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2010年中考英语冠词练习题精选.doc

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2010年中考英语冠词练习题精选.doc

2010年中考英语冠词练习题精选I.冠词填空在下列句中空白处填入适当冠词,不需用冠词处划。1.Thereis_______pictureof_______elephanton_______wall.2.Thisis_______usefulbook.Ivereaditfor_______hour.3._______elephantismuchheavierthan_______horse.4._______doctortoldhimtotake_______medicinethreetimes_______day.5.Letsgooutfor_______walk.6.itstoohot.Open_______door,please.7.Thereis_______womanoverthere._______womanisMeimeismother.8._______sunrisesin_______east.9._______ChangjiangRiveris_______longestriverin_______China.10.Areyougoingtodoit_______secondtime11.Washingtonis_______capitalof_______USA.12._______Turnersarelivingattheendof_______TurnerStreet.13.Hejoinedthearmyin_______springof_______1995.14._______oldmanis_______teacher.Helikesplaying_______basketballafter_______supper.15.AfterIhad_______quickbreakfast,Ihurriedtoschool.16.Are_______sheepkeptby_______farmersforproducing_______wooland_______meat17.Theywentto_______PeoplesPark,butwebothwentto_______PeoplesCinemayesterday.18.Ioftenwatch_______TVin_______evening.19._______dayof_______December20,1999isMonday.20.Tomorrowis_______ChristmasDayandmyfatherandIwenttochoose_______Christmastreetoday.21.Ithink_______mathsismoreimportantthananyothersubject.22.Heoftengoesto_______schoolby_______bike.23.Whatdoesthis_______wordmean,_______Father24.What_______importantnewsII.选择填空。1.DoesJimhave_______rulerYes,hehas_______.A.ansomeB.aoneC.a/D.anyone2.Thereis_______oldbike._______oldbikeisMrZhaos.A.anTheB.theAnC.aTheD.theThe3._______appleadaykeepsthedoctorsaway.A.TheB.AC.AnD.Two4.HowmanybooksdoyouhaveIhave_______book.Thats_______Englishbook.A.aanB.aoneC.oneanD.oneone5.AtthattimeTomwas_______oneyearoldbaby.A.aB.anC.theD./6._______tigeris_______China.A.TheaB.AtheC.ThefromD.Thethe7.Wecantsee_______sunat_______night.A.thetheB.the/C.a/D.//8._______usefulbookitisA.WhatanB.HowaC.WhataD.What9.Oneafternoonhefound_______handbag.Therewas_______sonthecornerof_______handbag.A.aantheB.aatheC.anananD.theaa10._______oldladywithwhitehairspoke_______Englishwellat_______meeting.A.AnanaB.The/anC.The/aD.The/the11._______GreatWallis_______longestwallintheworld.A.AaB.ThetheC.AtheD.Thea12._______newbridgehasbeenbuiltoverHuangpuRiver.A.TheaB.A/C.AtheD.Anthe13._______womanoverthereis_______popularteacherinourschool.A.AanB.TheaC.ThetheD.Athe14.Heusedtobe_______teacherbutlaterheturned_______writer.A.aaB.atheC./aD.a/15.Theymadehim_______king.A.aB.theC.anD./16.Hisfatheris_______Englishteacher.Heworksinourschool.A.aB.anC.theD./17.Ishe_______AmericanboyA.anB.aC.oneD./18.DoesTomoftenplay_______footballafter_______schoolA.