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沈阳初三英语家教综合阅读_指代主旨修饰及翻译技巧吴军讲义.doc.doc

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沈阳初三英语家教综合阅读_指代主旨修饰及翻译技巧吴军讲义.doc.doc

沈阳吴军高分英语家教www.sypeterwu.com024316889481沈阳吴军高分英语家教地址铁西区启工街地铁口旁第一城D组团5号27层网址www.sypeterwu.com电话2014综合阅读指代/主旨/修饰词/翻译真题精讲教案指代题指代题作为词义题的一种,也是常见题型之一。解这类题,要注意代词批代总的原则就近指代代词指代在性阴性或阳性、数单数或复数、格主格或宾格、逻辑、意义、位置等方面与之接近的名词。就位置而言,如上所述,代词所指代的名词通常在本句或其上句之中就数而言,单数代词指代单数名词,复数代词指代复数名词2008年后一直到2012年,沈阳中考英语有了指代题,其指代的一般是前句的名词,要找对应关系,主语找找语,宾语找宾语,还要看指代词是it,this,that,one单数名词,不可数名词,还是those,these,ones复数名词◆they指代复数名词主格Wehopethatgreenbuildingswillbecomecommoninthefuture,becauseEtheyaregoodfortheenvironment.划线部分E在文中指代的是_____________◆them指代复数名词宾格TheGreenSingapore2050GS2050isacommunityplatform社区平台foryoungpeopletoexpresstheirgreatworriesaboutenvironmentalproblems,andthinkofsolutions解决方法forEthem.2012年沈阳中考92.文中划线部分(E)指代的是_____________TheyalsogaveussignswithnumbersonCthemforcompetitionsduringtheshow.2008沈阳中考划线部分C在文中指代的是_____________◆数单数it指代单数名词单数可数名词或不可数名词,也可指代一个句子.Theboylookedatmeclosely.Thenhetookasecondpieceofmychocolate.Icouldhardlybelieveit.(B)StillIdidntsayanythingtohim.Whenhetookathirdpiece,Ifeltmoreangrythanuneasy.Ithought,Well,Ishallhavethelastpiece.AndIgotCit.2007年沈阳中考83.文中能替代划线部分C的短语是________________沈阳吴军高分英语家教www.sypeterwu.com024316889482ItalsosaysthattheideathatweneedlesssleepaswegetolderiscompletelyuntrueDPeoplehavenoideahowimportantsleepistotheirlives,DrThomasRoth,directoroftheFoundationsays.Goodhealthneedsgoodsleep.ButnottoomuchofEit,saysProfessorJimHomeofLoughboroughUniversity.2009沈阳中考划线部分E在文中指代的是_____________Manyteachersareundergreaterpressure压力thaneverbefore,saysKyleneBeers,PresidentoftheNationalCouncilforteachersofEnglish,SomeofEitcomesfromparents,somefromthewishforhighscoresontests.Teacherswhoareunderpressurefeeltheneedtoassignmorehomework.2011沈阳中考91.文中划线部分(E)指代的是Anereaderhasthememoryspacetoholdhundredsofbooks.SopeoplewanttoA扔掉沉书包andreadwithsmall,lightereaders.Forexample,CushingAcademy,ahighschoolinMassachusetts,USA,replaced替换mostofthe20,000booksinBitslibrarylastsummer.Teachersandstudentswilluseereadersinstead.2010沈阳中考90.文中划线部分B指代的是9ThenextdayapictureofablackhorsewasonthedoorofthebarinsteadofEthatofthewhitehorse.2009沈阳中考模拟划线部分E在文中指代的是_____________◆性、数Maxpulledbillstrousers,asifEhewastryingtopullhimalong.2008沈阳中考划线部分E在文中指代的是__________Oneday,IcouldntdoitanylongerandIsuddenlyDstartedcrying,Greatsaidthedirector.Ilikeit.SheiscryingwithtruefeelingsIcalledmymumtotellEheraboutitbutmymobilephone手机wouldntworkinthevillage.2011沈阳中考87.文中划线部分(E)指代的是◆one指代单可数名词等。Mr.Zhanggavemeaveryvaluablepresent,oneapresentthatIhaveneverseen.Hegavememanyvaluablepresents,onesmanypresentsthatIhaveneverseen.除了位置、性、数和格等方面的要求外,逻辑和意义也是衡量的标准,也就是说,正确的答案应该从意义主要指语法搭配上和逻辑主要指思想内容上而言都通顺。