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2011年贵州安顺中考英语试题下载[word解析版].doc

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2011年贵州安顺中考英语试题下载[word解析版].doc

嘉兴英语教学网WWWJXENGLISHCOM收集整理欢迎使用第1页共11页2011年安顺市初中毕业生学业(升学)考试英语科试卷特别提示1、本卷为英语科试题单,共8个题,满分150分,共中第I卷5个题占分85分,第II卷3个题占分65分,共8页。考试时间120分钟。2、考试采用闭卷形式,用笔在特制答题卡上答题,不能在本题单上作答。3、答题时请仔细阅读答题卡上的注意事项,并根据本题单各题的编号在答题卡上找到答题的对应位置,用规定的笔进行填涂和书写。第I卷(共85分)I、语音(共10分,每小题1分)A找出已所给单词画线部分读音相同的词。1MACHINEAABLEBSTRANGERCAFRAIDDMAGAZINE答案C2HONESTAHIGHBHORSECHARMDHOUR答案D3SMARTAWARNBGUITARCQUARTERDTOWARDS答案B4JEANSADREAMBGREATCREADYDBREAK答案A5SUGGESTIONADONATIONBEXHIBITIONCQUESTIONDSOLUTION答案CB根据已给出的单词拼音,选择正确拼读。6RAISARISEBROSECRAISEDRICE答案D7ΘRƏUATHROWBTHOUGHCTHROUGHDTHOUGHT答案A8WƆTAWATERBWHATCWANTDWAIT答案B9LEITƏALATEBLETCLETTERDLATER答案D10PƏLISAPLACEBPALACECPOLICEDPLEASE答案CII、单项选择(共20分,每小题1分)11CANYOUIMAGINEWHATLIFEWILLBELIKEIN______TIMEA50YEARS’B50YEAR’SC50YEARS’D50YEARS答案A【解析】本题考查名词所有格做定语的用法,当名词为复数作定语时,直接在后面加’即可。12_____KINDGIRLNANCYISYES,SHEISALWAYSREADYTOHELPOTHERSAWHATBWHATACHOWDHOWA答案B【解析】考查感叹句的用法。WHATA/AN形容词名词主语谓语而HOW引导的嘉兴英语教学网WWWJXENGLISHCOM收集整理欢迎使用第2页共11页感叹句结构是HOW形容词/副词主语谓语根据句意应该选择B。13PETER,WHATHAVEDONEWITHTHEPOORDOGHEISWETTHROUGHNOT______,MUMINEVERDOTHESAMETHINGASECONDTIMEAIBMECHIMDHE答案B【解析】考查代词的用法。根据题意“彼得,你是怎样处理那只狗的它浑身都湿透了”“不是____,妈妈相同的事情我从来不做第二次。”应该是“我”,在句子中作表语,应是宾格形式。14______IS“CHINANEWS”SHOWNONCCTV4EVERYDAYAHOWOFTENBHOWMANYTIMESCHOWLONGDHOWSOON答案A【解析】词组辨析。HOWOFTEN意为“多久一次”;HOWMANYTIMES意为“多少次”;HOWLONG意为“多长时间”;HOWSOON意为“多久以后”;根据题意,“中国新闻在中央4多久播放一次”每天。考查的是频率性的。15_______ABOUTTHESPORTSMEETINGMAKEUSEXCITEDANEWSBINFORMATIONCMESSAGESDADVICE答案C【解析】名词的考查。根据句意,谓语动词MAKE是原形,可知主语应该是复数形式,而NEWS,INFORMATION,ADVICE都是不可数名词,故C是正确的。16LET’SGETTHEKEY______THEQUESTIONOKLET’SSTARTAFORBWITHCONDTO答案D【解析】固定搭配的考查。根据句意“问题的答案”应该是THEKEYTOTHEQUESTION17WOW,YOURNEWBICYCLELOOKSTHESAMEAS______REALLYAMEBICMYDMINE答案D【解析】考查名词性物主代词。根据句意“你的新自行车看起来跟我的一样”。应该是同类事物进行比较,YOURBIKE和MYBIKE是一样的,句子的末尾没有名词,故应该是名词性物主代词。18MRSMITHALWAYSHAS_____TOTELLUSSOHEDOESASOMEGOODPIECESOFNEWSBSOMEPIECESOFGOODNEWSCSOMEGOODPIECEOFNEWSDSOMEPIECEOFGOODNEWS答案A【解析】不可数名词的考查。