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2014中考英语考点 词汇 语法 技巧复习资料.doc.doc

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2014中考英语考点 词汇 语法 技巧复习资料.doc.doc

To王一乾2010年月日VIP学员补课专用2011年沈阳中考英语Peter高分教案系统中考英语金牌考点精品教案A2铁西区Peter精品高分英语家教02431688948主编人吴军◆stayhealthy保持健康keephealthykeepingoodhealthkeepfit◆Treesturngreen.常见的连系动词有bebecomegetturnfeellook看起来smell闻起来sound听起来taste尝起来seem似乎.1.Onhearingthenewsoftheaccidentinthelocalmine,she________pale.A.gotB.changedC.wentD.appeared2.Happybirthday,AliceSoyouhavetwentyonealreadyA.becomeB.turnedC.grownD.passed3.Shewantedtoteacher.A.turnB.becomeC.growD.get◆接双宾的常用动词有givepassshowlendbuy.但buy与for连用Igavehimabook.Iabookhim.Mymotherboughtmeapenyesterday.Mymotherapenme.◆Imnotfeelingwell.我觉得不太舒服IdontfeelwellImnotfeelingf/aright.Imfeelingi/s.Ifeelt/b.◆ofcoursecertainlysure当然◆shopgoshoppingdosomeshopping购物◆dohomework做家庭作业dohousework做家务事atthesametime与此同时inthefuture在将来,今后inonesopinion据某人的观点上看canthelpdoingsth.忍不住做某事ontheotherhand另一方面howaboutwhatabout.怎么样fillup填补装满onthephone用电话attheweekends在周末◆WeareallfromCanada.usarefromCanada.ATheydontoftenhearthetwinssingthesongintheschool.Bofthetwinsoftenheardtosingthesongintheschool.AAlltheAmericanpeopledontlikesandwiches.BtheAmericanpeoplelikesandwiches.◆mostofthestudentsmoststudentsmostlymainly◆thesameas与什么相同bedifferentfrom不同besimilarto与什么相似◆onceamonthmonthly一月一次twicetwotimesaweek一周两次◆exercisetakemuchexercisedosports锻炼◆gotothemovies去看电影filmseeafilmgotothecinema◆你觉得这部新电影怎么样doyoulikethenewfilmdoyouofthenewfilm◆geton/alongwellwith与相处很好Samisfriendlytohisclassmatesandhisclassmatesarefriendlytohim.Sam_____________wellwithhisclassmates.◆掌握三种同义句转换1.Heistallerthananyotherstudentinhisclass.Heisthetalleststudentinhisclass.2.Thisfilmislessinterestingthanthatone.Thisfilmisntasinterestingasthatone.Thatfilmismoreinterestingthanthisone.3.IprefermathstoEnglish.IlikemathsEnglish.◆alittle名词abitof名词notalittleverynotabitnotatallThereisalittlewaterintheglass.◆quitequiteaan形名veryavery形名Thisisaveryinterestingbook.Thisisinterestingbook.◆inahurry匆忙地hurrytogotoinahurryShewenttoschoolinahurry.Sheschool.◆marrysbbemarriedtosb.与某人结婚getmarriedbemarried已婚结婚ShemarriedTom.SheTom.◆returnsth.tosb.givesth.backtosb.把某物归还给某人◆prepareforgetfor为做准备◆arguewithsbhaveanargumentwithsb.与某人争吵◆toonessurprise使某人吃惊的是..toonesjoy使某人高兴的是◆failthetestnotpassthetest考试不及格failindoingsth在...上失败,变弱◆talkaboutdiscuss谈论◆aticketto/foraballgame一张球赛的门票注意thekeytothelock/thekeyanswerrtothequestion/thesolutiontotheproblem.此处几个短语不能用of表示所有格◆callsbupringsb.upcall/ring/phonesb.给..打电话◆outofstyle过时的beinstyle流行的beinfashionfashionablepopular◆Its形容词forsbtodosth对某人而言,做某事是的◆①Theybothswimwell.=themswimwell.②Therearetreesonbothsidesofthestreet.Therearetreesonsideofthestreet.③ourbooksarentthese.booksarent.