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2010真题2.doc

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2010真题2.doc

教育城http//www.12edu.cn论坛http//bbs.12edu.cn/本资料由教育城编辑整理初中QQ交流群http//www.12edu.cn/QQ/index.html更多免费资料http//ks.12edu.cn/DatumIndex.aspx2010年辽宁省沈阳市中考英语试题试题满分150分考试时间120分钟一、基础知识与运用共20小题,每小题1分满分20分A单项填空从A、B、C、D中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。1.Whohas____marksinEnglish,WangLin,ZhangFangorLiHong一LiHong.A.goodB.betterC.bestD.thebest2.Jennygoestoschoolonfoot.Ittakesherabouthalf____hourtogetthere.A.anB.aC.theD.不填3.Dad,Ivepassedtheexam.____A.NevermindB.GoodluckC.WelldoneD.Allright4.Iforgettobringapen.Wouldyoulendme____A.oneB.thatC.itD.this5.Haveyou____joinedinadragonboatraceYes,Ihave.A.neverB.stillC.seldomD.ever6.Mybrotheristwometresinheight.Itsverydifficulttofindclothesbigenough____him.A.aboutB.atC.withD.for7.TomorrowtheresaprogrammeaboutourschoolonTV,thenit____bymillionsofpeople.A.willseeB.sawC.willbeseenD.wasseen8.____itsnowedheavilyyesterday,nobodyinourclassmissedthelesson.A.ThoughB.BecauseC.UnlessD.Since9.Trees____fightairpollution.Theyarenaturalairconditioners.A.shouldB.mustC.needD.can10.Imnotsureaboutthemeaningoftheword.Youdbetterlookitupina____.A.letterB.dictionaryC.postcardD.notice11.Where____you____lunchAthome.TherewasnoschoollunchA.didhaveB.arehavingC.willhaveD.dohave12.Excuseme,____isthepostofficeAbout500metresaway.A.howoftenB.howlongC.howfarD.howsoon13.____early,andyouwontbelateforschool.A.TurndownB.TurnupC.GetupD.Getdown14.DoyoulikeplayingtennisNo,____Ilikesports.IplayfootballeverySundayA.andB.butC.soD.or15.Whosecomputerdoesntwork____,Ithink.A.JohnhasB.JohndoesC.JohnD.Johns教育城http//www.12edu.cn论坛http//bbs.12edu.cn/本资料由教育城编辑整理初中QQ交流群http//www.12edu.cn/QQ/index.html更多免费资料http//ks.12edu.cn/DatumIndex.aspxB补全对话从方框AG中选出可以填入对话空白处1620的最佳选项。AHowareyouB16AItsagreatparty,17BYes,itis.DoyoulikethemusicA18Iplaythiskindofmusicwithmyband乐队.BYoureinabandAYeah,19BReallyWell,IworkontheInternetallmyfreetime.A20BYoureright,itscool.A.WhatdoyoumeanB.isntitC.Thatsoundsgood.D.Oh,no.WhatapityE.weplayinourfreetime.F.IIoveit.G.Fine,thanks.二、完形填空共15小题,每小题1分满分15分DoyouhavetheabilitytolivecheaplyNowheresatruestoryofanAmericangirl,Sarah.21Sarahleftuniversity,shebegantoliveinNewYorkCityonherown.She22ajobinapublishinghouse,butthesalary薪水was2330,000ayear.Herparentsthoughtherlifewouldbehard,butSarah24IiveonhersalaryandstilIsaved5,000inayear.Howwasthat25inoneofthemostexpensivecitiesintheworldCheapliving26startswithkeepingthebigcostsmall.Formostpeople,that27housing.SoSarahchosetoshareaflatwiththreeotherfriends.Hernextbiggestcostwas28.Whensheateout,shewenttocheaprestaurants.29sheboughta9.99wholechickenatalocalrestaurant.Shethen30thechickenbones骨头homeandmadesoupoutofthem.Nowadaysyoungpeopleoften31alotofmoneyonentertainment娱乐.ButSarahsaid,Ienjoywalking32inNewYorkCity.Ilovegoingtomuseumsandparks.DidSarahfeelpoor33cheaplivingNotreally.Sheevenmanagedtotaketwotrips,onetotheNetherlands,34toPortland.Dontthinkofsavingmoneyassomething35.Itsakindofgame,saidSarah.21.A.UntilB.BecauseC.AfterD.Unless22.A.foundB.triedC.askedforD.Iookedfor23.A.morethanB.lessthanCshorterthanD.higherthan24.A.canB.mayC.couldD.might25.A.difficultB.possibleC.usefulD.different26.A.alreadyB.sometimesC.hardlyD.always27.A.helpsB.becomesC.makesD.means28.A.foodB.restC.studyingD.playing29.A.SoonB.FinallyC.OnceD.Again30.A.preparedB.tookC.caughtD.picked31.A.payB.lendC.spendD.save32.A.alongB.upC.downD.around33.A.byB.upC.atD.between34.A.anotherB.theotherC.othersD.theothers35.A.hardB.interestingC.niceD.great教育城http//www.12edu.cn论坛http//bbs.12edu.cn/本资料由教育城编辑整理初中QQ交流群http//www.12edu.cn/QQ/index.html更多免费资料http//ks.12edu.cn/DatumIndex.aspx三、阅读理解共18小题,A节每小题1.5分,B节每小题1分满分25分A阅读并选择答案阅读下列短文,然后根据其内容从A、B、C、D中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。AJamesisagoodstudentandhehaslotsoffriends,buthealsohasaproblem.Someolderboysarebullying欺负himatschool.Jamesisveryunhappyandhedoesntknowwhattodoaboutit.Herearesomesuggestionstohimandotherteenagersinthissituation.Dontfeelworried.Itsnotyourfault过错Beingbulliedcanmakeyoufeelverylonelyandangry,butyouarenotalone.Dontfeelthatyouhavetohidetheproblem.Youshouldfindapersonyoucantrust,andtellthem.Itmightbeyourteacher,yourparents,orevenyourfriendsparents.Afteryoutellsomeone,youwillgetsomesupportandfeelsomerelief解脱.Speakingtoanadultmightmakeyounervous,buthereareotherthingsyoucando.Somepeopleexpresstheirfeelingsmoreeasilyonpaper.Writealettertosomeoneorkeepadiary.Includeallthedetails细节aboutwhatthebulliesdo,aswellaswhenandwherethebullyinghappens.Youcanuseitasprooftoshowwhatisgoingon.Anditisawonderfulideatoshowyourletterordiarytoateacheroranotherresponsibleadult.ThenthebullieswillfeelveryafraidiftheirnamesappearinaletterAlso,dontshowyouaresadanddonttryandfightwiththebullies.Youcouldgetintroubleyourself.Ignorethemandjustwalkaway.Thebullieswillsoonstop.36.WhatdoyouthinkthetextistryingtotellusA.Whattodoaboutbeingbullied.B.Howtobeagoodstudentatschool.C.Whattowritewellinadiary.D.Howtogivesuggestionstoteenagers.37.WhydoesthetextadviseyounottofeelworriedifbulliedA.Becauseyouarenotalone.B.Becauseitisnotyourfault.C.Becausesomeonehasknownaboutit.D.Becauseyouredoingsomethingwrong.38.Youdbettergoandfindapersonyoucantrustand____.A.knowwhathappensB.learnfromthemC.askforhelpD.makethemlonely39.Ifyourememberandfollowthesuggestionsabove,____.A.nobodywillspeaktothebulliesB.everybodywillfeelsomereliefC.someonewillexpresstheirfeelingsD.thebullieswillsoonstop40.WhatdoestheunderlinedwordignoremeaninthetextA.takenonoticeofB.takecareofC.makefulluseofD.getmorehelpfrom教育城http//www.12edu.cn论坛http//bbs.12edu.cn/本资料由教育城编辑整理初中QQ交流群http//www.12edu.cn/QQ/index.html更多免费资料http//ks.12edu.cn/DatumIndex.aspxBBritainTodayFoodBritishpeoplelikegoodfood,andmorethanhalfofthemgotoarestauranteverymonth.Fastfoodisalsoverypopular30ofalladultshaveahamburgereverythreemonths,but46havefishandchipsSportsBritishpeopledontdoalotofsports.Only17ofpeoplegoswimmingeveryweek,about9gocyclingand8playgolfandonly6ofpeopleplayfootballbut32gotowatchit.CinemaandTVFilmsareverypopularinBritain,andabout60ofpeoplebetween15and24gotothecinemaeverymonth.Athome,menwatchTVforaboutthreehourseverydaytwoquartersmorethanwomen.HolidaysBritishpeoplelovegoingonholiday,andhave56millionholidayseveryyear.MostoftheseholidaysarentintheUK27areinSpain,10areintheUSA,and9areinFrance.MaybethisisbecausetheweatherinBritainisntverygood41.WhichfoodcouldbemorepopularamongBritishadults,ahamburgerorfishandchipsA.Ahamburger.B.Fishandchips.C.Both.D.Neither.42.Whichofthefollowingscanshowtherightpercentage百分比aboutSportsinBritain43.Thosewhoareinterestedinmoviesare____.A.menB.womenC.oldpeopleD.youngpeople44.HowlongdoBritishwomenspendwatchingTVeverydayA.Threehours.B.ThreehoursandahalfC.TwohoursD.Twohoursandahalf45.Britishpeoplesfavoritecountryforaholidayis____.A.SpainB.FranceC.AmericaD.Australia教育城http//www.12edu.cn论坛http//bbs.12edu.cn/本资料由教育城编辑整理初中QQ交流群http//www.12edu.cn/QQ/index.html更多免费资料http//ks.12edu.cn/DatumIndex.aspxCAtnineoclockintheeveningon15September,1961,MrandMrsHillweredrivingalongMotorway33号高速公路whentheysawaspaceship.TheydroveontoSandfield,thenexttown.Theygottherethenextmorning.MrHilllookedathiswatch.Whydidittakeussolongheasked.ThreehundredandfourkilometresinsevenhoursMrsHillwentwhiteintheface.Somethingisstrange,shesaid.ButIcantrememberanything.Later,withthehelpof,adoctor,theyrememberedeverything.Aftertheysawthespaceship,theygotoutoftheircarandthentheylostseveralhours.Theyrememberedtheyheardableep,bleepnoisefromthespaceship.Whentheytriedtorunbacktotheircar,therewerethreealiens外星人betweenthemandtheircar.Thealienstookthemtotheirspaceship.TheyaskedthemquestionsaboutthefoodanddrinkonEarth.TheywereveryinterestedinMrHillsteethbecausehisteethcouldcomeoutFinally,thealienstookthembacktotheircarandthespaceshipflewaway.46.WhattimedoyouthinktheHillsarrivedatSandfieldA.At4a.m.on15September.B.At4a.m.on16September.C.At6a.m.on15September.D.At6a.m.on16September.47.WhatmadeMrsHillfeelstrangeatfirstA.Shortwaybutlongtime.B.Shorttimebutlongway.C.Poormemoryduringthedrive.D.CarefuldrivingonMotorway3.48.TherightordertoshowwhathappenedtotheHillsisa.theygotoutofthecarb.theysawaspaceshipc.theywereaskedsomequestionsd.theymetthreealiensA.badcB.abcdC.dabcD.cdba49.WhichofthefollowingpicturescanbestexplainwhythealienswereinterestedinMrHillsteeth教育城http//www.12edu.cn论坛http//bbs.12edu.cn/本资料由教育城编辑整理初中QQ交流群http//www.12edu.cn/QQ/index.html更多免费资料http//ks.12edu.cn/DatumIndex.aspxB阅读并排序下面的短文由六个段落组成,开头和结尾已给出,其余的四个段落均是随机排列的。请根据段落之间的逻辑关系,用字母A、B、C、D重新排列这四个段落的顺序,使短文通顺。SamuelClemenswasbornin1835,Missouri.Whenhewasfour,hisfamilymovedtothetownofHannibal,aportontheMississippiRiver,andClemenslovedtowatchthebigsteamboatsgoingupanddowntheriver.Hesaidthatalltheboysinhisschoolhadoneambitioninlifetoworkonasteamboat.50.In1857,heachievedhisambitionandgotajobworkingonasteamboat.HesailedupanddownthewideMississippiRiveruntiltheAmericanCivilWarbegan.51.Hisfatherdiedwhenhewasjust12yearsoldandClemensthenwenttoworkforaprintertohelpsupporthisfamily.Hetraveledaround,andworkedinmanydifferentcities.52.In1865,Clemenswroteastoryaboutajumpingfrogwithhispenname.Thestoryandthewriterbecamefamous.Afterthat,hewrotemanybooks,includingTheAdventuresofTomSawyer.Itwaspublishedin1876.Healsogavemanylectures,andbecameaveryfamousandpopularman.53.ClemensmovedaroundtheUSAonthesteamboat,andtriedseveraljobs.Hewasasoldier,andasilverminer.Andthenhestartedworkingasawriterforanewspaper.Atthistime,hedecidedtouseapennameforhisstories,andhechosethenameMarkTwain.SamuelClemensdiedin1910.HeisconsideredtobeoneofthegreatestwritersinAmericanhistory四、回答问题(共15小题,每小题2分满分30分)阅读短文,然后根据内容回答所提问题。