//B./theC.the/D.a/19.Theypassedourschool_______daybeforeyesterday.A.anB.oneC.aD.the20.Australiais_______Englishspeakingcountry.A.aB.anC.theD./21.Shehas_______orangeskirt._______skirtisnice.A.aTheB.anTheC.anAD.theThe22.Thisis_______apple.Its_______bigapple.A.anaB.atheC.aanD.anthe23.Lookat_______horseoverthere.A.aB.anC.theD./24.Dontplay_______basketballhere.Itsdangerous.A.aB.anC./D.the25.Thereis_______oldwomaninthecar.A./B.theC.aD.an26.Beijingis_______beautifulcity.Its_______capitalofChina.A.aaB.thetheC./theD.athe27.Shanghaiisin_______eastofChina.A./B.anC.aD.the28.Ivebeenastudenttherefornearlytwoand_______halfyears.A.aB.anC.theD./29.Billis_______Englishteacher.Helikesplaying_______football.A.atheB.antheC.a/D.an/30.Themuseumisquitefar.Itwilltakeyouhalf_______hourtogetthereby_______bus.A.an/B.anaC.a/D.//初中英语冠词用法专项练习答案与详解I.1.aanthe2.aan。第一个空的a是泛指,第二个空的an是指一小时。3.Ana。这两个空都是泛指,故都用不定冠词。4.Thethea。前两个空都是特指,故填the后一个空中的a相当于every或each,threetimesaday意为一天三次。5.a。gooutforawalk意为出去散步。6.the7.aThe。前者泛指,后者特指。8.Thethe。第一个空用the表示太阳是世界上独一无二的物体第二个空用the是因为在方位词的前面一般用定冠词。9.Thethe,。第一空用the是因为在河流名称的前面用定冠词第二空用the是因为在形容词最高级前面用定冠词第三空零冠词是因为专有名词前一般不加冠词。10.a。asecondtime意为再一次、另一次。thesecondtime意为第二次。此句填a是表示动作的重复,而不能用the表顺序。11.thethe。第一个the是特指美国的首都。第二个the是在由普通名词构成的专有名词前应加定冠词。12.The。the姓氏的复数表示一家人或夫妻二人。由普通名词构成的专有名词前应加the。13.the。表示在某一年的季节名称前应加定冠词。14.Thea。在球类名称前不加冠词。泛指的三餐名称前不加冠词。15.a。三餐名称前若有形容词,则可在形容词前加冠词,此处是泛指,故用a。16.。此句意为农民养羊是为了产毛和肉吗前两个空也可填定冠词,意为那些农民养的那些羊是为了产毛和肉吗17.thethe。普通名词构成的专有名词前应加the。18.the。TV前不加冠词。早、午、晚名词前加冠词。19.The。第一空是特指。日期名词前不加冠词。20a21.。学科名称前一般不加冠词。22.。gotoschool上学。bybike骑自行车。23.。指示代词不能与定冠词连用。24。注意news是不可数名词,故不能加a。II.1.B。第一空是泛指第二空的one是不定代词,用以替代前面的ruler。2.A3.C。这是一句谚语,意思是一天吃一个苹果,用不着看医生。4.C。one强调数量,用以回答Howmany...问句第二个空是泛指,故用an。5.A。one虽以元音字母开头,但以辅音音素〔w〕开头,故填a。6.C。此句意为这只老虎来自中国。7.B。在太阳、月亮、地球的前面一般都加定冠词theatnight在夜晚,注意该短语中没有冠词。8C9.A。s虽为辅音字母,但却以元音音素〔e〕开头,故填an。10.D。第一个空填the,是特指那个白发老太太第二个空不填冠词,是因为在语言名称前面一般不加冠词。English后面如有language,就得说theEnglishlanguage。在会议上应为atthemeeting。11.B。theGreatWall长城。12.C。第一个空是泛指,用a第二个空是河流名称,故用the。13.B。第一个空那边的那个妇女,是特指第二个空是指那个妇女的身份、职业,是泛指。14.D。第一个空是泛指第二个空用零冠词是因为turn后面的名词前一般都不加冠词。15.D。表示某人的职位时可用零冠词。16.B17.A18.A。afterschool放学以后。19.D。thedaybeforeyesterday前天。20.B21.B。第一空泛指,第二空特指。22.A。两个空都是泛指。23.C24.C25.D26.D27.D。intheeastof在某地区内的东部。28.A。twoandahalfyears也可说成twoyearsandahalf,意思都是两年半。29D30A。halfanhour半小时,bybus乘公共汽车。英语冠词专项复习中考真题集锦真题l2004甘肃、青海卷35John,thereis________MrWilsononthephoneforyou.Iminbath.A.atheB.theaC.a不填D.the不填【答案及解析】A不定冠词修饰人名时,表示初次提到一个人,或者说话者认为没有必要或不想具体说明是哪一个。