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甘肃省陇东中学2012届高三第二次模拟考试题英语.doc

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甘肃省陇东中学2012届高三第二次模拟考试题英语.doc

高考模拟考试试卷答案解析陇东中学高三第二次英语模拟考试本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷非选择题两部分。试卷共5页,150分。考试时间120分钟。第Ⅰ卷(选择题共95分)第一部分英语知识运用(共三节,满分50分)第一节语音知识(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)从A、B、C、D中找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选项。1.ACTIONA.ADAPTB.ACTRESSC.AGENTD.AMOUNT2.APOLOGISEA.CASEB.COURSEC.RAISED.SERVICE3.SPEECHA.CHURCHB.STOMACHC.TECHNOLOGYD.MACHINE4.GRAPHA.DAUGHTERB.TELEPHONEC.FRIGHTD.THOUGH5.SCREAMA.BREASTB.BREAKC.SPREADD.DEFEAT第二节语法和词汇知识(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)6.I’MTERRIBLYSORRYTHATIMADEYOURTABLECLOTHDIRTYA.DON’TMENTIONITB.NEVERMINDCTHAT’SRIGHTD.THAT’STERRIBLE7._____SOFTANDSMOOTH,THECLOTH_____WELL.A.FELT;WASHESB.FEELING;WASHESC.FELT;ISWASHEDD.FEELING;ISWASHED8.CHINESEPRESIDENTHUJINTAOPAID________VISITTOTHESHANGHAIWORLDEXPOPARKONTHURSDAY,TWODAYSAHEADOF________OPENINGOFTHEGLOBALEVENTATHE;THEBA;ACA;THEDTHE;不填9.ITRIEDTOFIND________THATPREVENTEDSOMANYPEOPLEFROMTAKINGPARTINTHEPROGRAMAWHYITDIDBWHATITWASCTHATITDIDDWHYITWAS10.WHATISTHENEWSABOUTACCORDINGTOTHENEWLAW,PEOPLEWHOAREGUILTYOFDRUNKENDRIVING________FACEAFINEOFUPTO2000YUANAWILLBMAYCSHALLDCAN11.HERVOICEWASSHAKINGDESPITETHEFACT________SHETRIEDHERBESTTOCONTROLITAWHENBWHICHCWHEREDTHAT12.ISHALLNEVERFORGETTHEDAYSHENZHOUVWASLAUNCHED,HASAGREATEFFECTONMYLIFEA.WHEN,WHICHB.THAT,WHICHC.WHICH,THATD.WHEN,THAT13TOOURJOY,ONLYASMALLNUMBEROFPEOPLEVOTEDAGAINSTIT,ANDTHEMAJORITYWEREITAINHONOROFBINPLACEOFCINFAVOROFDINMEMORYOF14INFRONTOFOURHOUSE________WEUSEDTOSWIMAARIVERLIESTHATBDOESARIVERLIEWHERECLIESARIVERWHICHDLIESARIVERWHERE15HEALTHOFFICIALSHAVETRIEDTORAISE_______ABOUTTHEH1N1FLUAMONGALLPEOPLEACONSCIENCEBEVIDENCECEVALUATIONDAWARENESS16HOWWONDERFULTOGOAWAYFORAMONTH,_____ALLWORRIESANDRESPONSIBILITIES高考模拟考试试卷答案解析A.FREEFROMB.INTOUCHWITHC.ONTHEBASISOFD.INSTEADOF17THECHILDRENWERECATCHINGBUTTERFLIESINTHEGARDENSOMECAUGHTALOT,ANDOTHERSCAUGHT_______ATALLANOTHINGBNONECNOONEDNEITHER18THEYEAR2007______