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江西中考英语选词填空.doc.doc

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江西中考英语选词填空.doc.doc

1WELL,SOFT,SECOND,BETTER,MAY,STRONGLY,AFRAID,SAND,STAYUP,IF,NOW,HOUSEWECAN’TSTOPANEARTHQUAKE地震,BUTWECANDOTHINGSTOMAKESURETHEYDON’TDESTROY毁坏WHOLECITIESFIRST,ITISNOTA1________IDEATOBUILDHOUSESALONGLINESWHERE2________OFTHEEARTH’SPLATES板块JOINTOGETHERSECOND,IFYOUTHINKTHERE3________BEANEARTHQUAKE,ITISBETTERTOBUILDHOUSESONROCKS,NOTON4________THIRD,YOUMUSTMAKETHEHOUSESAS5________ASPOSSIBLEWEAKBUILDINGSWILLFALLDOWNINANEARTHQUAKE,BUTSTRONGONESMAY6________SCIENTISTSARE7________THATONEDAYANEVENBIGGEREARTHQUAKEWILLHITTHEPARTAROUNDSANFRANCISCO旧金山THEYCALLIT“THEBIGONE”HOWEVER,PEOPLETODAYARESTILLBUILDINGMORE8________THEPOPULATIONINANDAROUNDSANFRANCISCOIS9________TENTIMESMORETHANITWASIN1906THISMEANSTHAT10________THEREISANOTHEREARTHQUAKE,AGREATMANYHOUSESANDBUILDINGSWILLBEDESTROYED1GOOD2TWO3MAY4SAND5STRONG6STAYUP7AFRAID8HOUSES9NOW10IF【剖析】这是一篇科普类文章,要求选填的词汇都是浅显易懂的常用词,且都是大纲范围内的词汇。因此,学生要通读全文,了解大意。只要能够理解文章上下的内容,对短文语境中有用的信息进行分析、推敲、结合整篇,就可以确定所需词汇。值得注意的是,题目提供的词中有两组形容词、副词的同根词,这就要求我们既要明白文章的意思,还得善用所学的综合知识。第1题选GOOD。依句型这里需要形容词,看全文应是“好”。第2题选TWO。文章一开始就说,我们虽然不能阻止地震,但可以采取措施减少地震对城市的破坏程度。如果那样的话,那么在地球板块与板块交界的地方建造房屋肯定不是好办法。(这是一个跨学科的问题,世界上已经发生的地震多数发生在地球板块与板块交界的地方,科学家们称之为地震带。由此可见,要学好英语,还要学好其他学科。)第3题选MAY。在这里表示猜测、假设,意思是“可能”。第4题选SAND。“沙地”与前面的ROCKS一词对应。这句话是说,如果你认为某个地方可能要发生地震,最好是将房屋建筑在地质比较坚硬的地带,而不能建在地质松的地带。比如像沙漠这样的地带就不能建造房屋。第5题选STRONG。除地质条件外,将房屋建得STRONG“牢固”些,也是减轻地震灾害的一项重要措施。第6题选STAYUP。在这里是“站立、矗立”的意思,与前面的FALLDOWN一词相对应。第7题选AFRAID。因为旧金山这个城市就建在太平洋板块与美洲大陆板块交界的地带(环太平洋地震带),所以说科学家们感到担心、害怕。第8题选HOUSES。科学家们之所以感到担心和害怕,是因为那里的人还在那里建造房屋,这正好与前面说的减轻地震灾害的方法相反。第9题选NOW。与前面的1906年相对比。第10题选IF。文章最后小结提出假设旧金山如果依旧那样的话,一旦有一天发生地震,后果将不堪设想。