根据谈话的内容,所说的bath澡堂,浴室显然是说话双方都知道的,故前面须加定冠词,因此答案选A。真题22004重庆卷32Themostimportantthingaboutcottoninhistoryis________partthatitplayedin________IndustrialRevolution.A.不填不填B.the不填C.thetheD.athe【答案及解析】Cpart意指作用。特指工业革命时期所起的作用应加the,由普通名词构成的专有名词前用the。因此c为正确答案。真题32004广东卷28Whilehewasinvestigatingwaystoimprovethetelescope.Newtonmadediscoverwhichcompletelychanged________mansunderstandingofcolour.A.a不填B.atheC.不填theD.thea【答案及解析】A根据句子的意思,牛顿的一次发现,是泛指,应用不定冠词而人类的观念,不是某一个人,故在man前不能用冠词,答案选A。真题42004福建卷23Its________worldofwonders,________worldwhereanythingcanhappen.A.atheB.aaC.theaD.不填不填【答案及解析】B世界上独一无二的事物前一般用定冠词,但当此名词带有定语修饰时,前面应用不定冠词,故答案选B。真题52004湖北卷23Therewas________time________Ihatedtogotoschoo1.A.athatB.awhenC.thethatD.thewhen【答案及解析】B根据句子的意思,并没有明确表明某一段时间,因此,这是泛指一段时间,从而排除C、D而从句的主、谓、宾等齐全,从而可知,atime在从句中作状语,故答案选B。真题62004辽宁卷31Whenyoufinishreadingthebook,youwillhave____betterunderstandingof____lifeA.atheB.theaC.不填theD.a不填【答案及解析】D表示对某东西有所了解时,习惯在understanding前加不定冠词而life泛指生活时,前面不用任何冠词,故答案选D。真题72004浙江卷22TheWilsonslivein________Ashapedhousenearthecoast.Itis________17thcenturycottage.A.the/B.antheC./theD.ana【答案及解析】D根据house、cottage,两个空都必须填冠词,从而排除A、C第二空后的17thcentury只表示房子的年代特征,而不表示具体的顺序.真题82004江苏卷278.Tomowns_______largercollectionof______booksthananyotherstudentinourA.the不填B.a不填C.atheD.不填the【答案及解析】B第一空填不定冠词,acollectionof是常用结构,意为的收集品。a抽象名词of,这样的短语还有aknowledgeof,awasteof,avarietyof.anumberof,awayof等。第二空后的名词泛指书籍,因此不用冠词。真题9全国河南、河北、山东、福建24Whenyoucomehereforyourholidaynexttime,dontgoto____hotelIcanfindyou________bedinmyflat.A.theaB.the不填C.atheD.a不填【答案及解析】A本题考查冠词用法。findsb.abed为固定短语,意为为某人安排床铺前面gotothehotel或gotoahotel都可以。用排除法可得出答案选A。真题102004四川卷3110.Ifyoubuymorethanten,theyknock20penceoff________.A.apriceB.priceC.thepriceD.prices【答案及解析】Ctheprice表特指买10个物品所要的价钱,故要加定冠词the。真题112004天津卷24Whenheleft_______college,hegotajobas______reporterinanewspaperoffice.A.不填aB.不填theC.atheD.thethe【答案及解析】A当college,school,hospital等名词表示一种状态时,前面不能用冠词修饰而reporter表示泛指某种身份时,前面加不定冠词。故答案选A。真题132004湖南卷2613.Foralongtimetheywalkedwithoutsaying________word.Jimwasthefirsttobreak________silence.A.theaB.atheC.a不填D.the不填【答案及解析】B第一空填不定冠词,表示泛指,意思是一句话第二空填定冠词,特指前面没有说一句话而形成的沉默。真题14北京春季卷28On________newstoday,therewere_______reportsofheavysnowinthatarea.A.thetheB.the不填C.不填不填D.不填the【答案及解析】B因news后有today修饰,特指今天的新闻,故用the第二空泛指某方面的报道,并非特指,reports为复数,故其前不用冠词。真题152004上海春季卷28.Asarule。domesticservantsdoingoddjobsarepaid_________.A.bythehourB.byhourC.byallhourD.byhours【答案及解析】Bby为介词,意为以为标准或单位,以计。主要有两种表达方式bythe度量名词,如bytheday,bytheyardby范畴名词.如bytime,byweight,bylength。