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【Word版】2008年山东省泰安市中考英语试题附参考答案.doc

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【Word版】2008年山东省泰安市中考英语试题附参考答案.doc

本资料由我要中考网www.51zhongkao.com整理收集2008年泰安市高中段学校招生考试英语试卷本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分。第I卷(三部分,共80分)第一部分听力(共25小题,每小题1分满分25分)(一)听对话,选择相应的图画。每段对话读两遍。1.2.3.4.5.(二)听句子,选择适当的应答语。每个句子读两遍。6.A.At430.B.Inhalfanhour.C.Forhalfanhour.7.A.Itismypleasure.B.Youarewelcome.C.Thanksalot.8.A.Certainly,hereyouare.B.Hereweare.C.Hereareyou.9.A.Imgladyouallenjoyit.B.Comeherenexttime.C.Ididntcooksowell.10.A.Itdoesntmatter.B.Youdbettergotoseethedoctoratonce.C.Idontthinkso.(三)听五段对话和五个问题,选择正确答案。每段对话及问题读两遍。你将有15秒钟的时间阅读下面5个小题。11.A.Inthemorning.B.Atnoon.C.Intheevening.12.A.Inaschoolbag.B.Onthebed.C.Onthedesk.13.A.Europe.B.Summer.C.Holidays.14.A.Shegoestotownbytrain.B.Shedrivestotown.C.Shewalkstotown.15.A.Doinghishomework.B.ListeningtotheCD.C.WatchingaTVplay.(四)听一段长对话,选择正确答案。对话读两遍。你将有15秒钟的时间阅读下面5个小题。16.Whatstherelationship(关系)betweenthetwospeakersA.Oldfriends.B.Strangers.C.Oldneighbours.17.HowistheweatherA.Fine.B.Foggy.C.Cloudy.18.WhereisthemanfromA.NewYork.B.Orlando.C.Titusville.19.WhydidthewomanchangeherseatA.Shelikestheseatnearthewindow.B.Themannexttoherwassmokingandshefeltunpleasant.C.Shesawoneofherfriends.20.WhatcanwelearnfromtheconversationA.Thewomanhasnokids.B.Themanswifedied.C.Themanisanengineer.(五)听短文,回答下面五个问题,选择正确答案。短文读两遍。你将有15秒钟的时间阅读下面5个小题。21.HowoldisJacksgrandpanowA.60yearsold.B.63yearsold.C.57yearsold.22.WhatdoesJacksmotherdoA.Maybesheisabusdriver.B.Maybesheisadoctor.C.Maybesheisapainter.23.WhatisJacksmothershobbyA.Collectingmatchboxes.B.Painting.C.Plantingflowers.24.WhatdoesJackusuallydobeforehegoestoschoolA.Watersflowers.B.Feedshiscatandfish.C.Playswiththecat.25.HowmanypeoplearethereinthefamilyA.Three.B.Four.C.Five.第二部分语言知识运用(共两节,满分25分)第一节语法和词汇(共15小题,每小题1分满分15分)从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。26.Channel5,CCTVis______specialprogramme.Itsabout______2008OlympicGames.A.the/B.aaC.thetheD.athe27.Whatwouldyoudoifit______tomorrowWehavetocarryiton,sincewevegoteverythingready.A.rainB.rainsC.willrainD.israining28.Areyouonbusinesshere,KateNo,_______.Itsmyholidaytoday.A.withpleasureB.mypleasureC.forpleasureD.muchpleasure29.LookWhatanicegardenYes.It______everyday.A.iscleanedB.hasbeencleanedC.isbeingcleanedD.wascleaned30.Aftertheeducationreform(改革)inShandongProvince,thepupilshave______timetorelaxand______homeworktodo.A.lessmoreB.morelessC.fewermoreD.muchmany31.______doyouprefertostudyIprefertostudyinagroup.A.HowB.WhyC.WhenD.Where32.Sincethevillagershouseshavebeendamagedintheearthquake,thesoldiersarehelpingthem______tents(帐篷).A.putonB.putoffC.putupD.putdown33.Thiswinetastesalittlebitstrange.Itis.Itsmade______apples.A.ofB.fromC.byD.in34.Moreandmorekidsbecomeunhappy______theyhavetoomanyactivitiestodo.A.butB.orC.becauseD.so35.Howmuchtimedoyou______surfingtheInterneteveryweekLessthananhour.A.costB.payC.takeD.spend36.Manyyoungpeoplepreferthesongs______havegreatlyrics.A.whichB.whoC.whereD.whom37.WouldyoupleasehelpmewiththequestionsSorry.You______goandaskMary.She______knowtheanswer.A.mustcanB.canmayC.needcanD.mustmay38.Loudnoisemaycausehearing______forashorttimeorevenforever.A.resultsB.questionsC.accidentsD.problems39.Look,itsraining______.Thatsgreat.Itstoohotthesedays.A.greatlyB.heavilyC.quicklyD.hardly40.Howwasyourweekend,MaryIhadabusy______.Ididalotofthings.A.itB.thisC.oneD.that第二节完形填空(共10小题,每小题1分满分10分)阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从4150各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。