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2008年全国各地高考英语试卷阅读理解题汇总.doc.doc

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2008年全国各地高考英语试卷阅读理解题汇总.doc.doc

12008年全国各地高考英语试卷阅读理解题汇总(安徽卷)第三部分阅读理解共20小题每小题2分,满分40分阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项A、B、C、D中,选出最佳选项。并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。AWhenIwasachild,IoftendreamedofthetimewhenIcouldleavehomeandescapetothecity.Welivedonafarm,inthewinterespecially,wewearquiteoutofffromtheoutsideworld.AssoonasIleftschool,Ipackedmybagsandmovedtothecapital.However,Isoondiscoveredthatmylifehasitstoo.Onebigdisadvantageismoney.Itcostssomuchtogoout,nottomentionbasicslikefoodandhousing.Anotherdisadvantageispollution.Isufferfromasthma哮喘,andtheairissothatIamafraidtogooutside.Thenthereistheproblemoftravelinground.AlthoughIhaveacar,Iseldomuseitbecameofthetrafficjams.Onechoiceistogobybicycle,butthatcanbequitedangerous.Ofcoursethereareadvantages.First,thereissomuchtodointhecity,whateveryoutastesincultureorentertainment娱乐活动.Besides,therearewonderfuljobsandgreaterchancesofmovingtoamoreimportantjoborposition.Finally,ifyoulikeshopping,thevarietyofgoodsisverysurprisingand,whatismore,shopsareoftenonlyashortwalkaway.Islifebetterthen,inthecityPerhapsitis,whenyouareinyourteens十几岁ortwenties.However,asyougetolder,andespeciallyifyouhavesmallchildren,thepeaceofthecountrysidemayseempreferable.Icertainlyhopetomovebacktheresoon.56.WhatwasthewriteralwaysthinkingaboutwhenhewasachildA.Stayingonthefarm.B.Movingtothecountryside.C.Leavinghomeforthecity.D.Runningawayfromtheschool.57.WhichofthefollowingistrueaboutthewriterA.Heisveryoldnow.B.Heisingoodhealth.C.Heprefersdrivingacar.D.Helivesinthecitynow.58.Inthepassage,thewritertriesto__________.2A.expresshisopinionsaboutwayoflifeB.describehislifeinthecountrysideC.aninterestintheoutsideworldD.persuadethereadertoliveinthecity59.HowisthepassagemainlydevelopedA.Byinferring.B.Bycomparing.C.Bylistingexamples.D.Bygivingexplanations.BParttimeFrontDeskPosition,abookdevelopmentcompany,islookingforaparttimefrontdeskofficeworker.Thispositionisperfectforapersonwhoischeerful,dependable,andpleasanttoworkwith.Also,youshouldbeabletowelcomeguests,redirectphonecall,andtakemessages.Moreimportantly,youcanstaycoolunderpressure.Youareexpectedtowork500600pmweekdays.Youneedtofillinsomeformsifyouareinterested.Formscanbecollectedat866UnitedNationsPlaza,525NewYork,NY10037ImportantPointstoRememberWhenSwimmingWaitatleastanhouraftermeals.Followtheadviceoflifeguards.Dontdiveintounknownwaters.AlwaysswiminlinewiththeFindoutattheseasidewhenandwhereitissafetoswim.Dontusefloatingtoysonthewater.Windcaneasilysweepthemouttosea.Getoutofthewaterifyoufeeltiredorcold.Coldcankillevenstrongswimmers.HelpTelephone2125435902AtlanticCityBeachOfficeArriveontime.Introduceyourselfinapolitemanner.3Readcompanymaterialswhileyouwait.Haveafirmhandshake.Listen.Usebodylanguagetoshowinterest.Smileandnodtotheinterviewers.Askaboutthenextthingyoushoulddo.Thanktheinterviewer.Writeathankyoulettertoanyoneyouhavespokento.Formoreinformation,pleasevisitjobweb.com368CooperSquare,NewYork.60.Ifyouwanttoworkinanoffice,wherecanyougettheformstofillinA.jobweb.comB.AtlanticCityBeachOffice.C.368CooperSquare,NewYork,NYD.866United,NewYork,NY10017.61.WhatdoesapersonneedmosttobetheonehourweekdayjobA.Heshouldhecheerful,dependable,andeasygoing.B.HehastoworkfromMondaytoFriday.C.Hecanremaincalminadifficultsituation.D.Hecanwelcomeguestsanddealwithphonecalls.62.Accordingtotheaboveinformation,whatistherightthingtodowhenyouA.Tokeepclosetothebeach.B.Todiveintounknownwaters.C.Tousefloatingtoysonthewater.D.Toswimsoonafterlunch.63.Thebesttitleforthelastpieceofinformationwouldbe_________.A.TipsonShowingInterestinaJobB.StopstoaSuccessfulInterviewC.AdviceonIntroducingYourselfPolitelyD.ofBodyLanguageinanInterviewCPeoplebelievesthatclimbingcandogoodtohealth.WherecanyoulearntheskillofclimbingthenIfyouthinkthatyouhavetogotothemountainstolearnhowtoclimb,youre4wrong.ManyAmericansarelearningtoclimbincitygyms体育馆.Here,peoplearelearningonclimbing.Theclimbingwallgoesstraightupandsmallholdingplacesforhandsandfeet.HowdopeopleclimbthewallToclimb,youneedspecialshoesand保护带aroundyourchesttoholdyou.Thereareropes绳索tiedtoyour.Theropesholdyouinplacesothatyoudontfall.Abeginnerswallisusuallyabout15feethigh,andyouclimbstraightup.Therearesmallpiecesofmetalthatstickoutforyoutostandonandholdonto.Sometimesitseasytoseethenewpieceofmetal.Sometimes,itsnot.Themostdifficultisanyourfear.Itsnormalforhumanstobeafraidoffalling,soitsdifficultnottofeelfear.Butwhenyoumoveawayfromthewall,theandtheropesholdyou,andyoubegintofeelsafe.Youmoveslowlyuntilyoureachthetop.Climbingattractspeoplebecauseitsgoodexerciseforalmosteveryone.Youuseyourwholebody,especiallyyourarmsandlegs.Thissportgivesyourbodyacompleteworkout.Whenyouclimb,bothyourmindandyourbodycanbecomestronger.64.WhatcanweinferfromthepassageA.Peoplearefairlyinterestedinclimbingnowadays.B.Itisimpossibletobuilduponesbodybyclimbing.C.Peoplecanonlylearntheskillofclimbingoutdoors.D.Itisalwayseasytoseeholdingplacesinclimbing.65.Themostdifficultthingtodoinwallclimbingis_______.A.totieropestoyourB.tocontrolyourfearC.tomoveawayfromthewallD.toclimbstraightup66.Thewordworkoutunderlinedinthelastparagraphmostprobablymeans_________.A.settlementB.exerciseC.excitementD.tiredness67.WhydoestheauthorwritethispassageA.Totellpeoplewheretofindgyms.B.ToprovethebasicneedforclimbingC.Toencouragepeopletoclimbmountains.D.introducethesportofwallclimbingDSomepeoplethinkthatasmoreandmorepeoplehavetelevisionsintheirhomes,fewerandfewerpeoplewillbuybooksandnewspapers.Whyreadanarticleinthenewspaper,whentheTVnewscanbringyoutheinformationinafewminutesandwithpicturesWhyreadthelifestoryof5afamousman,whenashorttelevisionprogramcantellyouallthatyouwanttoknowTelevisionhasnotkilledreading,however.Today,newspaperssellinverylargenumbers.Andbooksofeverykindaresoldmorethaneverbefore.Booksarestillacheapwaytogetinformationandenjoyment.Althoughsomebookswithhardcoversareexpensive,manybooksareprintedtodayaspaperbooks平