真题162003全国卷26ThesignreadsIncaseof________fire,breaktheglassandpush________redbutton.A.不填aB.不填theC.thetheD.aa【答案及解析】Bfire是物质名词,其前可用零冠词或定冠词。泛指时用零冠词,特指时用定冠词。前一个空表泛指,因而用零冠词后一个空要填定冠词,特指那个红色的按钮。译文标志上写着如果发生火灾,打碎玻璃并按下红色按钮。真题172003上海卷25Iearn10dollars________houras________supermarketcashieronSaturdays.A.aanB.theaC.anaD.anthe【答案及解析】Chour以元音开头,前面加不定冠词an,anhour每小时。表示一个,放在supermarketcashier前面表示类指,说明人的身份。译文星期六我做超市出纳员每小时挣10美元。a/an的用法规则以元音音素开头的单词前用an,以辅音音素开头的单词前用a。真题182003北京春季卷24Theres________dictionaryon________deskbyyourside.A.atheB.aaC.theaD.thethe【答案及解析】Adesk后有byyourside修饰表特定的,故前面要用thetherebe后的名词常用非特定形式,故用a。真题192003安徽春季卷23WhereismyblueshirtItsinthewashingmachine.Youhavetowear________differentone.A.anyB.theC.aD.0ther【答案及解析】C题意只是简单地表示需另一件衣服,由于不知我共有几件衣服,排除Bother前无the,后需用复数名词,排除Dany强调任意一个,排除A。真题202003上海春季卷23Anaccidenthappenedat_______crossroadsafewmetresawayfrom_______bank.A.aaB.不填aC.不填theD.the不填【答案及解析】Aatacrossroads表示十字路L1,crossroads是复数形式单数用法bank是可数名词,不能单独使用,前要加冠词或用复数。此处是泛指.前面要用不定冠词a。真题212002全国卷26。Jumpingoutof_______airplaneattenthousandfeetisquite________excitingexperience.A.不填theB.不填anC.ananD.the,the【答案及解析】Cairplane和experience都是可数名词,表示泛指,前要加不定冠词。译文从一万英尺高的飞机里跳出来是一次令人激动的经历。真题222002上海卷21Onewaytounderstandthousandsofnewwordsistogain________goodknowledgeofbasicwordformation.A./B.theC.aD.one【答案及解析】Caknowledgeofsth为固定短语,意思为对某事物有一点了解。knowledge是不可数名词,当被某些修饰语修饰时,前面要加不定冠词,如HehasaverygoodknowledgeofEnglish.他在英语方面有丰富的知识。其题232002京、蒙、皖春季卷26Idontliketalkingon________telephoneIpreferwriting____letters.A.atheB.the不填C.thetheD.a不填【答案及解析】B从第一空可排除A和D,因为本题意思是我不喜欢在电话上即通过电话谈话。onthetelephone通过电话,onatelephone是指在一部电话上,类似的还有ontheradio,ontheinternet,onTv等。后一个空应是泛指,不用the也不用a因为是复数。真题242002上海春季卷22Thecakesaredelicious.Hedliketohave________thirdonebecause________secondoneisrathertoosmall.A.aaB.thetheC.atheD.thea【答案及解析】C注意序数词前面的冠词的用法当序数词表示顺序时用定冠词the表示再一次时使用不定冠词aan。从句子的意思可知,athirdone表示再吃一个thesecondone表示所吃的第二个。译文蛋糕很好吃。他想再吃一个,因为第二个太小了。真题252001全国卷29Thewarmthof_______sweaterwillofcoursebedeterminedbythesortof________woolused.A.thetheB.the不填c.不填theD.不填不填【答案及解析】Ba/an/the可数名词单数表示类别或直接用可数名词复数表示类别通常指物,所以sweater前用定冠词表示类别限定thesortofwoolthewool。真题262001上海卷21Abullethitthesoldierandhewaswoundedin________leg.A.aB.oneC.theD.his【答案及解析】C伤及某人某部位或拍、打、拉某人某部位要用句式wound/bite/beat/pat/takesb介词the部位。译文子弹击中了战士,他的腿受了伤。真题272001京、蒙、皖春季卷10MrSmith,theresamanat________frontdoorwhosayshehas________newsforyouofgreatimportance.A.the不填B.thetheC.不填不填D.不填the【答案及解析】A第一空是特指news为不可数的抽象名词,不加冠词。真题282000全国卷10Mostanimalshavelittleconnectionwith________animalsof________differentkindunlesstheykillthemforfood.A.theaB.