Ihaveonlyseenmyfathercryonce.ItwasattheAltontrainstation,backwhenthetrainsstillran.IwasonmywaytoPhiladelphiato41thetrainthatwouldtakemetoBostonandcollege.Iwaseager(热切的)togo.College,withits42andthepromiseofthebetterfuturehadbecomemoreinteresting.It43metoseetearsinmyfatherseyesasheshookmyhandandsaidgoodbye.Foreighteenyears,wehadneverhada(n)44tosaygoodbyelikethis.Hewastallerthanme,45Iwasnotshort.Iwasgoingsomewhere,andhewasseeingmeoff.He46me,buthehadnotneededtosaybefore,andnowhistearswere47it.Thetearsinmyfatherseyestoldmethatwewouldhavelessandlesstodowitheachother.Ihadtakenmy48fromhis,andnowIwaslearningit.Thetrain49andIboarded(登上)it.Myfatherlookedsmallerfromthetrain.We50goodbyetoeachotherthroughthewindow.IwaswearingtheheavywintercoatthatmyfatherhadboughtformetokeepmefromcatchingacoldinNewEngland.41.A.returnB.catchC.designD.watch42.A.habitsB.licenseC.coursesD.advertisements43.A.shockedB.supposedC.helpedD.encouraged44.A.timeB.luckC.chanceD.interest45.A.becauseB.thoughC.soD.and46.A.taughtB.beatC.forgotD.loved47.A.sayingB.knowingC.creatingD.describing48.A.moneyB.timeC.presentD.life49.A.continuedB.brokeC.arrivedD.left50.A.reachedB.wavedC.talkedD.cheered第三部分阅读理解(共20小题,每小题1.5分满分30分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。AAfriendsgrandfatherwenttoAmericafromEasterncountries.Afterhewasprocessed(移民入境检查)atEllisIsland,hewentintocafeteria(自助餐厅)inlowerManhattantogetsomethingtoeat.Hesatdownatanemptytableandwaitedforawaitertotakehisorder.Ofcoursenowaitercameatall.Atlast,awomanheldaplatefulloffoodandsatdownoppositehim.Whenshesawtheoldmanwithoutanyfood,shetoldhimhowacafeteriaworked.Startoutatthatend,shesaid.Justgoalongthelineandpickoutwhatyouwant.Attheotherendtheylltellyouhowmuchyouhavetopay.Afteryoupayforthefood,youcanbringithereandeatit.IsoonknewhoweverythingworksinAmerica,thegrandfathertoldafriend.Lifeislikeacafeteriahere.Youcangetanythingyouwantonlyifyouarewillingtopaythemoney.Youcanevengetsuccess,butyoullnevergetitifyouwaitforsomeonetobringtoyou.Youhavetogetupandgetitbyyourself.51.Maybetheoldmancamefrom________.A.PolandB.IndiaC.CanadaD.Egypt(埃及)52.WhocamewhenhesatdownatanemptytableA.Awaiter.B.Aman.C.Awoman.D.Noperson.53.Fromthetext,weknowifyouwanttogetsuccessinAmerica,youshould________.A.gethelpfromyourfriendsB.knowhowacafeteriaworksC.getupagainifyoufailD.trytogetitbyyourself54.Atlast,thegrandfather________.A.gotthefoodhimselfB.wasveryangrywiththewaiterC.atethewomansfoodD.hadnothingtoeat55.WhichisthebesttitleforthepassageA.FromEasterncountriestoAmericaB.LifeisLikeaCafeteriainAmericaC.HowtoEatinaCafeteriaD.EatinginAmericaB56.Ifsomeoneseesanewlybornkoalabear,hewillbesurprisedbecauseitsvery______.A.weakB.smallC.shortD.black57.Ababykoalacantlivewithout______.A.itsfatherB.grassC.itsmotherD.people58.Thekangarooisthenationalsymbolof______.A.CanadaB.AustraliaC.AmericaD.Britain59.Therearemore______thanpeopleinAustralia.A.kangaroosB.koalabearsC.monkeysD.elephants60.Wecanguessthatkoalabearsandkangaroosare______animalsinAustralia.A.beautifulB.playfulC.endangeredD.popularCChinahaddecidedtotakeactiontostoptheuseofplasticbags.Supermarkets,shopsandoutlets(经销店)inChinawillnotbeallowedtohandoutfreeplasticcarriersandallplasticcarriersmustbeclearlymarketedwithpricesfromJune1.Peopleusetoomanyplasticbagseveryyearandfailtodealwiththemproperly,wastingvaluableoilandlitteringthecountry,Chinasgovernmentsaidinastatement.Whileprovidingconvenienceforconsumers(消费者),theplasticbagshavealsocausedseriouspollutionandwasteofenergyandresources.Weshouldencouragepeopletoreturntocarryingclothbags,andusingbasketsfortheirvegetables.thestatementsaid.Inaddition,theproduction,saleanduseofbagslessthan0.025mmthickisbannedfromthesamedate.Thefirmsthatbreaktheruleswillfacefinesorconfiscation(没收)ofgoodsandprofits(利润).Chinaalsosaiditwouldconsiderincreasingtaxes(税)todiscouragetheproductionandsaleofplasticbagsandencouragetherecyclingindustry.Rubbishcollectorshavetoseparateplasticforreprocessingandcutthenumberofplasticbagsthatareburntorburied(掩埋).ThemovebringsChinaintolinewithagrowinginternationaltrend(趋势)tocutbackontheuseofplasticbags.FromIrelandtoUgandaandSouthAfrica,governmentshaveexperimentedwithheavytaxes,withtheaimofgettingridofplasticbags.61.Chinadecidedtotakeactiontostoptheuseofplasticbagsbecause_______.A.theyarenotfreeanymoreB.theycantprovideconvenienceforconsumersC.theyhavepollutedtheenvironmentandwastedvaluableoilD.thefirmshaveincreasedthecost62.Theunderlinedwordbannedinthefifthparagraphprobablymeans________.A.计划B.禁止C.打破D.消费63.Accordingtothepassage,whichofthefollowingisNOTtrueA.Thecompanythatwontobeytheruleswillfacefines.B.Taxeswillbeincreasedtodiscouragetheproductionandsaleofplasticbags.C.Rubbishcollectorswillburnorburyallplasticbags.D.Plasticshouldbeseparatedforreprocessing.64.Fromthepassage,wecaninfer(推断)that_______.A.ChinawillbeamongthestrongestnationsintheworldB.peopleallcarryclothbagsorbasketsfortheirvegetablesC.moreenergyandnaturalresourceswillbesavedD.supermarketsandshopswillgetmoreprofits65.WhatsthemainideaofthepassageA.PlasticBagsareFreeB.RecyclingindustryC.HowtoProtecttheEnvironmentD.FreePlasticShoppingBagstobeBannedDFrenchdoctorsandAmericanscientistshavereporteddoinganoperationinwhichthedoctorwasoutsidetheoperatingroom.Thiskindofoperationisknownasroboticoperation.DoctorMarescauxdidtheoperationinanofficeinNewYorkCitylastmonth,whileasixtyeightyearoldwomanpatientwasinahospitalinStrasbourg,France.AdoctorinStrasbourggotthepatientready.Heplacedmedicaltoolsandasmallvideocamerainherstomacharea.DoctorMarescauxinNewYorkwatchedthepatientonavideoscreen.Thenheusedthecomputertosendmessagestotherobotmachine.Therobotmovedthetoolsthatcutthewomansgallbladder(胆囊)away.Thewomangotwellsoonaftertheoperationandleftthehospitaltwodayslater.Expertssaythemainproblemwithsucharoboticoperationisbasedonhighspeedtelecommunicationsbetweenthedoctorandtherobot.Technologymustbeabletosendadoctorsordertoarobottomovethetoolsquickly.Expertsalsosayasuccessfulroboticoperationwillimproveanoperation.Forexample,therobotcanmakemuchsmallermovementsthanapersoncan.Arobotmachinecanturntoolsinwaysthatadoctorshandcannot.Doctorssaysucharoboticoperationwillmakepossiblesaferandbetteroperationsinthefuture.Theysayitwillimprovedoctortraining.Itwillalsomeanthatdoctorscoulddoanoperationonpeopleindangerousplacesfaraway.Anditcouldmeanthatpeoplecouldhaveoperationsdonebytopdoctorswithouthavingtotraveltothecitywheredoctorswork.66.Roboticoperationmeans________.A.aspecialkindofrobotinventedbydoctorsB.anoperationdonefarawayC.anoperationdonewiththehelpofarobotD.somethingdonetomendarobot67.Weusetherobotintheoperationbecause_______.A.itcansendmessagesatahighspeedB.evenatopdoctorcantdotheoperationhimselfC.itcanmaketheoperationsaferandbetterD.operationscanbedonewithoutanydoctors68.Ifwewanttousetherobotintheoperation,wemustsolvetheproblemof________.A.topdoctorsB.smallermovementsC.doctortrainingD.highspeedtelecommunications69.Ifthesmallermovementcantbedonebydoctorsintheoperation,wemayuse_______tosolveit.A.moretoolsB.arobotmachineC.avideocameraD.telecommunications70.WhichofthefollowingisNOTtrueA.Roboticoperationisgoodfordoctortraining.B.RoboticoperationhasbeenusedintheUSA.C.Expertsspeakhighlyofroboticoperation.D.Therobotisusedtowatchthepatientclearly.第II卷(非选择题共40分)第四部分书面表达(共三节)第一节词汇运用(共两题,满分15分)(一)单词拼写(共5小题,每小题1分满分5分)根据句意和首字母或汉语提示,将单词的正确形式写在题中相应的横线上。71.O_________covermorethan70percentoftheearthssurface.72.Couldyoupleasespeakmores__________,TomIcantcatchwhatyousay.73.__________(数以百万计的)ofpeoplearoundtheworldcannotgetcleanwater.74.Ascientistsaysthatbeautifulmusiccanmakecows__________(生产)moremilk.75.Parishassomefantasticsights,__________(包括)theEiffelTowerandNotreCathedral.(二)综合填空(共10小题,每小题1分满分10分)根据短文意思,用方框中所给词语的适当形式填空,使文章通顺、完整(其中有两个多余选项)。useful,visit,travel,knowledge,two,with,popular,come,but,advantage,other,inTravelisusefultousinatleastthreeways.First,by(76)__________wecanenjoythebeautifulscenery(风景)ofdifferentplaces.Wecansee(77)__________ourowneyesmanywhichcanbereadaboutinbooks,and(78)__________somefamouscitiesandscenicspots.(79)__________,wewillmeetpeoplewithdifferentinterestsandseestrangeanddifferentthingswhenwetravel.Wecangetideasoftheconditionsandcustomsof(80)_________people,tastedifferentfoodsandlocalfavors(偏爱)ifwelike.(81)__________thisway,wecanunderstandhowdifferentotherpeoplelive.Third,travelwillnotonlyhelpusgain(获得)(82)__________ofgeographyandhistoryandotherknowledge,(83)__________willalsohelpuskeephealthyandmakeuslessnarrowminded(才智有限的).Withallthese(84)__________oftravel,itisnowonderthattravelhasnowbecomemore(85)__________thaneverinChina.第二节任务型阅读(共5小题,每小题2分满分10分)阅读下面的短文,并完成短文后的任务。Theaimofstudentswhocometoschoolistostudy.Buttostudyrequiresarightway,oryouwasteeitherthetimeorthemoney.Thefollowingarethewaysofstudying.Thebesttimeforreadingismorning,becauseinthemorning,theairisfreshandthemindisclear.Forthatreason,wecangetgoodresult.(89)Instudyingwemusthavepatience.Ifwehavenotknownatextwell,wemustreaditagain.Weshouldnotreadthenextonetillwehavelearnedthefirstone.(90)Whenwearestudying,wemustputourheartsintothebook,orwecangetnothingfromthebookwhilewearereading.Wemustalwaysaskwhys.Ifitisnotwellunderstood,writeitdownandaskourteachersorourparents,orfriends.Inanypossibleway,wemustknowitcompletelyandwhatwevelearnedcanbeusedwellandmadebetter.Thoughtherearemanywaysforstudying,yettheabovementionedwillbequiteenoughifwecankeeptheminheartanddoso.任务1根据短文内容回答下列问题。

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