REMARKABLECHANGESINCHANGZHOU’SLANDSCAPEASEESBHASBEENCSAWDHADSEEN19WHATTHESCIENCETEACHERDOESANDSAYS____OFGREATIMPORTANCETOCOLLEGESTUDENTSAWASBARECISDWERE20JOHNISTHETALLESTBOYINTHECLASS,_______ACCORDINGTOHIMSELFASIXFEETASTALLASBASTALLASSIXFEETCASSIXFEETTALLASDASTALLSIXFEETAS第三节完形填空(共20小题,计分30分)阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从2140各题所给的四个选项中,选出一个最佳答案。ANYHOUSEWIFEWHOWENTTOTHENEWSUPERMARKETWISHEDTOBETHELUCKYCUSTOMERWHODIDNOTHAVETOPAYFORHERSHOPPINGTHISWASWHATTHE21JUSTINSIDETHEENTRANCE22ITSAID“REMEMBER,23,ONEOFOURCUSTOMERSGETS24GOODSTHISMAYBEYOURLUCKYDAY”FORQUITEALONGTIMEMRSEDWARDS25,LIKEMANYOFHER26,TOBETHELUCKYCUSTOMERUNLIKEHERFRIENDS,SHENEVER27HOPINGTHE28INTHEKITCHENWASFULLOFTHINGSWHICHSHEDIDNOTNEEDHERHUSBANDTRIEDTOADVISEHER29BUYINGSOMANYTHINGSBUTFAILEDSHE30DREAMEDOFTHEDAYWHENTHEMANAGEROFTHESUPERMARKETWOULDCOMEUPTOHERANDSAY,“MADAM,THISISYOURLUCKYDAYEVERYTHINGINYOUR31DOESN’TNEEDTOBEPAID”ONEFRIDAYAFTERNOONMRSEDWARDSSHOPPED32BUTSHEWASNOTTHELUCKYCUSTOMERNOSOONERHADSHEJUSTPUTTHETHINGSINSIDEHER33THANSHEFOUNDTHATSHEHADFORGOTTENTO34TEASHEDASHEDBACKTOTHE35,GOTSOMETEAANDWENTTOWARDSTHE36ASSHEDIDSO,SHESAWTHE37CAME38HISHANDHESAID,“IWANTTO39YOUYOUAREOURLUCKYCUSTOMERTHISWEEKEVERYTHINGYOUHAVEINYOURBASKET40”21ANOTICEBREPORTCBOARDDNEWSPAPER22ADIDBPROMISEDCMADEDAGREED23AEVERYDAYBEVERYMONTHCTWICEAWEEKDONCEAWEEK24AEXCELLENTBFREECEXTRADUNEXPECTED25AWAITEDBCAMECHOPEDDWENT26AFRIENDSBNEIGHBORSCRELATIVESDCUSTOMERS27AGOTRIDOFBGOTALONGWITHCGAVEUPDGAVEOUT28ACOUNTERBCUSHIONCFOODDCUPBOARD29AAGAINSTBFORCWITHDABOUT30AOFTENBALWAYSCUSUALLYDSELDOM31ABILLBHANDCCARDBASKET32AANXIOUSLYBSERIOUSLYCCRAZILYDWONDERFULLY33APOCKETSBCARCBASKETDHOUSE34ABUYBFINDCTAKEDHAVE35ASHOPBCOUNTERCDEPARTMENTDSUPERMARKET36ADOORBENTRANCECCASHDESKDSHELVES37ASECRETARYBPOLICEMANCMANAGERDSALESMAN高考模拟考试试卷答案解析38APUTTINGOUTBHOLDINGOUTCSHAKINGDWAVING39ACONGRATULATEBTELLCINFORMDTHANK40AISYOURSBMEANSNOTHINGCBELONGSTOYOUDCOSTSNOTHING第二部分.阅读理解(共25小题。