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2010年北京市高级中等学校招生考试英语试卷.doc

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2010年北京市高级中等学校招生考试英语试卷.doc

嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用第1页共15页2010年北京市高级中等学校招生考试英语试卷二、听对话或独白,根据对话或独白的内容,从下面各题所给的A、B、C三个选项中选择最佳选项。每段对话或独白读两遍。(共12分,每小题1分)请听一段独白,完成第5至第6小题。5.HowsKatefeelingnowA.Muchbetter.B.Stillsick.C.Evenworse.6.WhichpagewillKatereadA.Page15.B.Page20.C.Page25.请听一段独白,完成第7至第8小题。嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用第2页共15页7.WhererethespeakersA.Inaschool.B.Inahospital.C.Inashop.8.WhatdoesthewomanssonlikeA.Books.B.Music.C.Clothes.请听一段独白,完成第9至第10小题。9.WhowantstobeadoctorA.Tom.B.Lisa.C.Sam.10.WhatrethespeakersmainlytalkingaboutA.Theirjobs.B.Theirfamilies.C.Theirfriends.请听一段独白,完成第11至第13小题。11.WhatdidtheteacherdoafterTimmadetroubleA.Theyalwayspunishedhim.B.Theytalkedtohisparents.C.Theyoftenlaughedathim.12.WhydidTimliedownwithhisbikeontopofhimA.Togetanewbike.B.Tomakehismotherangry.C.Toplayajokeonhismother.13.WhatstheconversationmainlyaboutA.Timsbehaviorasalittleboy.B.Timsfeelingforhisschoollife.C.Timsattitudetowardhismother.请听一段独白,完成第14至第16小题。14.WhatcanyoulearnfromthespeakerstalkA.IndianmoviesarethesameasWesternmovies.B.Indianstudentslikelearningcomputerscience.C.Indiahastwentytwodifferentnationallanguages.15.WhatarementionedaboutIndiaA.Movies,inventionsandsports.B.Languages,foodandinvention.C.Weather,languagesandmovies.16.WhatsMarkdoingA.Givingsomeadvice.B.Offeringaninvitation.C.Makinganintroduction.三、听对话,根据所听到的对话内容和提示词语,记录关键信息。对话读两遍。(共8分,每小题2分)嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用第3页共15页知识运用(共27分)四、单项填空(共15分,每小题1分)从下面各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选择可以填入空白处的最佳选项。21.TomandMikearegoodfriends._____oftenhelpeachothers.A.TheyB.ThemC.TheirD.Theirs22.SomevolunteersfromBeijingarrivedinShanghai_____April29toworkfortheWorldExpo.A.onB.atC.ofD.to23.Thereadingroom_____veryquiet.Ienjoyreadingbooksthere.A.amB.isC.areD.be24.______schoolbagisthisIguessitsLilys.A.WhatB.WhoC.WhoseD.Which25.Whichcolordoyoulike______,blueorgreenBlue.A.goodB.betterC.bestD.thebest26.Thereis______wrongwiththiscomputer.Itdoesntworkwell.A.somethingB.anythingC.everythingD.nothing27.________youturndownyourradio,pleaseYes,Ican.A.MayB.NeedC.MustD.Can28.WouldyouliketogototheconcertwithmeIdloveto,______ImafraidIhavenotime.A.soB.orC.andD.but29.WhatsyourfatherdoingnowHe______theroomA.cleanedB.cleansC.hascleanedD.iscleaning30.Tomwillcallmeassoonashe______home.A.getsB.hasgotC.gotD.willget31.Grannyoftentellsus_____waterinourdailylife.A.saveB.savingC.tosaveD.saves32.RosecametoBeijingin2002.She______hereforeightyears.A.waslivingB.liveC.willliveD.haslived33.It______heavilywhenIleftthecinema.A.rainsB.willrainC.israiningD.wasraining34.Theroad______lastyear.A.buildsB.builtC.wasbuiltD.isbuilt35.Doyouknow______theCapitalMuseumNextFriday.A.whenwilltheyvisitB.whentheywillvisitC.whendidtheyvisitD.whentheyvisited五、完形填空(共12分,每小题1分)阅读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选择最佳选项。嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用第4页共15页Itwasyearbookdayandweweregivenanhourtosigneachothersyearbooksinthecafeteria.IwaspresidentoftheclassandIplayedsports.WhenIsatdownatatable,peoplestartedtocomeovertogettheiryearbookssignedandtosign__36__.Amongthem,aweakboywithuglyteethandthickglasseskeptshaking.Ihadseenhimaround,andIknewhewasalwayslaughedat.Heseemed__37__ofhimself,andwassopalethatit__38__ustolookathim.Hecameupandaskedmenervously,CanyousignthisItookhisyearbookbutIdidntknow__39__towrite.IsawthattherewasthenameRickySanderswrittenonthefrontofit.SoIwroteIputdowntheyearbookandturnedaroundtogetsomesignaturesfromsomeofmyfriendswhenI__40__myyearbookwasgone.IsawthatRickyhadsatdownwithmyyearbook.WhatareyoudoingIaskedhim.Helookedupcalmly平静地and__41__saidSignMyfriendsbrokeintoaloudlaugh,andIsawthathewascarefullyfryingtoputasignatureinmyyearbook.HehadntevenfinishedtheRyet.Ithoughtforawhileand__42__tolethimsign.IttookhimnearlyfiveminutestosignandwhenIgotmyyearbookback,therewasaveryshakyRICKY.Hehugged紧抱hisyearbookand__43__.Icouldnthelpbutsmilebackathim.Inthatmoment,my__44__changedcompletely.Igavehimahighfiveandsuddenlyeveryoneatmytablewantedhissignature.Hewasaskedpolitelytowriteintheiryearbooksandthesignature__45__ofhisyearbookwerefilledup.Hewassmilingsobigthatitlitupthewholeroom.Ichangedschoolthenextyear,andIneversawRickyagain.However,Iwillneverforgetthedaythathebecamethemost__46__guyinschool.WheneverIm__47__,Istilllookbackatthatyearbook.36.A.mineB.hisC.oursD.theirs37.A.unafraidB.unsureC.proudD.tired38.A.worriedB.surprisedC.taughtD.hurt39.A.howB.whichC.whereD.what40.A.sawB.noticedC.thoughtD.believed41.A.stillB.everC.evenD.just42.A.decidedB.meantC.beganD.prepared43.A.smiledB.waitedC.leftD.rose44.A.senseB.valueC.attitudeD.idea45.A.listsB.pagesC.boxesD.tables嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用第5页共15页46.A.differentB.patientC.popularD.important47.A.awayB.outC.behindD.down阅读理解(共44分)六、阅读下列短文,根据短文内容,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选择最佳选项。(共26分,每小题2分)A.HerearetwoletterstoGeorgeandhisreplies.48.Aliceisworryingabout________.A.herfriendsB.hermarksC.herheightDherweight49.Bobshould_______accordingtoGeorgesletter.A.takemoreexerciseB.talktohisfriendsC.joinabasketballteamD.learnsomeFrench.50.GeorgeadvisesAlicetotalkto_____forhelp.A.hermotherB.herteacherC.BobsteacherD.BobsfriendsBThepopulationoftheEarthisgrowingfaster.ItisimportantthatwelookaftertheEarth.WeneeditTheEarthgivesusalotofthings.WealsogivetheEarthalot,butsomeofthethingsarenotgood.嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用第6页共15页Innature,whensomethingdies,otheranimalsandplantsgetfoodfromit.Everyanimalorplantgivesfoodforotheranimalsorplants.However,animalscantgetfoodfrommanyofthethingsthatwegivetheEarth.Animalsandplantscanteatmetal,plasticandglass.Thesethingswillstayinthegroundformany,manyyears.Somerubbishisverydangerousforplantsandanimals.Insomeplaces,manyanimalslivetogether.Oneanimalmakesfoodformanymoreanimals.Ifweputrubbishandchemicalsinthewater,theplankton浮游生物candie.Ifthereisntanyplankton,manyanimalshavenothingtoeat.SowhatcanwedoDontleaveanyrubbishinthecountrysideDontmakesomuchrubbish51.TheEarthgivesus___________.A.foodB.rubbishC.chemicalsD.pollution52.Whensomethingdiesinnature,_________.A.waterandgrassarepollutedB.plasticandwoodbecomefoodC.otheranimalsandplantsgetfoodD.metalandglassstayintheground53.Wemust_______tolookaftertheEarth.A.putmetalinthegroundB.usemorewoodC.keepfrogsinthewaterD.makelessrubbishC.ManytextbooksarenotwritteninthekindofEnglishthatwespeakeveryday.Infact,sometimesthereadingissodifficultthatitalmostseemslikeaforeignlanguage.Inaway,itisthelanguageofscience.Youshouldnotexpecttobeabletoreadadifficultsciencepassagethesamewayyoureadaninterestingstoryyoushouldnotexpecttoreaditeasilyandallatonce.Instead,youmayhavetoreaditseveraltimesthrough,catchingonthemeaningofdifficultwords,goingbackoverdifficultsentences,andfinallyputtingthewholethingtogether.Donotbediscouragesifthewholepassagedontmakesensetoyouatfirst.Youneedtopickitapartpatientlyuntilyoucanunderstandit.Thesearethestepstofollowwhenyouarereadingsomethingdifficult1.Starttoreadnormallyuntilyourunintoasentencethatdoesntmakesensetoyou.2.Whenasentencedoesntmakesense,gobackandreaditagainmoreslowly.3.Lookforanywordyoudontknowinthesentence.Trytounderstandtheirmeaningsusingwordpartsandcontextclues上下文线索.Ifnecessary,lookthemupinthedictionary.4.Lookatthenextfewsentencestoseeiftheyexplainmoreaboutthesentenceyouareworkingon.Donotreadverymuchfartheraheaduntilyouunderstandwhatisbeingsaid.5.Finally,readthesentenceagain.Trytoputitintosimplerwords.6.Readthroughthepassageonce.Trytounderstandallthehardpartswell.Thenreadthewholepassageoncemoreatausualspeed.Thishelpsyoutoputallidestogether.Thestopssoundalotharderthantheyare.Itisreallyjustthenormalwaygoodreadersunderstandanythingthatisdifficulttoread.Afteryouhavedonethebestyoucanthisway,youshouldalwaysfeelfreetoaskforhelpfromyourteacher,ifyouhaveone.54.Theunderlinedphraserunintomeans___________.嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用第7页共15页A.workoutB.comeacrossC.lookintoD.passby55.Fromthepassage,wecanknow_________.A.weshouldlookupnewwordsbeforereadingB.itissometimesdifficulttoreadasciencepassageC.thesixstepsarehelpfulinlearningspokenEnglishD.interestingstorieshelpreaderstoimprovetheirEnglish56.Themassageismainlyabout_________.A.stepsofstudyingscienceB.difficultiesinreadingscienceC.waysofreadingsciencepassagesD.researchesonscienceandEnglishDIntheWest,somepeoplebelievethatpersonalitycanbepredictedaccordingtothetimeoftheyearthepersonwasborn.FromChinacomesthebeliefthattheyearofbirthinfluencesonespersonality.Inthepastcentury,anewbeliefhasarisentheideathatpersonalityisrelatedtoonesABObloodtype.PeoplewithbloodtypeA,forexample,areconsideredmorelikelytobeserious,hardworking,andquiet,whilepeoplewithbloodtypeOarelikelytobepopularandoutgoing,yetoftenunabletofinishwhattheystart.Thoughthisbeliefcontinuestobestrong,somepeoplequestionwhetheritistrue.Thebloodtypepersonalitytheory理论startedinJapanin1927whenFurukawaTakehjinoticedpersonalitysimilaritiesanddifferencesamonghisworkers.Theideasoonwentoutoffashion,butwasbroughtbackbyaJapanesetelevisionhostnamedToshitakaNomiinthe1970s.ThebeliefisstillstronginJapanandisincreasinglypopularinneighboringcountries.SomeyoungKoreanshavetakentothetheory.Arecentstudyshowed76percentofKoreansagedbetween13and64believinginthebloodtypepersonalityconnection.ThoughmostAsiansmightbelieveinthebloodtypetheory,formanyitseemsharmlessandnotsomethingtobetakentooseriously.IsthebelieftrueThescientistsinAsialargelydismissthebeliefasamoderndaysuperstition迷信.Moststudieshavefailedtofindanystrongconnectionbetweenbloodandpersonality.Generally,scientistswarnagainstmakingpredictionsorimportantdecisionsbasedonthisquestionabletheory.57.ThewriterusesbloodtypeAandOasanexampletoexplain________.A.thedifferencebetweentwobloodtypesB.therelationshipbetweenthetwobloodtypesC.theinfluenceofbloodtypeononesbehaviorD.theconnectionbetweenpersonalityandbloodtype58.WhatdoestheunderlinedsentenceinParagraph2meanA.Itwaslightlybelieved.B.Itwasbroughttothem.C.Theylikedandacceptedit.D.Theystoletheideafromothers.59.WhichofthefollowingistrueaccordingtothepassageA.MostscientistsinAsiadontbelieveinthetheory.B.ThebloodtypetheorybeganinJapaninthe1970s.C.Thebloodtypepersonalitytheoryisaboutbloodtype.D.Peopledontchangetheirpersonalitytomatchthetheory.60.WhatisthebesttitleforthepassageA.IsthebloodtypetheorypoplarB.Isthepersonalitychangeable嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用第8页共15页C.IsitinyourbloodD.Isitinyoumind七、阅读短文,根据短文内容,从短文的五个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有一项为多余选项。