不填aC.thetheD.不填the【答案及解析】B表示某种时常用词组a/this/that/thosekindsof名词,亦可用名词复数0fkinds,两个animals都是表泛指的名词复数,故都不带冠词。ofakind同一类的ofadifferentkind另一类的,都属固定结构。译文大部分的动物中,一个种群与其他种群之间是没有什么联系的,除非是捕杀它们作为食物。中考英语冠词习题1用适当的冠词填空,不需要冠词的空白处填X1.Thecarisrunningaboutsixtymiles_______hour.2.Myfriendisinterestedin__________science.3.Dontworry,westillhave________littletimeleft.4.Johnis_________cleverestboyinhisclass.5.March8is_________WomensDay.6._________Greenswillcometoseeyoutomorrow.7.Hereis________blackblouse,__________blouseishers.8.Theyalwayshave________breadfor__________dinner.9.Ipreferplaying_______pianotoplaying_________basketball.10.________harderwestudy,_________morewelllearn.1.Wecantsee______sunat______night.A.a/B.atheC.the/D.thethe2.Studentsoftenplay___volleyballin__afternoon.A./anB./theC.theanD.athe2.IsCanada_______EnglishspeakingcountryA./B.aC.anD.the4.Thisis_______orange.Itis_______smallorange.A.ananB.anaC./theD.thea5._____UNreportsaysthattherewillbestandingroomonlyon____earththen.A.AtheB.A/C.An/D.Anthe6.Weveneverseen________filmbefore.Itsveryinteresting.A.soagoodB.asogoodC.asuchgoodD.suchagood7.Thereis_______xin______wordsix.A.atheB.aanC.antheD.aa8.Look_______fineweatheritistodayA.WhataB.whatC.howaD.how9._____YellowRiveris____secondlongestriverinChina.A.ThetheB./aC.TheaD.The/10.JohnSmithis__ofthetwoyoungmen.A.strongB.astrongerC.thestrongerD.thestrongest△综合型1.–Whatcoloris______orangeIts_______orange.A.ananB.antheC.an/D./an2.Look______goodtimethechildrenarehavingA.HowB.HowaC.WhatD.Whata3.Londonis_____capitalof_____England.A.thetheB.aaC.atheD.the/4.Therere___fewmistakesinyourhomework.Dontmake__samemistakesagain.A.aaB.atheC.thetheD./the5.Mostofthestudentsinourclassgoto_____schoolbybikeeveryday.A.//B.theaC./aD.thethe6.Dontgiveup.Youcantryfor_______secondtime.A.theB.anC.aD./7.Shetookmeby___handandledmeinto____room.A.myaB.thetheC.atheD.mythe8.What____interestinggameitisItmustbe____greatfun.A.anaB.atheC.the/D.an/9.Thehousein______frontoftheriverison______fire.A.//B.thetheC.the/D./a10.Heoftensays______richshouldhelp_______poor.A.theaB.atheC.thetheD.//11.–WhatcanyouseebythelakeIcansee____oldmansittingonthechair.2000杭州A.aB.anC.theD./12.–Haveyouhad______lunchyetNo,notyet.2000广州A./B.aC.theD.an13.Onemorninghefoundabag.Therewas_sonthecornerof_bag.2000甘肃A.aaB.atheC.anaD.anthe14.Theres______eggontheplate._____eggisforyou.2000内蒙古A.aAB.anAnC.anTheD.theAn15.Didyouenterfor_____highjumpor_____400metrerace2000上海A.aaB.atheC.theaD.thethe16.____oldmaninblackhaswaitedforyouforhalf______hour.2001汕头

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