◆overandoveragain反复,一遍又一遍overmorethanClasswasoverClass.goovergetoverthinkoverlookoverturnovertakeoverhandover◆helpsbtodosthhelpsbwith名词帮助某人做◆keepapet养宠物keepadiary◆.beabletodosthcandosth能做◆Idontagree.Idisagree.我不同意◆getbored变得厌倦(get/become是系动词,后跟形容词tired/angry/excited等)◆wakeup醒来(wakesb.up表示唤醒某人)◆AbedifferentfromBA与B不同Thereisadifference/TherearedifferencesbetweenAandB◆livealonebyoneself单独居住feellonely感到孤独(比较livealone/goalong)◆takeplacehappen发生◆begoodatdowellin名词/代词/doingsth.在方面做得好bebetteratdobetterin名/代/doingsth.在方面做得更好◆passsthontosb把传给◆onFridayevening在星期五晚上◆endofyearexamfinalexam期末考试◆havehold/giveapartyforsb.为某人举行一次聚会◆inorderto为了sothatcanbeadj.enoughforsb.todosothatcantbenotenoughforsb.todotooto◆bytheway顺便说,顺便问一下◆onmyseventhbirthday在我第七个生日◆Sb.runoutofsth.某人用完了某物◆Howmuchisapairofskates/shoes/glasses/trousers/jeansHowmuchdoesathispairofskates/shoes/glasses/trousers/jeanscost◆givesomesuggestions提建议advice◆waitinlinejointhelinestandinline排队◆rightawayatoncerightnowinaminuteimmediately马上,立刻◆Wouldyouminddoingsth你介意反对做某事吗Wouldyoumindnotdoingsth.Could/Wouldyoupleasedosth请你做某事,行吗Could/Wouldyoupleasenotdosth.◆gobackreturnto回到◆welcometo欢迎到thewayto去的路◆Hehadmewashthetablecloth.→Hethetablecloth.Themanhadthebikemended.→Themansomeonethebike.◆atfirst首先atlastintheendfinally最后◆allowsb.todo/nottodosth.允许某人做/不做某事beallowedtodo/nottodosth.某人不被允许某人做/不做某事allowdoingsth.◆inaminuteinnotimebeforelongsoon立刻,马上◆receivesth.from.getsth.from从某人处收到某物◆Whydontyoudosth.Whynotdosth.你为什么不做呢How/Whataboutdoingsth.做怎么样Letsdosth.让我们做吧ShallI/wedosth.我/我们做行吗◆differentkindsof不同种类typesort◆woulddoratherthando宁愿不愿做prefertoinsteadofdoingsth.◆atleast至少atmostnotmorethanmorethanovernomorethannothingbutonlyabout2metres2metresorso◆befriendlytosb.对某人友好kind◆Sth.costsb.somemoney某物花某人多少钱Sb.paysomemoneyforsth.某人为某物付多少钱Sb.spendsomemoneyonsth.某人花多少钱在某物上Sb.spendsometimeindoingsth.某人花费多少时间做某事Ittakessb.sometimetodosth.◆crossastreetgoacrossastreet过街(穿过表面)gothrough穿过(空间/房间/森林)gopastpass经过/路过comealong跟着来◆becarefulwithlookoutfor当心,小心◆needdoingneedtobedone需要被(主语是物,强调被动)IneedtodomyhomeworkThebikeneedsmending/reparing◆feellikedoingwanttodosth.想做某事◆beasleep睡着的beawake醒着的atnight在晚上intheday在白天◆goontakeaholiday度假◆somethingtoeat/drink一些吃/喝的东西◆havesomeproblemsindoingsth.做某事有困难difficultytrouble◆firstofall首先tobeginwith一开始lateron后来、随◆beasleepfallasleep睡着◆Myfatherhasgivenupsmoking.我爸爸已经放弃吸烟了。stopped◆payattentiontosth.对注意,留心◆makeadecisionmakeuponesminddecide下决定下决心◆replyto答复某人如SherepliedtoMrGreen.answered◆have时间段off放假,休息如have2daysofftake◆learnsth.fromsb.向谁学习什么◆haveanopportunitytodosth.有机会做某事chance◆theotherday前几天◆takethetest参加考试passthetest通过考试failatest考试失败◆bestrictwithsb.对某人严厉◆Igetmycarmade.Ihavemycarmade.我让别人修好我的车◆Hestartedspeaking/tospeak.他开始说话。began◆Hecameupwithagoodidea.