2FORGET,BRING,MEND,BESIDE,LUCK,PICK,SAME,DIFFERENTLY,I,EVERY,STOP,EACHMRBROWNHADANUMBRELLASHOPINASMALLTOWNPEOPLESOMETIMES1________HIMBROKENUMBRELLAS,ANDTHENHETOOKTHEMTOABIGSHOPINLONDONTHEYWERE2________THEREONEDAYMRBROWNWENTTOLONDONBYTRAINHE3________TOTAKEANUMBRELLAWITHHIMTHATDAYSITTINGINFRONTOFHIMWASAMANWITHANUMBRELLASTANDING4_______THESEATWHENTHETRAINARRIVEDINLONDON,MRBROWN5________UPTHEUMBRELLAASHEOFTENDIDDURINGHISJOURNEYBYTRAINJUSTASHEWASGETTINGOFF,HEWAS6________BYTHEMANHESAIDANGRILY,“THAT’S7________”MRBROWN’SFACETURNEDREDANDHEGAVEITBACKTOTHEMANATONCEWHENMRBROWNGOTTOTHEBIGSHOP,THESHOPKEEPERHADGOTHISSIXUMBRELLASREADYAFTERAGOODLOOKAT8________OFTHEM,HESAID,“YOU’VEMENDEDTHEMVERYWELL”INTHEAFTERNOONHEGOTINTOTHETRAINAGAINTHE9________MANWASINTHESAMESEATHELOOKEDATMRBROWNANDHISSIXUMBRELLAS,“YOU’VEHADA10________DAY,”HESAID1BROUGHT2MENDED3FORGOT4BESIDE5PICKED6STOPPED7MINE8EACH9SAME10LUCKY【剖析】这是一篇伞店老板MRBROWN在火车上发生的故事,是叙述类文章。要求填的词汇都是大纲范围内的词汇,因此难度不是很大。学生应在短文语境中对有用的信息进行推敲,结合整篇文章的内容,确定所需词汇。通读全文,了解大意。再读全文,确定所需词的词义、词性和词形。第1题需要动词,因为该句无谓语,意思是“带来”或“给”,所以选BROUGHT。第2题需要动词,由于该句是被动语态,意思是“被修理”,选MENDED。第3题为动词,由空前主语和空后的动词不定式决定,根据下文判断意思是“忘记”,选FORGOT。第4题选介词。由语境决定的,意思是“在座位旁边”,选BESIDE。第5题选动词,意思是“拾起”,恰好是词组PICKUP,故事发生在过去,所以选PICKED。第6题选动词,由于句子是被动语态,选STOPPED。第7题选名词性物主代词,由于句子是主系表结构,意思是“我的”,选MINE。第8题选代词,由后面的OF结构决定的,指“每一”或者“全部”,选词中没有提供ALL;所以选EACH。第9题选形容词,由于它修饰的是名词,指“相同的”,选SAME。第10题选形容词,由于它修饰的是名词,指“幸运的或好的”,选LUCKY。3NOTSPEAK,CALL,IDEA,AND,WHAT,GARDEN,HEAR,QUIET,DO,EAT,NAME,SAYAFARMERSAWANOLDMANGROWINGSOMETHINGONTHEOTHERSIDEOFTHERIVERTHEFARMER1________OUTTOHIM,“WHATAREYOUGROWING,GRANDPA”THEOLDMAN2________FORAMOMENT,THENSAID,“SWIMOVER3________I’LLTELLYOU”THEFARMERDIDN’TLIKETHE4________OFSWIMMINGACROSSTHERIVERBUTHEWANTEDTOKNOW5________THEOLDMANWASDOINGHESWAMOVERTHEOLDMANSAIDVERY6________INHISEAR,“I’MPLANTINGPEASINMY7________”“YOUSHOULDHAVESHOUTEDIWOULDHAVE8________QUITECLEARLYONTHATSIDE”SAIDTHEFARMER“OH,NO,IWOULDN’T9________THATTHESPARROWSWOULDHAVEHEARDMEAND10________MYPEAS”1CALLED2DIDN’TSPEAK3AND4IDEA5WHAT6QUIETLY7GARDEN8HEARD9DO10EATEN【剖析】1.此题选CALLED。根据第一段讲的“一个农夫在河对岸看到一个老人在种什么东西”推理,当他想问河对岸这位老人在种什么时,就得大声喊“CALLEDOUT”。2.这题选DIDN’TSPEAK。因为从下文可知这位老人并没有立刻回答。3.这里需要并列连词,选AND。由上文得知老人没有急于回答,而是让他游过来,再告诉他。4.利用排除法,结合上下文的意思,可知此题选IDEA。5.从上下文的意思及句子结构,可知此题选WHAT。6.从后面的INHISEAR,可知说话的声音应该是悄悄地,所以选QUIETLY。7.从上下文可判断应是在GARDEN里种东西。8.从这个农夫前一句话有SHOUTED一词也知后面为“听”的意思,表示听的结果应为HEARD。