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[最新推出]2008年考研英语小作文过关百分百(完全解.doc

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[最新推出]2008年考研英语小作文过关百分百(完全解.doc

2008年考研英语小作文过关百分百私人和公务信函概述书信是日常生活中常用的文体,是用以交涉事宜、传达信息、交流思想、联络感情、增进了解的重要工具。书信一般可分为商务信件或公函(BusinessLetterorOfficialCorrespondence)和私人信件(PrivateLetter)两大类。值得注意的是,英语书信的写法与汉语书信有一些明显区别,应特别加以区分。英语书信通常包括下面几个组成部分信端、信内地址、称呼、正文、结束语、签名、附件、再启等。下面我们将逐个进行介绍。关于发信日期的写法,应注意以下几点①年份应完全写出,不能简写。②月份要用英文名称,不要用数字代替。③月份名称多用公认的缩写式。但May,June,July,因为较短,不可缩写。④写日期时,可用基数词1,2,3,4,5,28,29,30,31等,也可用序数词lst,2nd,3rd,4th,5th,28th,29th,30th,31lst等。但最好用基数词,简单明了。日期可有下列几种写法①Oct.20,2004②10May.,2004③3rdJune,2004④Sept.16th,2004其中,①最为通用。3.称呼(Salutation)给外国人写英文信时,称呼用语要注意以下几点①对没有头衔的男性一般称呼Mr.。Mr.用在姓氏之前或姓氏和名字之前,不可只用在名字之前,例如对的称呼,应该是Mr.或Mr.White,不可是Mr.Phil。若称呼多个男性,则在姓名前用Mr.的复数形式Messrs.。对一般以人名为名称的公司和企业常用这种称呼,例如Messrs.BlackandBrothers布莱克兄弟公司。②对女性一般称呼Mrs.,Madam或Miss。Mrs.用在已婚女子的丈夫的姓氏之前,或姓氏和名字之前,一般不用在名字前Madame此词可以单独使用或加在丈夫的姓名之前Mrs.没有复数形式。若称呼多个女性,则在姓名前用Mme.的复数形式Mmes.而对以女子名字为名称的公司、企业可用Mesdames称呼。Miss多用于未婚女子,此词可缩写为Ms,用于姓氏之前或姓氏和名字之前,一般不用于名字之前。③对收信人的称呼,也可用头衔或职位的名称,不分性别。例如Professor(缩写为Prof.),Doctor(缩写为Dr.),General缩写为Gen.。这些称呼都放在姓氏之前或姓氏和名字之前,如Prof.(Phil)White等。④对外公函中对收信人的称呼,可用Gentlemen(而不是Gentleman),DearSirs和MydearSirs等。Gentlemen之前不能加Dear,后面也不能带姓名。用Sirs时,前面常用Dear一词,但也可单独用Sir。若收信人是妇女,则无论已婚或未婚,都可单独使用Madam或其复数Mesdames。⑤对外国高级官员的称呼,如国家元首、政府首脑、部长、大使、公使和特使等,可用(Dear)Sir,(Dear)Mr.Chairman,(Dear)Mr.Premier,(Mydear)Mr.Ambassador,YourExcellency(复数为Excellencies)。⑥对君主制国家的国王和皇帝等男性君主,可以Sir称呼,对女王、女皇和皇后等女性君主,可用Madam称呼。有时也用YourMajesty称呼以表示。客气和尊敬YourMajesty可兼指男性和女性,其复数为YourMajesties。⑦对王室成员,如太子、王子、亲王和公主等,一般可用(Dear)Sir或(Dear)Madam但在正式尊称时,一般用YourHighness复数为Highnesses。收信人称呼先生(男人)Mr./Esq.夫人(已婚)Mrs.小姐(未婚)Miss夫人、小姐统称Ms.夫妇俩人Mr.andMrs.两位或两位以上男子Messrs两位或两位以上女子(已婚)Mesdames两位或两位以上小姐(未婚)Misses常见的头衔(汉英对照)如下教授Professor博士DoctorDr.,Ph.D.医学博士MedicalDoctorM.D.总统或校长President主席或董事长Chairman副主席或副董事长ViceChairman副总统或副校长VicePresident首相PrimeMinister总理Premier省长或州长Governor市长Mayor参议员Senator大使Ambassador秘书长SecretaryGeneral一秘FirstSecretary二秘SecondSecretary院长Director,Dean副院长ViceDirector系主任Dean,Head,Chair馆长ChiefLibrarian,Curator阁下Excellency神甫Father4.信的正文(BodyoftheLetter)信的正文每段第一行应往右缩进约四五个字母。在写事务性信件时,正文一般开门见山,内容简单明了,条理清楚。在写私人信件时,信写好之后若有什么遗漏,可用P.S.表示补叙。5.结束语(ComplimentaryClose)结束语是写信人表示自己对收信人的一种谦称,只占一行,低于正文一二行,从信纸的中间或偏右的地方开始写。第一个词的开头字母要大写,末尾用逗号。结束语视写信人与收信人的关系而定。私人和公务信函常用句式常用的起首语有1)ThankyouforyourletterdatedDec.22,1969.2ManythanksforyourletterofSept.5,1997.3AthousandthanksforyourkindletterofJune5,1997.4YourkindletterofNovember22tharrivedthismorning.5Yourletterwhicharrivedthismorninggavemegreatcomfort.6Inreplytoyourletterdated4thJuly,Iwanttosay7ThankyouverymuchforyourletterofAugust2andthegiftyousentmeonChristmasEve.8WhatatreattoreceiveyourkindletterofMay5th9Itisalwaysathrilltoseeyournicehandwriting.10FirstofallImustthankyouforyourkindassistanceandhighattentiontome.11WithgreatdelightIlearnfromyourletterofthisSundaythat14Iamverymuchpleasedtoinformyouthatmyvisittoyourcountryhasbeenapproved.15Iwishtoapplyforteachingpositionyouareoffering.16Iamtooexcitedanddelightedatyourgoodnews.17Iamveryobligedtoyouforyourwarmcongratulations.