NEWS是不可数名词,当要表示几条消息时,应用量词PIECE,并且根据句意要在PIECE的后面加S。19WHYDOYOULIKESTAYINGINGUIYANGBECAUSETHEWEATHERTHEREIS_____TOOHOT_____TOOCOLDAEITHER;ORBNEITHER;NORCBOTH,ANDDNOTONLY;BUTALSO答案B【解析】连词的考查。根据句意“你为什么喜欢呆在贵阳,因为那里的天气既不太热也不太冷”,EITHEROR意为“或者或者”,是选择性的;BOTHAND意为“和”;NOTONLYBUTALSO意为”不但而且”递进关系,不符合。20THENEWKINDOFCARIS_____DEAR,IDON’THAVE_____MONEYATOOMUCH;MUCHTOOBMUCHTOO;TOOMUCH嘉兴英语教学网WWWJXENGLISHCOM收集整理欢迎使用第3页共11页CTOOMUCH;TOOMUCHDMUCHTOO;MUCHTOO答案B【解析】词义辨析。TOOMUCH后面接不可数名词;MUCHTOO接形容词;根据句意,DEAR意为“昂贵的”是形容词,MONEY是不可数名词。21DAVID,HOWOLDISYOURFATHERTHISYEAR______ANDWEJUSTHADASPECIALPARTYFORHIS_____BIRTHDAYLASTWEEKENDAFORTIETH;FORTYBFORTY;FORTYCFORTY;FORTIETHDFORTIETH;FORTIETH答案C【解析】数词的考查。年龄的表达应该是基数词,但当表示某人多大生日的时候应该是序数词,故C是正确的。22PUTYOURHANDSBEHINDYOURBACKDON’TSPEAKWE’LL_____INTENMINUTESABACKBBEBACKCAREBACKDAREBACKTOYOU答案B【解析】时态的考查。WILL是一般将来时态的标志,它的后面应该接动词原形,故B是正确的。23WHATDIDTHETEACHERSAYJUSTNOWSORRYIDIDN’TCATCHITI____SOMETHINGELSEATHINKBWILLTHINKCWASTHINKINGDHADTHOUGHT答案C【解析】时态的考查。根据句意“刚才老师说什么了对不起,我不知道。我在想别的事情”。说明当时“我”正在做其他的事情,应该是过去进行时态。24TODAYISTHE_____DAYINMYLIFE,BECAUSEIWONTHEFIRSTPRIZEINTHECOMPETITIONCONGRATULATIONAHAPPYBHAPPIESTCHAPPIERDMUCHHAPPIER答案B【解析】形容词最高级的考查。THE的后面接形容词的最高级。25LOOKATTHESIGNONTHERIGHTOH,PARKING______HEREADOESN’TALLOWBISN’TALLOWEDCDIDN’TALLOWEDDWASN’TALLOWED答案B【解析】语态的考查。根据句意“在这儿停车是不允许的”,PARK是ALLOW的宾语,当主语和谓语动词的动宾关系时,应该是被动语态。26DINNERISREADYHELPYOURSELFWOWIT______DELICIOUSCOULDYOUPLEASETELLMEHOWTOCOOKITATASTESBLOOKSCSOUNDSDFEELS答案A【解析】词义辨析。根据句意“你能告诉我怎样做的吗”说明它应该闻起来非常美味。27ARELIYANANDWANGMEISTILLLIVINGINPINGBANO,THEY____TOSHANGHAIAHADMOVEDBMOVEDCWILLMOVEDHAVEMOVED答案D【解析】时态的考查。根据句意“李岩和王玫还住在平坝吗不,他们已经搬到上海了”,强调对现在造成的影响,故应该是现在完成时态。28WHOBROKETHEWINDOW______ASTRONGWINDBROKEITLASTNIGHTASOMEBODYBANYBODYCNOBODYDEVERYBODY嘉兴英语教学网WWWJXENGLISHCOM收集整理欢迎使用第4页共11页答案C【解析】不定代词的考查。“是谁打破的玻璃没有人。昨天晚上是风打破的。”SOMEBODY,ANYBODY意为“有人”;EVERYBODY意为“每个人,大家”,均不符合题意。29LOOKATTHENOISYKIDSHAVEN’TYOUHEARDTHESAYING“WHENTHECATISAWAY,THEMICE______”APLAYBPLAYEDCAREPLAYINGDWILLPLAY答案D【解析】从句的考查。由WHEN引导的时间状语从句用一般现在时态,主句用一般将来时。