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89年-97年历年大学英语四级阅读理解真题.doc.doc

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89年-97年历年大学英语四级阅读理解真题.doc.doc

1989年1月大学英语四级CET4真题PassageOneQuestions21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.7月04Morethan30,000driversandfrontseatpassengersarekilledorseriouslyinjuredeachyear.Atthespeedofonly30milesperhouritisthesameasfallingfromathirdfloorwindows.Wearingaseatbeltsaveslivesitreducesyourchanceofdeathorseriousinjurybymorethanhalf.Thereforedriversorfrontseatpassengersover14inmostvehiclesmustwearaseatbelt.Ifyoudonot,youcouldbefinedupto£50.itwillnotbeuptothedriverstomakesureyouwearyourbelt.Butitwillbethedriversresponsibilitytomakesurethatchildrenunder14donotrideinthefrontunlesstheyarewearingaseatbeltofsomekind.However,youdonothavetowearaseatbeltifyoureversingyourvehicleoryouaremakingalocaldeliveryorcollectionusingaspecialvehicleorifyouhaveavalidmedicalcertificatewhichexcusesyoufromwearingit.Makesurethesecircumstancesapplytoyoubeforeyoudecidenottowearyouseatbelt.Rememberyoumaybetakentocourtfornotdoingso,andyoumaybefinedifyoucannotprovetothecourtthatyouhavebeenexcusedfromwearingit.21.Thistextistakenfrom________.AamedicalmagazineBapolicereportCalegaldocumentDagovernmentinformationbooklet22.Wearingaseatbeltinavehicle________.AreducesroadaccidentsbymorethanhalfBsavesliveswhiledrivingataspeedupto30milesperhourCreducesthedeathrateintrafficaccidentsDsavesmorethan15,000liveseachyear23.Itisthedriversresponsibilityto________.AmakethefrontseatpassengerwearaseatbeltBmakethefrontseatchildrenunder14wearaseatbeltCstopchildrenridinginthefrontseatDwearaseatbelteachtimehedrives24.Accordingtothetext,whichofthefollowingpeopleridinginthefrontdosnothavetowearaseatbeltASomeonewhoisbackingintoaparkingspace.BSomeonewhoispickingupthechildrenfromthelocalschool.CSomeonewhoisdeliveringinvitationletters.DSomeonewhoisunder14.25.Forsomepeople,itmaybebetter________.AtowearaseatbeltforhealthreasonsBnottowearaseatbeltforhealthreasonsCtogetvalidmedicalcertificatebeforewearingaseatbeltDtopayafineratherthanwearaseatbeltPassageTwoQuestions26to30arebasedonthefollowingpassage.7月05Ifyouwanttostayyoung,sitdownandhaveagoodthink.ThisistheresearchfindingofateamofJapanesedoctors,whosaythatmostofourbrainsarenotgettingenoughexerciseandasaresult,weareageingunnecessarilysoon.ProfessorTaijuMatsuzawawantedtofindoutwhyotherwisehealthyfarmersinnorthernJapanappearedtobelosingtheirabilitytothinkandreasonatarelativelyearlyage,andhowtheprocessofageingcouldbesloweddown.WithateamofcolleaguesatTokyoNationalUniversity,hesetaboutmeasuringbrainvolumesofathousandpeopleofdifferentagesandvaryingoccupations.Computertechnologyenabledtheresearcherstoobtainprecisemeasurementsofthevolumeofthefrontandsidesectionsofthebrain,whichrelatetointellect智能andemotion,anddeterminethehumancharacter.Therearsectionofthebrain,whichcontrolsfunctionslikeeatingandbreathing,doesnotcontractwithage,andonecancontinuelivingwithoutintellectualoremotionalfaculties.ContractionoffrontandsidepartsascellsdieoffwasobservedIsomesubjectsintheirthirties,butitwasstillnotevidentinsomesixtyandseventyyearolds.Matsuzawaconcludedfromhisteststhatthereisasimpleremedytothecontractionnormallyassociatedwithageusingthehead.Thefindingsshowingeneraltermsthatcontractionofthebrainbeginssoonerinpeopleinthecountrythaninthetowns.Thoseleastatrisk,saysMatsuzawa,arelawyers,followedbyuniversityprofessorsanddoctors.Whitecollarworkersdoingroutineworkingovernmentofficesare,however,aslikelytohaveshrinkingbrainsasthefarmworker,busdriverandshopassistant.Matsuzawasfindingsshowthatthinkingcanpreventthebrainfromshrinking.Bloodmustcirculateproperlyintheheadtosupplythefreshoxygenthebraincellsneed.Thebestwaytomaintaingoodbloodcirculationisthroughusingthebrain,hesays,Thinkhardandengageinconversation.Dontrelyonpocketcalculators.26.Theteamofdoctorswantedtofindout________.AwhycertainpeopleagesoonerthanothersBhowtomakepeoplelivelongerCthesizeofcertainpeoplesbrainsDwhichpeoplearemostintelligent27.OnwhataretheirresearchfindingsbasedAAsurveyoffarmersinnorthernJapan.BTestsperformedonathousandoldpeople.CThestudyofbrainvolumesofdifferentpeopleDThelatestdevelopmentofcomputertechnology.28.Thedoctorstestshowthat________.AourbrainsshrinkaswegrowolderBthefrontsectionofthebraindoesnotshrinkCsixtyyearoldshavethebetterbrainsthanthirtyyearoldsDsomepeoplesbrainshavecontractedmorethanotherpeoples29.ThewordsubjectsinParagraph5means________.AsomethingtobeconsideredBbranchesofknowledgestudiedCpersonschosentobestudiedinanexperimentDanymemberofastateexceptthesupremeruler30.Accordingtothepassage,whichpeopleseemtoageslowerthantheothersALawyers.BFarmers.CClerks.DShopassistants.PassageThreeQuestions31to35arebasedonthefollowingpassage.7月06OnJune17,1744,theofficialsfromMarylandandVirginiaheldatalkwiththeIndiansoftheSixNations.TheIndianswereinvitedtosendboystoWilliamandMaryCollege.InaletterthenextdaytherefusedtheofferasfollowsWeknowthatyouhaveahighopinionofthekindoflearningtaughtinyourcolleges,andthatthecostsoflivingofouryoungmen,whilewithyou,wouldbeveryexpensivetoyou.Weareconvincedthatyoumeantodousgoodbyyourproposalandwethankyouheartily.Butyoumustknowthatdifferentnationshavedifferentwaysoflookingatthings,andyouwillthereforenotbeoffendedifyourideasofthiskindofeducationhappennottbethesameasyours.Wehavehadsomeexperienceofit.Severalofouryoungpeoplewereformerlybroughtupatthecollegesofthenorthernprovincestheyweretaughtallyoursciencesbut,whentheycamebacktous,theywerebadrunners,ignorantofeverymeansoflivinginthewoodstheyweretotallygoodfornothing.Weare,however,notthelessobligedbyyourkindoffer,thoughwerefusetoacceptitand,toshowourgratefulsenseofit,ifthegentlemenofVirginiawillsendupadozenoftheirsons,wewilltakecareoftheireducation,teachtheminallweknow,andmakemenofthem.31.Thepassageisabout________.AthetalkbetweentheIndiansandtheofficialsBthecollegesofnorthernprovincesCtheeducationalvaluesoftheIndiansDtheproblemsoftheAmericansinthemideighteenthcentury32.TheIndianschiefpurposeinwritingtheletterseemstobeto________.ApolitelyrefuseafriendlyofferBexpresstheiropiniononequaltreatmentCshowtheirprideDdescribeIndiancustoms33.Accordingtotheletter,theIndiansbelievedthat________.AitwouldbebetterfortheirboystoreceivesomeschoolingBtheywerebeinginsultedbytheofferCtheyknewmoreaboutsciencethantheofficialsDtheyhadabetterwayofeducatingyoungmen34.Differentfromtheofficialsviewofeducation,theIndiansthough________.AyoungwomenshouldalsobeeducatedBtheyhaddifferentgoalsofeducationCtheytaughtdifferentbranchesofscienceDtheyshouldteachthesonsoftheofficialsfirst35.Thetoneoftheletterasawholeisbestdescribedas________.AangryBpleasantCpoliteDinquiringPassageFourQuestions36to40arebasedonthefollowingpassage.7月07Inwhatnowseemsliketheprehistorictimesofcomputerhistory,theearthspostwarera,therewasquiteawidespreadconcernthatcomputerswouldtakeovertheworldfrommanoneday.Alreadytoday,lessthanfortyyearslater,ascomputersarerelievingusofmoreandmoreoftheroutinetasksinbusinessandinourpersonallives,wearefacedwithalessdramaticbutalsolessforeseenproblem.Peopletendtobeovertrustingofcomputersandarereluctanttochallengetheirauthority.Indeed,theybehaveasiftheywerehardlyawarethatwrongbuttonsmaybepushed,orthatacomputermaysimplymalfunction失误.Obviously,therewouldbenopointininvestinginacomputerifyouhadtocheckallitsanswers,butpeopleshouldalsorelyontheirowninternalcomputersandcheckthemachinewhentheyhavethefeelingthatsomethinghasgonewrong.Questioningandroutinedoublechecksmustcontinuetobeasmuchapartofgoodbusinessastheywereinprecomputerdays.Maybeeachcomputershouldcomewiththewarningforallthehelpthiscomputermayprovide,itshouldnotbeseenasasubstituteforfundamentalthinkingandreasoningskills.36.WhatisthemainpurposeofthispassageATolookbacktotheearlydaysofcomputers.BToexplainwhattechnicalproblemsmayoccurwithcomputers.CTodiscourageunnecessaryinvestmentincomputers.DTowarnagainstamentallylazyattitudetowardscomputers.37.Accordingtothepassage,theinitialconcernaboutcomputerswasthattheymight________.AchangeourpersonallivesBtakecontroloftheworldCcreateunforeseenproblemsDaffectourbusinesses38.Thepassagerecommendsthosedealingwithcomputersto________.AbereasonablydoubtfulaboutthemBcheckalltheiranswersCsubstitutethemforbasicthinkingDusethemforbusinesspurposesonly39.Thepassagesuggeststhatthepresentdayproblemwithregardtocomputersis________.AchallengingBpsychologicalCdramaticDfundamental40.Itcanbeinferredfromthepassagethattheauthorwoulddisapproveof________.AinvestmentincomputersBtheuseofonesinternalcomputerCdoublecheckoncomputersDcompletedependenceoncomputersfordecisionmaking1990年1月大学英语四级CET4真题PassageOneQuestions21to25arebasedonthefollowingpassage.7月08OceanographyhasbeendefinedasTheapplicationofallsciencestothestudyofthesea.Beforethenineteencentury,scientistswithaninterestintheseawerefewandfarbetween.CertainlyNewtonconsideredsometheoreticalaspectsofitinhiswritings,buthewasreluctanttogotoseatofurtherhiswork.Formostpeopletheseawasremote,andwiththeexceptionofearlyintercontinentaltravelersorotherswhoearnedalivingfromthesea,therewaslittlereasontoaskmanyquestionsaboutit,letalonetoaskwhatlaybeneaththesurface.ThefirsttimethatquestionWhatisatthebottomoftheoceanshadtobeansweredwithanycommercialconsequencewaswhenthelayingofatelegraphcablefromEuropetoAmericawasproposed.Theengineershadtoknowthedepthprofile起伏形状oftheroutetoestimatethelengthofcablethathadtobemanufactured.ItwastoMauryoftheUSNavythattheAtlanticTelegraphCompanyturned,in1853,forinformationonthismatter.Inthe1840s,Mauryhadbeenresponsibleforencouragingvoyagesduringwhichsoundings测声weretakentoinvestigatethedepthsoftheNorthAtlanticandPacificOceans.Later,someofhisfindingsarousedmuchpopularinterestinhisbookThePhysicalGeographyoftheSea.Thecablewaslaid,butnotuntil1866wastheconnectionmadepermanentandreliable.Attheearlyattempts,thecablefailedandwhenitwastakenoutforrepairsitwasfoundtobecoveredinlivinggrowths,afactwhichdefiedcontemporaryscientificopinionthattherewasnolifeinthedeeperpartsofthesea.Withinafewyearsoceanographywasunderway.In1872Thomsonledascientificexpedition考察,whichlastedforfouryearsandbroughthomethousandsofsamplesfromthesea.Theirclassificationandanalysisoccupiedscientistsforyearsandledtoafivevolumereport,thelastvolumebeingpublishedin1895.21.TheproposaltolayatelegraphcablefromEuropetoAmericamadeoceanographicstudiestakeon________.AanacademicaspectBamilitaryaspectCabusinessaspectDaninternationalaspect22.Itwas________thataskedMauryforhelpinoceanographicstudies.AtheAmericanNavyBsomeearlyintercontinentaltravelersCthosewhoearnedalivingfromtheseaDthecompanywhichproposedtolayanunderseacable23.TheaimofthevoyagesMaurywasresponsibleforinthe1840swas________.AtomakesomesoundingexperimentsintheoceansBtocollectsamplesofseaplantsandanimalsCtoestimatethelengthofcablethatwasneededDtomeasurethedepthsofthetwooceans24.Defiedinthe5thparagraphprobablymeans________.AdoubtedBgaveprooftoCchallengedDagreedto25.Thispassageismainlyabout________.AthebeginningsofoceanographyBthelayingofthefirstunderseacableCtheinvestigationofoceandepthsDtheearlyintercontinentalcommunicationsPassageTwoQuestions26to30arebasedonthefollowingpassage.7月09Normallyastudentmustattendacertainnumberofcoursesinordertograduate,andeachcoursewhichheattendsgiveshimacreditwhichhemaycounttowardsadegree.InmanyAmericanuniversitiesthetotalworkforadegreeconsistsofthirtysixcourseseachlastingforonesemester