常用的结束语有1)Awaitingyourgoodnews,2Lookingforwardtoyourearlyreply,3Hopingtohearfromyousoon,4Weawaityourgoodnews.5Ihopetohearfromyouverysoon.6Welookforwardtoyourreplyatyourearliestconvenience.7IlookforwardtoournextmeetingthereinLosAngeles.8Yourearlyreplywillbehighlyappreciated.9Anyotherparticularswantedweshallbepleasedtosendyou.10Thehelpyougivemeissincerelyvalued.11Ihopeeverythingwillbewellwithyou.12Pleaseletusknowifyouwantmoreinformation.13Ihopeyoualwaysenjoyyourself.14Iwishyouverysuccessinthecomingyear.15Pleaseremembermetoyourfamily.16Withbestregardstoyourfamily.17Allthebest.18Withloveandgoodwishes.私人和公务信函分类举例私人介绍信例1DirectionsOneofyourclassmatesandfriendsLiFangwillgotoauniversityinNewYorktostudyforseveralmonths.PleasewritealettertoanAmericanfriendinNewYorkandintroduceLiFangtohim/her.Youshouldwriteabout100wordsanddonotneedtowritetheaddress.DearMrsMark,IamgivingMissFangLi,aclassmateofmine,thisnoteofintroductiontoyouandMr.Mark,whenshegoestovisitNewYorkCity.MissLiismygoodfriend.Sheisinvitedbyauniversitytostudythereforafewmonths.Sheisakindyounglady.Ibelieveyouwillenjoymeetingandknowingeachotherandbecomefriends.Itismyhopethatyouwillkindlyinvitehertostayinyourhouseforafewdays.KindregardsVeryaffectionately,鬃譢Itismyhopethat...是一个强调句式,意同Ihopethat.stayinyourhouse表示在你家小住。例2DirectionsYourfriendMaryBrownwillgotoWashingtonD.C.nextmonth.WritenbspalettertoTonywhoisthereandintroduceMarytohim.Youshouldwriteabout100wordsanddonotneedtowritetheaddress.DearTony,ThisletterwillintroducemybestfriendMaryBrownofwhomyouveoftenheardmemention.SheisgoingtobeinWashingtonD.C.nextmonthtolecture.Iwantverymuchtohavehermeetyouthere.Andthisseemslikeanexcellentchanceforyoutomeeteachother.Ithinkbothofyouwillhavealotincommon.SofarasIknow,youbothareinterestedinmodernliterature.Onceyoumeether,youwillreallyenjoyhercompany.Anykindnesstoherwillbedulyappreciatedbyme.Yoursaffectionately,鬃譢这是一个向朋友介绍朋友的介绍信。Tony和Mary都是写信人的朋友,在他看来,他们志同道合,有共同爱好,所以希望他们相识,信中说youbothareinterestedinmodernliteratureonceyoumeether,youwillreallyenjoyhercompany。私人和公务信函分类举例应聘信(AcceptingRequestforanInterview)例1DirectionsYouhavejustreceivedaletterfromacompany,whichrepliedyourapplicationforajobandaskedyoutogototheinterviewonAugust30.Pleasewriteareplywhichisabout100wordsandyoudonotneedtowritetheaddress.DearMr.Wang,ThankyouforyourreplyofAugust20aboutmyapplicationforaposition.Itcametohandthismorningasapleasantsurprise.IamgladtotellyouthatIwillattendtheinterviewatthetimeyousetforthemorningofAugust30.Iwillbringalongfulldetailsofmytestimonialsasyousuggested.Iwouldliketointroducemyselftothecompanyandhopetobeamemberofit.Iwouldcertainlysparenoefforttoacquitmyselftoyoursatisfaction.Yoursrespectfully,鬃譢cometohand表示收到。set表示设定时间。sparenoeffort不遗余力。私人和公务信函分类举例推荐信LettersofRecommendation例1DirectionsYouarepreparingtointroduceyourstudenttosb.Writealetterabout100wordsandexpressyouropinionclearly.1whattherefereewanttoobtain2thereasonyouwanttointroducehimorher.3theopinionandsuggestionofyourself.Youdonotneedtowritetheaddress.DearProfessorSmith,ItismypleasuretorecommendmystudentMr.WangGangforadmissiontoyourdepartmentforpursuingamasterdegreeinaccounting.IamengagedinaccountingteachingatauniversityinBeijingChina,IenjoymyworkandallofmyChinesestudents,whoaresocleverandfriendly.HoweverMr.WangGangexcelsalmostanyothers.HeisnotonlyoutstandinginthefieldofaccountingbutalsogiftedfortheEnglishlanguage,forheseemstounderstandalmosteverywordIsayinclass.Asconcernashispersonality,Ifindhimhonest,responsible,andcooperative.Ibetyoulllikehimtoo.Irecommendhimenthusiastically.IfyouneedfurtherinformationregardingMr.WangGnag,donothesitatetocontactme.Bestregards,Sincerelyyours,鬃譢beengagedin表示从事(工作),asconcernas关于、提及例2DirectionsYouareaskedtowritearecommendationofyourstudentforapositionofmarketingclerkabout100wordspleaseexpressyourreasonclearly.Youdonotneedtowritetheaddress.DearMr.Manager,IamwritingthislettertorecommendatemystudentWangGangwhoisseekingthepositionofmarketingclerkofyourcompany.Hesaysyouaresatisfiedwithhispresentationattheinterviewandrequirerecommendationtobeattachedtohisexceptionalacademicperformanceinthecollege.Ashispoliticalinstructor,IthinkMr.Wangiswellqualifiedforthepositionheseeks.Healwaysranksamongthetopfiveinhisgrade,haspassedCET6andobtainsacertificateofintermediatecomputerskills.Mr.Wangisastudious,selfless,andaspiringyoungman,andheisawardedthetitleofThreeGoodActivistbythecollegeeveryyear.Ibelieveheisagoodcandidateworthyofyourconsideration.Yoursincerely,鬃譢interview即面试,bewellqualified表示完全具有资格、很合格例3DirectionsYouaregoingtowritearecommendationforsb.asyouwillintroducehimorherajob.Pleaseexpressyourideaclearlyabout100words.Youdonotneedtowritetheaddress.DearSirs,ItakedelightinrecommendingMrWangGangtotheEducationDepartmentofyouruniversity.MrWangisaconscientiousandstrongmindedyoungman.HewasfirsttrainedfortwoyearsinBeijingNormalUniversityandassignedtoworkasahighschoolteacher.Hisdesire,however,wastoinstructEnglishinauniversity.ThenheenteredtheBeijingInstituteofEducationtostudyEnglishforanothertwoyears.Hisacademicrecordwasexceptionallygood,especiallyinAmericanliteraturecourse.Now,Hehasgraduatedfromtheinstituteandhopestostudyfurtherabroad,whichwillbenefithisfutureemploymentprospectandmayhelpfulfilhisdesire.Ishouldappreciateitverymuchifyouwouldconsiderhim.Yourssincerely鬃譢takedelightin表示很乐于(做某事)。例4DirectionsYourareaskedtowritearecommendationforastudent.Pleasegiveyoursuggestionsandexpressyouropinionsclearlyabout100words.Youdonotneedtowritetheaddress.ToProfessorZhang,IhavethepleasureofwritingthisletterofrecommendationforMr.LiMing,whoisastudentofmine.HewishestobeconsideredanapplicantfortheMScourseofbiologyatyourcollege.Mr.Wangisagiftedyoungman.Hehasdevotedhishearttohisstudyandresearch.NotonlyhasheobtainedAsinallmajorsubjectareas,buthehasalsopublishedseveralarticlesintheschooljournal,illustratinghisoriginalityandhisdeepunderstandingofscience.Forhiscompetence,heisrespectedbyeveryonewhoknowshim.Ifeelsurethat,ifheisacceptedbyyourcollege,hewillbeabletodevelophistalenttoitsfullestpotential.Isincerelyhopeyouwillgivehimfavorableconsideration.Yourscordially,鬃譢推荐信经常使用一些褒奖的形容词来描述被推荐人。以下是一些常用的描述品行和能力的词语,供大家参考bright,nbspclever,capable,gifted,talented,ingenious,outstanding,prominent,diligent,assiduous,industrious,conscientious,hardworking,humorous,goodhumored,cooperative,compromising,competent,original,innovative,ambitious,creative,original,innovative,inventive,imaginative,firm,persistent,persevering,resourceful,kindhearted,generous,honest,helpful,cheerful,considerate,devoted,dedicated,committed,promising,farbeyondtheaverageperson等。