30ICAN’TSTOPSMOKING,DOCTORFORYOURHEALTH,I’MAFRAIDYOU______AMAYBCANCHAVETODNEED答案C【解析】交际用语的考查。根据句意“医生,我不能戒烟。为了你的健康,恐怕你不得不。”MAY意为“可以”;CAN意为“能够”;NEED意为“需要”均不符合句意。III、完型填空(共15分,每小题1分)RUDIMATTLIVEDINASMALLVILLAGEINTHESWISSALPSIN1865WHATHEWANTEDMOSTINTHEWORLDWASTOCLIMB31HIGHESTPEAK山峰INTHEALPS32MOTHERANDHISUNCLE,FRANZ,AMOUNTAINGUIDE,WANTEDHIMTOSTOP33ANDSTARTWORKINGINAHOTELRUDIWOULDNOT34HISDREAMANDSECRETLYGOTINTOUCHWITHANENGLISHMOUNTAINCLIMBER35WASPLANNINGTOCLIMBTHEHIGHESTPEAKFRANZWASVERYANGRYWHENHEFOUNDOUT36RUDIHADDONE,BUTHEFINALLYAGREEDTOLETRUDIGOIFHEWENTCLIMBING,TOOFRANZALSODIDN’TWANTTOSEEEMILSAXO,AGUIDEFROMANOTHERVILLAGE,GOTTOTHETOP37HIMRUDITURNEDOUTTOBEAVERYGOODCLIMBER,38ASTHEYGOTCLOSETOTHETOP,THEENGLISHMANGOTSICKANDCOULDN’TGOONFARTHERFRANZ39BEHINDTOTAKECAREOFHIM,BUTSAXOCONTINUED,WISHINGTOBETHE40TOTHETOPRUDIWENTAFTERSAXO,HOPINGTO41HIMTOTHETOPWHENTHEYMET,SAXOFOUGHTWITHRUDIANDFELLDOWNBYACCIDENTSAXOWAS42ANDHURTRUDIMUSTDECIDEWHETHERTOCARRYSAXOBACKDOWNTOSAFETYORTOCONTINUEALONETOTHETOPHETHOUGHTSAXO’SLIFEWASMORE43THANHISDREAMANDHELPEDHIMDOWNDURINGTHATTIME,THEENGLISHMANANDFRANZCONTINUEDTHECLIMB,ANDFINALLY44REACHEDTHETOPLATER,THEVILLAGERS45KNEWRUDIWASTHEREALCONQUEROR征服者OFTHEMOUNTAIN31ATHEBACAND/32ARUDIBTHERUDI’SCRUDIS’DRUDI’S33ACLIMBINGBCLIMBCTOCLIMBDCLIMBED34ATRYOUTBGIVEUPCGOOVERDWORKOUT35AWHATBWHICHCWHOMDWHO36AWHICHBWHATCTHATDWHERE37AAFTERBBEHINDCBEFOREDOVER38ABUTBSOCORDFOR39AWALKEDBRESTEDCSTAYEDDWATCHED40AFIRSTBSECONDCTHIRDDLAST41ATAKEBBEATCPUSHDHELP42AHELPFULBHELPINGCHELPSDHELPLESS43APOPULARBSUCCESSFULCIMPORTANTDINTERESTING嘉兴英语教学网WWWJXENGLISHCOM收集整理欢迎使用第5页共11页44AHEBTHEYCTHEMDHIM45ABOTHBNONECEITHERDALL主旨大意鲁迪最大的梦想就是登上最高峰,为此他付出了很多努力,可是就在快要到达山顶的时候,他为了救他人,而放弃了梦想,但大家都知道鲁迪才是山峰真正的征服者。31答案A【解析】形容词的最高级前面应用定冠词THE32答案D【解析】名词所有格的考查。根据下文中HISUNCLE可知,前面应该是鲁迪的妈妈。33答案A【解析】STOPTODOSTH意为“停下来去做另外一件事”,STOPDOINGSTH意为“停止正在做的某事”,根据句意他的妈妈和叔叔想让他停止爬山,去一家旅馆工作。34答案B【解析】词组辨析。TRYOUT意为“尝试”;GIVEUP意为“放弃”;GOOVER意为“复习”;WORKOUT意为“做出,算出”,根据下面的句子SECRETLY秘密地可知他并没有放弃自己的梦想。35答案B【解析】关系带代词的考查。先行词是人,关系代词可以是WHO或THAT。36答案B【解析】WHAT主语谓语动词意为“所”根据句意FRANZ对于鲁迪所作感到非常生气。