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There be句型的几种特殊结构及其用法.doc

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There be句型的几种特殊结构及其用法.doc

Therebe句型的几种特殊结构及其用法Annneverdreamsofforhertobesentabroadverysoon.A)theretobeachanceB)therebEingachanceC)therebeachanceD)beingachance该题的答案为B)。动词dreamof要求跟Ving分词结构作宾语,更准确地讲是介词of后要求跟Ving分词结构作宾语,therebeingachance意为有一个机会又如NoonehadtoldSmithabout____alecturethefollowingday.A)therebeB)therewouldbeC)therewasD)therebeingD)。介词about后要求跟Ving分词结构作宾语,therebeing(alecture)意为有(一个讲座),ItisfairlycommoninAfricafortheretobeanensembleofexpertmusicianssurroundedbyotherswhojoininbyclapping,singing,orsomehowaddingtothetotalityofmusicalsound.该句子中出现了fortheretobe的结构,如果按照上一题的解题思路去理解介词后要求跟Ving分词结构作宾语,那么,这一结构似乎是错的但是,实际上此结构没有错,这就是本文想要解答的问题therebe句型的特殊结构及其用法。一、therebe句型与各种情态动词连用。例如Theremustbesomethingwronghere.Theremightstillbesomevacantseatsintherear.Thereoughttobesomethingwithwhichtofillyourstocking.二、therebe句型中的谓语动词be被belikelytobe,happentobe,seem(tobe),occur等代替,用来描写事物。例如Therearelikelytobemoredifficultiesthantheyhavebeenpreparedfor.Therehappenedtobenobodyintheroom.Theredoesntseemtobemuchhopeofourbeatingthatteam.Thereseemsnodoubtthatthegeneralcharacterofthelandscape,therelativelengthofdayandnight,andtheclimatemustallplayabigpartindeterminingwhatkindofpeopleweare.Therehaveoccurredmanygreatchangessincewemetlast.三、therebe句型中的谓语动词be被一些不及物动词代替,如live,stand,exist,remain等,用来表示静止、存在、有。例如Therelivesafamilyoffiveinthevillage.Thereremainsnothingmoretobedone.TherestandstheMonumenttothePeoplesHeroesatthecenteroftheTiananmenSquare.Thereexistdifferentopinionsonthisquestion.四、therebe句型中的谓语动词be被一些不及物动词代替,如come,springup,appear,emerge,arrive,enter,follow,等,用来表示突然出现。例如Thereappearstobenosubstituteforthisstuffyet.Therecameacompanyofactorsandactresses.Therefollowedaspiriteddiscussionafterclass.五、therebe句型中be用不定式,形成(for)theretobe+宾格词结构,表示有或存在(某种情况),在(for)theretobe+宾格词的结构中,主语是宾格词。这种不定式结构在句中作逻辑宾语、状语和主语。1.theretobe+宾格词在句中作宾语。例如Thestudentsexpectedtheretobemorereviewingclassesbeforethefinalexams.theretobe+宾格词结构在句中作动词expect的宾语,句中的宾格词morereviewingclasses作theretobe不定式结构的逻辑主语。特别应该注意的是there后的不定式只能用tobe的形式,因为这种不定式结构是从therebe结构转化而来的。又如Peopledontwanttheretobeanotherwar.Membersliketheretobeplentyofchoice.ItisfairlycommoninAfricafortheretobeanensembleofexpertmusicianssurroundedbyotherswhojoininbyclapping,singing,orsomehowaddingtothetotalityofmusicalsound.theretobe+宾格词结构在句中作介词for的宾语,句中的宾格词anensembleofexpertmusicians作theretobe不定式结构的逻辑主语。2.fortheretobe+宾格词在句中作状语。例如Itisntcoldenoughfortheretobeafrosttonight,soIcanleaveJimscaroutquitesafely.(fortheretobe+宾格词作结果状语)特别应该注意的是,fortheretobe+宾格词在句中作状语时必须用介词for引出therebe后面的宾格词。