欢迎来到人人文库网! | 帮助中心 人人文库renrendoc.com美如初恋!
人人文库网
首页 人人文库网 > 资源分类 > DOC文档下载

西方文化论文-评《老人与海》中海明写作风格和手法.doc

  • 资源大小:43.79KB        全文页数:19页
  • 资源格式: DOC        下载权限:游客/注册会员/VIP会员    下载费用:2
游客快捷下载 游客一键下载
会员登录下载
下载资源需要2

邮箱/手机号:
您支付成功后,系统会自动为您创建此邮箱/手机号的账号,密码跟您输入的邮箱/手机号一致,以方便您下次登录下载和查看订单。注:支付完成后需要自己下载文件,并不会自动发送文件哦!

支付方式: 微信支付    支付宝   
验证码:   换一换

友情提示
2、本站资源不支持迅雷下载,请使用浏览器直接下载(不支持QQ浏览器)
3、本站资源下载后的文档和图纸-无水印,预览文档经过压缩,下载后原文更清晰   

西方文化论文-评《老人与海》中海明写作风格和手法.doc

西方文化论文评老人与海中海明写作风格和手法CONTENTSABSTRACTABSTRACTCHINESEⅠOUTLINETOPICTHROUGHTHEOLDMANANDTHESEADISPLAYHEMINGWAYUNIQUEWRITINGSTYLEANDTECHNIQUEⅠINTRODUCTIONⅡLANGUAGESTYLE1ANALYSESOFTHELANGUAGESTYLE2THEFORMINGOFTHELANGUAGESTYLE3THEINFLUENCEOFTHELANGUAGESTYLEⅢTHEWAYTOUSEFACTSⅣCONCLUSIONNOTEBIBLIOGRAPHYABSTRACTBEINGDISTINGUISHEDFROMMANYGREATESTAMERICANWRITERS,HEMINGWAYISNOTEDFORHISWRITINGSTYLEAMONGALLHISWORKS,THEOLDMANANDTHESEAISATYPICALONETOHISUNIQUEWRITINGSTYLEANDTECHNIQUETHELANGUAGEISSIMPLEANDNATURALONTHESURFACE,BUTACTUALLYDELIBERATEANDARTIFICIALSOMETIMESTHESIMPLESTYLEISMADEALITTLEDIFFERENTTHEDIALOGUEISCOMBINEDWITHTHEREALISTICANDTHEARTIFICIALTHESIMPLICITYISHIGHLYSUGGESTIVE,ANDOFTENREFLECTSTHESTRONGUNDERCURRENTOFEMOTIONOCCASIONALLY,THEAUTHORUSESSOMEFIGURESOFSPEECHHEMINGWAY’SSTYLEISRELATEDTOHISEXPERIENCEASAJOURNALIST,HISLEARNINGFROMMANYFAMOUSWRITERS,ANDMOSTIMPORTANTLY,HISCONSCIENTIOUSEFFORTINLOOKINGFORASTYLEOFHISOWNTHEINFLUENCEOFHISSTYLEISGREATALLOVERTHEWORLDTHEOLDMANANDTHESEAISFULLOFFACTS,MOSTOFWHICHCOMESFROMHEMINGWAY’SOWNEXPERIENCESOTHEWAYTOUSEFACTSISAVERYIMPORTANTWRITINGTECHNIQUEINTHISNOVELTHEFACTSINTHENOVELARESELECTEDANDUSEDASADEVICETOMAKETHEFICTIONALWORLDACCEPTEDINTHEFOREPARTOFTHENOVEL,THEYAREUSEDTOSHOWTHEQUALITYOFSANTIAGO’SLIFE,ANDARENARRATEDSIMPLYANDNATURALLY;WHILEINTHELATTERPARTOFTHENOVEL,THEYAREUSEDFROMINSIDESANTIAGO’SOWNCONSCIOUSNESSANDFORMPARTOFAWHOLESCHEMEOFTHENOVELKEYWORDSFACTS;SIMPLICITY;ARTIFICIAL;ICEBERGTHEORY中文摘要在众伟大的美国作家中,海明威以独特的写作风格而著称。在他所有的作品中,老人与海最能体现他独特的写作风格和手法。这部小说语言看似简洁自然,其实包含了作者的精心揣摩和润色加工。有时为了突出某一部分,作者会采用长句代替短句。文中的对话内容真实、贴近生活,而表达形式则经过了艺术加工。小说简洁自然的语言背后隐藏了深刻的意义和感情。文中还运用了比喻、拟人等修辞手法还名位的这种独特风格与他当过新闻记者的经历有关,同时他兼菜各家之长,自成一体,形成了自己独特的创作方法和艺术风格。这种风格对整个世界文坛产生了重要的影响。老人与海这部小说中运用了大量的事实,他们大多来自于作者亲身经历。海明威对这些事实精心选择,从而吸引读者的兴趣并使读者有一种身临其境的感觉。小说一开始用大量事实描写了主人公生活的环境,叙述风格简洁自然,未加任何感情色彩。