A教育城http//www.12edu.cn论坛http//bbs.12edu.cn/本资料由教育城编辑整理初中QQ交流群http//www.12edu.cn/QQ/index.html更多免费资料http//ks.12edu.cn/DatumIndex.aspx54.Howmuchdoesitcostchildrenunder4totravelHawaii55.Whatkindofhotelwillbeprovided56.WhenisCountyAnimalHospitalopen57.WhereisCountyAnimalHospital58.DoyouneedanypaytovisitCountyAnimalHospitalBApoorfarmerhadafriendwhowasfamousforthewonderfulappletreehegrew.Oneday,hisfriendgavethefarmerayoungappletreeandtoldhimtoplantit.Thefarmerwaspleasedwiththegift,buthedidnotknowwheretoplantit.Hewasafraidthatifheplantedthetreeneartheroad,strangerswouldstealthefruit.Ifheplantedthetreeinoneofhisfields,hisneighborswouldcomeatnightandstealsomeoftheapples.Ifheplantedthetreenearhishouse,hischildrenwouldtakethefruit.Finallyheplantedthetreeinhiswood.Butwithoutsunlightandgoodsoil土壤,thetreesoondied,Laterthefriendaskedthefarmerwhyhehadplantedthetreeinsuchapoorplace.Whatsthedifferencethefarmersaidangrilyandthentoldwhathehadthought.Yes,saidthefriend,butatleastsomeonecouldhaveenjoyedthefruit.Nowyounotonlyhaverobbedeveryoneofthefruit,butalsoyouhavedestroyed毁掉agoodappletree59.Whatgiftdidthefarmergetfromhisfriendoneday60.Howmanypeoplearethereinthestory61.Wheredidthefarmerplanttheappletreeatlast62.Whydidtheappletreesoondie63.WhodestroyedtheappletreeCIslandUniversityhasacompetitionformiddleschoolstudents.Readaboutthecompetitionontheirwebsite.教育城http//www.12edu.cn论坛http//bbs.12edu.cn/本资料由教育城编辑整理初中QQ交流群http//www.12edu.cn/QQ/index.html更多免费资料http//ks.12edu.cn/DatumIndex.aspxSchoolCompetitionStudentsHereisyourchancetohelpthephysicallydisabled残疾人.Thinkoutarobotoramachinetohelpthemlivebetter.Therellbethreeprizes.Thewinningschoolswilleachget15,000.ReadtheinformationbelowWhatdoyouhavetodoTrytoknowproblemsfacedbythephysicallydisabledinHongKong.Writea200wordarticleonthediffictiesthesepeoplehavetosuffereachday.Trytoknowmoderninventionsthathelpthephysicallydisabled.Thenthinkoutarobotoramachinethatwillimprovethelivesofthephysicallydisabled.Drawyourinvention.Youcanmakeasmanydrawingsasyouliketoshowyourinvention.Youcanevenmakeasmallmodelofyourinvention.Writeashortdescriptionofyourinvention.WhocanjoinAllmiddleschoolstudentsinHangKong.So,comeonJointhecompetition,andgetthechance64.Wherecanyoufindtheinformation65.Whyistheschoolcompetitionheld66.Whatprizewilleachwinningschoolget67.Howmanywordsshouldbewrittenonthedifficultiesthedisabledhavetosuffereachday68.Whocanjointhecompetition五、短文填空(共15小题,每小题1分满分15分)bytogetherhouseworkinvitedishoweveranyonethatAstheWorldCupisgoingon,SouthAfricasfootballgrandmothersarealsoworkinghard.Theteam69madeupof35women,agedfrom50to84.Itwasdeveloped70ahousewifefiveyearsagotohelpoldwomenkeepfit.Theprojecthasbeensosuccessful71theywilltakepartintheVeteransCupcompetition元老杯足球联赛intheUSA.Weare72toplayintheVeteransCup,wheremanygrandmothersfromallovertheworldcome73andplayfootball,saidtheteamleader.Whateverhappens,74,thegrandmothershavenoregrets.Mostofthemoftenplayfootballintheiraprons围裙after75.Isufferedbackpainandsoreknees腰酸腿痛beforejoiningtheteamthreeyearsago.NowIamfresh.Idontfeel76paininmybody,andIcanrun.AthomeIdoallthehouseworkbymyselfsaid77ofthegrandmothers.B阅读短文,然后从短文括号中所给词的适当形式填空。