以上各词应根据语意选择,但不要过于堆砌。私人和公务信函分类举例祝贺信(LettersofCongratulation)例1DirectionsPleasewritealetterofabout100wordstocongratulateyourfriendLiMing,whodidwellinthepassedcollegeentranceexamandhasbeenenrolledinPekingUniversity.Youdonotneedtowritetheaddress.DearMing,WeareveryhappytoknowthatyouhavesuccessfullypassedthecollegeentranceexaminationthisyearandhavebeenadmittedintoPekingUniversity.Allowustogiveourmostsincerecongratulationsonthisexcitingoccasion.Youhaveallalongbeenworkinghardatyourprofessionalstudies,andyouareexcellentinmostsubjects.Yoursuccessshowsthatonlyhardworkcanyieldgoodresults.Wetakethisopportunitytoexpressourbestwishestoyou.Wishyougreaterachievementsinyourcollegeeducation.Yourscordially,鬃譢对朋友高考胜利的祝贺信应包括对其所付出努力的肯定,对其成绩的祝贺和对未来的祝福。例2DirectionsYourfriendStevenandJennyhavejusthadanewbabyboy.Pleasewritealetterofabout100wordstocongratulatethem.Youdonotneedtowritetheaddress.DearnbspJennyHowhappyyoumustbetohaveabeautifulnewbabyboy.Thehappinessinmyheartisjustthesamewithyou.Nowyouveexperiencedthejoythatonlyanewmotherknowsasherbabyisputintoherarmsforthefirsttime.Iamsurethatthelittlestrangermustlooklikehisfatherandsomeyearslaterhewillbeasmartfellow.MaytheyearsaheadbefilledwithgoodhealthandgoodfortuneforyouandStevenandyourlittleWhatshisname.BestwishestoallofyouVerysincerelyyours,鬃譢庆贺孩子出生的信一般都写给孩子的母亲例3DirectionsYourhighschoolclassmateZhanghonghasjustgraduatedfromCambridgeUniversity.Pleasewritealettertocongratulateher.Youshouldwriteabout100wordsanddonotneedtowritetheaddress.DearZhanghongHowtimefliesHereyouaregraduatingfromCambridgeUniversityandplanningtofindajobinacomputercooperationintheUnitedStates.Congratulationsonthejobwelldonewhileatuniversityandgoodlucktoyouduringyournewcareer.Iwishyousuccessinallyourundertakingsandhopeyoullfindyourcareerasourceofgreatjoyandhappiness.Anytimewhenyoucomebackhome,Iwishyouwouldcometomyplace.Then,wemayrecallourhighschoollife.EverythingwillbewellwithyouIbelieve.Sincerelyyours,鬃譢写作时要充分挖掘导语中的有效信息,特别是highschoolclassmate等细节信息。例4DirectionsBillgotaDoctorateinliteratureforTsinghuaUniversity.Writealettertocongratulatehim.Youshouldwriteabout100wordsanddonotneedtowritetheaddress.DearBill,IgotthenewsfromMikethatyouhavereceivedaDoctorateinliteraturefromTsinghuaUniversity.Icongratulateyouforthis.Tohavereachedthismilestoneinyourscholarshipatayoungageisreallygreat.Itmeans,Ibelieve,yearsofassiduousstudyandhardworkonyourpart.Anditisanachievementyoucanbewellproudof.Asyourbestfriend,Ihopeyoucanreachhigherlevelinyourstudyanddomorecontributiontothesociety.MybestwishestoyouSincerely,鬃譢朋友年轻有为,获得博士学位,应该祝贺。正如信中所说,这一成就是多年来刻苦学习和努力工作的结果(yearsofassiduousstudyandhardwork)。英文有一句成语Nosweetnosweat.世界上不劳有获的事情是没有的。例5DirectionsWritealetterofcongratulationtoafriendwhowinthescholarshipinTsinghuaUniversity.Youshouldwriteabout100wordsanddonotneedtowritetheaddress.DearJiang,ItakegreatpleasureinsendingcongratulationstoyouonyourwinningthescholarshiptotheTsinghuaUniversityofAmericanliterature.WhileImnotalittlesurprised,Imallhappytogetthegoodnews.Iknowyouhavegotexcellentmarksforallthecoursesyoutook.Itisgreattoknowthatyouhaveachievedthegoalyousetforyourself.Itisanawardthatyourichlydeserve.Imreallyproudofyou.Warmestcongratulations.Cordiallyyours,鬃譢这是一封祝贺信。