随着情节的发展,大量的事实主要被运用于主人公的心理活动之中,而不是主要由作者来叙述。同时,这些事实构成了整个小说体系中不可缺少的一部分。关键词事实;简洁;加工;冰山理论HEMINGWAY’SWRITINGSTYLEANDTECHNIQUESINTHEOLDMANANDTHESEAINTRODUCTIONTHEOLDMANANDTHESEA1952COMESROUNDATTHEFINISHOFHEMINGWAY’SWRITINGCAREERWITHITSVIVIDCHARACTERIZATION,ITSSIMPLELANGUAGE,ANDTHEPROFOUNDIMPLICATINGITCARRIES,ITSTANDSOUTASONEOFTHEEXCELLENTBOOKSHEMINGWAY’SFORMERSTATUREASTHEWORD’SPREEMINENTNOVELISTAFTERHEMINGWAY’SUNSUCCESSFULNOVELACROSSTHERIVERANDINTOTHETREES1950THEOLDMANANDTHESEAEARNEDITSAUTHORTHEPULITZERPRIZEINFICTIONFOR1952,ANDWASINSTRUMENTALINWINNINGHIMTHENOBELPRIZEFORLITERATURETWOYEARSLATERITISASHORTNOVELABOUTSANTIAGO,ANOLDCUBANFISHERMANWHOHASGONEFOR84DAYSWITHOUTCATCHTHEREFORETHEBOY,MANDOLIN,WHOUSEDTOSAILWITHHIM,ISFORCEDTOLEAVEHIMANDCATCHINANOTHERSHIPTHEOLDMANINSISTSONFISHINGALONEANDATLAST,HEHOOKSANEIGHTEENFOOT,GIANTMARLIN,THELARGESTHEHASEVERKNOWNBUTTHEFISHISVERYPOWERFULANDDISOBEDIENTITTOWSTHEOLDMANANDHISBOATOUTTOSEAFOR48HOURS,WITHTHEOLDMANBEARINGTHEWHOLEWEIGHTOFTHEFISHTHROUGHTHELINEONHISBACKTHEOLDMAN,WITHLITTLEFOODANDSLEEP,HASTOENDUREMUCHPAINANDFIGHTSAGAINSTHISTREACHEROUSHANDCRAMPTOHISGREATEXCITEMENT,ONHISTHIRDDAYATSEA,HESUCCEEDSINDRAWINGTHEWEAKENEDMARLINTOTHESURFACEANDHARPOONSITONHISWAYHOME,HELASHESMARLINALONGSIDEHISBOATBECAUSEITISTOOBIGTOBEPULLEDINTOTHEBOATBUT,UNFORTUNATELY,THECOMEACROSSSHARKSINDIFFERENTNUMBERSFORFOURTIMESTHEOLDMANFIGHTSTOKILLTHESHARKSWITHASMUCHMIGHTANDMANYWEAPONSASHECANSUMMON,BUTONLYTOFINDAGIANTSKELETONOFHISMARLINLEFTAFTERHISDESPERATEDEFENSEATLAST,SANTIAGO,HAVINGLOSTWHATHEFOUGHTFOR,REACHESTHESHOREANDSTRUGGLESTOHISSHACKHEFALLSINTOSOUNDSLEEP,DREAMINGOFAFRICA,ANDTHELIONSAGAINHISSTRUGGLEWINSHIMMUCHRESPECTAMONGMANYGREATAMERICANWRITERS,HEMINGWAYISFAMOUSFORHISOBJECTIVEANDTERSEPROSESTYLEASTHELASTNOVELHEMINGWAYPUBLISHEDINHISLIFE,THEOLDMANANDTHESEATYPICALLYREFLECTSHISUNIQUEWRITINGSTYLETHISPAPERAIMSTODISCUSSTHEWRITINGSTYLEANDTECHNIQUESINTHEOLDMANANDTHESEAOFCOURSE,HEMINGWAYHASUSEDMANYTECHNIQUESINTHISNOVEL,SUCHASREALISM,THECREATIONOFSUSPENSE,MONOLOGUE,ETCANDTHISPAPERFOCUSESESPECIALLYONTHELANGUAGESTYLEANDONEOFTHEIMPORTANTTECHNIQUESTHEWAYTOUSEFACTSINTHISNOVELHEMINGWAYISFAMOUSFORHISLANGUAGEWITHMUCHCAREANDEFFORT,HECREATEDAVERYINFLUENTIALANDIMMEDIATELYRECOGNIZABLESTYLE“THESTYLEHECREATEDINHISEARLYWORK,SUCHASINOURTIMEANDTHESUNALSORISES,WASALMOSTTOOGOODLIKETHESTYLEOFCERTAINPAINTERS,ITTENDEDTOBECOMEAMANNER,RATHERTHANAFLEXIBLEWAYOFRESPONDINGTOEXPERIENCEANDCONVEYINGFRESHINSIGHTSTHROUGHWORDS”1AMONGALLHISWORKS,THEOLDMANANDTHESEAISTHEMOSTTYPICALONETOHISUNIQUELANGUAGESTYLEITSLANGUAGEISSIMPLEANDNATURAL,ANDHASTHEEFFECTOFDIRECTNESS,CLARITYANDFRESHNESSTHISISBECAUSEHEMINGWAYALWAYSMANAGESTOCHOOSEWORDS“CONCRETE,SPECIFIC,MORECOMMONLYFOUND,MOREANGLOSAXON,CASUALANDCONVERSATIONAL”2HESELDOMUSESADJECTIVESANDABSTRACTNOUNS,ANDAVOIDSCOMPLICATEDSYNTAXHEMINGWAY’SSTRENGTHLIESINHISSHORTSENTENCESANDVERYSPECIFICDETAILSHISSHORTSENTENCESAREPOWERFULLYLOADEDWITHTHETENSION,WHICHHESEESINLIFEWHEREHEDOESNOTUSEASIMPLEANDSHORTSENTENCE,HECONNECTSTHEVARIOUSPARTSOFTHESENTENCEINASTRAIGHTFORWARDANDSEQUENTIALWAY,OFTENLINKEDBY“AND”INHISTASKOFCREATINGREALPEOPLE,HEMINGWAYUSESDIALOGUEASANEFFECTIVEDEVICEITISPRESENTEDINAFORM“ASCLOSETOTHEDRAMATICASPOSSIBLE,WITHAMINIMUMOFEXPLANATORYCOMMENT”3HEREISANEXAMPLECHOSENFROMTHEOLDMANANDTHESEA‘WHATDOYOUHAVETOEAT’THEBOYASKED‘NO,IWILLEATATHOMEDOYOUWANTMETOMAKETHEFIRE’‘NO,IWILLMAKEITLATERONORIMAYEATTHERICECOLD’HEREWECANSEETHATSUCHINTERPOLATIONSAS“HESAID”HAVEFREQUENTLYBEENOMITTEDANDTHEWORDSAREVERYCOLLOQUIALTHUSTHESPEECHCOMESTOTHEREADERASIFHEWERELISTENINGHEMINGWAYHASCAPTUREDTHEIMMEDIACYOFDIALOGUESKILLFULLYANDHASMADETHEECONOMICALSPEECHCONNOTATIVEBUTITISGOODTONOTETHATHEMINGWAY’SSTYLEISDELIBERATEANDARTIFICIAL,ANDISNEVERASNATURALASITSEEMSTOBETHEREASONSAREASFOLLOWSFIRSTLY,INSOMESPECIFICMOMENTS,INORDERTOSTANDOUTBYCONTRASTANDTODESCRIBEANIMPORTANTTURNINGPOINTORCLIMAX,THESTYLEISMADEALITTLEDIFFERENTHETOOKALLHISPAINANDWHATWASLEFTOFHISLONGGONEPRIDEANDHEPUTITAGAINSTTHEFISH’SAGONYANDTHEFISHCAMEOVERONTOHISSIDEANDSWAMGENTLYONHISSIDE,HISBILLALMOSTTOUCHINGTHEPLANKINGOFTHESKIFF,ANDSTARTEDTOPASSTHEBOAT,LONG,DEEP,WIDE,SILVERANDBARREDWITHPURPLEANDINTERMINABLEINTHEWATER5THELANGUAGEINTHISONESENTENCEPARAGRAPHISDIFFERENTFROMOTHERPARTSOFTHENOVELKENNETHGRAHAMHASCOMMENTEDTHATTHESENTENCEBUILDSUPITSPARTSINACAREFULLYLABORIOUSSEQUENCE“ALLHISPAINANDWHATWASLEFTOFHISSTRENGTHANDHISLONGGONEPRIDE”ITEMULATESTHEMOVEMENTOFTHEEXHAUSTEDMARLINANDTHEPHYSICALSTRAINOFTHEOLDMANANDITMOUNTSTOAHEAVYCRESCENDOINTHEVERYUNPROSAICINVERSIONOFADJECTIVES“LONG,DEEP,WIDE”ENDINGINTHEVIRTUALLYPOETICCADENCE,“INTERMINABLEINTHEWATER”6THEDIALOGUE,TOO,ISCOMBINEDWITHTHEREALISTICANDTHEARTIFICIALUSUALLYTHECONTENTCONTAINSANDTHEEXPRESSIONCONTAINSTHEARTIFICIALINTHEOLDMANANDTHESEA,THELANGUAGESTYLEISVERYPECULIARFROMHEMINGWAY’SOTHERWRITINGSTHISISBECAUSETHENOVELISANENGLISHVERSIONOFTHESPANISHTHATSANTIAGOANDMANDOLINWOULDSPEAKINREALLIFE“SINCEWEAREMEANTTOREALIZETHATSANTIAGOANDMANDOLINCOULDNOTPOSSIBLYSPEAKLIKETHIS,SINCEENGLISHISNOTHISTONGUEANYWAY,WEAREMORELIKELYTOACCEPTOTHERARTIFICIALITIESOFTHEDIALOGUEUSINGTHEDEVICEOFAPRETENDED‘TRANSLATION’,WHICHWOULDBEBOUNDTOSTILTINANYCASE,HEMINGWAYCAN‘POETIZE’THEDIALOGUEASHEWISHES”7THESPEAKERSAREDISTANCEDFROMREADERSTOACERTAINDEGREEANDWHILETHEIRLANGUAGETAKINGONAKINDOFEPICDIGNITY,ITDOESNOTLOSEITSCONVINCINGNESSEVENSLIGHTLYSTRANGEEXCHANGESLIKETHEFOLLOWINGBECOMEFAIRLYACCEPTABLEFOREXAMPLE‘YOU’REMYALARMCLOCK’,THEBOYSAID‘AGEISMYALARMCLOCK’,THEOLDMANSAID‘WHYDOOLDMANWAKESOEARLYISITTOHAVEONELONGERDAY’‘IDON’TKNOW’,THEBOYSAID‘ALLIKNOWISTHATYOUNGBOYSSLEEPLATEANDHARD’‘ICANREMEMBERIT’,THEOLDMANSAID‘I’LLWAKENYOUINTIME’8THESIMPLESENTENCESANDTHEREPEATEDRHYTHMSHITATTHEPROFUNDITIESTHATTHESURFACEOFTHELANGUAGETRIESTOIGNOREITSSIMPLICITYISHIGHLYSUGGESTIVEANDCONNOTATIVE,ANDOFTENREFLECTSTHESTRONGUNDERCURRENTOFEMOTIONINDEED,THEMORECLOSELYTHEREADERWATCHES,THELESSROUGHANDSIMPLETHECHARACTERSAPPEARINDEATHINTHEAFTERNOON,HEMINGWAYUSESANEFFECTIVEMETAPHORTODESCRIBEHISWRITINGSTYLEIFAWRITEROFTHEPROSEKNOWSENOUGHABOUTWHATHEISWRITINGABOUT,HEMAYOMITTHINGSTHATHEKNOWSANDTHEREADER,IFTHEWRITERISWRITINGTRULYENOUGH,WILLHAVEAFEELINGOFTHOSETHINGSASSTRONGLYASTHOUGHTHEWRITERHADSTATEDTHEMTHEDIGNITYOFMOVEMENTOFANICEBERGISDUETOONLYONEEIGHTHOFITBEINGABOVEWATER9AMONGALLTHEWORKSOFHEMINGWAY,THESAGAOFSANTIAGOISTHOUGHTASTHEMOSTTYPICALONETOTHISICEBERGTHEORYTHEAUTHORSELDOMEXPRESSESHISOWNFEELINGSDIRECTLY,NORDOESHEMAKEANYCOMMENTSOREXPLANATIONSONTHECONTRARY,HETRIESTONARRATEANDDESCRIBETHINGSOBJ

注意事项

本文(西方文化论文-评《老人与海》中海明写作风格和手法.doc)为本站会员(zhaozilong)主动上传,人人文库网仅提供信息存储空间,仅对用户上传内容的表现方式做保护处理,对上载内容本身不做任何修改或编辑。 若此文所含内容侵犯了您的版权或隐私,请立即通知人人文库网(发送邮件至[email protected]或直接QQ联系客服),我们立即给予删除!

温馨提示:如果因为网速或其他原因下载失败请重新下载,重复下载不扣分。

关于我们 - 网站声明 - 网站地图 - 资源地图 - 友情链接 - 网站客服客服 - 联系我们

网站客服QQ:2846424093    人人文库上传用户QQ群:460291265   

[email protected] 2016-2018  renrendoc.com 网站版权所有   南天在线技术支持

经营许可证编号:苏ICP备12009002号-5