第一节每小题2分,第二节每小题1分;满分45分)ACHILDREN,ESPECIALLYBOYS,TENDTOIDEALIZETHEIRFATHERSWHENTHEYAREYOUNG.EVERYLITTLEBOYWANTSTOGROWUPTOBEJUSTLIKEHISFATHER,ANDEVERYLITTLEGIRLTHINKSHERFATHERISTHESMARTESTMANONTHEEARTH.IT’SNOTVERYEASYTOBEAGOODFATHER,BUTIT’SNOTTHATDIFFICULTEITHER.CHILDRENWILLTRULYENJOYSPENDINGTIMEWITHTHEIRFATHERS,NOTJUSTWHENTHEYAREKIDS,BUTEVENWHENTHEYAREADULTS.NOTALLCHILDRENCOMMUNICATEWELLWITHTHEIRFATHERS.COMMUNICATIONISOFTENLEFTTOMOTHERS,WHILEFATHERSDISPENSEADVICEASANDWHENNECESSARY.DON’TEXPECTALLCONVERSATIONSTOCENTREAROUNDTHEDINNERTABLE.GOTOYOURCHILDREN’SBEDROOMSANDTALKTOTHEMABOUTSCHOOL,THEIRTEACHERSORTHEIRFRIENDS.REMEMBERTHATTHECONVERSATIONCANNOTBEONESIDED.WHENYOURCHILDRENOPENUPTOYOU,YOUALSONEEDTOOPENUPTOTHEM.IFYOURCHILDRENCOMEHOMEFROMSCHOOLFEELINGUPSET,GOUPTOTHEMANDASKTHEMWHATISTHEMATTER.ANDIFITISSOMETHINGWHICHSEEMSTOYOUTOBEASILLYREASONTOBEUPSET,DON’TVOICEYOUROPINION.ITMAYBESILLYTOYOU,BUTTOYOURCHILDRENITISIMPORTANTENOUGH.SODON’TWAVETHETOPICAWAYBYTELLINGTHEMNOTTOBOTHERABOUTSUCHSTUPIDTHINGS.SIMPLYDISCUSSINGTHEIRPROBLEMSWITHTHEMWILLHELPTHEMFEELBETTER.DON’TSHYAWAYFROMHAVINGDISCUSSIONSABOUTYOURTEENAGECHILDREN’SLOVELIVES.GENERALLYSPEAKING,YOURCHILDRENAREDEFINITELYNOTGOINGTODISCUSSINTIMATEDETAILSWITHYOU.TRYTOLETTHEMKNOWTHATYOUARERELAXEDABOUTTOPICSONLOVE.TELLYOURCHILDRENHOWYOUMETYOURWIFE.ITISPERFECTLYNORMALFORCHILDRENTOGOTHROUGHFEELINGSFORTHEOPPOSITESEXASTHEYGROWUP,ANDBYKEEPINGTHETOPICCLOSEDFORDISCUSSION,YOUAREONLYSHUTTINGTHEMOFFFROMDISCUSSINGTHEIRFEELINGSWITHYOU.ALLTHEYWILLDOISTURNTOTHEIRFRIENDS.41.TOCHILDRENTHEIRFATHERSAREUSUALLYVERY_____.A.KINDB.GREATC.SERIOUSD.STRONG42.FROMTHESECONDPARAGRAPHWECANKNOWTHAT_____.A.SOMECHILDRENDON’TLIKETHEIRFATHERSATALLB.TALKINGWITHCHILDRENAROUNDTHEDINNERTABLEISUNNECESSARYC.ITISBETTERFORFATHERSTOCOMMUNICATEMOREWITHTHEIRCHILDREND.MOTHERSSHOULDCOMMUNICATELESSWITHTHEIRCHILDREN.43.SUPPOSEYOURCHILDRENAREWORRIEDABOUTSOMETHINGYOUSHOULD_____.A.HAVEATALKWITHTHEMB.EXPRESSYOUROPINIONC.KEEPSILENTD.LETTHEMALONE44.WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGHASTHECLOSESTMEANINGTOTHEUNDERLINEDWORD“INTIMATE”INPARAGRAPH4A.PUBLICB.PERSONALC.STRANGED.SERIOUSBDADCAMEINTHEMIDNIGHTWEHEARDEVERYSOUND,BUTWEPRETENDEDTOBEASLEEPNEXTMORNINGHELOOKEDWEAKANDTHIN,SITTINGINACHAIRBYTHEKITCHENFIRETHELIGHTOFTHE高考模拟考试试卷答案解析