9.根据上下文的意思,“我不能那样做”选DO。10.此话表示如果我大声说话,麻雀会听到的,那么它就会来吃我的豌豆,虚拟语气,选EATEN。4TELEPHONE,FOR,LOSE,SO,STRONG,CLEVER,SOMEBODY,GOOD,HAPPY,OUTSIDE,EVERYBODY,ATMRSANDREWSHADAYOUNGCAT,ANDITWASTHECAT’SFIRSTWINTERONEEVENINGITWAS1________WHENITBEGANTOSNOWHEAVILYMRSANDREWSLOOKED2________ITEVERYWHEREANDSHOUTEDITSNAME,BUTSHEDIDNOTFINDIT,3________SHETELEPHONETHEPOLICEANDSAID,“IHAVE4________ASMALLBLACKCATHAS5________FOUNDONE”“NO,MADAM,”SAIDTHEPOLICEMANATTHEOTHEREND,“BUTCATSAREREALLYVERY6________ANIMALSTHEYSOMETIMESLIVEFORDAYSINTHESNOW,ANDWHENITMELTS融化ORSOMEBODYFINDSTHEM,THEYAREQUITE7________”MRSANDREWSFELT8________WHENSHEHEARDTHIS“AND,”SHESAID,“OURCATISVERY9________SHEALMOSTTALKS”THEPOLICEMANWASGETTINGTIRED,“WELLTHEN,”HESAID“WHYDON’TYOUPUTYOUR10________DOWNMAYBESHEISTRYINGTOTELEPHONEYOUNOW”1OUTSIDE2FOR3SO4LOST5ANYBODY6STRONG7WELL9CLEVER8HAPPIER10TELEPHONE【剖析】1从上下文可看出猫在外面,因此选OUTSIDE。2“LOOKFOR寻找”是固定搭配,所以选FOR。3从上下文判断表因果,所以选SO。4从上下文判断找不到猫,所以是丢了LOST。5在疑问句中应用不定代词ANYBODY。6猫是一种生命力非常强的动物,所以选STRONG。7表示身体好当用WELL。8从上下文可以知道,MRSANDREWS听了警察安慰她的话后,感觉好些了,所以选HAPPIER。9从后面一句的“SHEALMOSTTALKS”可推断出她的猫CLEVER。10联系上下文,MRSANDREWS在打电话,所以警察让她放下电话TELEPHONE。5TELL,HEAR,LISTENTO,GUARD,DRUM,MUCH,FLY,ARMY,WITH,OTHER,WAY,INSTRUCTIONHEREARESOMEOLDWAYSTOSENDINGMESSAGESANEGYPTIAN埃及人PUTHISEARTOTHEGROUNDHE1________THEHORSESCOMINGTHISWAYHERANTO2________HISPEOPLEHEWASA3________THATWASONEWAYFOREGYPTIANSTOSENDMESSAGESPEOPLEIN4________COUNTRIESSENTMESSAGE,TOOWHENENEMIESCAME,ONEMANBEATHISDRUMINTHENEXTVILLAGEPEOPLEHEARDTHEDRUMANDBEATTHEIRDRUMS,TOOTHEMESSAGESWENTFROMVILLAGETOVILLAGEBY5________MUCH6________,SOMEARMIES军队KEPTMANYPIGEONS鸽子THESEPIGEONSALWAYS7________BACKWHENASOLDIERWASSENTFARAWAYFROMHISOWN8________,HEMIGHTTAKEAPIGEONALONGHECOULDTIEAMESSAGETOTHEBIRD’SLEGITWOULDFLYBACK9________THESOLDIER’SMESSAGETHESEARESHOWNWAYSTOSENDMESSAGESCANYOUTHINKOFMORE10________1HEARD2TELL3GUARD4OTHER5DRUM6MORE7FLEW8ARMY9WITH10WAYS【剖析】1他“听到”马朝这边跑来的声音,故选HEARD。2他跑去“告诉”他的人民,故选TELL。3符合上下文要求,应该是放哨的人GUARD。4“其他”国家的不特指,OTHER。5通过鼓来传递信号,DRUMS。6“更何况,更不用说MUCHMORE”是固定搭配,所以选MORE。7常理,鸽子应是“飞”回来的,所以此题选FLEW。8根据士兵应属军队,这一题选ARMY。9表示伴随,应用“带着WITH”。10根据上文,推断这里是问,“你能想出更多的‘方法’吗”,所以选WAYS。6BEFORE,DISCOVER,FAST,IN,COME,WATCH,SO,FASTLY,IT,AGO,SHINE,NOTCANLIGHTTRAVELSATASPEED速度WHICHISABOUTAMILLIONTIMES1________THANTHATOFSOUND2________ONESECOND,LIGHTTRAVELSABOUT300,000KILOMETERS,BUTSOUNDTRAVELSONLY340METERSYOUCANGETSOMEIDEAOFTHISDIFFERENCEBY3________THESTARTOFARUNNINGMATCHIFYOUSTANDFARAWAYFROMTHESTARTER发令员,YOUCANSEESMOKE4________FROMHISGUN5________THESOUNDREACHESYOUREARSTHEFASTSPEEDOFLIGHTPRODUCESSOMESTRANGEFACTSTHENEARESTSTARIS6________FARAWAYTHATLIGHTWHICHYOUCANSEEFROMITTONIGHTSTARTEDTOTRAVELTOYOUFOURYEARS7________ATASPEEDOFNEARLYTWOMILLIONKILOMETERSEVERYMINUTETHELIGHTFROMSOMEOFTONIGHT’SSTARTEDON8________JOURNEYTOWARDSYOUEVENBEFOREYOUWEREBORNSO,IFWEWANTTOBEHONEST诚实,WE9________SAY,“THESTARSARESHININGBRIGHTLYTONIGHT”WEHAVETOSAY,“THESTARSLOOKNICETHEYWERE10________FOURYEARSAGOBUTTHEIRLIGHTHASJUSTREACHEDOUREARTH”1FASTER2IN3WATCHING4COME5BEFORE6SO7AGO8ITS9CANNOT10SHINING【剖析】1.因为光的速度比声快,显然“THAN”之前应该用比较级,所以选FASTER。2.承接上文,这里应该用“在内”,选。3.介词后应接动名词,表示观看比赛应用WATCH,所以选WATCHING。4.SEE后跟不带TO的不等式,做宾语的补足语,即SEESBDO结构,因此,选COME。5.发令枪响时,在远处观看的人,先看到的是火光和烟,紧接着听到的才是枪声。选BEFORE。6.引导一个表结果的状语从句。“如此以致于SOTHAT”,下文有THAT所以这里应该用SO。7.由上下文判断这里应选AGO。8.“开始的旅程ONONE’SJOURNEY”是固定搭配,选ITS。9.上文已告诉我们有的星球离我们太远,它们的光线到达我们地球需要几年的时间。因而从科学的角度讲,我们不能说“今夜星光灿烂”。选CANNOT。10根据上文可知,我们现在看到的光是几年前的发出的,应选SHINING。7HAPPY,INTEREST,PROBLEM,NEVER,GETAWAY,EYE,RUN,TIRE,HAVE,MISS,CATCH,THINKAMANWASSITTINGINTHEDOCTOR’SOFFICEHEWASTELLINGTHEDOCTORABOUTHIS1________“ILIKEFOOTBALL,DOCTOR”HESAID,“PLEASEHELPMEMYLIFEHAS2________BEENAGOODONESINCEIBECAME3________INFOOTBALLANDITISGETTINGWORSEANDWORSEICAN’TEVEN4________FROMITINMYSLEEPWHENICLOSEMY5________,I’MOUTTHEREINTHEFOOTBALLFIELDAND6________AFTERAFLYINGBALLWHENIWAKEUP,I’MMORE7________THANIWASBEFOREIWENTTOBEDWHATAMIGOINGTODO”THEDOCTORSATBACKANDSAID,“FIRSTOFALL,YOU8________TODOYOURBESTNOTTODREAM做梦ABOUTFOOTBALLBEFOREYOUFALLASLEEP,TRYTO9________ABOUTSOMETHINGELSETRYTOTHINKTHATYOUAREATAPARTYANDSOMEONEISGOINGTOGIVEYOUSEVERALMILLIONDOLLARS”“AREYOUCRAZY