasJacksonHewitt,hasagoodplanforthefutureoftheorganizationandtheyliketoincludeeachoftheiremployeesinthatplan.Theorganizationoffersbonusincentivesforhardworkandloyalty,isnotafraidtoimplementpunishmentforlaziness,andoutrightmisguidedattemptstodefametheorganization.Oftendisagreementscanbesolvedwithsimplecommunicationallowingeachinvolvedpartythechancetoexplaintheirpositiononanymatterthatmayarise.Inconclusion,managersandLeadersaretwodifferentindividuals.Themaindifferencebetweenmanagingandleadingistomakeothersnotonlypursuetheordersthataregivenbyanorganization,butalsowantthemtodoit.Greatorganizationsneedgreatmanagement,butforanorganizationtotrulybegreat,italsomusthavegreatleadership.ManagersareallbusinessandnoplaywhileLeadershaveasenseofhumorandrelatetotheiremployeesonaprofessionallevelwhilebeinglikableatthesametime.更多精彩文章尽在秀文网(www.showdoc.cn)4ManagersareseenasstemanddistantbymanysubordinatewhileLeadersareoftenmucheasiertorelatetoanddiscusspotentialproblems,orgreatideas,aswellasdiscontentwithoutthethreatofpersecution.Therearemanystylesofleadership,fromthelaidbackleadertothetightshiprunningcaptain.Eachindividualpersonsstylecontributestohisorherabilitytorelaytheorganizationsobjectivesandkeepemployeesontaskandmoralehighineffectincreasingthecompanysbottomlineandbecomingarewardingexperienceforupperlevelmanagementaswellaslowerlevelleadershipandallothersubordinates.Managementmayseemunreachableattimes.Untilyoustopandthinkabouttheirpositionwithintheorganizationandwhatmighthappeniftheywerenotupthereintheirairconditionedoffices,makingupthesafetymanualswhileyouareontheproductionfloorsweatingyourfingerstotheboneforthatmeaslypaycheck.Weshouldallkeepinmindthatwithoutmanagers,therewouldnotbeleadersandwithoutleaders,noneofuswouldhavejobs.Leadershipisjustoneofthemanyassetsasuccessfulmanagermustposses,becauseamanagercanmanagetheprocessorsystembutcannotmanagepeople.Iforganizationsexpecteverymanagertobealeader,oriftheyconfusethetworoles,graduallytheywillbefallingapart.WorksCitedDeSpin,ThedifferencebetweenaManagerandaLeader.TodaysChiropracticJan/Feb2004,Vol.33issue1,p80,1pFenton,101WaystoBoostYourBusinessPerformance.MandarinBusiness,pp113,1990

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