装本,whicharequitecheap.Apaperbackcollectionofshortstories,forexample,isalwayscheaperthananeveningatthecinemaorthetheater,andyoucankeepabookforeverandreaditmanytimes.Booksareawonderfulproviderofknowledgeandpleasureandsometypesofbooksshouldbeineveryhome.Everyhomeshouldhaveagooddictionary.Agoodencyclopedia百科全书,thoughexpensive,isuseful,too,becauseyoucanfindinformationonanysubject.Besides,youcanhavesuchbooksashistorybooks.,sciencetextbook,cookbooks,andcollectionsofstoriesandpoems.Thenfromtimetotimeyoucantakeabookofpoemsoffyourshelvesandreadthethoughtsandfeelingsofyourfavoritepoets.68.Itcanbeinferredfromthepassagethat________.A.TVprogramsareachiefproviderofknowledgeB.cinemasarethebestchoiceingettinginformationC.readingisacheapwayoflearningandhavingfunD.newspapersareanexpensivewaytoenjoyoneself69.WhatdoesthesentencesTelevisionhasnotkilledreading,howeverunderlinedinthesecondparagraphsuggestA.Peopleonlyneedreading,though.B.Readingisstillnecessarytoday.C.Readingismorefunthantelevision.D.Watchingtelevisiondoesnthelpreading.70.WhatcanwelearnfromthepassageA.Fewerandfewerpeoplewillbuybooks.B.Agooddictionaryshouldbekeptineveryhome.C.Bookswithhardcoverssellbetterthanpaperbooks.D.MorepeoplelikeTVprogramsaboutfamousmen.EThesmallnumberofnewbornbabies,whichhasbeencausedbyhighpricesandthechanging6socialsituationofwomen,isoneofthemostseriousproblemsinAsia.Whenpeopletalkaboutit,youcanhearawordinventedinJapan.whichmeansDoubleIncomeKids小孩.InmanymajorAsiancitieslikeSeoul,Singapore,andTokyo,thecostofaisextremelyhigh.Ayoungcouplewhowanttobuytheirownhousemayhavetopayabout3000,000thoughpriceshavefallen.Foraflatwithonebedrooms,onediningroom,akitchen,andabathroom,thecouplewillpayabout900amonth.Whatsmore,iftheywanttohaveachild,thechildseducationisveryexpensive.Forexample,mostkindergartenchargesareatleast5.000ayear.Insuchasituation,itsdifficulttoaffordchildren.Thenumberofmarriedwomenwhowanttocontinueworkingbecausetheyenjoytheirjobs.However,iftheywanttohavechildren,theyimmediatelyhaveseriousproblems.Thoughmostcompaniesallowwomentoleavetheirjobsforashorttimetohaveababy,theyexpectwomenwithbabiestogiveuptheirjobs.Inshort,iftheywanttobringupchildrenproperly,bothparentshavetowork,butitishardformotherstowork.Indeed,womenwhowanttocontimueworkinghavetochoosebetweenhavingchildrenorkeepingtheirjobs.Inaword,Asiangovernmentsmusttakestepstoimprovethepresentsituationassoonaspossible.72.WhatisthemainproblembeingdiscussedinthepassageA.Thesmallnumberofnewbornbabies.B.Thechangingsocialsituationofwomen.C.Thehighpricesofhousesandeducation.D.ThenecessarystepsofAsiangovernment.73.Accordingtothepassage,whichofthefollowingistrueA.ItiseasyforacoupletoaffordachildinAsia.B.ThepricesofinAsiaarequitelownow.C.Fewerandfewermarriedwomenwantohaveajob.D.ThewordDINKSappearedinanAsiancountry.74.Tobuyaflatandsendachildtokindergarten,howmuchwillacouplepayeachyearA.85,000B.85,900C.10.800D.15.80075.TheseemstobelievethatAsiangovernmentsshould________.A.letwomenstayathomeandhaveababy7B.allowoneoftheparentstogoouttoworkC.careforthegrowingneedsofwomenforjob.D.thecompaniesthatpermitwomentoleave.答案第三部分56.C57.D58.A59.B60.D61.C62.A63.B64.A65.B66.B67.D68.C69.B70.A71.B72.A73.D74.D75C(北京卷)第三部分阅读理解(共20小题每小题2分,满分40分)阅读下列短文,从每篇短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。ATwentyyearsago,Idroveataxiforaliving.OnenightIwenttopickupapassengerat230AM.WhenIarrivedtocollect,Ifoundthebuildingwasdarkexceptforasinglelightinagroundfloorwindow.Iwalkedtothedoorandknocked,Justaminute,answeredaweak,elderlyvoice.Afteralongpause,thedooropened.Asmallwomaninhereightiesstoodbeforeme.Byhersidewasasmallsuitcase.Itookthesuitcasetothecar,andthenreturnedtohelpthewoman.Shetookmyarmandwewalkedslowlytowardthecar.Shekeptthankingmeformykindness.Itsnothing,Itoldher.IjusttrytotreatmypassengersthewayIwouldwantmymothertreated.Oh,youresuchagoodman.Shesaid.Whenwegotintothetaxi,shegavemeanaddress,andthenasked,CouldyoudrivethroughdowntownItsnottheshortestway,Iansweredquickly.Oh,Iminnohurry,shesaid.Imonmywaytoahospice临终医院.Idonthaveanyfamilyleft.ThedoctorsaysIdonthaveverylong.Iquietlyreachedoverandshutoffthemeter计价器.Forthenexttwohours,wedrovethroughthecity.Sheshowedmethebuildingwhereshehadonceworked,theneighborhoodwhereshehadlived,andthefurnitureshopthathadoncebeenaballroomwhereshehadgonedancingasagirl.Sometimesshedaskmetoslowdowninfrontofaparticularbuildingandwouldsitstaringintothedarkness,sayingnothing.Atdawn,shesuddenlysaid,Imtired.Letsgonow.Wedroveinsilencetotheaddressshehadgivenme.HowmuchdoIoweyousheasked.Nothing.Isaid.Youhavetomakealiving,sheanswered.Oh,thereareotherpassengers,Ianswered.Almostwithoutthinking,Ibentandgaveherahug.Sheheldontoetightly.Ourhugendedwithherremark,Yougaveanoldwomanalittlemomentofjoy.56.Theoldwomanchosetoridethroughthecityinorderto______.A.showshewasfamiliarwiththecityB.seesomeplacesforthelasttimeC.letthedriverearnmoremoney8D.reachthedestinationontime57.Thetaxidriverdidnotchargetheoldwomanbecausehe______.A.wantedtodoherafavorB.shutoffthemeterbymistakeC.hadreceivedherpaymentinadvanceD.wasinahurrytotakeotherpassengers58.WhatcanwelearnfromthestoryA.Givingisalwaysapleasure.B.Peopleshouldrespecteachother.C.Anactofkindnesscanbringpeoplegreatjoy.D.Peopleshouldlearntoappreciateothersconcern.BDomestic驯养的horsesnowpullploughs,raceintheKentuckyDerby,andcarrypolice.Butearlyhorseswerenttame驯服的enoughtoperformthesekindsoftasks.Scientiststhinkthefirstinteractionshumanshadwithhorseswerefardifferentfromthosetoday.Thousandsofyearsago,peoplekilledthewildhorsesthatlivedaroundthemforfood.Overtime,peoplebegantocatchtheanimalsandraisethem.Thiswasthefirststepindomestication.Aspeoplebegantotameandridehorses,theychosetokeepthoseanimalsthathadmoredesirablecharacteristics.Forexample,peoplemayhavechosentokeephorsesthathadagentlepersonalitysotheycouldberiddenmoreeasily.Peoplewhousedhorsestopullheavyloadswouldhavechosentokeepstrongeranimals.Characteristicslikestrengtharepartlycontrolledbytheanimalsgenes.Soasthedomesticatedhorsesreproduced,theypassedthecharacteristicsontotheiryoung.Eachnewgenerationofhouseswouldshowmoreofthesechosencharacteristics.Moderndayhorsebreedscomeinawidevarietyofshapesandsizes.Thisvarietydidntexistinthehorsepopulationbeforedomestication.TheShetlandhorseisoneofthesmallestbreedstypicallyreachingonlyonemetertall.Withshort,stronglegs,theanimalswerebredtopullcoaloutofmineshafts矿井withlowceilings.HugehorsesliketheClydesdalecameonthescenearound1700.Peoplebredtheseheavy,tallhorsestopulllargevehiclesusedforcarryingheavyloads.Thedomesticationofhorseshashadgreateffectsonsocieties.Forexample,horsewereimportanttoolsintheadvancementofmodernagriculture.Usingthemtopullploughsandcarryheavyloadsallowedpeopletofarmmoreefficiently.Beforetheywereabletoridehorses,humanshadtocrosslandonfoot.Ridinghorsesallowedpeopletotravelfargreaterdistanceinmuchlesstime.Thatencouragedpopulationslivingindifferentareastointeractwithoneanother.Thenewfromofrapidtransportationhelpedculturesspreadaroundtheworld.59.Beforedomesticationhorseswere______.A.caughtforsportsB.huntedforfoodC.madetopullploughsD.usedtocarrypeople60.TheauthorusestheShetlandhorseasanexampletoshow______.A.itissmallerthantheClydesdalehorseB.horseusedtohavegentlepersonalities9C.somehorseshavebettershapedthanothersD.horseswereoflessvarietybeforedomestication61.Horsescontributedtothespreadofcultureby______.A.carryingheavyloadsB.changingfarmingmethodsC.servingasameansoftransportD.advancingagricultureindifferentareas62.Thepassageismainlyabout_______.A.whyhumansdomesticatedhorsesB.howhumansandhorsesneededeachotherC.whyhorsescameindifferentshapesandsizesD.howhumansocietiesandhorsesinfluencedeachotherCDearHamilton,Wearefortunatethatinsuchalarge,highpressureofficeweallgetalongsowell.Youareoneofthepeoplewhokeepthesocialtemperatureatsuchacomfortablesetting.Idontknowanyoneintheofficewhoisbetterlikedthanyou.Youcanperhapshelpwiththis.Thecollectionofcontributionstowardsgiftsforemployeespersonallifeeventsisbecomingalittletroubling.Certainly,thegroupsendingofagiftisreasonablenowandthen.Inthepastmonth,however,therehavebeencollectionsfortwobabyshowergifts,oneweddingshowergift,twoweddinggifts,onefuneral(葬礼)remembrance,fourbirthdaygifts,andthreegraduationgifts.Itsnotonlythecollectedfromwhoaregrowinguncomfortableandpoor,butthecollectedforfeeluneasyreceivinggiftsfrompeoplewhodontknowthemoutsidetheoffice,whowouldntevenrecognizetheirgraduatingchildren,theirmarryingdaughtersandsons,ortheirdeadrelatives.Thisisbasicallyakindgestureandonethatpeoplethinkwellofyoufor,butthepracticeseemstohavebecometoowiderangingandfeelsimproperintodaysofficesetting.Thankyouforunderstanding.63.Theunderlinedwordcontributionsprobablymeans________.A.moneyB.suggestionsC.reportsD.understanding64.Hamiltonisexpectedto_______.A.showmorekindness.B.discontinuethepresentpracticeC.quitbeingtheorganizerforgiftgivingD.knowmoreaboutcoworkersfamilies65.Thisisbasicallyaletterof________.A.apologyB.sympathyC.appreciationD.dissatisfactionDWhenitcomestofriends,Idesirethosewhowillsharemyhappiness,whopossesswingsof

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