.Atypicalcourseconsistsofthreeclassesperweekforfifteenweekswhileattendingauniversityastudentwillprobablyattendfourorfivecoursesduringeachsemester.Normallyastudentwouldexpecttotakefouryearsattendingtwosemesterseachyear.Itispossibletospreadtheperiodofworkforthedegreeoveralongerperiod.Itisalsopossibleforastudenttomovebetweenoneuniversityandanotherduringhisdegreecourse,thoughthisisnotinfactdoneasaregularpractice.Foreverycoursethathefollowsastudentisgivenagrade,whichisrecorded,andtherecordisavailableforthestudenttoshowtoprospectiveemployers.Allthisimposesaconstantpressureandstrainofwork,butinspiteofthissomestudentsstillfindtimeforgreatactivityinstudentaffairs.Electionstopositionsinstudentorganizationsarousemuchenthusiasm.Theeffectivewordofmaintainingdisciplineisusuallyperformedbystudentswhoadvisetheacademicauthorities.Anystudentwhoisthoughttohavebrokentherules,forexample,bycheatinghastoappearbeforeastudentcourt.Withtheenormousnumbersofstudents,theoperationofthesystemdoesinvolveacertainamountofactivity.Astudentwhohasheldoneofthesepositionsofauthorityismuchrespectedanditwillbeofbenefittohimlaterinhiscareer.26.Normallyastudentwouldatleastattend________classeseachweek.A36B20C12D1527.AccordingtothefirstparagraphanAmericanstudentisallowed________.AtoliveinadifferentuniversityBtotakeaparticularcourseinadifferentuniversityCtoliveathomeanddrivetoclassesDtogettwodegreesfromtwodifferentuniversities28.Americanuniversitystudentsareusuallyunderpressureofworkbecause________.AtheiracademicperformancewillaffecttheirfuturecareersBtheyareheavilyinvolvedinstudentaffairsCtheyhavetoobserveuniversitydisciplineDtheywanttorunforpositionsofauthority29.Somestudentsareenthusiasticforpositionsinstudentorganizationsprobablybecause________.AtheyhatetheconstantpressurestrainoftheirstudyBtheywillthenbeabletostaylongerintheuniversityCsuchpositionshelpthemgetbetterjobsDsuchpositionsareusuallywellpaid30.Thestudentorganizationsseem,tobeeffectivein________.AdealingwiththeacademicaffairsoftheuniversityBensuringthatthestudentsobserveuniversityregulationsCevaluatingstudentsperformancebybringingthembeforeacourtDkeepingupthestudentsenthusiasmforsocialactivitiesPassageThreeQuestions31to35arebasedonthefollowingpassage.7月10DoyoufindgettingupinthemorningsodifficultthatitspainfulThismightbecalledlaziness,butDr.Kleitmanhasanewexplanation.Hehasprovedthateveryonehasadailyenergycycle.Duringthehourswhenyoulaborthroughyourworkyoumaysaythatyourehot.Thatstrue.Thetimeofdaywhenyoufeelmostenergeticiswhenyourcycleofbodytemperatureisatitspeak.Forsomepeoplethepeakcomesduringtheafternoon.Forothersitcomesintheafternoonorevening.Noonehasdiscoveredwhythisisso,butitleadstosuchfamiliarmonologues自言自语asGetup,JohnYoullbelateforworkagainThepossibleexplanationtothetroubleisthatJohnisathistemperatureandenergypeakintheevening.Muchfamilyquarrellingendswhenhusbandsandwivesrealizewhattheseenergycyclesmean,andwhichcycleeachmemberofthefamilyhas.Youcantchangeyourenergycycle,butyoucanlearntomakeyourlifefititbetter.Habitcanhelp,Dr.Kleitmanbelieves.Maybeyouresleepyintheeveningbutfeelyoumuststayuplateanyway.Counteract对抗yourcycletosomeextentbyhabituallystayinguplaterthanyouwantto.Ifourenergyislowinthemorningbutyouhaveanimportantjobtodoearlyintheday,risebeforeyourusualhour.Thiswontchangeyourcycle,butyoullgetupsteam鼓起干劲andworkbetteratyourlowpoint.Getofftoaslowstartwhichsavesyourenergy.Getupwithaleisurelyyawnandstretch.Sitontheedgeofthebedaminutebeforeputtingyourfeetonthefloor.Avoidthetroublesomesearchforcleanclothesbylayingthemoutthenightbefore.Wheneverpossible,doroutineworkintheafternoonandsavetasksrequiringmoreenergyorconcentrationforyoursharperhours.31.Ifapersonfindsgettingupearlyaproblem,mostprobably________.Aheisalazyperson

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