又如Fortheretobesuccessfulcommunication,theremustbeattentivenessandinvolvementinthediscussingitselfbyallpresent.(fortheretobe+宾格词作目的状语)Theyplannedfortheretobeanothermeeting.(fortheretobe+宾格词作目的状语)3.theretobe+宾格词在句中作主语。例如Itsagreatpityfortheretobemuchtroubleinthecompany.特别应该注意的是,fortheretobe+宾格词在句中作主语时必须用介词for引出therebe后面的宾格词。又如Itisimpossiblefortheretobeanymoreapples.Fortheretobesofewpeopleinthestreetswasunusual.六、therebe句型中be用V-ing分词,形成(of)therebEing+宾格词结构,表示有或存在(某种情况),在(of)therebeing+宾格词的结构中,主语是宾格词。1.therebeing+宾格词在句中作宾语。例如Haveyoueverthoughtoftherebeingsomanyworkunitsforyoutochooseonthetalentsmeeting(therebeing+宾格词作宾语)therebeing+宾格词结构在句中作介词of的宾语,句中的宾格词somanyworkunits作therebeingVing分词短语结构的逻辑主语。又如Noonehadtoldhimanythingabouttherebeingabeautifulstoryaboutthelake.Johnwasrelyingontherebeinganotheropportunity.2.therebeing+宾格词在句中作状语。例如Therebeingnocauseforalarm,shewentbacktoherbedroom.(therebeing+宾格词作原因状语)therebeing+宾格词结构在句中作状语,句中的宾格词nocause作therebeingVing分词短语结构的逻辑主语。又如Therehavingbeenastrongsuspicionagainsttheabilityofthedirector,thedepartmentaskedhimtoresign.(therebeing+宾格词作原因状语)Therebeingnothingtobedone,theyhavetogobackhome.(therebeing+宾格词作原因状语)Therebeingnofurtherbusiness,thechairmanclosedthemeeting.(therebeing+宾格词作原因状语)3.therebeing+宾格词在句中作主语。例如Therebeingabusstopsonearthehouseisagreatadvantage.therebeing+宾格词结构在句中作主语,句中的宾格词abusstop作therebeingVing分词短语结构的逻辑主语。七、therebe句型中be用be+Ved分词,形成therebe+Ved分词+宾格词结构,表示有或存在(某种情况),在therebe+Ved分词+宾格词的结构中,主语是宾格词。例如Therewasfoundalotoffoodinthekitchencupboard.TherearenowpublishedmillionsofbookseveryyearinChina.TherewasshownattheexhibitionanelectroniccomputermadeinShanghai.八、therebeno+主语名词的习惯用法。1.Ving分词在therebeno结构中作主语,表示不可能、无法。例如ThereisnodenyingthefactthatChinaisstilladevelopingcountry.Thereisnojokingaboutsuchmatters.Thereisnotellingwhatwillhappentohimnext.2.thereisnopoint+Ving分词,表示没有必要,无用,没有意义,没有用处。例如Wearedisappointedwiththenewofficerelectedinourbridgeclub,buttherEisnopointworryingaboutit.3.thereisnouse+Ving分词,表示无用,没有意义,没有用处。例如Thereisnouseadvisinghimtogiveupsmoking.4.thereisnogood+Ving分词,表示无用,没有意义,没有用处,没有益处。例如Thereisnogooddiscussingthematterwithsuchafool.九、在由therebe+主语名词引起的句子中,修饰主语的情况。1.在由therebe+主语名词引起的句子中,用来修饰主语的不定式可以用被动形式,也可以用主动形式。例如Thereisnotimetolose/tobelost.Therearestillmanythingstotakecareof/tobetakencareof.在口语中多用主动形式。但是有时候两种形式可能表示不同的意思。试比较Thereisnothingtodonow.(Wehavenothingtodonow.)Thereisnothingtobedonenow.(Wecandonothingnow.)Thereisnothingtosee(nothingworthseeing).Thereisnothingtobeseen(nothingthereatall).2.在由therebe+主语名词引起的句子中,用来修饰主语的分词或分词短语在意思上相当于一个定语从句。例如Therewere200childrenstudying(=whowerestudying)music,dancing,ordramatics.Isthereanythingplanned(=thathasbeenplanned)fortonight

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