他提出了一个好主意。foundLilycaughtupwithAnna.莉莉赶上了安娜。followed◆getnervous变得紧张feelshy觉得害羞lookfriendly看起来友好◆gettogether聚在一起◆ondisplay展览show◆remindsb.ofsb./sth.提醒使记起.Thissongmakeshimthinkofhismother.这首歌使他记起了他的妈妈。Thissongremindshimofhismother.◆handout分发handoutbananasgiveout分发giveoutsthtosb.分.给某人giveupdoing放弃giveupsmoking放弃吸烟giveaway赠送捐赠giveawaysth.to.giveawaymoneytokidsgivesb.sth.给某人某东西givememoney给我钱givesth.tosb.给某人某东西givemoneytome给我线◆sickadj.生病的作表语、定语illadj.生病的作表语,不能作定语◆inaway在某种程度说◆Shewentonsinging.continued她继续唱歌◆Iwasawayleft2daysago.我两天前离开了。◆providesb.withsth供应某人某物providesthforsb.supplied◆comeout出版publish◆giveadviceon在方面提出意见、建议◆byaccident偶然地,无意之中changce◆accordingto根据。按照。◆besimilarto与...相似◆cheerupmakehappier使...高兴,使...振作◆givesbaride让某人搭车◆comeacross(偶然)发现,遇见。◆inthelast/past表示在过去的.时间里uptonowsofar直到现在◆beproudofbetheprideof表示以为自豪/骄傲◆wondersv.疑惑wanttoknow◆correctadj.正确的right◆lookseriously/badly/terriblyill◆present礼物=giftatpresent现在◆takeafterbesimilartorepairfixupmend◆Irainedheavilyhard.Therewasaheavyrain.◆Itstimeforyoutowashdishes.Itsyourturntowashdishes.◆howold,howoften,howsoon,howfar,howlong,howmany/much,howmanytimesWhatcolor/size/kinddoyouwantHowmuchis/areHowmuchdoesitcostWhatsthepriceofitHowoldareyouWhatsyourageHeisaneightyearoldboy.Heiseightyearsold.◆CanIhelpyouWhatcanIdoforyouMayIhelpyou◆Howadj./adv.(主语谓语)如HowhardheworksWhata/anadj.名词单数(主语谓语)Whatadj.名词复数(主语谓语)Whatadj.不可数名词(主语谓语)Whatbadweather/music/news/water/adviceitis◆doingexpecthavefun,bebusy,canthelp,giveup,lookforwardto,be/getusedto,feellike,havetrouble/problem/difficult/ahardtime,payattentionto,beworth,keepon,putoff,endup,mind,finish,keep,practice,enjoy,permit,spend,keep,continue,consider,suggest,canthelp,missdoingsth◆Idontlikeswimming,Ilikeplayinggamesinstead.◆Livingthingsneedairandlightaswellaswater.生命不仅需要水,还需要空气和阳光.Thingsalivebesides◆Stopaskingsuchsillyquestions.别再问这样傻的问题了.stupidfoolish◆Ourtimeisrunningout.我们剩下的时间不多了。Wearerunningoutoftime◆Whatsyourbestlovedfavoritesubject◆work不可数job可数工作◆WhattimeisitnowWhatsthetimenow现在几点了◆tinyLittlesmallhugelargebig◆由构成,由制成bemadefrom,bemadeof◆以为自豪/骄傲beproudofbetheprideoftakepridein◆继续做某事goondoinggoonwithsth继续做(另一件事)goontodosthcontinue◆lookfor表示寻找,强调找的动作或过程find表示找到,强调找的结果findout表示找出,查明之意,指经调查,观察,或研究手段发现或找到◆search是指对某一处所,人身进行搜查或指寻找想找的人或物,后面可以接介.词for,但比lookfor语气更强些.◆在过去的.时间里inthelast/past数字名词◆过去时的时间状语yesterday,lastweek,aweekago,onFriday,justnow,intheevening,theotherday现在完成时的时间状语sinceMonday,uptonowuntilnow,foralongtime,sinceIcamehere,sincelastweek,uptonow,latelyrecently.◆carry的意思是携带,搬运,负担,即把某人带在身边后把某物带在身上,指随身携带,并将它从一处带到另一处。携带的方式可以是提,扛,背,抱,抬等。carry不说明带的方向。bring的意思是把某人或某物带来,拿来,强调方向,即从别处拿到说话人这儿来,而不强调带的方式,其后可跟双宾语。take的意思是把某人或某物带走,拿走,即说话人这儿带到别处去。Fetchget,get和fetch的意思相近,表示到某处去把某人找到并带来,或把某物找到并取来。get常用于口语中。辨析bring,takebring意为把拿来,取来。