(共8分,每小题2分)AfunnythinghappenedtomysisterTinalastmonth.ShelivesinJapanandteachesEnglish.InJapan,peopledontusuallyweartheiroutdoorshoesinthehouseorinschool,andalotofbuildingshaveplacesforshoes.Soherschoolhasaspecialplaceforshoes.61TinateachesEnglishintheevening.OneFriday,shewenttoschool,andsheputhershoesintheshoeboxasusual.ThenshehadaninterestingspokenEnglishclasswithherstudents.62Buttohersurprise,hershoeswerentinthebox.Therewasonlyonepairofthosethere,andtheywerentherhoesShehadtogethomeinahurry.63OnMonday,athernextEnglishclass,hershoeswereinashoppingbagonherdeskTherewasanotethatsaid,Imsosorry.Itookyourshoesbymistake64SomebodyfeltalotofshameA.Itsashoebox.B.Tinaismysister.C.Sosheputontheshoesandleft.D.Afterclassshegotreadytoleave.E.Buttherewasnonameonthenote.八、阅读短文,根据短文内容回答问题。(共10分,每小题2分)ChinatownisthenamegiventoanareainthemiddleofLondon.ItisjustbetweenLeicesterSquareandShaftsburyAvenue.GerrardStreetisatthecenterandisthemostimportantstreetinthearea.ThereisalargeChinesecommunity社区withalotofChineserestaurants,Chinesesupermarketsandshopsinthisstreet.Inthe1950s,itwasapoorareaandeverythingwasverycheap.Atthesametime,theworldricemarketchangedandthousandoffarmworkersinHongKonglosttheirjobs.TheybeganarrivinginLondontolookforwork.Theyfoundjobsintherestaurantsinthisarea.ManyBritishpeoplelikeChinesefood,andtherestaurantswerepopular.Theserestaurantworkersoftenworked17hoursadayandhadnotimetolearnEnglish.AsmoreChinesearrived,moreshopsandbusinessesgrewup.Wivescameandjoinedtheirhusbandsandchildrencameandjoinedtheirfathers.Thecommunitygrew,andChinatownwasborn.Inthe1970sand1980s,BritishbornChinesestartedtohaveabettereducationandthisbroughteconomic经济的successtothearea.ManyfamiliesmovedoutofChinatown,andtherewasmorespaceforbusinesses.GerrardStreetbecomeastreetonlyforvisitorsandwassoonapopularplacefortourists.NoweveryoneknowsaboutLondonsChinatown.DuringtheChineseNewYear,thestreetsareseenwithflagsandthousandsofChinesegointothestreets.Formostoftheyear,though,LondonersandtouristsgotheremainlyforthefoodintheChineserestaurants.ThebestrestaurantsaretheoneswheretheChineseeat.65.IsthisChinatowninthemiddleofLondon66.Wasthearearichorpoorinthe1950s67.WhydidtherestaurantworkershavenottimetolearnEnglish68.WhendidBritishbornChinesestarttohaveabettereducation嘉兴英语教学网www.jxenglish.com收集整理欢迎使用第9页共15页69.WhatarethemainpointsaboutChinatowninthispassage书面表达(25分)九、完成句子(共10分,每小题2分)根据中文意思完成句子。70.今天天气很好。为什么不出去散散步Itsfinetoday.____________gooutforawalk71.该考虑一下我们的暑假计划了。_________tothinkaboutourplanforthesummervacation.72.北京以其众多的名胜古迹而闻名于世。Beijing_________itsmanyplacesofinterestintheworld.73.在体育测试中,我尽力了。__________possibleinthePEtest.74.你最好不要过分依赖父母,学会照顾自己。__________yourparents,andlearntolookafteryourself.十、文段表达(15分)根据中外提示和英文书信内容,写一封意思连贯、符合逻辑、不少于60词的回信,信的开头和结尾已给出,其词数布局如梭完成的回信内。请不要写出你的校名和姓名。75.假设你叫刘京,是美国中学生托尼的笔友,你收到他的来信。请给托尼写一封回信,回答他的问题,介绍北京良好的公交服务,并谈谈你的感受。HiLiuJing,MygrandpaisgoingtoBeijingnextmonthbecausehehasheardalotaboutthecityandhewouldliketoseeithimself.HesaysthebusserviceinBeijingisverygoodnow,andpeoplecantoanywherebybus.IsherightCanyoutellmesomethingmoreaboutitImlookingforwardtohearingfromyousoon.Yours,TonyHiTony,ImgladtoknowyourgrandpaiscomingtoBeijing.________________________________________________________________________________________Ifyouhavemorequestions,pleaseaskme.Yours,LiuJing

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