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12考博听力中的影响理解的词组汇集11页.doc

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12考博听力中的影响理解的词组汇集11页.doc

考博听力中的影响理解的词组汇集1)abigtime尽兴,高兴的时刻e.g.Ihadabigtimethere.thebigtime第一流,最高级e.g.Dontworryyouareinthebigtimenow.2)accordingto按照,根据e.g.Theywerecommendedorcriticizedaccordingtotheirwork.accordingas随而定e.g.Thethermometerrisesorfallsaccordingastheairishotorcold.3)admitto承认e.g.Ihavetoadmittoadislikeformodernmusic.admitsb.into允许某人进入某地或加入某组织、行业e.g.Theyhaveadmittedmeintotheirclub.4)allfor完全赞成e.g.Iamallforholdingameetingtodiscussit.forall尽管e.g.Theycouldnotopentheboxforalltheirforces.5)allinall总的说来e.g.Allinallitisasuccess.allin疲倦,筋疲力尽e.g.Hewasallinbuthestuckitout.6)asitiswas照目前的情况来看e.g.Asitisweshallbeabletocompleteourtaskintime.asitwere可以说,姑且这样说e.g.Heisasitwereawalkingdictionary.7)asmuchas几乎,实际上e.g.Byrunningawayheasmuchasadmittedthathehadtakenthemoney.asmuchas与一样多e.g.Itisasmuchourresponsibilityasyours.8)aswell也,还是为好e.g.Hegavemeadviceandmoneyaswell.Sinceyouhavebeguntodoityoumayaswellfinishit.aswellas不仅而且,除之外e.g.Withtelevisionweseeapictureaswellashearingsound.Smalltownsaswellasbigcitiesarebeingrapidlyindustrialized.9)atonetime从前某个时期e.g.Atonetimewemetfrequently.atatime每次,一次e.g.Youcanborrowonlytwobooksatatime.10)attachto属于,归因于e.g.Noblameattachestohim.attachoneselfto参加,加入e.g.Heattachedhimselftothegroupofclimbers.11)beacreditto为增光e.g.Ihopeyouwillbeacredittoyourschool.docreditto为增进荣誉e.g.Thispieceofworkdoescredittoyou.12)bearinmind记住e.g.IhopeyouwillbearinmindallIamsaying.haveinmind考虑e.g.Dontgiveyourconfidencetoothersregardingtheplanyouhaveinmind.13)beginwith以为起点e.g.Headvisedmetobeginwithsomethingeasy.tobeginwith首先e.g.Tobeginwithwemustconsidertheproblemfromallsides.14)buildup逐步建成,增强e.g.Theyaretryinghardtobuildupanindependenteconomy.Hewentforanoceanvoyageandbuiltuphishealth.buildon以为基础,依赖e.g.Letsbuildonyouridea.Weshallbuildonyoursupportingus.15)byday在白天e.g.Mostofthemworkbydayandstudybynight.bytheday(指工作报酬等)按日计算e.g.Willyoupaymebythedayorbythehour16)canbut只好罢了e.g.Wecanbuttrytomakehimseehowunreasonablehehasbeen.cannotbut不得不,禁不住e.g.Icannotbuttellherthetruth.Icannothelptellingherthetruth17)comeforth出现,发行e.g.Manynewthingsarecomingforth..Doyouknowthatasetofnewstampshascomeforthcomeforward自告奋勇,提出供讨论Theyhavecomeforwardwithanoffertohelp.Thematterwasdeferredatlasteveningsmeetingbutwillcomeforwardatournextsession.18)compareto比拟(指出其中的相似点)e.g.Manslifeisoftencomparedtoacandle.comparewith把和相比(指出其不同之处)e.g.Hecomparedhiscamerawithmine.19)consistin包含在中e.g.Happinessconsistsingoodhealth.consistof由组成e.g.Theapartmentconsistedoftworoomsandakitchen.20)endon两端相碰,正对e.g.Thetwoshipscollidedeachotherendon.Weshouldntplacethebicyclesendon.onend竖着,连续地,不断地e.g.Placetheboxonend.Sheoftenworksfor20hoursonend.21)familiarto某事为某人熟知e.g.Therewerefactsnotfamiliartome.familiarwith熟悉或通晓某事e.g.HeisfamiliarwithEnglishGermanandFrench..22)feelforsb.同情某人,为某人难过e.g.Ifeelforyouinyoursorrow.feelforsth(用手、脚、棍子等)摸索,寻找某物e.g.Shefeltunderthepillowforherwatch.23)foramoment片刻,一会儿e.g.Shewassilentforamomentweighinginhermindtheprosandcons.forthemoment此刻、暂时e.g.Icannotrecallhisnameforthemoment.24)getdown下去,下来写下来e.g.ThebuswassojammedthatIcouldnotgetdown.HeresthetelephonenumberIgotdownforyou.getdownto认真着手进行处理e.g.Itisnogoodshirkingthejobitwillhavetobegotdownto.25)getintotroublewithsb.