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诗歌欣赏教案.doc.doc

PARTONEWHATISPOETRYPOETRYMIGHTBEDEFINEDASAKINDOFLANGUAGETHATSAYSMOREANDSAYSITMOREINTENSIVELYTHANDOESORDINARYLANGUAGEPOETRYISAKINDOFSAYINGAINADDITIONTOBAANDBPOETRYISANARTFORMINWHICHHUMANLANGUAGEISUSEDFORITSAESTHETICQUALITIESINADDITIONTO,ORINSTEADOF,ITSNOTIONALANDSEMANTICCONTENTITCONSISTSOFORALORLITERARYWORKSINWHICHLANGUAGEISUSEDINAMANNERTHATISFELTBYITSUSERANDAUDIENCETODIFFERFROMORDINARYPROSEITMAYUSECONDENSEDORCOMPRESSEDFORMTOCONVEYEMOTIONORIDEASTOTHEREADER’SORLISTENER’SMINDOREAR;ITMAYALSOUSEDEVICESSUCHASASSONANCEANDREPETITIONTOACHIEVEMUSICALORINCANTATORYEFFECTSPOEMSFREQUENTLYRELYFORTHEIREFFECTONIMAGERY,WORDASSOCIATIONANDTHEMUSICALQUALITIESOFTHELANGUAGEUSEDBECAUSEOFITSNATUREOFEMPHASIZINGLINGUISTICFORMRATHERTHANUSINGLANGUAGEPURELYFORITSCONTENT,POETRYISNOTORIOUSLYDIFFICULTYTOTRANSLATEFROMONELANGUAGEINTOANOTHERTHEEAGLEHECLAPSTHECRAGWITHCROOKEDHANDS;CLOSETOTHESUNINLONELYLANDS,RINGEDWITHTHEAZUREWORLD,HESTANDSTHEWRINKLEDSEABENEATHHIMCRAWLS;HEWATCHESFROMHISMOUNTAINWALLS,ANDLIKEATHUNDERBOLTHEFALLSALFRED,LORDTENNYSON18091892REDWHEELBARROWSOMUCHDEPENDSUPONAREDWHEELBARROWGLAZEDWITHRAINWATERBESIDETHEWHITECHICKENSWILLIAMCARLOSWILLIAMS18831963DUSTOFFROSTTHEWAYACROWSHOOKDOWNONMETHEDUSTOFSNOWFROMAHEMLOCKTREEHASGIVENMYHEARTACHANGEOFMOODANDSAVEDSOMEPARTOFADAYIHADRUEDROBERTFROST18741963THECAREFULANGLERTHECAREFULANGLERCHOSEHISNOOKATMORNINGBYTHELILIEDBROOK,ANDALLTHENOONHISRODHEPLIEDBYTHATROMANTICRIVERSIDESOONASTHEEVENINGHOURSDECLINETRANQUILLYHE’LLRETURNTODINE,AND,BREATHINGFORTHAPIOUSWISH,WILLCRAMHISBELLYWITHFULLOFFISHROBERTLOUISSTEVENSON18501849THEREISNOFRIGATELIKEABOOKTHEREISNOFRIGATELIKEABOOKTOTAKEUSLANDSAWAY,NORANYCOURSERLIKEAPAGEOFPRANCINGPOETRYTHISTRAVERSEMAYTHEPOORESTTAKEWITHOUTOPPRESSOFTOLL;HOWFRUGALISTHECHARIOTTHATBEARSTHEHUMANSOULEMILYDICKINSON18301886PARTTWOCHARACTERISTICSOFPOETRYPOETRYASWHOLEISCONCERNEDWITHALLKINDSOFEXPERIENCEBEAUTIFULORUGLY,STRANGEORCOMMON,NOBLEORIGNOBLE,ACTUALORIMAGINARY1POETRYISTHEMOSTCONDENSEDANDCONCENTRATEDFORMOFLITERATURE,SAYINGMOSTINTHEFEWESTNUMBEROFWORDS2POETRYISAKINDOFMULTIDIMENSIONALLANGUAGEINTELLECTUAL,SENSUOUS,EMOTIONALANDIMAGINATIVEAMANHEKILLEDTHOMASHARDY18401928HADHEANDIBUTMETBYSOMEOLDANCIENTINN,WESHOULDHAVESATUSDOWNTOWETRIGHTMANYANIPPERKINBUTRANGEDASINFANTRY,ANDSTARINGFACETOFACE,ISHOTATHIMASHEATME,ANDKILLEDHIMINHISPLACEISHOTHIMDEADBECAUSEBECAUSEHEWASMYFOE,JUSTSOMYFOEOFCOURSEHEWAS;THAT’SCLEARENOUGH;ALTHOUGHHETHOUGHTHE’D‘LIST,PERHAPS,OFFHANDLIKEJUSTASIWASOUTOFWORKHADSOLDHISTRAPSNOOTHERREASONWHYYES,QUAINTANDCURIOUSWARISYOUSHOOTAFELLOWDOWNYOU’DTREAT,IFMETWHEREANYBARIS,ORHELPTOHALFACROWNTHESICKROSEWILLIAMBLAKE17571827OROSE,THATARTSICKTHEINVISIBLEWORMTHATFLIESINTHENIGHTINTHEHOWLINGSTORM,HASFOUNDOUTTHYBEDOFCRIMSONJOY,ANDHISDARKSECRETLOVEDOESTHYLIFEDESTROYTHEROADNOTTAKENROBERTFROSTTWOROADSDIVERGEDINAYELLOWWOOD,ANDSORRYICOULDNOTTRAVELBOTHANDBEONETRAVELER,LONGISTOODANDLOOKEDDOWNASONEASFARASICOULDTOWHEREITBENTINTHEUNDERGROWTH;THENTAKETHEOTHER,ASJUSTASFAIR,ANDHAVINGPERHAPSTHEBETTERCLAIM,BECAUSEITWASGRASSYANDWANTEDWEAR;THOUGHASFORTHATTHEPASSINGTHEREHASWORNTHEMREALLYABOUTTHESAME,ANDBOTHTHATMORNINGEQUALLYLAYINLEAVESNOSTEPHADTRODDENBLACKOH,IKEPTTHEFIRSTFORANOTHERDAYYETKNOWINGHOWWAYLEADSONTOWAY,IDOUBTEDIFISHOULDEVERCOMEBACKISHALLBETELLINGTHISWITHASIGHSOMEWHEREAGESANDAGESHENCETWOROADSDIVERGEDINAWOOD,ANDIITOOKTHEONELESSTRAVELEDBY,ANDTHATHASMADEALLTHEDIFFERENCEMEETINGATNIGHTROBERTBROWNING18121889THEGRAYSEAANDTHELONGBLACKLANDANDTHEYELLOWHALFMOONLARGEANDLOW;ANDTHESTARTLEDLITTLEWAVESTHATLEAPINFIERYRINGLETSFROMTHEIRSLEEP,ASIGAINTHECOVEWITHTHEPUSHINGPROW,ANDQUENCHITSSPEEDINTHESLUSHYSANDTHENAMILEOFWARMSEASCENTEDBEACH;THREEFIELDSOFCROSSTILLAFARMAPPEARS;TAPATTHEPANE,THEQUICKSHARPSCRATCHANDBLUESPURTOFALIGHTEDMATCH,ANDAVOICELESSLOUD,THRO’SITSJOYSANDFEARSTHANTHETWOHEARTSBEATINGEACHTOEACHPARTINGATMORNINGROUNDTHECAPEOFASUDDENCAMETHESEA,ANDTHESUNLOOKEDOVERTHEMOUNTAIN’SRIMANDSTRAIGHTWASAPATHOFGOLDFORHIM,ANDSTRAIGHTWASTHENEEDOFWORLDOFMENFORMEPARTTHREEHOWTOEXPERIENCEPOEMSHOWTOEXPERIENCEPOEMS1READAPOEMMORETHANONCEIT’STOBEHUNGONTHEWALLOFONE’SMIND2KEEPADICTIONARYBYYOUANDUSEIT3READSOASTOHEARTHESOUNDSOFTHEWORDSINYOURMINDPOETRYISWRITTENTOBEHEARDITSMEANINGSARECONVEYEDTHROUGHSOUNDASWELLASTHROUGHPRINTONESHOULDREADAPOEMASSLOWLYASPOSSIBLEANDYOUSHOULDLIPREADITATLEAST4ALWAYSPAYCAREFULATTENTIONTOWHATTHEPOEMISSAYINGONESHOULDMAKETHEUTMOSTEFFORTTOFOLLOWTHETHOUGHTCONTINUOUSLYANDTOGRASPTHEFULLIMPLICATIONSANDSUGGESTIONSANDONTHEVERYFIRSTREADINGYOUSHOULDDETERMINETHESUBJECTSOFTHEVERBSANDTHEANTECEDENTSOFTHEPRONOUNS5PRACTICEREADINGPOEMSALOUDAREADITAFFECTIONATELY,BUTNOTAFFECTEDLYBREADINGTOOFASTOFFERSGREATERDANGERTHANREADINGSLOWLYREADITSLOWLYENOUGHSOTHATEACHWORDISCLEARANDDISTINCTANDSOTHATTHEMEANINGHASTIMETOSINKINYOURORDINARYRATEOFREADINGWILLPROBABLYBETOOFASTCREADAPOEMSOTHATTHERHYTHMICALPATTERNISFELTBUTNOTEXAGGERATED6ASKOURSELVESTHEFOLLOWINGQUESTIONSSOASTOAIDUSINTHEUNDERSTANDINGOFAPOEMAWHOISTHESPEAKERANDWHATISTHEOCCASIONBWHATISTHECENTRALPURPOSEOFTHEPOEMCBYWHATMEANSISTHATPURPOSEACHIEVEDDWHATPROVOKESTHESAYING7WHILEREADINGAPOEM,ALWAYSMAINTAINTHEUTMOSTMEN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