字词之间流露出祝贺的诚意,如greatpleasure,notalittlesurprise,great例6DirectionsYouhavejustfoundanarticleaboutyourfriendJimssuccessinresearchonJinghuanewspaper.Writealettertohimtocongratulatehim.Youshouldwriteabout100wordsanddonotneedtowritetheaddress.DearJim,WeareveryhappytolearnfromtodaysJinghuanewspaperthegreatnewsofyoursuccessApaperonTeachingTheory.Youcantimagehowpleasedweare.Itisawelldeservedrecognitionofyourremarkablework.Weareluckyinhavingyouamongourfriends,andwearesoproudofyouandhappyforyou.Pleaseacceptourwarmestcongratulations.Yourscordially,鬃譢写作中应擅用破折号,以达到简单明了的目的。Itisarecognitionof表示这是对某人某事的认同和肯定。私人和公务信函分类举例求助信LettersofAskingforHelp例1DirectionsYouwanttostudyfurtherforaMastersdegreeandyouarepreparingfortheentranceexam.SinceyouhavedifficultyinEnglish,youshouldwritealetteraround100wordstoaskforhelpfromyourgoodfriendFang.Youdonotneedtowritetheaddress.DearFang,IamsorrythatIhavetoaskafavourofyou,withthehopethatyouwillbekindtohelpme.IhavebeenlongingtoapplyfortheentranceexaminationforMAcandidatesforalongtimebecauseIwanttopursueadvancedstudies.UnfortunatelyIfindmyselffarfromtherequiredstandard,especiallymyverypoorEnglish.Atthismoment,thepersonalfriendshipleadsmetoapproachyouwiththerequest,whetheryoucanmanagetogivemesomeconstructiveguidance.Ipromisetobeadiligentstudent.Ifyouagree,Iwillcometoyourhouseonceaweekatatimemostconvenienttoyou.Thankyouverymuchforyourkindhelponmanyoccasionsinthepast.Yourfriend,nbsp鬃譢Thankyouverymuchforyourkindhelponmanyoccasionsinthepast.多次承你帮忙,不胜感激例2DirectionsSupposeyouareaseniormajoredinphysicsandplantostudyfurtherabroad.Pleasewritealetterofabout100wordstoprofessorLiandaskhimtowriteareferenceforyoutoaU.S.university.Youdonotneedtowritetheaddress.DearprofessorLi,IamaundergraduatefromtheDepartmentofphysicsandIfortunatelytookamajorcourseonwhichyoulectured.Yourlessonsimpressedmedeeply.Asasenior,Ifacethechoicebetweenhuntingforajobandcontinuingtostudy.IprefertoapplyforachancetopursueaMastersdegreeabroad.IhavetakenrequiredEnglishexamsandgotexcellentscores.Whatsmore,Ihavefinishedmypersonalstatement,whichisattachedtothisletter.Imnowwritingtoaskifyoucanwriteareferenceforme,whichwillgreatlyfacilitatemyadmissionintoaU.S.university.Bestwishesforyourhealth.YourStudent,鬃譢在请求别人写推荐信时应写明自己的目的和打算,并为对方提供相关信息。例3DirectionsYouplantoapplyforadmissiontoHarvardUniversity.YouwantMrBlackhelpyouwithmoney.Writealettertohimtotellhim.1Thereasonforyourletter.2Thesumofmoney3HowyoumakeyourlivingintheU.S.Youdonotneedtowritetheaddress.DearMr.Black,IhaveappliedforadmissiontoHarvardUniversity.AsIhavenorelativesintheUnitedStatesandIhavenoenoughmoneyforthetuition.Imustfindafinancialguarantor.Youknow,inapplyingforastudentvisa,anaffidavittosupportmustbesubmittedfromanindividualwhowillassurethisopportunity.ItplaysanimportantroleformychancetoentertheHarvardUniversity.Couldyoudomeafavortobemyfinancialguarantor.IfIreallyhavethechanceofcomingtotheU.S.,Iwillundertakeparttimeemploymenttocoverallthelivingexpenses.Pleasewritetomesoon.Yourssincerely,鬃譢出国留学需要有人经济担保。