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2004年宁夏中考英语试题.doc

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2004年宁夏中考英语试题.doc

第1页共8页宁夏2004年中考英语试题试卷总分100分,答题时间120分钟。选择题(共65分)一、单项填空(共20小题,计分20分)从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。1.Annehasason.________nameisEdward.A.HerB.HisC.HersD.Him2.Idontlikethisshirt,soIwanttoseesome________.A.otherB.theotherC.othersD.another3.Dontmakesomuchnoise.We________tothemusic.A.arelisteningB.listenC.listenedD.havelistened4.He________inNingxiasince1958.A.isB.wasC.livesD.hasbeen5.Anothernewlibrary________lastmonthinmyhometown.A.builtB.wasbuiltC.hasbeenbuiltD.isbuilt6.Hissisterhadabadcough,________sheA.wasntB.doesntC.hadntD.didnt7.YoudbettergoandaskMrYang.He________knowhowtosearchtheInternet.A.canB.mayC.wouldD.could8.Sheusednottolikeplayingyoyo,________nowshesveryfondofit.A.butB.andC.orD.so9.Theteacheraskedme________Ineededanyhelp.A.whatB.thatC.whetherD.which10.Shesalready________herbrother.A.sotallthanB.astallthanC.sotallasD.astallas11.EveryoneexceptTomandJohn________therewhenthemeetingbegan.A.areB.isC.wasD.were12.Nomatter________busyheis,hewontgiveuphishobby.A.whereB.howC.whatD.who13.Hawaiiisfamous________itsbeautifulbeaches.A.ofB.inC.forD.with14.Weshoulddosomethingtostopsandstorms________happeningagainandagain.A.fromB.onC.byD.to15.AWhatsthedatetoday第2页共8页B________.A.ItsThursdayB.Thethird,IthinkC.Im16D.Itsafineday16.AHowdoyougetonwithyourclassmatesB________.A.VerywellB.WelldoneC.ThatsOKD.Imwell17.ACouldyoucome,pleaseIwantsomeHelp.B________.A.Yes.IcouldB.YourewelcomeC.Sure.ImcomingnowD.Thatsright18.Sheaskedthem________thingsabout.A.nottolitterB.dontlitterC.notlitterD.nolitter19.Theyarebusy________readyfortheexams.A.getB.gotC.togetD.getting20.nsalovelydressbutitstooexpensive.Icant________it.A.spendB.payC.affordD.cost二、完形填空(共15小题,计分15分)阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从2135各题所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳选项。MrClarkeworksinamiddleschool.Helikesreadingandoften21somebooksfromthelibrary.Hekeeps22totheradioeverymorningandreading23aftersupper.Soheknowsmuchandteacheswell.His24worship(崇拜)himverymuch.Mike,MrClarkeslittleson,isonlynine.He25likesreadingbooks.Andheoftenaskshisfathersomequestions.MrClarkealwaysthinkshestoo26tounderstandhimandchooses27onestoanswer.Ofcoursetheboyisnotsatisfiedwith(对满意)it.OnedayMikeread28abouttheelectriclights(电灯)andwas29it.Whenhisfathertoldhimtodosomehousework,hewentonthinkingofit.Heaskedhim30questions,andhisfatheransweredall.Thenhisfathersaidproudly,Fathersalwaysknow31thansonsTheboythoughtforawhileandsaid,32OhWhyMikedidntanswerandasked,33,Whoinventedtheelectriclights34.answeredMrClarke.Whydidnthisfatherinventthem,thenLookingathisson,MrClarkedidntknow35toanswer21.A.findsB.sellsC.buysD.borrows22.A.watchingB.listeningC.goingD.touching23.A.newspapersB