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A study of poetry.doc.doc

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A study of poetry.doc.doc

TITLEASTUDYOFPOETRYAUTHORBLISSPERRYRELEASEDATEJUNE,2005EBOOK8221YES,WEAREMORETHANONEYEARAHEADOFSCHEDULETHISFILEWASFIRSTPOSTEDONJULY3,2003EDITION10LANGUAGEENGLISHCHARACTERSETENCODINGASCIISTARTOFTHEPROJECTGUTENBERGEBOOKASTUDYOFPOETRYPRODUCEDBYERICELDRED,CHARLESBIDWELLANDTHEONLINEDISTRIBUTEDPROOFREADINGTEAMASTUDYOFPOETRYBYBLISSPERRY_PROFESSOROFENGLISHLITERATUREINHARVARDUNIVERSITY_AUTHOROFASTUDYOFPROSEFICTION,WALTWHITMAN,THEAMERICANMIND,ETCTOMSPPREFACETHEMETHODOFSTUDYINGPOETRYWHICHIHAVEFOLLOWEDINTHISBOOKWASSKETCHEDSOMEYEARSAGOINMYCHAPTERONPOETRYIN_COUNSELUPONTHEREADINGOFBOOKS_MYCONFIDENCETHATTHEGENETICMETHODISTHENATURALWAYOFAPPROACHINGTHESUBJECTHASBEENSHAREDBYMANYLOVERSOFPOETRYIHOPE,HOWEVER,THATIHAVENOTALLOWEDMYINSISTENCEUPONTHETHREEFOLDPROCESSOFIMPRESSION,TRANSFORMINGIMAGINATION,ANDEXPRESSIONTOHARDENINTOASETFORMULAFORMULASHAVEACERTAINDANGEROUSUSEFULNESSFORCRITICSANDTEACHERS,BUTTHEYAREAVERYSMALLPARTOFONESTRAININGINTHEAPPRECIATIONOFPOETRYIHAVEALLOTTEDLITTLEORNOSPACETOTHESPECIFICDISCUSSIONOFEPICANDDRAMA,ASTHESETYPESAREADEQUATELYTREATEDINMANYBOOKSOUROWNGENERATIONISPECULIARLYATTRACTEDBYVARIOUSFORMSOFTHELYRIC,ANDINPARTTWOIHAVEDEVOTEDESPECIALATTENTIONTOTHATFIELDWHILEIHOPETHATTHEBOOKMAYATTRACTTHETRADITIONALGENERALREADER,IHAVEALSOTRIEDTOARRANGEITINSUCHAFASHIONTHATITMAYBEUTILIZEDINTHECLASSROOMIHAVETHEREFOREVENTURED,INTHENOTESANDILLUSTRATIONSANDAPPENDIX,TOSUGGESTSOMEMETHODSANDMATERIALFORTHEUSEOFSTUDENTSIWISHTOEXPRESSMYOBLIGATIONSTOPROFESSORRMALDEN,WHOSE_INTRODUCTIONTOPOETRY_AND_ENGLISHVERSE_IHAVEUSEDINMYOWNHARVARDCOURSESINPOETRYHISVIEWSOFMETREHAVEPROBABLYINFLUENCEDMINEEVENMORETHANIAMAWARETHELASTDECADE,WHICHHASWITNESSEDSUCHANEXTRAORDINARYREVIVALOFINTERESTINPOETRY,HASPRODUCEDMANYVALUABLECONTRIBUTIONSTOPOETICTHEORYIHAVEFOUNDPROFESSORFAIRCHILDS_MAKINGOFPOETRY_PARTICULARLYSUGGESTIVEATTENTIONISCALLED,INTHENOTESANDBIBLIOGRAPHY,TOMANYOTHERRECENTBOOKSONTHESUBJECTPROFESSORSASCOOKOFYALEANDFBSNYDEROFNORTHWESTERNUNIVERSITYHAVEBEENKINDENOUGHTOREADINMANUSCRIPTCERTAINCHAPTERSOFTHISBOOK,ANDDRPFBAUMOFHARVARDHASASSISTEDMEMOSTCOURTEOUSLYIAMINDEBTEDTOSEVERALFELLOWWRITERSFORTHEIRCONSENTTOTHEUSEOFEXTRACTSFROMTHEIRBOOKS,PARTICULARLYTOBRANDERMATTHEWSFORAPASSAGEFROM_THESEMANYYEARS_ANDTOHENRYOSBORNTAYLORFORAPASSAGEFROMHIS_CLASSICALHERITAGEOFTHEMIDDLEAGES_IWISHALSOTOTHANKTHEPUBLISHERSWHOHAVEGENEROUSLYALLOWEDMETOUSEBRIEFQUOTATIONSFROMCOPYRIGHTEDBOOKS,ESPECIALLYHENRYHOLTCOFORPERMISSIONTOUSEAQUOTATIONANDDRAWINGFROMWILLIAMJAMESS_PSYCHOLOGY_,ANDTHEMACMILLANCOMPANYFORPERMISSIONTOBORROWFROMJOHNLAFARGESDELIGHTFUL_CONSIDERATIONSONPAINTING_BPCONTENTSPARTIPOETRYINGENERALIAGLANCEATTHEBACKGROUNDIITHEPROVINCEOFPOETRYIIITHEPOETSIMAGINATIONIVTHEPOETSWORDSVRHYTHMANDMETREVIRHYME,STANZAANDFREEVERSEPARTIITHELYRICINPARTICULARVIITHEFIELDOFLYRICPOETRYVIIIRELATIONSHIPSANDTYPESOFTHELYRICIXRACE,EPOCHANDINDIVIDUALXTHEPRESENTSTATUSOFTHELYRICNOTESANDILLUSTRATIONSAPPENDIXBIBLIOGRAPHYINDEXASTUDYOFPOETRYPARTIPOETRYINGENERALSIDNEYANDSHELLEYPLEADEDTHISCAUSEBECAUSETHEYSPOKE,MUSTWEBEDUMBGEORGEEWOODBERRY,_ANEWDEFENSEOFPOETRY_ASTUDYOFPOETRYCHAPTERIAGLANCEATTHEBACKGROUNDITISAGRAYDAYINAUTUMNIAMSITTINGATMYDESK,WONDERINGHOWTOBEGINTHEFIRSTCHAPTEROFTHISBOOKABOUTPOETRYOUTSIDETHEWINDOWAWOMANISCONTENTEDLYKNEELINGONTHEUPTURNEDBROWNEARTHOFHERTULIPBED,PATTINGLOVINGLYWITHHERTROWELASSHECOVERSTHEBULBSFORNEXTSPRINGSBLOSSOMINGDOESSHEKNOWKATHARINETYNANSVERSESABOUTPLANTINGBULBSPROBABLYNOTBUTIFINDMYSELFDROPPINGTHEPROCRASTINATINGPEN,ANDMURMURINGSOMEOFTHELINESSETTINGMYBULBSAROWINCOLDEARTHUNDERTHEGRASSES,TILLTHEFROSTANDTHESNOWAREGONEANDTHEWINTERPASSESTURNINGTHESODSANDTHECLAYITHINKONTHEPOORSADPEOPLEHIDINGTHEIRDEADAWAYINTHECHURCHYARD,UNDERTHESTEEPLEALLPOORWOMENANDMEN,BROKENHEARTEDANDWEEPING,THEIRDEADTHEYCALLONINVAIN,QUIETLYSMILINGANDSLEEPINGFRIENDS,NOWLISTENANDHEAR,GIVEOVERCRYINGANDGRIEVING,THERESHALLCOMEADAYANDAYEARWHENTHEDEADSHALLBEASTHELIVINGTHERESHALLCOMEACALL,AFOOTFALL,ANDTHEGOLDENTRUMPETERSBLOWINGSHALLSTIRTHEDEADWITHTHEIRCALL,BIDTHEMBERISINGANDGOINGTHENINTHEDAFFODILWEATHER,LOVERSHALLRUNTOLOVER;FRIENDSALLTROOPINGTOGETHER;DEATHANDWINTERBEOVERLAYINGMYBULBSINTHEDARK,VISIONSHAVEIOFHEREAFTERLIPTOLIP,BREASTTOBREAST,HARKNOMOREWEEPING,BUTLAUGHTERYETTHISISNOWAYTOSTARTYOURCHAPTER,SUGGESTSCONSCIENCEWHYDOYOUNOTWRITEANOPENINGPARAGRAPH,FORBETTERFORWORSE,INSTEADOFLOOKINGOUTOFTHEWINDOWANDQUOTINGKATHARINETYNANANDTHENITFLASHESOVERME,INLIEUOFANSWER,THATIHAVEJUSTDISCOVEREDONEWAYOFBEGINNINGTHECHAPTER,AFTERALLFORWHATISHOULDLIKETODOINTHISBOOKISTOSETFORTHINDECENTPROSESOMEOFTHESTRANGEPOTENCIESOFVERSEITSPOWER,FORINSTANCE,TOSEIZEUPONAPHYSICALIMAGELIKETHATOFAWOMANPLANTINGBULBS,ANDTRANSMUTEITINTOASYMBOLOFTHERESURRECTIONOFTHEDEAD;ITSCAPACITYFORTURNINGFACTINTOTRUTHANDBROWNEARTHINTOBEAUTY;FORREMOULDINGTHEBROKENSYLLABLESOFHUMANSPEECHINTOSHEERMUSIC;FORLIFTINGTHEMIND,BOWEDDOWNBYWEARYINGTHOUGHTANDHAUNTINGFEAR,INTOABROODINGECSTASYWHEREINWEEPINGISCHANGEDINTOLAUGHTERANDAUTUMNALPREMONITIONSOFDEATHINTOASSURANCEOFLIFE,ANDTHENARROWPATHSOFINDIVIDUALEXPERIENCEAREWIDENEDINTOTHOSEILLIMITABLESPACESWHERETHEIMAGINATIONRULESPOETRYDOESALLTHIS,ASSUREDLYBUTH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