即把某物从别处拿到说话者所在地PleasebringmyEnglishbookhere.请把我的英语书拿到这儿来。take意为把拿走,取走,即把某物从说话者所在地拿到别处。Youcanttakethesemagazineshome.你不能把这些杂志拿回家。◆other作前置定语时,修饰单数或复数名词。如Iwillcomeagainsomeotherdays.我改日再来。another用于泛指三者以上的不定数目中的另一个,其所修饰的名词前不加冠词。Idontwantthisone.Pleasegivemeanother.我不想要这个,请给我另一个。theother表示两者中的另一个或两部分中的另一部分,是特指。如Therearesixpeopleintheroom.Fouraregirls,theothertwoareboys.房间里有六个人,四个是女孩,其余两个是男孩。others用作代词,泛指其他人或其他事物。如,Somearesinginganddancing,somearedrawing,othersareclimbingthehill.一些人在唱歌,跳舞,一些人在画画,还有一些人在爬山。theothers指整体中除去一部分后,剩余的全部。如Therearefiftyfivestudentsinourclass.Thirtyofusaregirls.Theothersareboys.我们班有五十五名学生,三十人是女生,其余的是男生。◆learnfrom后接表示人的名词,意思为向学习后接表示事物的名词,意思为从中学习。Wehavelearntalotmuchfromyourlecturespeech.我们从你的报告中学到了很多东西。learnoflearnabouthearofknow后接表示人或事物的名词,意思为听说,了解到,相当于hearof。指间接地获得信息,有时可用介词about代替of,但learnabout还有学习有关方面知识的意思。如,Weweresorrytolearnofhisfailure.听到他失败的消息我们非常遗憾。learn..by后接表示事物的名词或动词。接表示事物的名词时,意思为从学习,可与learnfrom互换接动词ing形式时,意思为通过方式学习。如Youshouldlearnalanguagebyspeakingit.你应当通过说的方式来学习一种语言。另外,learnbyheart是熟记背下来的意思。如Youshouldlearnallthewordsbyheart.你应当把所有的单词都背下来。◆prefer是一个行为动词,后接带to的不定式,表示一个具体的特定行为,意思为更喜欢。如,HepreferredtohaveaparttimejobHelikedtohaveaparttimejobbetter.他宁愿找一份兼职工作。两者接不定式时,分别与than和ratherthan搭配,即prefertodoratherthando意思为宁愿做而不愿做.,wouldratherdothando意思为宁愿做而不愿做.如,LiuHulanpreferredtodieratherthansurrender.LiuHulanwouldratherdiethansurrender.刘胡兰宁死不屈。preferto相当于likebetterthan意思为喜欢.更胜过喜欢..。其后接名词,代词,动词ing形式。如,Ipreferteatocoffee.我喜欢喝茶胜过喜欢喝咖啡。◆make名词/代词形容词或形容词短语如,Thegoodnewsmadeushappy.这条好消息使我们很高兴。make名词/代词省略to的动词不定式如,Theymadeuslaugh.他们让我们大笑起来。make名词/代词介词短语或名词短语如,Thebossmadeherhisassistant.老板让她作自己的助理。make名词或代词过去分词短语如,CanyoumakeyourselfunderstoodinEnglish你能用英语把意思表达清楚吗makeit时间如,Letsmakeithalfpasttwo.让我们把时间约定在230吧。◆talkabouthowthingsaffectyou.discuss◆point意思为指着,指向,在用事物名词作主语时,一般和pointto连用,Thelandoftheclockpointstosix.时钟的针指向六。在用人物名词作主语时,常用pointat.如,Ourteacherispointingatthemaponthewall.我们的老师在指着墙上的地图。pointat可以分开来理解,也就是point后直接跟名词或代词作宾语,at表示方向,pointto没有这种用法。pointout是指出的意思,属于动副结构的短语,虽可跟宾语,但若是代词,须放point和out之间。如,Canyoupointoutthechurchinthispicture◆most可修饰动词,意思是最,第一如,Thatproblemtroubleshimmost.那个问题最使他头痛。Most常可作very用,修饰kind,helpful,grateful,beautiful等表示主观感觉的形容词和副词。这时不表示比较,不能和the连用。如Itsmostkindofyou.very你真好。Most作代词用,意思为大多数的,最多的,最大的。其反义词为fewest,least.mostly为副词,表示大体上,大部分等意思。如SheismostlyoutonSunday.星期天她多半不在家。mainlythemost表示最大数量,最大限度。如,ThisisthemostIcando.这是我力所能及的。◆except意思为除外(不再有),其前常接all,any,every,no及其复合词等词。如Ianswerallthequestionsexceptthelastone.除了最后一个问题灭有答上外,其余问题我都答上了。besides意思为除外(还有)如,Ihaveafewfriendsbesidesyou.除了你之外,我还有几个朋友。but后接名词,代词和原形动词,可以和except互换,但except后接副词,介词短语时,不能用but来代替。如,Marydidnothingexceptbutcleanthedishes.玛丽只洗盘子。

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