沈阳吴军高分英语家教www.sypeterwu.com024316889483找修饰或描写词语一般是指形容词或副词描写人首先找到表示人的名词或代词,看其表语或修饰定语用了什么形容词描写物首先找到表示物的名词或代词,看其表语或修饰定语用了什么形容词找整体的描述词则需看每一段的首尾句,看一看用了哪些形容词Therewasonceawomanwhowantedalittlechild.ButAshedidnotknowwhereshecouldgetone.Soshewenttoanoldwomanwhoknewaboutmagic.Theoldwomanaskedhertoplantsomemagicgrassinasmallpotandwait.ThewomanwenthomeBthemagicgrassandplanteditinapot.CAtoncealarge,beautifulflowergrewinthepot.Thatisabeautifulflower,saidthewoman,andthewoman,andshekissedit.Justasshekisseditthefloweropened.Alittlegirlwassittinginsidetheflower.DShewasalovelygirl,butshewassosmallShewassmallerthanathumb,soshewasEnamedTumbling.90找出文中描写小女孩的词语Thelittlemermaid美人鱼livedinacastleinthesea.Shewasabeautifulgirlwithnofeet.Becauseherbodyendedinafishstail.2013沈阳中考模拟Onefineday,shesawtheshipofahandsomeprince.Suddenlytheseastartedtogetrough汹涌.Ahugewavecapsized倾覆theshipbuttheprincedidnotknowhowtoswim.Thelittlemermaidsavedhim.Shetookhimtoabeachandreturnedtothesea.Whentheprincewokeup,hesawagirl.Hethoughtthegirlsavedhislife.Hewantedtothankthegirl,butAhewastooweaktospeak.Thelittlemermaidfellinlovewiththeprinceandwantedtobehuman.ShewenttoseeawitchtoB_____herfishstailintolegs,soshecouldbewiththeprince.Themermaidhadabeautifulvoice.Thewitchmadeherexchangehervoiceforthemedicinethatwouldgiveherlegs.Thewitchtoldthelittlemermaidthatshemustwintheprinceslove,Corshewoulddie.Thenextnightsheswamtothebeach.Herlegsgrewandshewalkedtotheprincespalace.Shedancedfortheprincebutshecouldnottalktohim.Tohersurprise,theprincetoldher,hewouldgetmarriedtothewomanwhosavedhislife.Thelittlemermaidwasverysad.Thatnight,shedreamedaboutthewitch.Thewitchtoldhertokilltheprincesoshecouldliveandbecomeamermaidagain.Thelittlemermaiddecidedthatshecouldnotkilltheprince,sosheD跳入大海tokillherself.Thegodsoftheairsavedher,becauseherheartwaspure纯洁的andtodayshelivesinthewindwithherfriends.80.在文中找出描写美人鱼的两个形容词沈阳吴军高分英语家教www.sypeterwu.com024316889484May20isNationalStudentNutritionDay营养日.WhyisstudentnutritionimportantJustasacellphoneneedsenergyfromcharging充电,wehumansneedenergyfromfood.WhileeatingfoodistheonlywaytoA使我们强壮,whatweeatandthewayweeatitarealsoveryimportant,becausetheydecideBwhetherwecangetgoodnutrition.Manyofushavebadeatinghabits.Forexample,somedonteatbreakfast.OtherseattooC_____fastfood.Thesebadhabitsmaycausenutritionproblems,whicharebadforthegrowthofourbodies.Astudybythegovernmentin2005showedthatDover20percentofpeopleaged13to20havenutritionproblems,suchasobesity肥胖andhighbloodpressure.MorestudentsofChinesemiddleandprimaryschoolsareE____havingnutritiousmeals,suchasmilkandfruit.Thisyear,thetheme主题ofNationalstudentNutritionDayisimprovethenutritionofstudentsinthecountryside.FThegovernmentwillspendquitealothelpingstudentsgetnutritiousmeals.2012沈阳中考88.从文中找出一个有关营养不良的症状的词语_________。