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福建省厦门一中10-11学年高一下学期期中试题英语.doc

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福建省厦门一中10-11学年高一下学期期中试题英语.doc

高考考试复习模拟试卷答案福建省厦门第一中学20102011学年度第二学期期中考试高一年英语试卷考试时间120分钟总分150分第I卷105分命题教师王玉琳审核教师康美华May.2011第一部分听力共两节,满分20分第一节共5小题每小题1分,满分5分听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。1.WherewillJanetprobablygotonightA.ToTomshome.B.Toherhometown.C.Totheconcert.2.WhatisthewomantryingtodonowA.Toloseweight.B.TolearnEnglishwell.C.Tochangeherjob.3.WhereprobablyarethespeakersA.Inarestaurant.B.Inahotelroom.C.Inamarket.4.WherearethetwospeakersA.Inanoffice.B.Atthedoctors.C.Inarestaurant.5.HowmuchshouldthemanpayA.3.5.B.5.C.6.第二节共15小题每小题1分,满分15分听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。6.WherearethetwospeakersA.Inaclothingstore.B.Atthelaundry.C.Atthetailors.7.WhydoesthemanthinkitsapityA.Itsexpensive.B.Itsqualityisnotgood.C.Itscolorwillfadewhenitswashed.听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。高考考试复习模拟试卷答案8.WhatarethetwospeakershavingforsupperA.Teaandchicken.B.Sandwichesandchicken.C.Tea,sandwichesandchicken.9.WhatdoweknowaboutthechickenA.ItsfromKentuckyFriedchicken.B.Thereisonlyonepiece.C.Itscookedbythewoman.10.WheredoestheconversationmostprobablytakeplaceA.Inarestaurant.B.Inthemanshome.C.Inthewomanshome.听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。11.WhydoesntthemanlikewatchingplaysA.Theyareexpensive.B.Theyarenotwellwritten.C.Thetheateristoofaraway.12.WhatkindofmusicdoesthemanlikemostA.Lightmusic.B.Englishsongs.C.Americansongs.13.WhatwillthetwospeakersdointheafternoonA.Gotothecinema.B.Gototheconcert.C.Gotothelibrary.听第9段材料,回答第14至17题。14.WheredoestheconversationmostlikelytakeplaceA.Intheclassroom.B.Inthedormitory.C.Inthelibrary.15.WhatdoesthemanwanttoborrowA.Anovel.B.Amagazine.C.Achemistrybook.16.HowlongwillthemankeepthebookA.Oneweek.B.Twoweeks.C.Threeweeks.17.WhatwillthemandoifhecantfinishreadingthebookA.Goonwithitwithoutreportingittothelibrary.B.Reportittothelibraryandwaitsforthedecision.C.Renewitandgoonwithit.听第10段材料,回答第18至20题。18.WhatdidMrs.GreeneatatMrs.BrownsA.Cakes.B.Sandwiches.C.Biscuits.19.WhatsMrs.BrownsattitudetowardsweightA.Shedoesntcare.B.Shetendstowatchherweight.C.Sheoftendoesexercise.20.WhatdoesMr.BrownthinkofhiswifeA.Sheistoofat.B.Sheistalkative.C.Sheislovely.高考考试复习模拟试卷答案第二部分英语知识运用共两节,满分45分第一节单项填空共15小题每小题1分,满分15分从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。21.Tony,areyouavailableatthemomentIhavetoaskyouaratherpersonalquestion._____.A.ItsmypleasureB.Ask,pleaseC.HelpyourselfD.Yes,goahead22.You_____betiredyoutookarestonlyfiveminutesagoA.wouldntB.cantC.mustntD.neednt23.BecarefulTheslightestsparkcould_____thefireworks.A.setaboutB.setoffC.setoutD.setup24._____isknowntousallis_____thethemeofShanghaiExpoisBettercity,betterlife.A.ItwhatB.ItthatC.WhatthatD.Whatwhat25.Thenewschoolis_____ourpreviousone.A.asthreetimesbigasB.threetimessobigasC.threetimesthesizeofD.threetimesasbiggeras26.Thenumberoftheeggs_____bythehenthismonthisabout28.A.layB.liedC.lainD.laid27.Thelittleboyhasnotthe_____tolifttheheavybox.A.energyB.forceC.powerD.strength28.Hemadeasuggestion_____themeeting_____beputoffuntilnextTuesday.A.that/B.ifshouldC.whenmustD.whethercan29.Willyoupleasetellmethewayyouthinkof_____theproblemassoonaspossibleA.tosolveB.solvingC.solveD.beingsolved30.Whowouldyourather_____withyoutomorrowmorningA.haddoB.havegoneC.havegoD.havetogo31._____theoilpriceisontherise,lotsofpeoplegotoworkbyBMWinsteadofdrivingcars.A.SothatB.EvenenoughC.AsifD.Nowthat32.Isitthecountry_____youstudiedEnglish_____youaregoingtovisitnextweekA.inwhichwhichB.wherethatC.thatthatD.whichthat33.Jackdescribedhisfather,who_____abraveboymanyyearsago,asastrongwilledman.A.wouldbeB.wouldhavebeenC.musthavebeenD.mustbe34.Johnreceivedaninvitationtodinner,andwithhiswork_____,hegladlyacceptedit.A.finishedB.finishingC.havingfinishedD.wasfinished35._____comesfirstwillgettheprize.A.WhoB.WhoeverC.WhomD.Whomever第二节完形填空共20小题每小题1.5分,满分30分高考考试复习模拟试卷答案阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项A、B、C和D中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。WhenIwasyoung,Ibelongedtoaclubthatdidcommunityservicework.Therewasonespecificeventthatwasunusualforme.Ispentthreeorfourhourshandingoutwarmdinnertothehomelessoutinthestreets.AfterthatIwenttoahomelessshelternotfarfromtheBayBridge.Iwasinhighschoolandatthetimemysisterwastooyoungto__36__.Shewantedtohelp,__37__shemadefourorfivedozenchocolatechipcookiesformeto__38__andhandouttopeople.Whengettingtothehomelessshelter__39__passedouttheremainingmeals.__40__,Ibeganmakingsandwichesand__41__themwiththecrowd.Ihadthecontainerswithmy__42__cookiesinthemandbeganto__43__,offeringthemtoanyonenearme.I__44__anoldgentlemanandsaid,sir,wouldyoulikeacookieHestoppedandturnedaround,__45__andsaid,WhatdidyousayDidyoucallmesirItoldhimI__46__,andhiseyes__47__alittlebitandhesaid,Noonehas__48__calledmesir.Sohewas__49__takenaback意外.Itstruckme.IexplainedIhadbeenraisedthat__50__colorandsocialstatus,everyonedeservedrespect.It__51__metothinkthatjustbecausehewashomeless,noone__52__himthehonor.Itbrokemyheart,andI__53__.Ijustdidntunderstand__54__nooneevercalledhimsir.IhadneverthoughtthatanyonewasbelowmebecauseIwasntraisedthatway.Every__55__persondeservestobetreatedwithdignity.Yearslater,Istillcarrythatmemoryandthelessonsittaughtme.Sometimes,whatwetakeforgrantedcanreallymakeadifferenceinsomeoneslife.HowhaveyoumadeadifferencetoothersHowhaveothersmadeadifferencetoyou36.A.participateB.decideC.chooseD.go37.A.howeverB.butC.yetD.so38.A.bringB.fetchC.collectD.take39.A.IB.youC.sheD.we40.A.FirstB.NextC.ThirdD.Finally41.A.sharedB.gaveC.helpedD.assisted42.A.classmatesB.schoolmatesC.sistersD.familys43.A.walkaroundB.knockaroundC.comearoundD.standaround44.A.wentB.cameC.approachedD.met45.A.glancedatmerightlyB.staredatmewithdifficultyC.glaredatmeinangerD.lookedatmerightintheeye46.A.hadB.calledC.didD.do47.A.wateredB.criedC.toreD.dropped48.A.alreadyB.everC.stillD.yet49.A.differentlyB.normallyC.completelyD.exactly50.A.inspiteB.regardlessofC.concernedaboutD.forfearof51.A.strengthenedB.saddenedC.frightenedD.pleased52.A.handedB.affordedC.providedD.supplied53.A.hadnochoicebuttocryB.couldnthelptocryC.hadnorighttocryD.couldnthelpbutcry54.A.whatB.whenC.whetherD.why55.A.singleB.poorC.ordinaryD.normal第三部分阅读理解共20小题每小题2分,满分40分高考考试复习模拟试卷答案阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项A、B、C和D中,选出最佳选项。AGlobalwarmingistheprocessofearthsatmosphereheatingup.Overthelast100years,theaveragetemperatureofearthsatmospherehasgoneup1Fahrenheit.Theweatherhasnotchangedexactlythesamewayineveryareaoftheplanet.Butscientiststhinkthattheriseinaveragetemperatureisalreadyaffectingtheearthsclimate.Manyscientistsnowbelievethatglobalwarmingiscausedbycuttingdowntrees,producingmoretrash,andpollutingtheenvironmentwhicharesomeofthereasonswhythetemperaturehasgoneup.Manyscientistsbelievethatthebiggestcausesofglobalwarmingarenewhumantechnologiesthatreleasegreenhousegasesintotheatmosphere.Thegreenhouseeffectisnotnew.Certaingasesintheatmosphere,likecarbondioxide,nitrousoxideandmethane,makingithardforheatenergytogointospace.Inthepast,theclimatedidntchangemuchbecausenatureproducedjusttherightamountofgreenhousegasestodealwithit.Today,mostscientistsareprettysurethattherisingtemperaturecantbeblamedonnature.Eversincetheindustrialrevolutioninthe1700s,humanshavereliedonmachinesfordailylife.Andmanyofthosemachinesgiveoffalotofgreenhousegases.Anincreaseinthereleaseofgreenhousegasesfromhumanactivitiesisthrowingnatureoffbalance.Theclimateisaverycomplicatedthing,butmanyscientistsagreethattherisingatmospherictemperaturehasalreadydamagedtheenvironment.Sheetsofice,calledglaciers,aremeltinginAntarcticaandotherpartsoftheglobe.Asglaciersbreakoffandmeltintotheoceans,theyareaddingwarmwatertotheoceansandcausingthesealeveltorise.Overthepast100years,thesealevelhasrisen68inchesaroundtheworld.Thatmeanslandalongthecoastsisbeginningtodisappearunderwater.Biggerandwarmeroceansarealsoaddingtootherweatherproblemscausedbypollutionintheatmosphere.Someplaceshavereceivedmorerain,othershavehadbiggerstormsandafewareasintheworldhaveexperiencedunusualdroughts.56.WhatismainlytalkedaboutinthispassageA.Themeltingofglaciers.B.Globalwarming.C.Theworldsweather.D.Theearthstemperature.57.WhatcausesglobalwarmingaccordingtoscientistsA.Humanactivities.B.Thenatureitself.C.Theearthsatmosphere.D.Newdiscoveries58.HowcangreenhousegasesmaketheglobewarmA.Theykeepheatintheatmosphere.B.Theylettheheatgooutintospace.C.Theyreleaseheatintotheair.D.Theycanmaketheothergaseswarm.59.Fromthepassagewecanseethatglobalwarmingwillbringabout_____.A.thepollutionintheatmosphereB.naturaldisastersC.populationpollutionD.theriseofglaciersB高考考试复习模拟试卷答案MONTREALReuters–CrossingtheUSCanadabordertogotochurchonaSundaycostanAmerican$10,000forbreakingWashingtonsstrictnewsecurityrules.TheexpensivetriptochurchwasasurpriseforRichardAlbert,wholivesontheCanadianborder.AlbertoftencrossestheborderliketheotherhalfdozenpeopleofTownship15.ThenearbyQuebecvillageofSt.Pamphileiswheretheyshop,eatandgotochurch.Therearemanysuchsituationsintheseareasalongthelargelyunguarded5,530mileborderbetweenCanadaandtheUS,whichinsomecasesactuallyrunsdownthemiddleofstreetsorthroughbuildings.Asaresult,AlbertsayshedidnotexpectanyproblemsthreeweeksagowhenhereturnedhometotheUSafterattendingchurchinCanadaasusual.TheUScustomsstationinthisareaisclosedonSundays,sohejustdrovearoundthelockedgate,ashehaddoneeveryweekendsincethegateappearedlastMay,followingatighteningofbordersecurity.Twodayslater,Albertwastoldtogotothecustomsoffice,whereanofficertoldhimhehadbeencaughtoncameracrossingtheborderillegally.Ottawahasgivenoutspecialpassestosome300AmericansinthatareasotheycanenterthecountrywhenCanadiancustomsstationsareclosed,buttheUSstoppedasimilarprogramlastMay.Thatforcesthepeopletoa200miledetouralonghillyroadstogethomethroughanotherbordercheckpoint.Alberthasrequestedthatthecustomsofficechangetheirdecisionsonthefine,buthehasnotattendedaSundaychurchsince.IfeellikeImlivinginaprison,hesaid.60.WelearnfromthetextthatRichardAlbertis.A.anAmericanworkinginaCanadianchurchB.aCanadianlivinginaQuebecvillageC.aCanadianworkinginacustomsstationD.anAmericanlivinginTownship1561.Albertwasfinedbecausehe.A.broketheAmericansecurityrulesB.failedtoobeytrafficrulesC.workedinSt.PamphilewithoutapassD.damagedthegateofthecustomsoffice62.Accordingtoparagraph4,howcanAmericansinthatareagethomeA.Theyhavetodrivethroughthetown.B.Theyhavetoraceacrossthefields.C.Theyhavetodrivetothemountainarea.D.Theyhavetodriveinaroundabout绕道的way.63.WhatwouldbethebesttitleforthetextA.ACrosscountryTrip.B.AnExpensiveChurchVisit.C.AnUnguardedBorder.D.ASpecialBorderPass.CAhealthyamountofsunshinemaybethesecrettostayingyoung.Britishscientistshavediscovered.VitaminDisproducednaturallybytheskininresponseto对的反应sunlightandmayhelptoslowtheageingprocessandprotectagainstheartdisease,accordingtothestudy.ResearchersfromKingsCollegeLondonstudied2,160womenagedbetween18and79,lookingattheirtelomeresabiologicalmarkerofageingfoundinDNA.Aspeoplegetolder,theirtelomeresgetshorterandtheybecomemoresusceptible易受伤害的tocertainillnesses.高考考试复习模拟试卷答案ButthestudyfoundwomenwithhighlevelsofvitaminDhadcomparativelylongertelomeresasignofbeingbiologicallyyoungerandhealthier.ThestudysuggestsvitaminDmayhelptoslowdowntheageingprocessofDNA,andthereforetheageingprocessasawhole.LeadresearcherDrBrentRichardssaid,TheseresultsareexcitingbecausetheyshowforthefirsttimethatpeoplewhohavehigherlevelsofvitaminDmayagemoreslowlythanpeoplewithlowerlevelsofvitaminD.ThiscouldhelptoexplainhowvitaminDhasaprotectiveeffectonmanyageingrelateddiseases,suchasheartdiseaseandcancer.ProfessorTimSpector,acoauthorofthereport,added,Althoughitmightsoundabsurd荒唐的,itspossiblethatthesamesunshinewhichmayincreaseourriskofskincancermayalsohaveahealthyeffectonthegeneralageingprocess.VitaminDmadebytheactionofsunlightontheskinaccountsfor90percentofthebodyssupply,butlowerlevelscanalsobegotthroughfoodsuchasfish,eggsandbreakfastcereals粥.Otherstudieshavesuggestedthevitaminplaysakeyroleinprotectingagainstcancerandheartdisease.64.Acertainamountofsunshinehelpspeoplestayyoungbecause_____.A.peoplefeelhappyandenergeticinthesunB.sunshineprotectspeopleagainstheartdiseaseC.vitaminDmakesonesskinlookyoungandhealthyD.vitaminDmayhelptoslowtheageingprocess65.FromBrentRichards,weknowthat_____.A.sunlightcausesskincancertopeoplewithhighlevelofvitaminDB.thestudygenerallyhasahealthyeffectonthegeneralageingprocessC.vitaminDcanonlybegotfromfish,eggsandbreakfastcerealsD.thehigherlevelsofvitaminDpeoplehave,themoreslowlypeoplemayage66.WhatcanweinferfromthepassageA.TelomeresareimportantsignsofageingoftheDNA.B.Sunlightcanbedangerousasitcausesskincancer.C.Sunlightdoesagreatdealofgoodtoourhealth.D.VitaminDcanalsobegainedfromfood.67.WhatisthebesttitleofthepassageA.SecretofStayingYoungB.VitaminDHelpsSlowAgeingC.SunlightandVitaminDD.SunlightandHealthDWhatismostlikelytoaffectyoursuccessatschooloratajobTheabilitytoread.Andthatgoesforyourkidstoo.Thedecliningliteracy读写能力的下降ofoursocietyhasbeenamainconcernofeducatorsforawhilenow,andyetthingsarenotgettingbetter.Inmostcases,howwellwelearntoreadwilldependlargelyonourexposure(接触)tolanguageaschildren.Ifwehearpeoplearoundustalkingaboutallkindsofsubjectsaschildren,高考考试复习模拟试卷答案wenaturallypickupthewordsandphrasestheyuse.Ifwepickupalotofwords,wewilllearntoreadbetter.Muchofthetraditionaladvicetostrugglingreaders,thesesdays,seemstoincludedevelopingcognitivestrategies(认知策略).Inthisway,readersareaskedtocentremore,tothink,tobeinterestedandaskquestions,toanalyze,topredict,toreason,andtochecktheirunderstanding,orworsestilltoanswerquestionsofwhattheyhaveread.Inotherwordstheyareaskedtobecomeselfconscious(有自我意识的)readers.Idonotagreewiththisapproach.Herearemyseveralstrategiesforreadingimprovement.Readaboutthingsthatinterestyou.Ifyouareinterestedinwhatyouarereadingabout,thewordswillcomealive,andyouwillunderstandbetter.Themoreyouread,thebetteryouwillbecomeatreading.Justgetstartedanditwillbecomeahabit,aslongasyouareinterestedinwhatyouarereading.Readmaterialthatisatyourlevelorjustalittledifficultforyou.Readmaterialthatyoufindeasytoread,orjustalittlechallenging.Lookingupmanyunknownwordsinadictionaryisdull,andtheresultsofthedictionarysearcharequicklyforgotten._____Ifyoucanhearthenewwordsandphrasesthatyouarereading,youwillhaveaneasiertimeunderstandingandrememberingthem.Hearingtherhythmofsomeonereadingatextwillhelpyourownreading.Dontworryaboutwhatyoudontunderstand.Mostofyourreadingshouldbeforpleasure.Youcanstillenjoyreadingwithoutunderstandingallofwhatyouread.Youmayevenunderstandsomethingsinyourownpersonalway.Unfortunatelynotallreadingisjustforpleasure.Whenyouarereadingatextbookorreportorothermaterialforschool,youmayneedtounderline,takenotesandreadsomepartsoveragain.However,ifyouhavedevelopedthehabitofreadingforpleasure,youwillfindthattheskillsyouneedwillcomenaturally,andthatyouwillunderstandalotbetterthanbefore.68.InParagraph2,theauthortellsustheimportanceof_____.A.hearingpeoplearoundaschildrenB.talkingabilityaschildrenC.contactingdifferentpeopleD.learningdifferentlanguages69.WhichsentenceisbesttobefilledintheblankinthepassageA.Listenasmuchaspossible.B.Trytouseyourimagination.C.Greatworksneedtobereadoutloud.D.Listenfirstifyouhavetroublereading.70.Itcanbelearnedfromthelastparagraphthat_____.A.youshouldfindpleasurefromreadingatextbookB.thehabitofreadingforpleasureisimportantC.readingforschoolishelpfulforreadingforpleasureD.readingforschoolrequiresdifferentskillsfromreadingforpleasure71.WhatisthepurposeoftheauthorinwritingthepassageA.Totellussomewaystoimprovereadingability.B.Toshowthatpoorliteracyhasbeenabigproblem.C.Toteachushowtolookforfuninreading.高考考试复习模拟试卷答案D.Totellussomewaystopickupnewwordsandphrases.EYoumayknowyourmother,buthowwelldoyoureallyknowMothersDayCards,flowers,sales,TVspecials,andadayoffforsomeonewhoreallydeservesitthosearewhatprobablycometomindformanypeoplewhentheythinkofMothersDay.Buttheresmoretothestory.TheearliestMothersDaycelebrationswereheldduringspringinancientGreece.ThecelebrationshonoredRhea,theMotherofthegods.Duringthe1600s,EnglandcelebratedadaycalledMotheringSunday.Onthisdayevenservantsweregiventhedayofftospendwiththeirfamilies.Amotheringcakewasevenservedwiththefamilymeal.IntheUS,MothersDaybeganin1872whenJuliaWardHowe,whowrotethewordstothefamoussongTheBattleHymnoftheRepublic,suggesteditasadaydevotedtopeace.Butitdidntreallybecomepopularuntil1907whenAnnaJarvisstaredacampaigntohonormothers.ShebelievedthatmotherscouldhelppeoplegetoverthepaintheyexperiencedduringtheCivilWar.TheUSisntaloneindevotingadaytomothers.ManyothercountriesincludingDenmark,Finland,Italy,Turkey,Australia,Japan,andBelgiumalsohonortheirmothersinMay.Othercountrieshonortheirmothersatdifferenttimesoftheyear.LearningmoreaboutMothersDayandcelebratingMothersDayareimportant,butprobablynotasimportantasunderstandingwhatyourownmother,orgrandmother,oraunthasreallydoneforyou.Andthatwillcertainlybeappreciatedmorethanonedayinayear.72.WhatisthepassagemainlyaboutA.ThereasonwhypeoplecelebrateMothersDay.B.Thewayspeoplehonormothers.C.ThehistoryofMothersDay.D.Thegreatcontributionofmothers.73.WherewastheearliestMothersDaycelebratedA.InancientGreece.B.IntheUS.C.InEngland.D.InItaly.74.Wecanlearnfromthepassagethat_____.A.RheaisthemotherofakinginancientGreeceB.notallthecountriescelebrateMothersDayinMayC.onlymothersweregivenadayoffonMotheringSundayD.itwasin1872thatMothersDayreallycameintobeing75.Thelastparagraphtellsusthat_____.A.allthepeopleshouldcelebrateMothersDayB.onlymothersarehonoredonMothersDayC.understandingmothersworkismoreimportantthanjustcelebratingMothersDayD.peopleshouldcelebrateMothersDayeveryday福建省厦门第一中学20102011学年度第一学期期中考试班级座号姓名______________________准考证号___________________密封线内不要答题

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