疯了”THEMANSHOUTED,“I’LL10________THEBALL”1.PROBLEM2NEVER3INTERESTED4GETAWAY5EYES6RUNNING7TIRED8HAVE9THINK10MISS8OTHER,MOVE,ENOUGH,FIND,DESERT,MAKE,USE,ANOTHER,FRIEND,CARRY,TROUBLE,FRIENDYOUMAYTHINKTHEREISNOTHINGBUTSANDINTHEDESERTOFTHEWORLD,BUTITISNOTTRUEINTHEDESERTWECAN1_______STONESWECANSEEHILLS,TOOTHEREISALITTLERAININTHE2________,BUTITISNOT3______FORMOSTPLANTSTHEANIMALSARE4_______TOTHEDESERTPEOPLEINMANYWAYSTHEDESERTPEOPLEEATTHEMEATANDDRINKTHEMILKOFTHEANIMALSTHEYUSETHEIRSKINSTO5________SHOES,WATERBAGSANDEVENTENTS帐篷THEYUSETHECAMELS骆驼FOR6_______THINGSTHEPEOPLEOFTHEDESERTHAVETOKEEP7_______FROMPLACESTOPLACETHEYMUSTALWAYSLOOKFORGRASSORDESERTPLANTSFORTHEIRANIMALSTHEYUSUALLYLIVEINTHETENTSWHENTHEREISMOMOREFOODFORTHEIRANIMALS,THEYTAKEDOWNTHEIRTENTS,PUTTHEMONTHECAMELSANDMOVETO8_______PLACETHEDESERTPEOPLEAREVERY9_______NOMANINTHEDESERTWOULDEVERREFUSETOHELPTHEPEOPLEIN10_______ANDGIVETHEMFOODANDWATER1FIND2DESERT3ENOUGH4USEFUL5MAKE6CARRYING7MOVING8ANOTHER9FRIENDLY10TROUBLE9HOW,THEY,WINTER,SUMMERSPEND,CARE,DANCE,TAKE,SHOW,OPEN,ONLY,GOODTHEWORLDOFTHEOUTOFDOORSISFULLOFSECRETSAND1________ARESOINTERESTINGTHATQUITEALOTOFPEOPLEAREBUSYSTUDYINGTHEMALLAROUNDUSAREBIRDS,ANIMALS,TREESANDFLOWERSTHEFACTSABOUT2________THEYLIVEANDGROWAREASINTERESTINGASANYTHINGCOULDBEDOYOUKNOWTHATONEOFTHEGREATPRESIDENTSOFTHEUNITEDSTATES3________HOURSANDHOURSSTUDYINGBIRDSABUSINESSMANWHOLIVESNEARNEWYORKCITYBECAMESOINTERESTEDININSECTS昆虫THATHEBEGANTOCOLLECTTHEMHENOWHASMORETHANONETHOUSANDDIFFERENTKINDS4________KEPTINTHEGLASSBOXESCOMETHENWITHME,ANDIWILLHELPYOUFINDSOMEOFNATURE’SSECRETSLETUSGOQUIETLYTHROUGHTHEWOODSANDFIELDSHEREWESHALLFINDHOWARABBITTELLSTHEOTHERRABBITSTHATTHEREISDANGERWESHALLFOLLOWAMOTHERBEARANDHERYOUNGONESASTHEYSEARCHFORFOODANDGETREADYFOR5________SLEEPWESHALLWATCHBEES6________INTHEAIRTOLETOTHERBEESKNOWWHERETHEYCANFINDFOODIWILL7________YOUMANYOTHERINTERESTINGTHINGS,BUTTHE8________THINGTHATICANTEACHYOUISTOKEEPYOUREYESANDEARS9________WHENYOUGOOUTOFDOORSNATURETELLSHERSECRETS10________TOPEOPLEWH

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