WhatisitlikebeinganactorManypeoplethinkitmustbewonderfulbecausewetraveltoexcitingplaces,wearbeautifulclothesandA挣钱多.Thisisonlyoneaspect方面ofourlivesthough.Wealsoworkveryhard.2011沈阳中考IplayedacountrygirlinmylastBmovie.Ihadtoliveinasmallvillagewiththeotheractorsforpartofthewinter.CItwasreallyhardformeasIgrewupinacity.Tohelpmeplayacountrygirlbetter,Icookedformyselfandtheotherseveryday.Ievenwalkedafewmilessometimestogetwater,astherewasnoneinthehouses.Iwantedtounderstandhowarealvillagegirllived.Ithoughtitwasfunatfirst.Ifeltdifferentafteraweekortwo,though.Ididwearsomebeautifultraditionalclothes,buttheywerenotthickenough.IwasverycoldbutIhadtokeepsmilingallthetimeOneday,IcouldntdoitanylongerandIsuddenlyDstartedcrying,Greatsaidthedirector.Ilikeit.SheiscryingwithtruefeelingsIcalledmymumtotellEHeraboutitbutmymobilephone手机wouldntworkinthevillage.Ithinkitisworthdoingallthis,though.Ilikeitwhenpeopletellmetheyenjoymyplaysandaskmetosignapicture.Itisalsofuntobesomeoneelseforawhile.Imveryluckytobeanactor.88.从文中找出有关赞美方面的两个形容词沈阳吴军高分英语家教www.sypeterwu.com024316889485DoyoucarrytoomuchonthewaytoschoolorhomeDontworry.Tryereaders电子阅读器andsaygoodbyetoyourheavyschoolbag.Anereaderhasthememoryspacetoholdhundredsofbooks.SopeoplewanttoA扔掉沉书包andreadwithsmall,lightereaders.Forexample,CushingAcademy,ahighschoolinMassachusetts,USA,replaced替换mostofthe20,000booksinBitslibrarylastsummer.Teachersandstudentswilluseereadersinstead.Mostereadersarethinandweighlessthan500g.Theycandownload下载anebookin60seconds.ItsCsoeasy.YoucanhavealotofbooksrightatyourfingerssaidMeghanChensusky.Chineseschoolchildrenarealsotryingereaders.AttheShanghaiWorldExpo世博会,aneschoolbagisnowonshow.Itisaspecialereader.Studentscanuseittodownloadtextbooksfromtheschoolservers服务器.DItcanalsosendandreceivehomework.SomeSchoolsinBeijingandShanghaihavetriedthiseschoolbagforafewyears.Itsexcellent.IEdonthavetocarryaheawschoolbaganymore,saidXiaoQi,15,Beijing.Newereadersarenotjustforreading.TheyhaveWiFiandmultimedia无线电视和多媒体.Parentsworrythatthesemayhurttheirchildrensstudyhabits.IthinkWiFiisnotnecessaryforkids,saidZengWenwen,43,Beijing.2010沈阳中考93.从文中找出两个修饰或描写ereader的形容词________________LastFriday,afterdoingallthefamilyshoppingintown,Iwantedtohavearestbeforecatchingthetrain.Iboughtanewspaperandsomechocolateandwentintothestationcoffeeshop.Itwasacheapselfserviceplacewithlongtablestositat.Iputmyheavybagdownonthefloor,putthenewspaperandchocolateonthetableandthenA去要一杯咖啡.WhenIcamebackwiththecoffee,therewassomeonesittinginthenextseat.Itwasaboy,withdarkglassesandoldclothes,andhishairwascolouredbrightredatthefront.HehadstartedtoeatmychocolateNaturally,Iwasratheruneasyabouthim,butIdidntwanttohaveanytrouble.Ijustlookeddownatthefrontpageofthenewspaper,tastedmycoffeeandtookabitofchocolate.Theboylookedatmeclosely.Thenhetookasecondpieceofmychocolate.Icouldhardlybelieveit.