如果是到美国留学,那么你的美国友人要填写一份担保书(affidavitofsupport),保证你在美国学习期间的学费和生活费用。例4DirectionsYouarepreparingtoaskforsomehelpfromyourteacher,writealetterthat1detailwhatyouwantheorshedoforyou.2expressyourthankstoyourteacher.Youdonotneedtowritetheaddress.DearMsWang,Imakeboldtowritethislettertoaskyoutodomeafavour.IhavetriedtotranslateseveralshortchinesestoriesintoEnglishforaparttimejob.Asitisthefirsttimeformetodoatranslationwork,IthinktheremustbemanyerrorsandawkwardexpressionsofChineseEnglishformylackofexperiences.Isincerelyhopethatyouwouldreadovermymanuscriptsandcorrectmymistakesandsociolisms.Alsocouldyoupleasegivemesomeothersuggestionsonmytranslationwork.ThankyouforyourhelpwithgreatrespectYourfaithfulstudent,鬃譢.请人帮忙除了通常所说的askforhelp,也可以用dosbafavour来表达。表示很诚恳地希望什么时,可用句型Isincerelyhopethat私人和公务信函分类举例求职信LettersofApplyingforAJob求职信的内容一般包括以下部分1)写信的缘由2)个人情况简介,例如年龄、性别、文化程度、工作经历、工作技能、个人专长等3)推荐人或证明人姓名以供录用方查询4)约定面试时间。通常随求职信附上个人简历和两三封推荐信。例1DirectionsYouare鬃,antobegraduatefromJiLinUniversity,majoringinEnglish.Writealettertoacompanyapplyingforaposition,Yourlettershouldinclude1anintroductionofyourself.2yourqualificationfortheposition.3askingforaninterview.Youshouldwrite100wordsorso,youdontneedtowritetheaddress.DearSirs,IamagraduateefromJilinUniversityofForeignLanguageInstitute.AsastudentofEnglishforBusiness,Ihopetoworkinaforeigncompanyaftergraduation.Inthepastfouracademicyears,IhaveprovedmyselftobeastraightAstudent,awardedasuccessionofscholarships.MyEnglishisparticularlygoodandGermanhappenstobemysecondforeignlanguage,whichwillliveuptotherequirementssetbyawhollyownedforeigncompanylikeyours.Iapplyforthepositionofassistanttonbspyourmarketingprojectmanager.Youwillfindmeagoodteamplayer,selfmotivatedandeagertolearn.IbelieveIcanbeofvaluetoyourcompany.Ishouldbeveryhappyifyouwouldarrangeaninterviewwithme.yourssincerely,鬃譢Liveupto符合arrangeaninterview安排面试例2DirectionsYouareaseniorofcomputerscience.YoudliketobeaninternforanITcompany.WritealettertopresentyourwillingsYoushouldclear1youreducationbackground.2yourpurposeofbeinganintern.Youshouldwriteabout100wordsanddontneedtowritetheaddress.Dearsirs,IamaseniorofcomputerscienceinBeijingUniversityofTechnology.Iwouldliketoworkasaninterninyourcompany.AsIhaveawideinterestincomputer,Iwilldowhateverjobassignedtome,insoftwaredevelopmentorintechnicalsupport.OneofmyadvantagesisthatIamabletoworkconscientiouslyunderpressure.Themorechallengingmytaskis,thebetteritwillbedone.MymainpurposeisjustnbsptoputintopracticewhatIhavelearnedfromtheclassroominthepastfewyearsandtolearnaboutmyownabilityinpracticalwork.Remunerationisnotyettakenintoconsideration.Iamenclosingaresumeandlookingforwardtohearingfromyou.Yoursrespectfully,鬃譢putintopractice付诸实践例3DirectionsSupposeyougraduatesfromBusinessSchoolofPekingUniversity.Pleasewritealettertoadirectorandapplyforachanceoffurtherstudy.Thenumberofwordsisnolessthan100wordsandyoudontneedtowritetheaddress.DearMr.Director,IaminterestedinyourgraduateProgramofInternationalManagement.IhavejustgraduatedfromtheBusinessSchoolofPekingUniversity,holdingabachelordegreeandawardedtheTitleofExcellentStudent.Ishouldbemostobligedtoyouifyouwouldsendmeyourcatalogueandnecessaryapplicationformsatyourearliestconvenience.EnclosedpleasefindmyresumeattestingtomyoutstandingacademicperformanceattheBusinessSchoolofPekingUniversity.Thankyouforyourconsideration.Yourssincerely,鬃譢这是一封本科毕业生写给研究生导师的信,把它归入求职信是因为二者在写法上基本上是一致的。