FIRESHONETHROUGHHISLONGEMPTYSLEEVEEVERYTHINGWENTASUSUALGRANDMAFOUNDSOMETHINGTODOINTHEBEDROOMGRANDPAWENTOUTFORSOMEWATERMOTHER,WITHHERBACKTOUS,WASGETTINGTHECAKESREADYFORBREAKFASTBUTNOTHINGWASRIGHTWHENGRANDMACAMEOUTOFTHEBEDROOM,SHEWALKEDONTIPTOEWHENGRANDPACAMEBACK,HESAIDNOTHINGABOUTTHEWEATHERATBREAKFASTMOTHERPASSEDUSTHEFRUITANDSAIDSOMETHING,BUTHERVOICEWASTOOHIGHATLASTMYSISTER,LOU,PUSHEDBACKHERCHAIR“IT’SYOURTURNTOWASHTHEDISHES”BUTIHADWASHEDTHEDISHESTHENIGHTBEFOREISAIDNOTHINGBECAUSEITWASNOTRIGHTTOQUARRELINFRONTOFDADJUSTHOMEWITHTHEEMPTYSLEEVE“ITISYOURTURN,”LOUSAIDAGAINILOOKEDATHERINSURPRISE“ITISNOT,”ISAIDBECAUSEISUDDENLYREMEMBEREDMOTHERHADTOLDUSTOGOONASUSUAL“CHILDREN,CHILDREN,”MOTHERSAIDINAQUIET,GLADKINDOFVOICEANDDADWASSMILINGBECAUSEHEFELTATHOMEATLAST45.WHATDOYOUKNOWHAPPENEDTODADINTHESTORYA.HEWASBADLYILLB.HEHADALONGJOURNEYC.HEDRANKTOOMUCHD.HELOSTONEOFHISARMS46.THEFAMILYWHENTHEYSAWDAD’SEMPTYSLEEVEA.WASTOOSURPRISEDTODOANYTHINGB.FELTSADANDCRIEDALOTC.TRIEDNOTTOSHOWTHEIRFEELINGSD.SHOWEDNOWORRYATALL47.FROMTHESTORY,WEKNOWA.THETWOSISTERSOFTENQUARRELEDABOUTWHOSHOULDWASHTHEDISHESB.THEFAMILYLIKEDSEEINGTHETWOSISTERSQUARRELLINGAFTERBREAKFASTC.DADLOVEDTHETWOSISTERSVERYMUCHTHOUGHTHEYOFTENQUARRELEDD.MOTHERTOLDTHETWOSISTERSTOQUARRELWITHEACHOTHERTHENIGHTBEFORE48.WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGCANBETHEBESTTITLEOFTHESTORYA.THEQUARRELLINGSISTERSB.DADWASBACKC.AFTERTHEACCIDENTD.ANEMPTYSLEEVECHOWCANACREATUREWEIGHINGOVER5TONSANDNORMALLYTAKING150KILOGRAMSOFFOODAND120LITERSOFWATERPERDAYSURVIVEINADESERTENVIRONMENTINTHESOUTHWESTAFRICANCOUNTRYOFNAMIBIA,ANDTHESAHARALANDSOFMALIFURTHERNORTH,THEDESERTELEPHANTDOESJUSTTHATALTHOUGHNOTREGARDEDASASEPARATESPECIESFROMTHEAFRICANELEPHANT,THEDESERTCOUSINDIFFERSINMANYWAYSTHEIRBODIESARESMALLER,TOABSORBLESSHEAT,ANDTHEIRFEETARELARGERFOREASIERWALKINGACROSSSANDYSURFACES,THEYARETALLER,TOREACHHIGHERBRANCHESTHEYHAVESHORTERTUSKS(象牙),ANDMOSTIMPORTANTLY,LONGERTRUNKSTODIGFORWATERINRIVERBEDSDESERTELEPHANTSCANTRAVELOVER70KILOMETERSINSEARCHFORFEEDINGGROUNDSANDWATERHOLES,ANDHAVEALARGERGROUPOFFAMILIESTHEYDRINKONLYEVERY3–4DAYS,ANDCANSTOREWATERINA“BAG”ATTHEBACKOFTHEIRTHROAT,WHICHISONLYUSEDWHENBADLYNEEDEDDESERTELEPHANTSARECAREFULFEEDERS–THEYSELDOMROOTUPTREESANDBREAKFEWERBRANCHES,ANDTHUSMAINTAINWHATLITTLEFOODSOURCESAREAVAILABLEYOUNGELEPHANTSMAYEVENEATTHEDUNG(粪便)OFTHEFEMALELEADEROFAGROUPWHENFACINGFOODSHORTAGEDURINGDROUGHTTHEYAREUNLIKELYTOGIVEBIRTHTOTHEIRYOUNGBUTWITHGOODRAINSTHE高考模拟考试试卷答案解析BIRTHRATEWILLINCREASEGREATLYDESERTELEPHANTSHAVESANDBATHS,SOMETIMESADDINGTHEIROWNURINE(尿液)TOMAKETHEMMUDDYASWECONTINUETOOVERHEATOURWEAKPLANET,ITCANONLYBEHOPEDTHATOTHERANIMALSPECIESWILLADAPTASEXTRAORDINARILYWELLTOCHANGEASTHEDESERTELEPHANT49.THEUNDERLINEDPARTINPARAGRAPH2MEANS“”A.REMAINSINTHEAFRICANCOUNTRIESB.DRINKS120LITERSOFWATERADAYC.MANAGESTOLIVEINDESERTAREASD.EATS150KILOGRAMSOFFOODDAILY50.DESERTELEPHANTSARECALLEDCAREFULFEEDERSBECAUSETHEY_________A.RARELYRUINTREESB.DRINKONLYEVERY34DAYSC.SEARCHFORFOODINLARGEGROUPSD.PROTECTFOODSOURCESFORTHEIRYOUNG51.THEAUTHORANSWERSTHEQUESTIONRAISEDINTHEFIRSTPARAGRAPHWITH__________A.STORIESANDEXPLANATIONB.FACTSANDDESCRIPTIONSC.EXAMPLESANDCONCLUSIOND.EVIDENCEANDARGUMENT52.WHATCANBEINFERREDFROMTHELASTSENTENCEINTHEPASSAGEA.OVERHEATINGTHEEARTHCANBESTOPPEDB.NOTALLANIMALSPECIESARESOADAPTABLEC.THEPLANETWILLBECOMEHOTTERANDHOTTERD.NOTALLANIMALSAREASSMARTASDESERTELEPHANTSDAFTERWEMEETPEOPLE,ITISUPTOUSTOMAKETHEMOURFRIENDS.LETUSSTOPAMOMENTANDCONSIDERWHATREALLYMAKESAFRIENDTHEMAJORQUALITIESLIKEFAITHFULNESS,DEVOTION,FRIENDLINESS,FLASHTHROUGHOURMINDSBUTITISTHELARGENUMBEROFVERYSMALLPARTICULARQUALITIESTHATMAKEUPONE’SWHOLECHARACTER,SUCHASCHEERFULNESS,FRIENDLINESSANDPUNCTUALITYAFTERALL,“TOMAKEAFRIEND,BEAFRIEND”ISNOTSUCHABIGANDDIFFICULTORDERTHEREAREPARTICULARFAVORABLEQUALITIES,WHICHATTRACTOTHERSTOUS,ANDSOMEFUNDAMENTALPSYCHOLOGICALDO’SANDDON’TS.IFYOUAREINTHEPRESENCEOFASHYPERSON,TALKINGANDASKINGCASUALQUESTIONSMAYBRINGHIMOUTOFHISSHELLTHINKOFWHATWOULDBEMOSTACCEPTABLETOTHEOTHERPERSONFORYOUTOTALK,ORTOLISTENEITHERWAY,THEGOALISTOMAKEYOURSELFPLEASANT.ALWAYSREMEMBERTOLISTEN,BUTLISTENINTELLIGENTLYTOHAVEANYONE“HANGONOURWORDS”ISTHEMOSTUNNOTICEABLYCLEVERWAYINTHEWORLDTOPLEASESOMEB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