(B)StillIdidntsayanythingtohim.Whenhetookathirdpiece,Ifeltmoreangrythanuneasy.Ithought,Well,Ishallhavethelastpiece.AndIgotCit.Theboygavemeastrangelook,thenstoodup.Asheleftheshoutedout,TheressomethingwrongwiththatwomanEveryonelookedatme,butIdidnotwanttoquarrelwiththeboy,soIkeptquiet.IdidnotrealizethatIhadmademistakeuntilIfinishedmycoffeeandwasreadytoleave.MyfaceturnedredwhenIsawmyunopenedchocolateD_______thenewspaper.ThechocolatethatIhadbeeneatingwastheboys2007沈阳中考85.文中描写男孩目光神情的词语是____________沈阳吴军高分英语家教www.sypeterwu.com024316889486OneofthestrangestjobsattheOscarsisthatofaseatfiller.Whenoneofthestarsneedstogotothebathroom,aseatfillersitsinthestarsseat.Thatway,theTVcameraswontshowanyemptyseats.KathyMullertalksabouthernightasaseatfiller.AIwastoldtoreachthetheaterinthemiddleoftheday,wearingmydressfortheevening.Therewereabout200ofusseatfillers,allveryexcited.Weweretoldwhatweshouldandshouldntdoforexample,Donttalktothestars,andthenB我们一直等到五点钟。Thatswhenthestarsstartedcoming.Theshowstartedatsixoclock.Wehadtostandoutsidethedoors.Then,whensomeonecameputtogotothebathroomorhaveacigarette香烟,weweretoldtogoandsitintheirseat.CTheshowwasthreehourslong,andIonlysatdownfivetimes.Bytheend,Iwasreallytired,butIwashappybecause,duringtheevening,IsatbehindJimCarreyhesverytallandclosetoDenzelWashington,NicoleKidmanandJuliaRoberts.Itwasanexcitingnight,butIthinkD_______yearIllwatchtheOscarsonTVathomelikeeveryoneelse2006沈阳中考85.从短文中找出两个描写心情的形容词主旨题中心思想题/主题句秘诀一文章每一段的首尾句反复出现的名词或名词词组就是主旨大意的中心词Singaporeisnotjustacleanandtidycityintheworld,itsalsothegreenest.ThereareA三个原因whyitisso.2012年沈阳中考SayNotowasteSingaporeansdonotwasteasingledropofwater.Theyrecycle再循环waterandsaveBalmostallrainfall.Thewatercanbeusedforindustryandevendrinking.Manygreenbuildings.TheDukeNNsGraduateMedicalSchoolisoneofthegreatexamplesofCprettygreendesign.Itusessustainabledesignelements可持续发展的设计元素initsschoolbuilding.DSingaporehasmanygreenbuildingslikethis.GetthemwhiletheyreyoungTheGreenSingapore2050GS2050isacommunityplatform社区平台foryoungpeopletoexpresstheirgreatworriesaboutenvironmentalproblems,andthinkofsolutions解决方法forEthem.Why2050Itsbecausetheseyoungpeoplewillbetheonestorunthecountryin2050,andhopefullytheywillsolvetheworldsproblems.93.从文中找出能说明本文主旨大意的中心词。沈阳吴军高分英语家教www.sypeterwu.com024316889487Ayounggirlsitsatherdesk,reviewingherhomeworkfortheevening.EnglishReadthreechaptersandwriteareport.MathComplete30problems.ScienceDoaworksheet,frontandback.FrenchAStudynewwordsfortomorrowstest.Itsgoingtobealongnight.ThishappenstostudentsinAmerica.Nowitstimetostartahomeworkrevolution变革.DostudentsintheUnitedStatesreceivetoomuchhomeworkAccordingtotheNationalEducationAssociation,astudentshouldbeassigned布置nomorethan10minutespergradelevelpernight.Forexample,afirstgradershouldonlyhave10minutesofhomework,aBgrader,20minutes,andsoon.Thismeansthatastudentinmygradeseventhshouldhavenomorethan70minutesofworkCeachnight.Yetthisisoftendoubled,sometimesevenworseItsnogoodgivingstudentstoomuchhomework.Accordingtoresearch,kidsaredevelopingmoreillnessatschool,suchasstomachaches,headachesandsleepproblemsthanbefore.EverybodyDthatteachersaretheoneswhoassignhomework,buttheyarenottheonlyonestoblame受责备.Manyteachersareundergreaterpressure压力thaneverbefore,saysKyleneBeers,PresidentoftheNationalCouncilforteachersofEnglish,SomeofEitcomesfromparents,somefromthewishforhighscoresontests.Teacherswhoareunderpressurefeeltheneedtoassignmorehomework.Somepeoplehavedifferentideas,sayingthathomeworkprepareskidsfordoingbetterinhighschool,betterincollege,andF今后找到更好的工作.Buttoomuchhomeworkissappingstudentsstrength,curiosity(削弱学生的个性和好奇心,andmostimportantly,theirloveoflearning,isthatreallywhatteachersandparentswant2011沈阳中考93.从文中找出能说明本文主旨大意的中心词93.homeworkIsthereachocolatepoweredracingcarintheworldHeyYouhavereadtooA________childrensbooksButwaitNow,thereisreallysucharacingcarintheworld.AteamfromaBritishuniversitymadeit.Thechocolatepoweredracingcarsengine发动机useswastefromchocolatefactoriesorvegetableoilasfuel燃料.ItsbodyB用土豆制成,itssteeringwheelismadefromcarrots,itsseatismadeofsoybeans,C________itsbrakepads刹车片aremadefromnutsWell,canthiscarrunveryfastDCertainlyItcangofromzeroto60milesperhourin2.5seconds,andgoasfastas135milesperhour.Whentheracingcarisrunning,itcleansitselfandletsoutoxygen.IttookusmorethanninemonthstoEcompletetheracingcar,saidateammember.Thecarisreallygreen.Youcanfindmanyofthecarspartsatafarmersmarketoreveninalitterbinbecausemostofthematerials材料arewasteinmostpeopleseyes.Itsfun.However,Fthisecofriendly环保的carcannotbedrivenintheofficial正式的racebecauseoftheenginesunusualfue.2010沈阳中考88.从文中找出能说明本文中心大意的短语________沈阳吴军高分英语家教www.sypeterwu.com024316889488OperationSmilewasstartedbyadoctorandhiswife,anurse.In1982theyA_________tothePhilippines,withagroupofvolunteers志愿者tohelpchildrenwhohadproblemswiththeirfaces.Thesechildrenhadholesintheirlipsorinsidetheirmouths.ItwasveryBdifficultforthesechildrentoeat.TheyhelpedmanychildreninthePhilippines,buttheyweresad,becauseC他们没有足够的钱tohelpallthechildren.Theydecidedtostartacharity慈善机构Sothattheycouldhelpthem.TheycalleditOperationSmile.NowOperationSmilehelpschildreninDmorethantwentydevelopingcountriesandhascured治愈abouttenthousandchildren.OperationSmilehaswonmanyprizesforitsworkandin1999,anotherspecialactivitywasstarted,whichwascalledTheWorldJourneyofHope.Duringthisactivity,morethanfivethousandchiIdrenwithholesintheirmouthsandlipswerecuredineighteendifferentcountriesaroundtheworld.OperationSmilealsotrainsdoctorsindevelopingcountriesSOthattheycancontinuetohelpchildrenevenE________theOperationSmileteamhasleftthecountry.ChildrenwithseriousproblemsarebroughttotheUSAfortreatment治疗.FAllofthiscostsalot,sopleasegiveasmuchaspossible.Manythanksfromthechildrenwhocannowsmile.2009沈阳中考82.