遭到某人的(训斥等)e.g.PoorTomisalwaysgettingintotroublewiththeboss.getsb.intotrouble使某人陷入困境e.g.Thelettergotmeintotrouble.26)givesb.ahand帮助某人或参与某人做某事e.g.Givemeahandwiththecleaningplease.givesb.oneshand与某人握手e.g.Shegavemeherhandandwishedmeagoodtrip.27)gothrough检查,搜查通过,穿过e.g.Theywentthroughourluggageatthecustoms.Ittookusawholeweektogothroughthegreatforest.gothroughwith把坚持到底e.g.Weshouldgothroughwiththeexperimentnowwevestarted.28)goodfor有益于e.g.ThisbookisgoodforyourEnglishstudy.forgood永久地e.g.Thelostmoneywasgoneforgood.29)haveafancyfor爱好,喜爱e.g.Shehasafancyforniceclothes.haveafancythat猜想,认为e.g.Ihaveafancythathewillcometonight.30)headup领头领导e.g.Abandheadeduptheparade.Mr.Joneswillheadupthenewbusiness.headsup注意,小心e.g.HeadsupnowYoucandobetterthanthat.31)inaway在某种程度上e.g.Inawayitisanimportantbook.intheway妨碍,挡路Iwillvisityounextweekendifthereisnothingintheway.32)inblack穿黑色衣服e.g.Arabianwomenarealwaysdressedinblackclothes.intheblack赢利,赚钱Newproductionmethodsputthecompanyintheblack.33)inchargeof负责e.g.Whoisinchargeofthisworkinthechargeof照护e.g.Thepatientsareinthechargeofthenurse.34)inhand控制e.g.Therewasalittleriotingbutthepolicesoonhadthesituationinhand.handin递交,交给e.g.Hehandedinhisresignationinprotestagainstit.35)inoneshonor向表示敬意或感谢e.g.Thedaywaskeptasaholidayinhonorofvictory.ononeshonor用人格担保e.g.Wewereonourhonornottocheatontheexam.36)inpossessionof占有e.g.Heisinpossessionofthishouse.inthepossessionof被占有e.g.Thekeysareinthepossessionofthedoorkeeper.37)inspirit在内心,在精神上e.g.Inspiritatleasttheselawswereveryfair.inspirits情绪或心情(好、坏等)e.g.Heisinpoorspiritsbecauseofhisfailingintheexam.38)keepup继续,保持e.g.Theyenteredintoacorrespondencewhichwaskeptupforalmosttenyears.keepupwith与齐步前进,跟上e.g.Withtheirhelphehaskeptupwiththeclass.39)lookabout环视e.g.Helookedabouthimwithgreatinterest.lookaboutfor四处寻找e.g.Shewaslookingaboutforthekeyshehadjustlost.40)lookup向上看e.g.Helookedupandnoddedtome.lookupto尊敬e.g.Itmustberewardingtobelookeduptobysomanypeople.41)makeonesway开路e.g.Assoonashesawustheteachermadehiswaythroughthecrowdtogreetus.makeoneswayto向走去e.g.Intheeveningwemadeourwaytotheappointedmeetingplace.42)measureto测量到某一精度e.g.Measurethisparttomm.measureupto够得上,可以匹敌e.g.Thenewtechniquesmeasureuptoadvancedworldstandard.43)morethan很,非常e.g.Hewasmorethanupsetbytheaccident.morethan比更e.g.Iregardedhermorehighlythanme.44)muchas虽然e.g.MuchasIshouldliketogoIcantgorightnow.asmuch同样的或同样多少的e.g.YouhavealwayshelpedmeandIwillalwaysdoasmuchforyou.45)nolessthan不亚于,竟达之多e.g.Therewerenolessthanonehundredpeopleatthemeeting.notlessthan不比差,至少e.g.Therewerenotlessthanonehundredpeopleatthemeeting.请大家注意区分以上两句的差别,第一句是指竟达100人之多,第二句则是至少有100人,要明白nolessthan是一种强调说法,它和notlessthan的区别在于事先假定的程度或是数量有所不同,nolessthan在某种意义上说来没有超过的意思,而notlessthan可能会超过,这种表达方式正好与nomorethan以及notmorethan相反。46)nomorethan同样不仅仅,只有e.g.Thisbookisnomoreinterestingthanthatone.Itisnomorethanemptytalk.notmorethan不比更,不如至多e.g.Heisnotmorecleverthanyouare.Therewerenotmorethan5factoriesinourcitybeforeliberation.47)onsale出售的廉价出售e.g.Manynewfarmtoolsareonsaleinthisstore.Igotthisbookonsaleitwasverycheap.forsale出售的,上市的

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