.lettersC.storiesD.messages24.A.teachersB.parentsC.studentsD.classmates第3页共8页25.A.alsoB.neverC.evenD.only26.A.oldB.youngC.cleverD.able27.A.moreifficultB.themostdifficultC.easyD.theeasiest28.A.everythingB.nothingC.somethingD.anything29.A.worriedaboutB.interestedinC.afraidofD.angrywith30.A.fewB.littleC.afewD.alittle31.A.moreB.mostC.lessD.least32.A.SodoIB.NeitheramIC.IagreeD.Idontthinkso33.A.insteadB.carefullyC.quicklyD.brightly34.A.ThomasBrownB.AllanSmithC.ThomasEdisonD.RonJenkins35.A.whenB.whatC.whereD.which三、阅读理解(共15小题,计分30分)阅读下列短文,并做每篇后面的题目。从每题所给的四个选项中,选出能完成所给句子的最佳选项。(A)Agoodmemoryisagreathelpinlearningalanguage.Everybodylearnshisownlanguagebyrememberingwhathehearswhenheisasmallchild,andsomechildrenlikeboysandgirlswholiveabroadwiththeirparentsseemtolearntwolanguagesalmostaseasilyasone.Inschoolitisnoteasytolearnasecondlanguagebecausethepupilshavesolittletimeforit,andtheyarebusywithothersubjects,too.Ourmindisratherlikeacamera,butittakesphotosnotonlyofwhatweseebutofwhatwefeel,hear,smellandtaste.Whenwetakearealphotowithacamera,thereismuchtodobeforethephotoisfinishedandreadytoshowtoourfriends.Inthesamewaythereismuchworktobedonebeforewecankeepapictureforever(永远)inourmind.Memoryisthediarythatweallcarryaboutwithus.36.Weusuallybegintolearnourownlanguageby________it.A.speakingB.hearingC.sayingD.teaching37.Ifyouhaveagood________,youllhavelessdifficultyinlearningsomething.A.teacherB.cameraC.memoryD.family38.Thechildrenwholiveabroadwiththeirparentscanlearntwolanguagesmoreeasilybecause________.A.theyareverycleverB.theyhavegoodteachersC.theyhavemorechancestousetheselanguagesD.theyhaveabetterlife第4页共8页39.________cantakephotosofwhatcanbeseen,felt,heard,smeltandtasted.A.AcameraB.MemoryC.AdiaryD.Amansmind40.Memoryis________thatwekeepinourmindandcarryabout.A.thebestdiaryB.thebestcameraC.agreathelpD.abeautifulpicture(B)Theworldisnotonlyhungry,itwillalsobethirstyforwater.About97ofwaterontheearthisseawater,orsaltwater.Mancanonlydrinkorusetheother3ofthefreshwater(淡水)whichcomesfromrivers,lakesandunderground.Ontheotherhand,becausethenumberofpeopleintheworldisbecominglargerandlarger,moreandmorefreshwaterisneeded.Sowatershortagebecomesabigproblem.HowcanweworkoutthisproblemScientistshavefoundsomewaystoturnsaltwaterintofreshwater.Oneimportantwayistoboil(使达到沸点)seawaterwithhighheatuntilvapor(蒸汽)rises,leavingthesalt.Inthisway,alotoffreshwatercanbemadequickly.Butheatingisnottheonlywaytogetfreshwater.Otherwaysaretried,forexample,diggingdeepwells,keepingrainwaterandpreventingriversfrombeingpolluted.WhichwayisthebestTogetthemostfreshwaterfortheleastmoneyisthebest.41.WheredoesthefreshwaterpeopleneedcomefromA.SeawaterB.RiversardlakesC.UndergroundD.Both3andC42.Fromthispassageweknowfreshwater________.A.onlycomesfromtherainB.canbeusedinmanywaysC.eanbefoundinmanyfactoriesD.isneededbymoreandmorepeople43.Thewordshortageinthispassagemeans________.A.beingenoughB.beingshortofC.beingshortforD.beingless44.WhatisthewritermainlytalkingaboutinthispassageA.Thewaysofgettingfreshwater.B.Howtousefreshwaterinourdailylife.C.Allpeopleintheworldshouldsavewater.D.Differentwaysofmakingwaterindifferentplaces.45.WhichofthefollowingistrueA.Hungeristheonlyprobleminourworld.B.Watershortageistheonlyprobleminourworld.C.Scientistsdontwanttospendmoneysolvingthewaterproblem.D.Scientistshavebeenworkinghardandhavemademuchprogressinsolvingwaterproblem.(C)Todaythereare6billionpeopleontheearth.Bytheyear2050theremaybe12.5billion.Thisisalotofpeopletofeed.Weneedmorefood.第5页共8页Onewaytoproducemorefoodisbygrowingstrongerplants.Forthousandsofyears,farmershavemadeplantsbetter.Everyseason,theypickthebestplantsforthenextseason.Itworksveryslowly.Since1983,scientistshavebeenabletochangeplantsmorequicklybychangingtheirgeneticmaterial(遗传物质).Foodsfromplantsgrowninthiswayarecalledgeneticallymodifiedfoods(转基因食品),orGMfoods.Bychangingthegeneticmaterialofaplant,itispossibletomakenewplants.Theymakeplantswhicharestrongagainstplantdiseases.Theycanalsohelpinourdiseasesakindofriceisbeingprepared(准备),forexample,whichstopspeoplefrombecomingblind.RichcountriesproduceGMfoodsbecausetheyareeasytogrowandbringinmoremoney.Poorcountriesareinterestedinthembecausetheyhelpproducemorefood.GMplantsarenotnatural.Nooneknowshowgoodorbadtheyare.MakingGMfoodsisonlyonewayoffeedingpeoplein2050.Therearestrongfeelingsagainstthem,becausetheyareunnatural.Theymayfeedpeople,thenhurtthemortheirchildrenlater.But,bothrichandpoorcountriesareveryinterestedintheiruse,andtheyarenotgoingtogoaway.In2050wemaythinkdifferentlyaboutthem.46.GMfoodsaremadeby________.A.farmersB.workersC.scientistsD.plants47.WhatarethegoodthingsaboutGMfoodsA.Theymakeplantsstrongagainstdiseases.B.Theyareunnatural.C.Theycanhelpinhumandiseases.D.BothAandC.48.GMfoods________.A.areaquickwaytoproducefoodB.growinthewild(野生)C.aresafeD.aregrownonlyinrichcountries49.WhydosomepeoplenotlikeGMfoodsA.TheyarenotusefulB.TheyarenothelpfulC.TheyarenotnaturalD.Theyarenotcheap50.Fromthereadingweknowthat________.A.GMfoodswilldisappearonedayinthefuture.B.GMfoodswillnotdisappearinthefuture.C.PeoplewillnotbeinterestedinGMfoods.D.PeoplewillhavetostopusingGMfoods.非选择题(共35分)四、单词拼写(共7小题,计分7分)根据下列句子及所给汉语注释,在句子空缺处写出各单词的正确形式(每空只写一词)。51.Thousandsofpeoplelosttheir________(生命)intheearthquake.第6页共8页52.Itsbestforyoutogotobed________(早点儿)tonight.53.Wewontgoclimbingthemountainifit________(下雨)tomorrow.54.ClassFouristhe________(获胜者)intherelayrace.55.Idonteatmeatandmymotherdoesnt________(也).56.Shewantsto________(预定)adoubleroomfortheholiday.57.Englishis________(说)bymorethan400millionpeopleastheirfirstlanguage.五、选词填空(共8小题,计分8分)从下面方框中选择适当的词填入短文中,使短文通顺正确(注意有些词要用适当的形式)。areonlysmallatstillfromlookuseTherearemillionsofstarsinoursky.Ifyoulook(58)________theskyonaclearnight,itispossibletoseeabout3000stars.They(59)________small,buttheyarereallyverybighotballsofburninggas.Someofthemarehuge,butothersaremuch(60)________,likeourplanetEarth.Thebiggeststarsareverybright,butthey(61)________liveforashorttime.Everydaynewstars(62)________bornandoldstarsdie.Allthestarsareveryfaraway.Thelight(63)________theneareststartakesmorethanfouryearstoreachEarth.Hundredsofyearsago,people(64)________stars,liketheNorthstar,toknowwhichdirection(方向)totravelin.Todayyoucan(65)________seethatstar.六、补全对话(共5小题,计分10分)LiJun约MaWei星期天同他一起去钓鱼,下面是他们之间的对话。请根据对话内容,在每小题的空白处填写适当的词语或句子,使对话意思完整通顺。MaOh,hi,LiJun.HowareyouLi(66)________________________________IwonderifyouredoinganythingonSunday.MaNo,(67)____________________________LiWell.WouldyouliketogofishingwithmeMa(68)_______________________________Ilikegoingfishingverymuch.LiGreat.Ma(69)________________________________LiWillyoucometomyhousepleaseMaOK.WhattimeLi(70)________________________________MaFine.Well,seeyouthen.七、书面表达(计分10分)你从报上得知为了防止非典病毒传播,有些省市采取措施,对随地吐痰的人处以重罚。请你就此事用英文给某报纸的编辑写一封信,简要谈谈你的看法。信的开头及结尾署名已给出,不要再另行署名。信的字数为5060字(不包括已给出的部分)。信的内容要点如下第7页共8页1.随地吐痰的危害性(如传播疾病,有害健康,污染环境等)2.你对改变随地吐痰这一陋习的建议(如加强教育,处以罚款等)3.你对改善环境的期望(如希望人人都关心爱护环境,使城市更加美丽等)。提示词语spreadv.n.(传播),doharmto/beharmfulto(对有害),educatev.(教育),protecttheenvironment(保护环境)Deareditor,Iamamiddleschoolstudent.Ivejustreadsomearticlesonspittingprobleminnewspapers.TheysaythatinordertopreventthespreadofSARSvirus(防止非典病毒的传播)somelocalgovernmentshavemadeadecisionifsomeonespitsinapublicplace,heorshewillbefinedheavily(从重罚款).Iquiteagreewiththisdecision.Yourssincerely,WangNan参考答案1.B2.C3.A4.D5.B6.D7.B8.A9.C10.D11.C12.B13.C14.A15.B16.A17.C18.A19.D20.C21.D22.B23.A24.C25.A26.B27.D28.C29.B30.C31.A32.D33.A34.C35.B36.B37.C38.C39.D40.A41.D42.D43.B44.A45.D46.C47.D48.A49.C50.B51.lives52.earlier53.rains54.winner55.either56.book(orreserve)57.spoken58.at59.look60.smaller61.only62.are63.from64.used65.still66.Oh,Imfine/well/notbad.etc.67.Ivenothingtodo(Imfree)onSunday,/nothingmuch(nothingspecial),whyetc.68.Oh,thatsagoodidea./Idlove(like)to.etc.69.Whereshallwe(arewegoingto)meet70.IssevenoclockOK(oranyothertime)PossibleversionDeareditor,Iamamiddleschoolstudent.Ivejustreadsomearticlesonspittingprobleminnewspapers.TheysaythatinordertopreventthespreadofSARSvirus(防止非典病毒的传播)somelocalgovernmentshavemadeadecisionifsomeonespitsinapublicplace,heorshewillbefined第8页共8页heavily(从重罚款).Iquiteagreewiththisdecision.Itsabadhabittospitontheground.Itcarriesandspreadsdiseases,pollutesourenvironmentanddoesharmtoourhealth.Itisveryimportanttoprotecttheenvironment.Weshouldeducatethepublictochangetheirbadhabits,andpunishthosewhospitinpublicplaces.Ifallthepeoplecareabout(takecareof/protect)theenvironment,ourcitywillbecomemorebeautiful.Yourssincerely,WangNan

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