找出能说明本文中心大意的主题短语秘诀二看文章每段首尾句都含有什么中心词,然后判断这几句含有中心词的短语哪句更概括,如thebestfirst,onlywaytodoTheyweremakingemailsontheinternetathome,最全的就是说明主题的短语有时或再多看一下第一段的第二句和第二段的第二句,看一看还有没有更全面的中心短语,从而突破InJuly2001,ZhangJian,a37yearoldswimmerlandedinCalais,Franceafterswimmingfortwelvehours.HebecamethefirstChineseevertocrosstheEnglishChannel.The33.8kilometrechannelhasattractedmanyswimmersbecauseitisoneofthemostdifficulttocross.ZhangJianA______at130p.m.BeijingtimeonJuly29,2001.Afterputtingsomeoilonhisskintohelpkeepwarm,heBsteppedintotheseafromShakespeareBeach,Dover.Mostofthetime,CZhangswamfreestyletosaveenergy.Buthehadtochangehisstylealongthewaybecausetheoceancurrentschangedeverysixhoursandthewaterwassocold.Duringthecrossing,heatesomefoodandhadsomedrinks.AboutthreehoursbeforehelandedinCalais,aBritishguidejumpedintotheseaandD和他一起游泳.At125a.m.onJuly30,2001,Zhangwalkedontothebeachatlast.EAlotofpeoplewerewaitingforhimonthebeach.Amongthemwerehisfamilyandfriends.Theywereveryproudofhim.Aforeignreporterspokehighlyofhim,Hehasshownuswhatiscourageandwhatisstrength.2007沈阳中考90.在文中找出最能解释主题的语句_________________________沈阳吴军高分英语家教www.sypeterwu.com024316889489IsithardforyoutogetupearlyandgetreadyforclassesSomestudentsatWinterParkHighSchooljustquicklygetupandgotoclassintheirownbedrooms.Ofcourse,theirteachersandclassmatesdonotseethembecausealltheirclassworkisonthecomputer.TheFloridaHighSchool,thestatesonlyonlineschool,has250studentswhoaretakingclassesathomebycomputers.Imalotmorecomfortableathome,saidLukeLevesque,a16yearoldwhoistakingacomputerclassonline.HethinksAtheschoolscomputerlabissonoisythathecantstudywell.Homeismuchbetter,hesays.Studentsinthisfirstonlineprogramtakeclassesinmath,Americangovernment,chemistry,computer,andWebpagedesign.Theyalsohavetogotoregular正规的schooltoattendotherclasses.Whenastudentisreadytobegininclass,heorsheB_______thecomputer,readstheteachersinstructions,andbeginsworkingonthelessonfortheday.WhathappensifastudenthasaquestionfortheteacherOrtheteacherwantstosaysomethingabouttheworkastudentsisdoingThestudentandtheteachertalktoeachothereverydaythroughemailorbytelephone.Isiteasyforstudentstocheatontests考试作弊whentheyreworkingathomeCTheteachershavealreadythoughtaboutthis.Theymakestudentstaketheirfinalexamsinpersonintheclassroom.Youseemostofthesamethingsonlinethatyouseeinaregularclassroom,saysteacherLindaHayes.Ifthisfirstonlineprogramgoeswell,inthreeyearsFloridaHighSchoolstudentswillbeabletotakealltheirclassesbycomputer.Whenthathappens,studentswillbeabletogettheirhighschooldiplomas毕业证书withouthavingtoD走进教室。80.在正文中找出能够说明主题的短语备战2014年中考英语沈阳历届翻译真题汇编Thelittlemermaidwasverysad.Thatnight,shedreamedaboutthewitch.Thewitchtoldhertokilltheprincesoshecouldliveandbecomeamermaidagain.Thelittlemermaiddecidedthatshecouldnotkilltheprince,sosheD跳入大海tokillherself.2013年沈阳中考模拟79.将划线部分D译成英语________________IhopeCyoudonotmindmywritingintheletter,butIwouldbehappyifyoucouldgivemesomeexplanation.AsIsaidatthestart,itisapity,andyourserviceissogoodinotherfields.IhopetoD收到你的来信soon.2013年沈阳中考模拟84.将划线部分D译成英语______________________

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