37答案C【解析】根据下文可知,他不想让EMIL在他之前到达山顶。38答案A【解析】连词的考查。但是当他们要到达山顶洞时候,英国人生病了,是转折关系,SO表示因果关系,OR意为“否则”;FOR后面接原因。39答案C【解析】句意为“英国人病了,FRANZ呆在后面照顾他。”40答案A【解析】句意为“他想成为第一个到达山顶的人”。41答案B【解析】根据全文可知,鲁迪的梦想就是登上山顶,所以他希望打败他。42答案D【解析】根据下文HURT可知他非常的HELPLESS意为“无助的”。43答案C【解析】鲁迪带SAXO到安全地带,因为他知道“生命比他的梦想更重要”。44答案B【解析】代词的考查。到达山顶的人是FRANZ和ENGLISHMAN,故英国是THEY45答案D【解析】BOTH用在两者之间,NONE意为“一个也没有”,EITHER意为“或者”,ALL意为“都”,根据句意“村民们都知道鲁迪才是大山真正的征服者”IV、阅读理解(共30分,每小题2分)ATRAVELINGBYTRAINISUSUALLYNOTEASYINCHINAITCANBEHARDTOGETATICKETWHENYOU’RETRAVELINGTOTHERAILWAYSTATIONYOULOOKATYOURWATCH,AFRAIDYOUWILLMISSYOURTRAINBUTTHEREISGOODNEWSFORPEOPLETRAVELINGBETWEENBEIJINGANDSHANGHAICONSTRUCTION建设ONTHEEXPRESSRAILWAY高速铁路BETWEENTHETWOCITIESSTARTEDJUSTBEFORETHESPRINGFESTIVALOF2008WHENITISFINISHEDBY2013,TAKINGATRAINWILLBEASEASYASTAKINGABUS“THEREWILLBETRAINSEVERYSEVERALMINUTESBUYINGATICKET,GETTINGTHROUGHTHECHECKPOINT检查站ANDTAKINGYOURSEAT,WILLTAKEJUST10MINUTES,”SAIDANENGINEERTHEREMAYBEHIGHSPEEDTRAINSRUNNINGAT350KILOMETERSANHOURTHETRAVELTIMEBETWEENTHETWOCITIESWILLDECEASEFROM10TOABOUT5HOURSTHETRAINSWILLCARRYTWICETHEPRESENTNUMBEROFPASSENGERSTHENEWLINEWILLBE1,318KILOMETERSLONGANDGOACROSSSPECIALLYBUILTBRIDGESITWILLRUNALONGSIDETHEPRESENTLINETHEREWILLBE21STATIONSINHEBEI,TIANJIN,SHANDONG,ANHUIANDJIANGSU“THECOSTOFTRAVELINGBYTHEEXPRESSRAILWAYMAYBEAROUND800YUANTHATWILLBEMOREEXPENSIVETHANANORDINARYTRAIN,BUTCHEAPERTHANBYAIR”SAIDZHANGXIAOLING,AJIANGSUGOVERNMENTOFFICIAL嘉兴英语教学网WWWJXENGLISHCOM收集整理欢迎使用第6页共11页ACCORDINGTOZHANG,THEHIGHERPRICEISCAUSEDBYTHELARGECOSTOFTHERAILWAYPROJECTATABOUT200BILLIONYUAN,THEPROJECTMAYBEEVENMOREEXPENSIVETHANTHETHREEGORGESPROJECT三峡工程46THEEXPRESSRAILWAYBETWEENBEIJINGANDSHANGHAIWILLBEFINISHED_______AATTHEENDOFTHISYEARBBEFORETHESPRINGFESTIVALOF2008CAFTER2013DINABOUT5YEARS47BEFORETAKINGYOURSEAT,YOUSHOULD_____WITHYOURTICKETABUYATICKETBGETTHROUGHTHECHECKPOINTCPACKYOURTHINGSDMAKESOMEFRIENDS48THEWORD“DECREASE”INTHEPASSAGEPOSSIBLYMEANS______INCHINESEA延长B缩短D提速D限速49WHICHOFTHEFOLLOWINGSTATEMENTSISTRUEACCORDINGTOTHEPASSAGEATRAVELINGBYTRAINISUSUALLYDIFFICULTINCHINABECAUSETICKETSARETOOEXPENSIVEBTHEHIGHSPEEDTRAINSWILLHAVE21STATIONSINHEBEI,TIANJIN,SHANDONG,HUNANANDJIANGSUCTICKETSFORTHEHIGHSPEEDTRAINSWILLBECHEAPERTHANTHOSEFORPLANESDTHECOSTOFTHEEXPRESSRAILWAYPROJECTISASHIGHASTHATOFTHETHREEGORGESPROJECT50WHATCANBETHEBESTTITLEOFTHEPASSAGEAANENORMOUSPROJECTBTRAINTICKETSWILLGETMOREEXPENSIVECSPECIALLYBUILTBRIDGESDBEIJINGSHANGHAIEXPRESSRAILWAYA主旨大意在中国乘火车买票难是事实,但这一现象很快就会得到解决,北京和上海建立的高速铁路到2013年竣工,所用时间和速度都会得到很到很大提升。46答案D【解析】细节理解题。根据“STARTEDBEFORETHESPRINGFESTIVALOF2008,ITISFINISHEDBY2013”可知该工程历时5年。47答案B【解析】细节理解题。根据“BUYINGATICKET,GETTINGTHROUGHTHECHECKPOINTANDTAKINGYOURSEAT”可知,需要检票。48答案B【解析】词义理解题。火车的速度加快,那么所需要的时间将会缩短,故DECREASE意为“缩短”。49答案C【解析】细节理解题。根据“THATWILLBEMOREEXPENSIVETHANANORDINARYTRAIN,BUTCHEAPERTHANBYAIR”可知,乘火车比乘飞机要便宜。50答案D【解析】主旨理解题。从文章的主题来看,出现次数最多的就是EXPRESSRAILWAY,故D是正确的。BPEOPLEKNOWTHEDANGEROFFIRESIT’SGOODFORAFAMILYTOLEARNHOWTOPREPAREFORAFIREHEREARESOMESUGGESTIONSPUTASMOKEALARMINTHEHOUSESMOKEFROMAFIRECAUSESTHEALARMTOGOOFFTHEALARMMAKESALOUDSOUNDTHESOUNDTELLSEVERYONETOLEAVETHEHOUSEATONCEMAKEESCAPE逃脱PLANSTHEYSHOULDKNOWALLTHEWAYSOUTOFTHEHOUSEIFTHEREISAFIRE,EVERYONEFOLLOWSTHEPLANTOGETOUTPARTOFTHEPLANISTOCHECKALLTHEWINDOWSTOMAKESURETHEYCANBEOPENEDEASILYBUYFIREEXTINGUISHERS灭火器INTHEHOUSEEVERYONEINTHEFAMILYSHOULDKNOWHOWTOUSETHEMPRACTICEFORAFIRETHEYDOFIREPRACTICEBECAUSETHEYTEACHCHILDRENABOUTFIRESAFETYEVERYONEINTHEFAMILYSHOULDKNOWTHEFOLLOWINGFIRERULES嘉兴英语教学网WWWJXENGLISHCOM收集整理欢迎使用第7页共11页*DON’TOPENAHOTDOORTHEFIRECANGROWMOREQUICKLYIFYOUOPENTHEDOOR*STAYCLOSETOTHEFLOORSMOKECANBEMOREDANGEROUSTHANFIRE;THEBESTAIRISNEARTHEFLOORBECAUSESMOKERISES*WHATWILLYOUDOIFYOUHAIRORCLOTHESSTARTTOBURNFIRST,STOPDON’TRUNTHEFIREBURNSFASTERBECAUSEOFMOREAIRDROPFALLTOTHEFLOORTHEYROLLTURNINGOVERANDOVERWILLMAKETHEFIREGOOUTPUTABLANKET毯子AROUNDYOUTOKEEPAIRAWAYFROMTHEFIRETHATMAYSTILLBEONYOUTHEREAREMANYPOSSIBLECAUSESFORFIRSAWISEFAMILYISREADYALLTHETIMEIFTHEREISAFIRE,DON’TFORGETTOCALL119FORHELP51WHATDOESITMEANWHENASMOKEALARMRINGSATHOMEAYOUHAVETOGETUPBWATERISRUNNINGTOTHEFLOORCSOMETHINGISBU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