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2012年5月份百题精练(1)英语试题.doc

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2012年5月份百题精练(1)英语试题.doc

考试试卷模拟考试资料复习备考2012年5月份百题精练(1)英语试题第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)第一节(共15小题每小题2分,满分30分)阅读下列四篇短文,从每小题后所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。AEllenandBillCountyarebothteachers.Theymetincollegeandbecamegoodfriendsbecauseoftheirsharedloveforchildren.Twoyearsafterthecouplegotmarried,Ellensawahugechangeinthelifeofoneofherstudents,a9–year–oldgirl.Threeyearsearlierbothofthelittlegirlsparentshaddiedandtherewasnoonetotakecareofher.Shewastakenawaytoliveinagovernmentoffice.Butfinallyshewastakeninandadoptedbyafamilyandbecametheirdaughter.Ellensaidthatshenoticedthedifferenceinthechildslifeaftershewasplacedinapermanenthomeandthoughtthatmaybesheandherhusbandcouldhelpachildinasimilarway.Theydecidedtobecometemporaryparentsandtotakeachildintotheirhomejustontheweekendswhentherealparentscouldnottakecareofhimorher.Thepairplannedtohavetheirownchildreninafewyears,butdecidedthatthiswouldbeawaytogivetothecommunityinthemeantime.Thecouplequicklygrewtoloveoneofthechildrentheylookedafter.Whenhebecamelegallyavailable,Billybecamethefirstchildtheytookinpermanently.SixmonthsafteradoptingBilly,Ellenwastoldbyherdoctorthatshewasunabletohavechildrennaturally.Ellensayssheknewthenthatadoptionwasthewayshewasmeanttohaveafamily.SinceadoptingBilly,now17,EllenandBillhaveadoptedfivemorechildrenRose,16Albert,11Joshua,5andinJune2003,theyaddedbiologicalbrotherandsisterTylerandRyleetotheCountyfamily.TheCountyfamilyhasbeenrecognizedfortheirworkonadoption,andhasreceivedmanyawardsfortheirefforts.LastJune,thefamilywaseveninterviewedonthetelevisionshow,AdoptionStories.Ellensaysshewouldliketoencourageotherfamiliestoadoptchildren.SheaddsthatthebestpartofbeingamotherofsixisGivingJoshabath,puttingabandaidonacutkneeorjusttheeverydayMomthings,thatmakesmotherhoodsuchanhonorandaprivilege.46.WhatisthepassagemainlyaboutA.Howacouplefirstmetatcollege.B.Whereyoucanadoptachild.C.Thebenefitsofadoptiontothecommunity.D.Howadoptioncreatedahappyfamily.47.WhydidEllenandBillfirstdecidetoadoptachildA.Becausetheyhadalwayslovedstudentsverymuch.B.Becausetheysawthebenefitsofadoptionforachild.C.Becausetheywerenotabletohavechildrenoftheirown.D.Becausetheywanttoreceiveawardsfortheircommunitywork.48.WhichofthechildrenarerelatedtoeachotherbybloodA.RyleeandTyler.B.BillyandTyler.考试试卷模拟考试资料复习备考C.AlbertandJoshua.D.RoseandAlbert.49.Thelastparagraph.A.tellsthereaderhowtheycanadoptachildB.describesthethingsthatmakeEllenhappyC.sayswhatEllendoeseverydayD.liststheproblemsEllenhaswiththekidsBAfterbeinglaidofffromherjob,AnnBauerstruggledfinancially.Sheworkedatseverallowerpaidjobs,relocatedtoanewcityandevendeclaredbankruptcy.TheninDecember,shefinallymovedbackintoherparentshomeatage52.ImbacklivinginthebedroomthatIgrewupin,shesaid.Takingshelterwithparentsisntuncommonforyoungpeople,especiallywhenthejobmarketispoor.Butnowthedecliningeconomyisforcingsomechildrentodosolaterinlifeevenatmiddleage.Financialplannersreportreceivingmanycallsfromparentsseekingadviceabouttakingintheirgrownchildrenafterdivorcesandlayoffs.KimErickson,afinancialplannerinCalifornia,saidshehasneverseenolderchildren,eventhoseat50,dependingsomuchontheirparentsasinthelastsixmonths.Theseare40and50yearoldchildrenofmyclientsthattheyrehelpingout.Wehaveahardtimesayingnoasaculturetoourchildren,andtheykeepaskingformore,shesaid.Bauersparentswonttakerentmoney.Shestryingtosaveseveralhundreddollarsamonthforahousewhileworkingasameetingcoordinator.Bauerwouldprefertoliveonherown,butwithoutherparentshelp,shewouldprobablyberentingagain,shesaid.Buyinggroceriesforanotherpersonisntstretchingmybudgettoomuch,saidhermother,ShirleySmith,aged80.Parentsusuallyfeelguiltyiftheydontofferhelp.Butalargenumberofwellmeaningparentsmustdelayretirementorscalebacktheirdreamsbecausetheyhavetohelptheirchildren,Ericksonsaid.Andtheslidingeconomymightthreatentheirjobs.Ialmosthavetoactlikeafinancialtherapist,shesaidtoShirley.HereisthelineImdrawingforyou.Thatsfine.Youcandouptothispoint,butatthispoint,nowyourestartingtoerode损害yourownwealth.50.Fromthepassage,wecanlearnthat_______.A.middleagedpeopleevenhavefewerjobopportunitiesthanyoungpeopleB.fewofAmericanyoungpeoplelivewiththeirparentsC.therateofdivorceinAmericaisobviouslyontheincreaseD.manyparentsareatalossondealingwithgrownchildren51.HowdidAnnBauersparentsactafterlearningabouthersituationA.Theyatfirstrefusedbutfinallyallowedhertomoveback.B.Theydidnthesitatetoinviteherbackhome.C.Theyallowedherbackonconditionthatsheboughtgroceries.D.Theypreferredhertoloveonherownbecauseoftheirtightbudget.52.WhatattitudedoesEricksonhavetowardsagedparentshelpingtheirgrownchildrenA.Shethinksitunnecessary.B.Sheisinfavorofit.C.Shethinksparentsshouldbemorecarefulwiththeirsavings.D.Parentsshouldntfeelguiltywhenfailingtohelptheirchildren.53.WhatisthemainideaofthepassageA.Americanculturehasaneffectontherelationshipbetweenparentsandchildren.考试试卷模拟考试资料复习备考B.Childrensdependenceontheirparentsisincreasing.C.Slidingeconomyforcesgrownupstomovetotheirparentshome.D.Supportinggrownchildrenmayputtheirparentsfinancialfreedomatrisk.CScientistshavedevisedawaytodetermineroughlywhereapersonhaslivedusingastrand缕ofhair,atechniquethatcouldhelptrackthemovementsofcriminalsuspectsorunidentifiedmurdervictims.Themethodreliesonmeasuringhowchemicalvariationsindrinkingwatershowupinpeopleshair.Yourewhatyoueatanddrink,andthatsrecordedinyourhair,saidThureCerling,ageologistattheUniversityofUtah.WhileU.S.dietisrelativelyidentical,watersuppliesvary.Thedifferencesresultfromweatherpatterns.Thechemicalcompositionofrainfallchangesslightlyasraincloudsmove.Mosthydrogenandoxygenatomsinwaterarestable,buttracesofbothelementsarealsopresentasheavierisotopes同位素.Theheaviestrainfallsfirst.Asaresult,stormsthatformoverthePacificdeliverheavierwatertoCaliforniathantoUtah.SimilarpatternsexistthroughouttheU.S.Bymeasuringtheproportionofheavierhydrogenandoxygenisotopesalongastrandofhair,scientistscanconstructageographictimeline.Eachinchofhaircorrespondstoabouttwomonths.Cerlingsteamcollectedtapwatersamplesfrom600citiesandconstructedamapoftheregionaldifference.Theycheckedtheaccuracyofthemapbytesting200hairsamplescollectedfrom65barbershops.Theywereabletoaccuratelyplacethehairsamplesinbroadregionroughlycorrespondingtothemovementofrainsystems.Itsnotgoodforpinpointing精确定位,Cerlingsaid.Itsgoodforeliminatingmanypossibilities.ToddPark,alocaldetective,saidthemethodhashelpedhimlearnmoreaboutanunidentifiedwomanwhoseskeletonwasfoundnearGreatSaltLake.Thewomanwas5feettall.Policerecovered26bones,aTshirtandseveralstrandsofhair.WhenParkheardabouttheresearch,hegavethehairsamplestotheresearches.Chemicaltestingshowedthatoverthetwoyearsbeforeherdeath,shemovedabouteverytwomonths.ShestayedintheNorthwest,althoughthetestcouldnotbemorespecificthansomewherebetweeneasternOregonandwesternWyoming.Itsstillasubstantialarea,Parksaid,Butitnarrowsitswaydownforme.54.WhatisthescientistsnewdiscoveryA.Oneshairgrowthhastodowiththeamountofwateranddrink.B.Apersonshairmayshowwheretheyhavelived.C.Hairanalysisaccuratelyidentifiescriminalsuspects.D.Thechemicalcompositionofhairvariesfrompersontoperson.55.WhatissaidabouttherainfallinAmericasWestA.ThereismuchmorerainfallinCaliforniathaninUtah.B.Thewateritdeliversbecomeslighterwhenitmovesinland.C.Itschemicalcompositionislessstablethaninotherareas.D.Itgathersmorelightisotopesasitmoveseastward.56.WhatdidCerlingsteamproduceintheirresearchA.Amapshowingtheregionaldifferenceoftapwater.B.Acollectionofhairsamplesfromvariousbarbershops.考试试卷模拟考试资料复习备考C.Amethodtomeasuretheamountofwaterinhumanhair.D.Achartillustratingthemovementoftherainsystem.57.WhatisthepracticalvalueofCerlingsresearchA.Ithelpsanalyzethequantityofwaterindifferentregions.B.Ithelpsthepolicedeterminewhereacrimeiscommitted.C.Ithelpsthepolicenarrowdownpossibilitiesindetectivework.D.Ithelpsidentifythedrinkinghabitsofthepersonunderinvestigation.DFredaBrightsays,Onlyinoperadopeopledieoflove.Itstrue.Youreallycantlovesomebodytodeath.Iveknownpeopletodiefromnolove,butIveneverknownanyonetobelovedtodeath.Wejustcantloveoneanotherenough.Aheartwarmingstorytellsofawomanwhofinallydecidedtoaskherbossforaraiseinsalary.Alldayshefeltnervousandlateintheafternoonshesummonedthecouragetoapproachheremployer.Toherdelight,thebossagreedtotheraise.Thewomanarrivedhomethateveningtoabeautifultablesetwiththeirbestdishes.Candlesweresoftlyglowing.Herhusbandhadcomehomeearlyandpreparedafestivalmeal.Shewonderedifsomeonefromtheofficehadtippedhimoff,ordidhejustsomehowknowthatshewouldnotgetturneddownShefoundhiminthekitchenandtoldhimthegoodnews.Theyembracedandkissed,thensatdowntothewonderfulmeal.Nexttoherplatethewomanfoundabeautifullyletterednote.ItreadCongratulations,darlingIknewyoudgettheraiseThesethingswilltellyouhowmuchIloveyou.Followingthesupper,herhusbandwentintothekitchentocleanup.Shenoticedthatasecondcardhadfallenfromhispocket.Pickingitoffthefloor,shereadDontworryaboutnotgettingtheraiseYoudeserveitanywayThesethingswilltellyouhowmuchIloveyou.Someonehassaidthatthemeasureofloveforhiswifeislovewithoutmeasure.Whatthismanfeelsforhiswifeistotalacceptanceandlove,whethershesucceedsorfails.Hislovecelebrateshervictoriesandsoothesherwounds.Hestandswithher,nomatterwhatlifethrowsintheirdirection.UponreceivingtheNobelPeacePrize,MotherTeresasaid,WhatcanyoudotopromoteworldpeaceGohomeandloveyourfamily.Andloveyourfriends.Lovethemwithoutmeasure.58.ThesentenceinthefirstparagraphOnlyinoperadopeopledieoflove.means_______.A.noloveintheworldisbelievableB.loveisonething,andlifeisanotherC.loveinoperasistrulytouchingD.lovecansurviveforever,thoughpeopledieatdifferentages59.Thatthehusbandpreparedherasecondletteraboutherraisesuggeststhat_______.A.helovesherbecausehebelievesthatsheissuretoreceivearaiseB.hehasagreatwaytopromotehiswifeslovetowardshimC.hehasafalseloveforpeopleevenifthepersonishiswifeD.heloveshisfamilymemberstruly,whethertheyareingoodconditionsornot60.Fromthetext,wemightsaytheauthor_______.A.refusesanyspiritualemotionsasembracedandkissedB.criticizestheattitudeofsuspicionoftheloveC.doesntbelievethereistrueloveintheworld考试试卷模拟考试资料复习备考D.thinksthetruelovedoesnotexpectrepayment第二节(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)根据短文内容,从下框的AF选项中选出能概括每一段主题的最佳选项。选项中有一项为多余选项。A.ControlofrespirationB.BasictipsforpreservingcutflowersC.RoleofrespirationD.MostimportantaspectofflowercareE.NeedforcleanwaterF.Waysofstoppingrespiration61.______________Whileeverybodyenjoysfreshcutflowersaroundhishouse,fewpeopleknowhowtokeepthemforaslongaspossible.Thismaybedonebykeepinginmindafewsimplefacts.Thekeytokeepingfreshcutflowerforaweekormorewithoutpreservativeswhichcontainbiocides杀虫剂thatkillbacterialandfungusistokeepthewaterfreshandthestemsfreeofairpocketssotheycancontinuetodrawupwater.62.______________Animportantthingtorememberaboutcutflowersisthattheyaresensitivetotemperature.Forexample,studieshaveshownthatcutcarnationsretaintheirfreshnesseighttimeslongerwhenkeptat12℃thanwhenkeptat26℃.Keepingfreshlyharvestedfloweredattherighttemperaturesisprobablythemostimportantaspectofflowercare.63.______________Theprocessbywhichflowersconsumeoxygenandproducecarbondioxide,calledrespiration呼吸,suppliestheenergytheflowerneedstogivethefloweritsshapeandcolor.Themakingofseedsalsodependsonthisenergy.Whilealllivingthingsrespire,flowershaveahighlevelofrespiration.Aresultofallthisrespirationisheat,andforflowersthelevelofheatrelativetothemassoftheflowerisveryhigh.Respirationalsobringsabouttheeventualdeathoftheflower.Thusthegreaterthelevelofrespiration,thesoonertheflowerdies.64.______________How,then,tocontrolthespeedatwhichflowersdieBycontrollingrespiration.HowisrespirationcontrolledBycontrollingtemperature,weknowthatrespirationproducesheat,butthereverse反面isalsotrue.Thusbykeepinglowtemperatures,respirationisreducedandthecutflowerwillagemoreslowly.65.______________Anothervitalfactorinkeepingcutflowersisthequalityofthewaterinwhichtheyareplaced.Flowersfinditdifficulttodrinkwaterthatisdirtyorotherwisepolluted.Evenwhenwaterlooksandsmellsclean,italmostcertainlycontainsharmfulsubstancesthatcanendangertheflowers.Toridthewateroftheseunwantedsubstances,chlorinebleach含氯漂白剂canbeusedinsmallquantities.Itisrecommendedthat15dropsofchlorinebleachbeaddedtoeachliterofwater.Thewaterandsolution溶液shouldalsobereplacedeachday.考试试卷模拟考试资料复习备考参考答案第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)第一节(共15小题每小题2分,满分30分)4649DBAB5053DBCC5457BBAC5860ADD第二节(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)6165BDCAE

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