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97~04年考研英语阅读理解部分真题(打印版).doc.doc

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97~04年考研英语阅读理解部分真题(打印版).doc.doc

1997年全真试题PASSAGE1ITWAS345INTHEMORNINGWHENTHEVOTEWASFINALLYTAKENAFTERSIXMONTHSOFARGUINGANDFINAL16HOURSOFHOTPARLIAMENTARYDEBATES,AUSTRALIA’SNORTHERNTERRITORYBECAMETHEFIRSTLEGALAUTHORITYINTHEWORLDTOALLOWDOCTORSTOTAKETHELIVESOFINCURABLYILLPATIENTSWHOWISHTODIETHEMEASUREPASSEDBYTHECONVINCINGVOTEOF15TO10ALMOSTIMMEDIATELYWORDFLASHEDONTHEINTERNETANDWASPICKEDUP,HALFAWORLDAWAY,BYJOHNHOFSESS,EXECUTIVEDIRECTOROFTHERIGHTTODIESOCIETYOFCANADAHESENTITONVIATHEGROUP’SONLINESERVICE,DEATHNETSAYSHOFSESS“WEPOSTEDBULLETINSALLDAYLONG,BECAUSEOFCOURSETHISISN’TJUSTSOMETHINGTHATHAPPENEDINAUSTRALIAIT’SWORLDHISTORY”AWHASLEFTPHYSICIANSANDCITIZENSALIKETRYINGTODEALWITHITSMORALANDPRACTICALIMPLICATIONSSOMEHAVEBREATHEDSIGTHEFULLIMPORTMAYTAKEAWHILETOSINKINTHENTRIGHTSOFTHETERMINALLYILLLHSOFRELIEF,OTHERS,INCLUDINGCHURCHES,RIGHTTOLIFEGROUPSANDTHEAUSTRALIANMEDICALASSOCIATION,BITTERLYATTACKEDTHEBILLANDTHEHASTEOFITSPASSAGEBUTTHETIDEISUNLIKELYTOTURNBACKINAUSTRALIAWHEREANAGINGPOPULATION,LIFEEXTENDINGTECHNOLOGYANDCHANGINGCOMMUNITYATTITUDESHAVEALLPLAYEDTHEIRPARTOTHERSTATESAREGOINGTOCONSIDERMAKINGASIMILARLAWTODEALWITHEUTHANASIAINTHEUSANDCANADA,WHERETHERIGHTTODIEMOVEMENTISGATHERINGSTRENGTH,OBSERVERSAREWAITINGFORTHEDOMINOESTOSTARTFALLINGUNDERTHENEWNORTHERNTERRITORYLAW,ANADULTPATIENTCANREQUESTDEATHPROBABLYBYADEADLYINJECTIONORPILLTOPUTANENDTOSUFFERINGTHEPATIENTMUSTBEDIAGNOSEDASTERMINALLYILLBYTWODOCTORSAFTERA“COOLINGOFF”PERIODOFSEVENDAYS,THEPATIENTCANSIGNACERTIFICATEOFREQUESTAFTER48HOURSTHEWISHFORDEATHCANBEMETFORLLOYDNICKSON,A54YEAROLDDARWINRESIDENTSUFFERINGFROMLUNGCANCER,THENTRIGHTSOFTERMINALLYILLLAWMEANSHECANGETONWITHLIVINGWITHOUTTHEHAUNTINGFEAROFHISSUFFERINGATERRIFYINGDEATHFROMHISBREATHINGCONDITION“I’MNOTAFRAIDOFDYINGFROMASPIRITUALPOINTOFVIEW,BUTWHATIWASAFRAIDOFWASHOWI’DGO,BECAUSEI’VEWATCHEDPEOPLEDIEINTHEHOSPITALFIGHTINGFOROXYGENANDCLAWINGATTHEIRMASKS,”HESAYSPASSAGE2AREPORTCONSISTENTLYBROUGHTBACKBYVISITORSTOTHEUSISHOWFRIENDLY,COURTEOUS,ANDHELPFULMOSTAMERICANSWERETOTHEMTOBEFAIR,THISOBSERVATIONISALSOFREQUENTLYMADEOFCANADAANDCANADIANS,ANDSHOULDBESTBECONSIDEREDNORTHAMERICANTHEREARE,OFCOURSE,EXCEPTIONSSMALLMINDEDOFFICIALS,RUDEWAITERS,ANDILLMANNEREDTAXIDRIVERSAREHARDLYUNKNOWNINTHEUSYETITISANOBSERVATIONMADESOFREQUENTLYTHATITDESERVESCOMMENTFORALONGPERIODOFTIMEANDINMANYPARTSOFTHECOUNTRY,ATRAVELERWASAWELCOMEBREAKINANOTHERWISEDULLEXISTENCEDULLNESSANDLONELINESSWERECOMMONPROBLEMSOFTHEFAMILIESWHOGENERALLYLIVEDDISTANTFROMONEANOTHERSTRANGERSANDTRAVELERSWEREWELCOMESOURCESOFDIVERSION,ANDBROUGHTNEWSOFTHEOUTSIDEWORLDTHEHARSHREALITIESOFTHEFRONTIERALSOSHAPEDTHISTRADITIONOFHOSPITALITYSOMEONETRAVELINGALONE,IFHUNGRY,INJURED,ORILL,OFTENHADNOWHERETOTURNEXCEPTTOTHENEARESTCABINORSETTLEMENTITWASNOTAMATTEROFCHOICEFORTHETRAVELERORMERELYACHARITABLEIMPULSEONTHEPARTOFTHESETTLERSITREFLECTEDTHEHARSHNESSOFDAILYLIFEIFYOUDIDN’TTAKEINTHESTRANGERANDTAKECAREOFHIM,THEREWASNOONEELSEWHOWOULDANDSOMEDAY,REMEMBER,YOUMIGHTBEINTHESAMESITUATIONTODAYTHEREAREMANYCHARITABLEORGANIZATIONSWHICHSPECIALIZEINHELPINGTHEWEARYTRAVELERYET,THEOLDTRADITIONOFHOSPITALITYTOSTRANGERSISSTILLVERYSTRONGINTHEUS,ESPECIALLYINTHESMALLERCITIESANDTOWNSAWAYFROMTHEBUSYTOURISTTRAILS“IWASJUSTTRAVELINGTHROUGH,GOTTALKINGWITHTHISAMERICAN,ANDPRETTYSOONHEINVITEDMEHOMEFORDINNERAMAZING”SUCHOBSERVATIONSREPORTEDBYVISITORSTOTHEUSARENOTUNCOMMON,BUTARENOTALWAYSUNDERSTOODPROPERLYTHECASUALFRIENDLINESSOFMANYAMERICANSSHOULDBEINTERPRETEDNEITHERASSUPERFICIALNORASARTIFICIAL,BUTASTHERESULTOFAHISTORICALLYDEVELOPEDCULTURALTRADITIONASISTRUEOFANYDEVELOPEDSOCIETY,INAMERICAACOMPLEXSETOFCULTURALSIGNALS,ASSUMPTIONS,ANDCONVENTIONSUNDERLIESALLSOCIALINTERRELATIONSHIPSAND,OFCOURSE,SPEAKINGALANGUAGEDOESNOTNECESSARILYMEANTHATSOMEONEUNDERSTANDSSOCIALANDCULTURALPATTERNSVISITORSWHOFAILTO“TRANSLATE”CULTURALMEANINGSPROPERLYOFTENDRAWWRONGCONCLUSIONSFOREXAMPLE,WHENANAMERICANUSESTHEWORD“FRIEND”,THECULTURALIMPLICATIONSOFTHEWORDMAYBEQUITEDIFFERENTFROMTHOSEITHASINTHEVISITOR’SLANGUAGEANDCULTUREITTAKESMORETHANABRIEFENCOUNTERONABUSTODISTINGUISHBETWEENCOURTEOUSCONVENTIONANDINDIVIDUALINTERESTYET,BEINGFRIENDLYISAVIRTUETHATMANYAMERICANSVALUEHIGHLYANDEXPECTFROMBOTHNEIGHBORSANDSTRANGERSPASSAGE3TECHNICALLY,ANYSUBSTANCEOTHERTHANFOODTHATALTERSOURBODILYORMENTALFUNCTIONINGISADRUGMANYPEOPLEMISTAKENLYBELIEVETHETERMDRUGREFERSONLYTOSOMESORTOFMEDICINEORANILLEGALCHEMICALTAKENBYDRUGADDICTSTHEYDON’TREALIZETHATFAMILIARSUBSTANCESSUCHASALCOHOLANDTOBACCOAREALSODRUGSTHISISWHYTHEMORENEUTRALTERMSUBSTANCEISNOWUSEDBYMANYPHYSICIANSANDPSYCHOLOGISTSTHEPHRASE“SUBSTANCEABUSE”ISOFTENUSEDINSTEADOF“DRUGABUSE”TOMAKECLEARTHATSUBSTANCESSUCHASALCOHOLANDTOBACCOCANBEJUSTASHARMFULLYMISUSEDASHEROINANDCOCAINEWELIVEINASOCIETYINWHICHTHEMEDICALANDSOCIALUSEOFSUBSTANCESDRUGSISPERVASIVEANASPIRINTOQUIETAHEADACHE,SOMEWINETOBESOCIABLE,COFFEETOGETGOINGINTHEMORNING,ACIGARETTEFORTHENERVESWHENDOTHESESOCIALLYACCEPTABLEANDAPPARENTLYCONSTRUCTIVEUSESOFASUBSTANCEBECOMEMISUSESFIRSTOFALL,MOSTSUBSTANCESTAKENINEXCESSWILLPRODUCENEGATIVEEFFECTSSUCHASPOISONINGORINTENSEPERCEPTUALDISTORTIONSREPEATEDUSEOFASUBSTANCECANALSOLEADTOPHYSICALADDICTIONORSUBSTANCEDEP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