例4DirectionsWriteanapplicationforemployment.Theapplicationshouldbepresentedthedetailsofyourpersonalreferences.Youshouldwriteabout100words.APPLICATIONFOREMPLOYMENTPOSITIONAPPLIEDManagerAsistantAVAILABILITYTOCOMMENCEJuly1st,2004NAME鬃譢ADDRESSNo.8SuzhouStreet,Beijing.TELEPHONE86010鬃鬃鬃EMAILshuangboshi163.comSEXMaleHEIGHT175cmDATEOFBIRTHDec.12,1981MARITALSTATUSNONAMEOFSPOUSENOHISORHEROCCUPATIONNOEDUCATIONMasterNAMEOFSCHOOLBeijing,ForeignLanguageDURATIONOFSTUDIES2001.92003.7MAJOREnglishDEGREEOBTAINEDMasterofEnglishArtEMPLOYMENTRECORDAForeignCompanyCOMPANYNAMENeoCompanyEMPLOYEDFROM2003.7TO2004.7POSITIONHELDsecretaryGROSSSALARYPERMONTH3.000RMBREASONFORLEAVINGHopingformorechallengesandchances工作申请表一般包括申请人最基本的信息且言简意赅,多用省略句。例5DirectionsPleasewritealetterofabout100wordstoauniversitytoapplyforateachingpost.YouShouldnotwritetheaddress.DearSirs,IamsendingyoumyresumeforconsiderationofacceptancetoteachEnglishwithinyourUniversitythiscomingsummerorFall/Wintersemesters.Idohavehighqualificationswithmuchrelatedexperience.IfyourUniversityhasaneedinmyfieldofexpertise,Iwouldbeveryhappytodiscussanypossibilities.Pleasefeelfreetocall,faxorwritemeattheaddressbelow.Thankssomuchforreceivingmyresume.IbelieveIwillbeabletohearfromyousoon.Ifforsomereasonsyoucurrentlydonothaveanyavailablepositions,pleasekeepmeonfileformyfutureavailability.Sincerely,鬃譢求职信的末尾可写上如果不予聘用,可将本人纳入备选档案。例6DirectionsYouareapplyingforapositionofteachingEnglishasasecondlanguagetoaUniversity.Writealetteraboutthis.Youshouldwritenolessthan100wordsandtheaddressisnotnecessary.DearSirs,IwouldliketoapplyforanypositionofteachingEnglishasasecondlanguagethatbecomeavailableinthesemesterof2003.Iaaprofessionalartistandhavetaughtattheuniversitylevel.Chineseartisspecialinteresttome,andItookanintroductoryclassinFarEasternArtsbeforecompletingmyMastersdegree.IfnopositionisavailableteachingEnglishasasecondlanguage,IcouldcontributebyteachingcoursesintherecenthistoryofWesternart.Ienclosedmyresume,whichindicatesmyteachingexperienceandmyworkwithpeopleofvariousbackgrounds.Thankyouforyourconsideration.Sincerely,鬃譢此文指出了在最优选择之外提供其它选择的表达法。例7DirectionsYouarepreparingforaapplicationbecauseyouwanttogetapositioninacompany.Pleasewritetheletterinabout100words.Youdontneedtowritetheaddress.DearMr.Director,Ihavelearnedfromthenewspapersthatyouareemployinganadministrativesecretary.Iamveryinterestedinthisposition.IhaveworkedasanadministrativesecretaryforaeconomiccompanyinBeijingforthreeyears,soIhavesomeunderstandingofthecounting.IgraduatedfromPekingUniversity,holdingabachelordegree.nbspHavingobtainedcertificatesofCET4andCET6,IfindmyselffluentinbothspokenandwrittenEnglish.Inaddition,Iamalsoquitefamiliarwithcomputerskills.Enclosedpleasefindmyresume.Lookingforwardtoyourearlyreply.Yourssincerely,鬃譢你申请某公司的职位,一定要对这家公司有一定的了解,尤其要注意它所提出的各项要求。例如,公司对英语和电脑有所要求,写信人就说自己已经通过大学英语四级和六级,并且熟悉电脑。最后还附上简历。这样写法对求职是十分有利的。