Climbingthehighestmountainsintheworldisnotan78easilyjob.Youhavetofightbadweather,illnessandfear.ButJordanRomero,athirteenyearoldboyfromAmerica,willclimb79Asiahighestmountain,MountQomolangma.Hewillsetoutthismonth.80Heparentsandhelperswillclimbwithhim.Heplanstotake81secondmonthsforhisclimb.Imready.ButifIdontreachthetop82successful,Illtrynexttime,hesaid.教育城http//www.12edu.cn论坛http//bbs.12edu.cn/本资料由教育城编辑整理初中QQ交流群http//www.12edu.cn/QQ/index.html更多免费资料http//ks.12edu.cn/DatumIndex.aspxJordanhasalreadyclimbedthehighestmountainsofsixothercontinents洲.Ifhe83gettothetopthistime,hewillbecometheyoungestpersontoclimbtheworldshighestmountain.六、综合阅读共10小题,每小题2分满分20分AIsthereachocolatepoweredracingcarintheworldHeyYouhavereadtooA________childrensbooksButwaitNow,thereisreallysucharacingcarintheworld.AteamfromaBritishuniversitymadeit.Thechocolatepoweredracingcarsengine发动机useswastefromchocolatefactoriesorvegetableoilasfuel燃料.ItsbodyB用土豆制成,itssteeringwheelismadefromcarrots,itsseatismadeofsoybeans,C________itsbrakepads刹车片aremadefromnutsWell,canthiscarrunveryfastDCertainlyItcangofromzeroto60milesperhourin2.5seconds,andgoasfastas135milesperhour.Whentheracingcarisrunning,itcleansitselfandletsoutoxygen.IttookusmorethanninemonthstoEcompletetheracingcar,saidateammember.Thecarisreallygreen.Youcanfindmanyofthecarspartsatafarmersmarketoreveninalitterbinbecausemostofthematerials材料arewasteinmostpeopleseyes.Itsfun.However,Fthisecofriendly环保的carcannotbedrivenintheofficial正式的racebecauseoftheenginesunusualfue.84.在文中A和C的空白处分别填入适当的词________________85.将文中划线部分B译成英语________86.写出文中划线部分D和E的同义词语或近义词语________________87.将文中划线部分F改写为theenginesunusualfuelmakesit________to________thisecofriendlycarintheofficiaIrace88.从文中找出能说明本文中心大意的短语________BDoyoucarrytoomuchonthewaytoschoolorhomeDontworry.Tryereaders电子阅读器andsaygoodbyetoyourheavyschoolbag.Anereaderhasthememoryspacetoholdhundredsofbooks.SopeoplewanttoA扔掉沉书包andreadwithsmall,lightereaders.Forexample,CushingAcademy,ahighschoolinMassachusetts,USA,replaced替换mostofthe20,000booksinBitslibrarylastsummer.Teachersandstudentswilluseereadersinstead.Mostereadersarethinandweighlessthan500g.Theycandownload下载anebookin60seconds.ItsCsoeasy.YoucanhavealotofbooksrightatyourfingerssaidMeghanChensusky.16.Chineseschoolchildrenarealsotryingereaders.AttheShanghaiWorldExpo世博会,aneschoolbagisnowonshow.Itisaspecialereader.Studentscanuseittodownloadtextbooksfromtheschoolservers服务器.DItcanalsosendandreceivehomework.SomeSchoolsinBeijingandShanghaihavetriedthiseschoolbagforafewyears.Itsexcellent.IEdonthavetocarryaheawschoolbaganymore,saidXiaoQi,15,Beijing.Newereadersarenotjustforreading.TheyhaveWiFiandmultimedia无线电视和多媒体.Parentsworrythatthesemayhurttheirchildrensstudyhabits.IthinkWiFiisnotnecessaryforkids,saidZengWenwen,43,Beijing.89.将文中划线部分A译成英语________________

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