例8DirectionsYouareapplyingforthepostofprogrammerinacompany.Yourlettershouldinclude1yourcurrentsituation2yourreasonsforapplying.Youshouldwritenolessthan100wordsanddontneedtowritetheaddress.DearSir/Madam,WithreferencetoyouradvertisementinGuangzhouDailyon20May2004,Iamwritingtoexpressmyinterestinapplyingforthecaptionedpost.IampresentlyaprogrammeratSuccessSecurities.Ltd,andmy2yearcontractwillexpiresoon.ByapplyingforthepostIamlookingforwardtoswitchingtoalarger,moresophisticatedandmorecomputerizedcompanysothatIcanenrichmyprofessionalknowledge.Iamconfidentthatmy2yearsolidexperiencewillenablemetomeetthechallengeswhichalargecompanyposes.Pleaserefertotheenclosedresumeforthetechnicaldetailsofmypastduties.Iwouldbeavailableforaninterviewatyourconvenience.Thankyouforyourattentiontothisapplication.EndresumeYourstruly,鬃譢expire期满、到期,switchto,改变,switchpositions,换一换位置。sophisticatedadj.高级的、尖端的。pleaserefertotheenclosedresumefor相关详细情况请参阅附带的简历。私人和公务信函分类举例邀请信LettersofInvitation例1DirectionsYouareplanningtoaskyourfriendtojoinanouting.Expressyourideaclearlyasfollows1detailsaboutwhatyouaregoingtodo2whenandwhereyouwillgoout.Youshouldwritenolessthan100wordsanddontneedtowritetheaddress.DearLiYing,Haventseenyouforalongtime.HowhaveyoubeenIammissingyouallthetime.Astheweatherissplendidnow,Jack、LucyandIhavemadeaplantogoouttothecountrysidebybike.Eachofusmaytakefoodforthepicnic,whichwewillhaveatthehillside.Thecountrysidemustbeverylovely,withgrassandtreesgrowingflourishingly,flowersfullbloomandbrightsunshine.Wecanenjoythescenerytoourheartscontent,atthesametimeandtakesomepicturesasamemory.Itispossibleforustomeetatthebusstop8a.m.Iamsurewewillhaveagoodtime.Docomeandjoinus.Yoursalways,鬃譢.邀友交游时的语言可以比较轻松、简单而不用太正式,例如一些简单的问候Howhaveyoubeen和邀请语句Docome例2DirectionsYouwanttoinviteMr.WallacetogiveaspeechonAmericanliterature.Writealettertohimandsay.1thepurposeoftheinvitation.2thetimeofthelectureItshouldbelessthan100words.Youdontneedwritetheaddress.DearMr.Wallace,Weknowthatyouareanexpertonliterature.AsstudentsinEnglishmajor,wewanttoknowsomedetailsaboutliterature.WeshouldbeverygratefulifyoucouldgiveatalkonAmericanLiteraturetostudentsoftheEnglishDepartmentonSaturday,April19.Ifthissubjectdoesnotsuityou,anyothersimilartopicwouldbewelcomeaswell.Wehavealreadyhadseveralveryinterestingtalksfromdistinguishedvisiorsfromvariouscountriesthissemesterandwelookforwardeagerlytotheopportunitytobenefitfromyourexperienceandwisdom.Sincerelyyours,鬃譢本文是邀请外国专家做讲座的邀请函。信的言辞应表示诚意,如我殷切期盼(tolookforwardeagerlytotheopportunity),还要表示尊重,如从您的阅历和智慧中受益(tobenefitfromyourexperienceandwisdom).例3DirectionsWriteaninvitationtoMrJohnSze,invitinghimtobethecalligraphycompetitionjudge.Thenumberofthewordsisnolessthan100wordsandyoudontneedtowritetheaddress.DearMrSze,The20thTaiwanChineseCalligraphyCompetition,organizedbytheGoodHopeAssociationandModernTradeLtd.,willacceptentriesfrom3Marchto15April2004AsarenownedexpertinChinesecalligraphy,youarecordiallyinvitedtopresentasamemberofourpanelofjudges.Wewouldalsoliketoinviteyoutogiveawaytheprizesattheprizepresentationceremony,andtodeliveraspeechtotheaudience.DetailsoftheCompetitionareasfollows

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